Abstract

Dye-laser pulses of duration less than 300 fsec and tunable over a range of 400 Å have been generated by synchronous pumping with the ultrashort pulses from the fiber-optically compressed second harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser. Optical pulses as short as 210 fsec are reported in this ultrashort-pulse-pumping arrangement that does not require the use of saturable absorbers. With continuous temporal tuning of the duration of the compressed pump pulses, we have made the first reported investigation of the dynamics of synchronous mode locking as a function of pump-pulse width. We describe a method for the generation of tunable femtosecond dye-laser pulses that should be applicable to the large class of visible and near-infrared dyes that can be pumped by a frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser.

© 1985 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 729 (1984);in Ultrafast Phenomena IV, D. H. Auston, K. B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), p. 16.
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. D. Kafka, B. H. Kolner, T. Baer, D. M. Bloom, Opt. Lett. 9, 505 (1984);J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 1288(A) (1984).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. B. Nikolaus, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 228 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. M. Johnson, W. M. Simpson, Opt. Lett. 8, 554 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 687 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 694 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 639 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  9. See, for example, E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 83.
    [CrossRef]
  10. R. K. Jain, C. P. Ausschnitt, Opt. Lett. 2, 117 (1978).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. I. Ferguson, J. N. Eckstein, T. W. Hänsen, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5389 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. P. Heritage, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 101 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. P. Heritage, E. D. Isaacs, in Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), paper WL3.
  14. T. Sizer, J. D. Kafka, A. Krisiloff, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 39, 259 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  15. H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  16. C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 727 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  17. C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, J. P. Heritage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 912 (1979).
    [CrossRef]

1984 (4)

A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 729 (1984);in Ultrafast Phenomena IV, D. H. Auston, K. B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), p. 16.
[CrossRef]

R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 639 (1984).
[CrossRef]

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Kafka, B. H. Kolner, T. Baer, D. M. Bloom, Opt. Lett. 9, 505 (1984);J. P. Heritage, R. N. Thurston, W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 1, 1288(A) (1984).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1983 (2)

A. M. Johnson, W. M. Simpson, Opt. Lett. 8, 554 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Nikolaus, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 228 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

T. Sizer, J. D. Kafka, A. Krisiloff, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 39, 259 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, J. P. Heritage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 912 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1978 (4)

C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 727 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Jain, C. P. Ausschnitt, Opt. Lett. 2, 117 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Ferguson, J. N. Eckstein, T. W. Hänsen, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5389 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Heritage, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 101 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1972 (1)

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 687 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 694 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ausschnitt, C. P.

C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, J. P. Heritage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 912 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 727 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Jain, C. P. Ausschnitt, Opt. Lett. 2, 117 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baer, T.

Becker, M. F.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 687 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Bloom, D. M.

Eckstein, J. N.

A. I. Ferguson, J. N. Eckstein, T. W. Hänsen, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5389 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

A. I. Ferguson, J. N. Eckstein, T. W. Hänsen, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5389 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Grischkowsky, D.

B. Nikolaus, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 228 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Hänsen, T. W.

A. I. Ferguson, J. N. Eckstein, T. W. Hänsen, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5389 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Haus, H. A.

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, J. P. Heritage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 912 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Heritage, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 101 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Heritage, E. D. Isaacs, in Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), paper WL3.

Ippen, E. P.

See, for example, E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 83.
[CrossRef]

Isaacs, E. D.

J. P. Heritage, E. D. Isaacs, in Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), paper WL3.

Jain, R. K.

C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, J. P. Heritage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 912 (1979).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 727 (1978).
[CrossRef]

R. K. Jain, C. P. Ausschnitt, Opt. Lett. 2, 117 (1978).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Heritage, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 101 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, A. M.

A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 729 (1984);in Ultrafast Phenomena IV, D. H. Auston, K. B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), p. 16.
[CrossRef]

A. M. Johnson, W. M. Simpson, Opt. Lett. 8, 554 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kafka, J. D.

Kolner, B. H.

Krisiloff, A.

T. Sizer, J. D. Kafka, A. Krisiloff, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 39, 259 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kuizenga, D. J.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 687 (1972).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 694 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Mourou, G.

T. Sizer, J. D. Kafka, A. Krisiloff, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 39, 259 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Nikolaus, B.

B. Nikolaus, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 228 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Pleibel, W.

R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 639 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
[CrossRef]

See, for example, E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 83.
[CrossRef]

Siegman, A. E.

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 687 (1972).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 694 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, J. R.

R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 639 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Simpson, W. M.

A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 729 (1984);in Ultrafast Phenomena IV, D. H. Auston, K. B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), p. 16.
[CrossRef]

A. M. Johnson, W. M. Simpson, Opt. Lett. 8, 554 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sizer, T.

T. Sizer, J. D. Kafka, A. Krisiloff, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 39, 259 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R. H.

R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 639 (1984).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 729 (1984);in Ultrafast Phenomena IV, D. H. Auston, K. B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), p. 16.
[CrossRef]

W. J. Tomlinson, R. H. Stolen, C. V. Shank, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 1, 139 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Tomlinson, W. J.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (4)

A. M. Johnson, R. H. Stolen, W. M. Simpson, Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 729 (1984);in Ultrafast Phenomena IV, D. H. Auston, K. B. Eisenthal, eds. (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1984), p. 16.
[CrossRef]

B. Nikolaus, D. Grischkowsky, Appl. Phys. Lett. 43, 228 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Heritage, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 101 (1978).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, Appl. Phys. Lett. 32, 727 (1978).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

R. H. Stolen, W. Pleibel, J. R. Simpson, IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. LT-2, 639 (1984).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

M. F. Becker, D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-8, 687 (1972).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Kuizenga, A. E. Siegman, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-6, 694 (1970).
[CrossRef]

C. P. Ausschnitt, R. K. Jain, J. P. Heritage, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 912 (1979).
[CrossRef]

H. A. Haus, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-11, 736 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

A. I. Ferguson, J. N. Eckstein, T. W. Hänsen, J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5389 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. Sizer, J. D. Kafka, A. Krisiloff, G. Mourou, Opt. Commun. 39, 259 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (2)

See, for example, E. P. Ippen, C. V. Shank, in Ultrashort Light Pulses, S. L. Shapiro, ed. (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1977), p. 83.
[CrossRef]

J. P. Heritage, E. D. Isaacs, in Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1981), paper WL3.

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Autocorrelation function of the 1.064-μm pulses from the harmonically mode-locked cw Nd:YAG laser (Gaussian pulse shape assumed).

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Autocorrelation function of the 0.532-μm pulses from the frequency-doubled Nd:YAG laser (Gaussian pulse shape assumed).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Spectral width of the 235-W, 0.532-μm input pulses and the spectrally broadened output pulses after propagation down a 93.5-m length of the 4.1-μm-core-diameter polarization-preserving fiber.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Typical autocorrelation function of the compressed 0.532-μm pulses using a 93.5-m length of the new 4.1-μm-core-diameter fiber (sech2 pulse shape assumed). Input power: 810 mW (average); 235 W (peak). Compressed output power: 158 mW (average), 3.4 kW (peak). Delay-line length, 698 cm. Grating, 1800 lines/mm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Schematic of a synchronously mode-locked dye laser pumped by fiber-optically compressed 0.532-μm pulses. The apparatus consists of a single-mode polarization-preserving fiber, a modified 1800-line/mm grating-pair dispersive delay line, and a standard three-mirror Invar stabilized linear dye-laser cavity with a 10% transmission output coupler. A pair of 2-μm-thick pellicles or a single-plate birefringent filter was used for wavelength tuning and bandwidth control (no saturable absorber). Fixed average pump power, 145 mW; pump-pulse energy, 1.4 nJ (for all cases).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Autocorrelation function of the single-plate birefringent-filter-tuned dye laser pumped by 460-fsec-duration 0.532-μm pulses and tuned to a wavelength of 595 nm (sech2 pulse shape assumed). 55-mW average output.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Autocorrelation function of the pellicle-tuned dye laser pumped by 22-psec-duration 0.532-μm pulses and tuned to a wavelength of 595 nm, exhibiting incomplete mode locking (sech2 pulse shape assumed).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Autocorrelation function of the pellicle-tuned dye laser pumped by 460-fsec-duration 0.532-μm pulses and tuned to a wavelength of 595 nm (sech2 pulse shape assumed). 40-mW average power output.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Dynamics of the synchronous mode locking of the pellicle-tuned dye laser as a function of the pump-pulse duration, with the dye laser tuned to a wavelength of 595 nm.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Femtosecond synchronously mode-locked pellicle-tuned dye laser pumped with 460-fsec-duration 0.532-μm pulses (sech2 pulse shape assumed). Average pump power 145 mW.

Equations (1)

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t dye t pump 0.52 .

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