Abstract

Enhancement of nonlinear optical interactions in the core of a photonic-crystal fiber allows several χ(3) processes to be simultaneously observed in the field of unamplified 30-fs pulses of a Cr:forsterite laser. Subnanojoule fundamental-radiation pulses of this laser experience spectral broadening arising from self-phase modulation and generate the third harmonic at 410–420 nm. Third-harmonic pulses also appear spectrally broadened at the output of the fiber as a result of the cross-phase-modulation effect. This catalog of enhanced χ(3) processes observed in photonic-crystal fibers opens the way for using such fibers for frequency conversion of low-energy femtosecond pulses with simultaneous chirp control and subsequent pulse compression.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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