Abstract

Nonlinear reflection and diffraction measurements have been performed on a GaAs/AlGaAs photonic-crystal waveguide patterned with a square lattice: The basis in the two-dimensional unit cell consists of rings of air in the dielectric matrix. The measured angles of diffracted second-harmonic beams agree with those predicted for nonlinear diffraction conditions. Results for second-harmonic intensities as a function of incidence angle, polarization, and pump wavelength show that the reflected second-harmonic signal is dominated by the crystalline symmetry of GaAs, whereas nonlinear diffraction is determined by the photonic-crystal structure.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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