Abstract

The ultrafast relaxation dynamics of the inner-shell excitation in a CsCl crystal were investigated, for the first time to our knowledge, by use of the high harmonics of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser. The luminescence due to the recombination between the valence electron and the inner-shell hole evolved with a time constant of 220±50 fs, corresponding to the lattice-displacement time for the self-trapping of the inner-shell hole. This is the first observation of the lattice relaxation induced by the inner-shell excitation on the femtosecond time scale. The dynamics of the inner-shell hole are discussed by use of a configuration-coordinate model for the inner-shell hole.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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2001

M. Itoh and M. Kamada, “Comparative study of Auger-free luminescence and valence-band photoemission in wide-gap materials,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 70, 3446–3451 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Auger-free luminescence excited by high-order harmonics of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 827–829 (2000).
[CrossRef]

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, “Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at a 1-kilohertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S165–S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of a high-order harmonic by compensating the atomic dipole phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “All-solid-state 5-kHz 0.2-TW Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Express. 5, 318–324 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekitani, E. Ikenaga, K. Fujii, K. Mase, N. Ueno, and K. Tanaka, “Control of chemical bond scission by using site-specific photochemical surface reactions,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101–103, 135–140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekikawa, T. Kobayashi, and T. Inabe, “Femtosecond fluorescence study of the substitution effect on the proton transfer in thermochromic salicylideneaniline crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 644–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Itoh, M. Kamada, and N. Ohno, “Temperature dependence of Auger-free luminescence in alkali and alkaline-earth halides,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66, 2502–2512 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. Chang, A. Runquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

T. E. Glover, R. W. Schoenlein, A. H. Chin, and C. V. Shank, “Observation of laser assister photoelectric effect and femtosecond high order harmonic radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468–2471 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Kayanuma and A. Kotani, “Lattice relaxation in Auger decay-free core luminescence,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 79, 219–222 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Schins, P. Breger, P. Agostini, R. C. Constantinescu, H. G. Muller, A. Bouhal, G. Grillon, A. Antonetti, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Cross-correlation measurements of femtosecond extreme-ultraviolet high-order harmonics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 197–208 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994

A. S. Voloshinovskii, V. B. Mikhailik, P. A. Rodnyi, S. V. Syrotyuk, A. P. Shpak, and A. N. Yares’ko, “Cluster modeling of core-valence luminescence spectra,” Phys. Solid State 36, 911 (1994).

1991

I. F. Bikimetov, A. B. Sobolev, and Ya. A. Valbis, “Quasimolecular model of a core hole, and cross luminescence transitions, in cesium chloride and bromide crystals,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1715–1720 (1991).

1988

J. Shah, “Ultrafast luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 276–288 (1988).
[CrossRef]

S. Kubota, M. Itoh, J. Ruan(Gen), S. Sakuragi, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of interatomic transition of valence electrons to outermost-core-hole states in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2319–2322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

J. L. Jansons, V. J. Krumins, Z. A. Rachko, and J. A. Valbis, “Luminescence due to radiative transitions between valence band and upper core band in ionic crystals (cross luminescence),” Phys. Status Solidi B 144, 835–844 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1983

1975

J. A. Smith and W. Pong, “Ultraviolet photoelectron spectra of cesium halides,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 5931–5936 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Agostini, P.

Albert, F.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Albouy, P.-A.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Schins, P. Breger, P. Agostini, R. C. Constantinescu, H. G. Muller, A. Bouhal, G. Grillon, A. Antonetti, and A. Mysyrowicz, “Cross-correlation measurements of femtosecond extreme-ultraviolet high-order harmonics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 197–208 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Audebert, P.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bagnoud, V.

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, “Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at a 1-kilohertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S165–S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Bikimetov, I. F.

I. F. Bikimetov, A. B. Sobolev, and Ya. A. Valbis, “Quasimolecular model of a core hole, and cross luminescence transitions, in cesium chloride and bromide crystals,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1715–1720 (1991).

Boker, J.

Bouhal, A.

Breger, P.

Burnett, N. H.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carillon, A.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

Z. Chang, A. Runquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chin, A. H.

T. E. Glover, R. W. Schoenlein, A. H. Chin, and C. V. Shank, “Observation of laser assister photoelectric effect and femtosecond high order harmonic radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468–2471 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Constantinescu, R. C.

Falcone, R. W.

Föster, E.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fujii, K.

T. Sekitani, E. Ikenaga, K. Fujii, K. Mase, N. Ueno, and K. Tanaka, “Control of chemical bond scission by using site-specific photochemical surface reactions,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101–103, 135–140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujikawa, S.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “All-solid-state 5-kHz 0.2-TW Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Express. 5, 318–324 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gauthier, J.-C.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Geindre, J.-P.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Glover, T. E.

T. E. Glover, R. W. Schoenlein, A. H. Chin, and C. V. Shank, “Observation of laser assister photoelectric effect and femtosecond high order harmonic radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468–2471 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grillon, G.

Hashimoto, S.

S. Kubota, M. Itoh, J. Ruan(Gen), S. Sakuragi, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of interatomic transition of valence electrons to outermost-core-hole states in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2319–2322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ikenaga, E.

T. Sekitani, E. Ikenaga, K. Fujii, K. Mase, N. Ueno, and K. Tanaka, “Control of chemical bond scission by using site-specific photochemical surface reactions,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101–103, 135–140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Inabe, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Kobayashi, and T. Inabe, “Femtosecond fluorescence study of the substitution effect on the proton transfer in thermochromic salicylideneaniline crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 644–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, M.

M. Itoh and M. Kamada, “Comparative study of Auger-free luminescence and valence-band photoemission in wide-gap materials,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 70, 3446–3451 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Itoh, M. Kamada, and N. Ohno, “Temperature dependence of Auger-free luminescence in alkali and alkaline-earth halides,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66, 2502–2512 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Kubota, M. Itoh, J. Ruan(Gen), S. Sakuragi, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of interatomic transition of valence electrons to outermost-core-hole states in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2319–2322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Jaegle, P.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jamelot, G.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jansons, J. L.

J. L. Jansons, V. J. Krumins, Z. A. Rachko, and J. A. Valbis, “Luminescence due to radiative transitions between valence band and upper core band in ionic crystals (cross luminescence),” Phys. Status Solidi B 144, 835–844 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kamada, M.

M. Itoh and M. Kamada, “Comparative study of Auger-free luminescence and valence-band photoemission in wide-gap materials,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 70, 3446–3451 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Itoh, M. Kamada, and N. Ohno, “Temperature dependence of Auger-free luminescence in alkali and alkaline-earth halides,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66, 2502–2512 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kan, C.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

Z. Chang, A. Runquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kayanuma, Y.

Y. Kayanuma and A. Kotani, “Lattice relaxation in Auger decay-free core luminescence,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 79, 219–222 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Klisnick, A.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Kobayashi, and T. Inabe, “Femtosecond fluorescence study of the substitution effect on the proton transfer in thermochromic salicylideneaniline crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 644–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, Y.

Kojima, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “All-solid-state 5-kHz 0.2-TW Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Express. 5, 318–324 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Konno, S.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “All-solid-state 5-kHz 0.2-TW Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Express. 5, 318–324 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koppitsch, R.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kotani, A.

Y. Kayanuma and A. Kotani, “Lattice relaxation in Auger decay-free core luminescence,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 79, 219–222 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Krausz, F.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krumins, V. J.

J. L. Jansons, V. J. Krumins, Z. A. Rachko, and J. A. Valbis, “Luminescence due to radiative transitions between valence band and upper core band in ionic crystals (cross luminescence),” Phys. Status Solidi B 144, 835–844 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Kubota, S.

S. Kubota, M. Itoh, J. Ruan(Gen), S. Sakuragi, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of interatomic transition of valence electrons to outermost-core-hole states in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2319–2322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kumazaki, T.

Kuramoto, Y.

Lenzner, M.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Martin, J.-L.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mase, K.

T. Sekitani, E. Ikenaga, K. Fujii, K. Mase, N. Ueno, and K. Tanaka, “Control of chemical bond scission by using site-specific photochemical surface reactions,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101–103, 135–140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailik, V. B.

A. S. Voloshinovskii, V. B. Mikhailik, P. A. Rodnyi, S. V. Syrotyuk, A. P. Shpak, and A. N. Yares’ko, “Cluster modeling of core-valence luminescence spectra,” Phys. Solid State 36, 911 (1994).

Muller, H. G.

Murnane, M. M.

Z. Chang, A. Runquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mysyrowicz, A.

Nabekawa, Y.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Auger-free luminescence excited by high-order harmonics of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 827–829 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of a high-order harmonic by compensating the atomic dipole phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “All-solid-state 5-kHz 0.2-TW Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Express. 5, 318–324 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, T. Kumazaki, Y. Kobayashi, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Femtosecond extreme-ultraviolet quasi-continuum generation by an intense femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1406–1409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, Y. Kuramoto, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, “Generation of 0.66-TW pulses at 1 kHz by a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1384–1836 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kobayashi, T. Sekikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “27-fs extreme ultraviolet pulse generation by high-order harmonics,” Opt. Lett. 23, 64–66 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nantel, M.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, N.

M. Itoh, M. Kamada, and N. Ohno, “Temperature dependence of Auger-free luminescence in alkali and alkaline-earth halides,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66, 2502–2512 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ohno, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Auger-free luminescence excited by high-order harmonics of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 827–829 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of a high-order harmonic by compensating the atomic dipole phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pong, W.

J. A. Smith and W. Pong, “Ultraviolet photoelectron spectra of cesium halides,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 5931–5936 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Rachko, Z. A.

J. L. Jansons, V. J. Krumins, Z. A. Rachko, and J. A. Valbis, “Luminescence due to radiative transitions between valence band and upper core band in ionic crystals (cross luminescence),” Phys. Status Solidi B 144, 835–844 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Rischel, C.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rodnyi, P. A.

A. S. Voloshinovskii, V. B. Mikhailik, P. A. Rodnyi, S. V. Syrotyuk, A. P. Shpak, and A. N. Yares’ko, “Cluster modeling of core-valence luminescence spectra,” Phys. Solid State 36, 911 (1994).

Ros, D.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rousse, A.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ruan(Gen), J.

S. Kubota, M. Itoh, J. Ruan(Gen), S. Sakuragi, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of interatomic transition of valence electrons to outermost-core-hole states in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2319–2322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Runquist, A.

Z. Chang, A. Runquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rus, B.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sakuragi, S.

S. Kubota, M. Itoh, J. Ruan(Gen), S. Sakuragi, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of interatomic transition of valence electrons to outermost-core-hole states in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2319–2322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Salin, F.

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, “Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at a 1-kilohertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S165–S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sartania, S.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schins, J. M.

Schnurer, M.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schoenlein, R. W.

T. E. Glover, R. W. Schoenlein, A. H. Chin, and C. V. Shank, “Observation of laser assister photoelectric effect and femtosecond high order harmonic radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468–2471 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sebban, S.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sekikawa, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Auger-free luminescence excited by high-order harmonics of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 827–829 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “All-solid-state 5-kHz 0.2-TW Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Express. 5, 318–324 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of a high-order harmonic by compensating the atomic dipole phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekikawa, T. Kumazaki, Y. Kobayashi, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Femtosecond extreme-ultraviolet quasi-continuum generation by an intense femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1406–1409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kobayashi, T. Sekikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “27-fs extreme ultraviolet pulse generation by high-order harmonics,” Opt. Lett. 23, 64–66 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, Y. Kuramoto, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, “Generation of 0.66-TW pulses at 1 kHz by a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1384–1836 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekikawa, T. Kobayashi, and T. Inabe, “Femtosecond fluorescence study of the substitution effect on the proton transfer in thermochromic salicylideneaniline crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 644–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sekitani, T.

T. Sekitani, E. Ikenaga, K. Fujii, K. Mase, N. Ueno, and K. Tanaka, “Control of chemical bond scission by using site-specific photochemical surface reactions,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101–103, 135–140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shah, J.

J. Shah, “Ultrafast luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 276–288 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

T. E. Glover, R. W. Schoenlein, A. H. Chin, and C. V. Shank, “Observation of laser assister photoelectric effect and femtosecond high order harmonic radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468–2471 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shpak, A. P.

A. S. Voloshinovskii, V. B. Mikhailik, P. A. Rodnyi, S. V. Syrotyuk, A. P. Shpak, and A. N. Yares’ko, “Cluster modeling of core-valence luminescence spectra,” Phys. Solid State 36, 911 (1994).

Smith, J. A.

J. A. Smith and W. Pong, “Ultraviolet photoelectron spectra of cesium halides,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 5931–5936 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Sobolev, A. B.

I. F. Bikimetov, A. B. Sobolev, and Ya. A. Valbis, “Quasimolecular model of a core hole, and cross luminescence transitions, in cesium chloride and bromide crystals,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1715–1720 (1991).

Spielmann, Ch.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Syrotyuk, S. V.

A. S. Voloshinovskii, V. B. Mikhailik, P. A. Rodnyi, S. V. Syrotyuk, A. P. Shpak, and A. N. Yares’ko, “Cluster modeling of core-valence luminescence spectra,” Phys. Solid State 36, 911 (1994).

Tanaka, K.

T. Sekitani, E. Ikenaga, K. Fujii, K. Mase, N. Ueno, and K. Tanaka, “Control of chemical bond scission by using site-specific photochemical surface reactions,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101–103, 135–140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Togashi, T.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “All-solid-state 5-kHz 0.2-TW Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Express. 5, 318–324 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nabekawa, Y. Kuramoto, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, “Generation of 0.66-TW pulses at 1 kHz by a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1384–1836 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ueno, N.

T. Sekitani, E. Ikenaga, K. Fujii, K. Mase, N. Ueno, and K. Tanaka, “Control of chemical bond scission by using site-specific photochemical surface reactions,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101–103, 135–140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Uschmann, I.

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Valbis, J. A.

J. L. Jansons, V. J. Krumins, Z. A. Rachko, and J. A. Valbis, “Luminescence due to radiative transitions between valence band and upper core band in ionic crystals (cross luminescence),” Phys. Status Solidi B 144, 835–844 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Valbis, Ya. A.

I. F. Bikimetov, A. B. Sobolev, and Ya. A. Valbis, “Quasimolecular model of a core hole, and cross luminescence transitions, in cesium chloride and bromide crystals,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1715–1720 (1991).

Voloshinovskii, A. S.

A. S. Voloshinovskii, V. B. Mikhailik, P. A. Rodnyi, S. V. Syrotyuk, A. P. Shpak, and A. N. Yares’ko, “Cluster modeling of core-valence luminescence spectra,” Phys. Solid State 36, 911 (1994).

Wang, H.

Z. Chang, A. Runquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Auger-free luminescence excited by high-order harmonics of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 827–829 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “All-solid-state 5-kHz 0.2-TW Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Express. 5, 318–324 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of a high-order harmonic by compensating the atomic dipole phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekikawa, T. Kumazaki, Y. Kobayashi, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Femtosecond extreme-ultraviolet quasi-continuum generation by an intense femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1406–1409 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nabekawa, Y. Kuramoto, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, “Generation of 0.66-TW pulses at 1 kHz by a Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1384–1836 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kobayashi, T. Sekikawa, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “27-fs extreme ultraviolet pulse generation by high-order harmonics,” Opt. Lett. 23, 64–66 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wobrauschek, P.

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yamazaki, T.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of a high-order harmonic by compensating the atomic dipole phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yares’ko, A. N.

A. S. Voloshinovskii, V. B. Mikhailik, P. A. Rodnyi, S. V. Syrotyuk, A. P. Shpak, and A. N. Yares’ko, “Cluster modeling of core-valence luminescence spectra,” Phys. Solid State 36, 911 (1994).

Yasui, K.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “All-solid-state 5-kHz 0.2-TW Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Express. 5, 318–324 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeitoun, P.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B Suppl.

V. Bagnoud and F. Salin, “Amplifying laser pulses to the terawatt level at a 1-kilohertz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. B Suppl. 70, S165–S170 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. Shah, “Ultrafast luminescence spectroscopy using sum frequency generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 276–288 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

P. Jaegle, S. Sebban, A. Carillon, G. Jamelot, A. Klisnick, P. Zeitoun, B. Rus, M. Nantel, F. Albert, and D. Ros, “Ultraviolet luminescence of CsI and CsCl excited by soft x-ray laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 81, 2406–2409 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom.

Y. Kayanuma and A. Kotani, “Lattice relaxation in Auger decay-free core luminescence,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 79, 219–222 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Sekitani, E. Ikenaga, K. Fujii, K. Mase, N. Ueno, and K. Tanaka, “Control of chemical bond scission by using site-specific photochemical surface reactions,” J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom. 101–103, 135–140 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin.

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Auger-free luminescence excited by high-order harmonics of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser,” J. Lumin. 87–89, 827–829 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem. A

T. Sekikawa, T. Kobayashi, and T. Inabe, “Femtosecond fluorescence study of the substitution effect on the proton transfer in thermochromic salicylideneaniline crystals,” J. Phys. Chem. A 101, 644–649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Soc. Jpn.

M. Itoh and M. Kamada, “Comparative study of Auger-free luminescence and valence-band photoemission in wide-gap materials,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 70, 3446–3451 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Itoh, M. Kamada, and N. Ohno, “Temperature dependence of Auger-free luminescence in alkali and alkaline-earth halides,” J. Phys. Soc. Jpn. 66, 2502–2512 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nature

C. Rischel, A. Rousse, I. Uschmann, P.-A. Albouy, J.-P. Geindre, P. Audebert, J.-C. Gauthier, E. Föster, J.-L. Martin, and A. Antonetti, “Femtosecond time-resolved X-ray diffraction from laser heated organic films,” Nature 390, 490–492 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express.

Y. Nabekawa, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, S. Watanabe, S. Konno, T. Kojima, S. Fujikawa, and K. Yasui, “All-solid-state 5-kHz 0.2-TW Ti:sapphire laser system,” Opt. Express. 5, 318–324 (1999), http://www.opticsexpress.org.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

J. A. Smith and W. Pong, “Ultraviolet photoelectron spectra of cesium halides,” Phys. Rev. B 12, 5931–5936 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Z. Chang, A. Runquist, H. Wang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of coherent soft x rays at 2.7 nm using high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 79, 2967–2970 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. E. Glover, R. W. Schoenlein, A. H. Chin, and C. V. Shank, “Observation of laser assister photoelectric effect and femtosecond high order harmonic radiation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 2468–2471 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Sekikawa, T. Ohno, T. Yamazaki, Y. Nabekawa, and S. Watanabe, “Pulse compression of a high-order harmonic by compensating the atomic dipole phase,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 2564–2567 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Kubota, M. Itoh, J. Ruan(Gen), S. Sakuragi, and S. Hashimoto, “Observation of interatomic transition of valence electrons to outermost-core-hole states in alkali halides,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 60, 2319–2322 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Solid State

A. S. Voloshinovskii, V. B. Mikhailik, P. A. Rodnyi, S. V. Syrotyuk, A. P. Shpak, and A. N. Yares’ko, “Cluster modeling of core-valence luminescence spectra,” Phys. Solid State 36, 911 (1994).

Phys. Status Solidi B

J. L. Jansons, V. J. Krumins, Z. A. Rachko, and J. A. Valbis, “Luminescence due to radiative transitions between valence band and upper core band in ionic crystals (cross luminescence),” Phys. Status Solidi B 144, 835–844 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Science

Ch. Spielmann, N. H. Burnett, S. Sartania, R. Koppitsch, M. Schnurer, C. Kan, M. Lenzner, P. Wobrauschek, and F. Krausz, “Generation of coherent x-rays in the water window using 5-femtosecond laser pulses,” Science 278, 661–664 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Solid State

I. F. Bikimetov, A. B. Sobolev, and Ya. A. Valbis, “Quasimolecular model of a core hole, and cross luminescence transitions, in cesium chloride and bromide crystals,” Sov. Phys. Solid State 33, 1715–1720 (1991).

Other

T. Elsaesser, S. Mukamel, M. M. Murnane, and N. F. Scherer, eds., Ultrafast Phenomena XII (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2001).

J. Kanamori and A. Kotani, eds., Core-Level Spectroscopy in Condensed Systems (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1988).

W. B. Fowler, Physics of Color Centers (Academic, New York, 1968).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic energy diagram of CsCl. Eg and Evc are the energy bandgap and the energy difference between the inner-shell and valence bands, respectively. In the case of CsCl, Eg is larger than Evc.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for the measurement of the femtosecond time-resolved luminescence of the inner-shell hole by use of high harmonics. PM is a photomultiplier.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Luminescence spectrum of CsCl excited by high harmonics at room temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time dependence of the Auger-free luminescence at (a) 5.2 and (b) 4.6 eV with error bars. The solid curves are the fitting results taking account of a response function with the temporal width of 140 fs convoluted. The rise time at 4.6 eV was 220±50 fs.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Configuration-coordinate diagram in the hole picture. The solid and dashed arrows between the inner-shell and valence bands indicate the luminescence at 5.2 and 4.6 eV, respectively.

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