Abstract

We present a continuous-wave pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier and wavelength converter in 1 km of highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber. The reduced pump requirements of the fiber allowed a low-signal-loss configuration in which respective net gains and wavelength-conversion efficiencies of up to 8.6 dB and 5.9 dB were obtained with only 89 mW of pump power. These values were increased to 19.5 dB and 17.3 dB, respectively, when a counterpropagating 680-mW pump was used to assist the parametric process through Raman amplification. Raman assistance in highly nonlinear fiber further promotes parametric amplification and wavelength conversion as a viable technology for the future.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Washio, K. Inoue, and S. Kishida, “Efficient large-frequency-shifted three-wave mixing in low dispersion wavelength region in single-mode optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 16, 658–660 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  2. N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Fibre optical parametric amplifier operating near zero-dispersion wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1935–1937 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “CW fibre optical parametric amplifier with net gain and wavelength conversion efficiency>1,” Electron. Lett. 32, 2336–2338 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, “Broad-band continuous-wave-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49-dB gain and wavelength-conversion efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194–196 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. J. S. de Matos, D. A. Chestnut, P. C. Reeves-Hall, and J. R. Taylor, “Continuous-wave-pumped Raman-assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier and wavelength converter in conventional dispersion-shifted fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1583–1585 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Tsuzaki, M. Kakui, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, Y. Nakai, and M. Nishimura, “Broadband discrete fiber Raman amplifier with high differential gain operating over 1.65 μm-band,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 2001), pp. MA3–1–MA3–3.
  7. M. Onishi, T. Okuno, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, N. Akasaka, and M. Nishimura, “Highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fibers and their application to broadband wavelength converter,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 4, 204–214 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2001

J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, “Broad-band continuous-wave-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49-dB gain and wavelength-conversion efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. J. S. de Matos, D. A. Chestnut, P. C. Reeves-Hall, and J. R. Taylor, “Continuous-wave-pumped Raman-assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier and wavelength converter in conventional dispersion-shifted fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1583–1585 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. Onishi, T. Okuno, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, N. Akasaka, and M. Nishimura, “Highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fibers and their application to broadband wavelength converter,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 4, 204–214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “CW fibre optical parametric amplifier with net gain and wavelength conversion efficiency>1,” Electron. Lett. 32, 2336–2338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Fibre optical parametric amplifier operating near zero-dispersion wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1935–1937 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1980

K. Washio, K. Inoue, and S. Kishida, “Efficient large-frequency-shifted three-wave mixing in low dispersion wavelength region in single-mode optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 16, 658–660 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Akasaka, N.

M. Onishi, T. Okuno, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, N. Akasaka, and M. Nishimura, “Highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fibers and their application to broadband wavelength converter,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 4, 204–214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, “Broad-band continuous-wave-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49-dB gain and wavelength-conversion efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chestnut, D. A.

Chiang, T.-K.

N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Fibre optical parametric amplifier operating near zero-dispersion wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1935–1937 (1995).
[CrossRef]

de Matos, C. J. S.

Hansryd, J.

J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, “Broad-band continuous-wave-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49-dB gain and wavelength-conversion efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Washio, K. Inoue, and S. Kishida, “Efficient large-frequency-shifted three-wave mixing in low dispersion wavelength region in single-mode optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 16, 658–660 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ishikawa, S.

M. Onishi, T. Okuno, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, N. Akasaka, and M. Nishimura, “Highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fibers and their application to broadband wavelength converter,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 4, 204–214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kagi, N.

N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Fibre optical parametric amplifier operating near zero-dispersion wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1935–1937 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kashiwada, T.

M. Onishi, T. Okuno, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, N. Akasaka, and M. Nishimura, “Highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fibers and their application to broadband wavelength converter,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 4, 204–214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “CW fibre optical parametric amplifier with net gain and wavelength conversion efficiency>1,” Electron. Lett. 32, 2336–2338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Fibre optical parametric amplifier operating near zero-dispersion wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1935–1937 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kishida, S.

K. Washio, K. Inoue, and S. Kishida, “Efficient large-frequency-shifted three-wave mixing in low dispersion wavelength region in single-mode optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 16, 658–660 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “CW fibre optical parametric amplifier with net gain and wavelength conversion efficiency>1,” Electron. Lett. 32, 2336–2338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Fibre optical parametric amplifier operating near zero-dispersion wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1935–1937 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nishimura, M.

M. Onishi, T. Okuno, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, N. Akasaka, and M. Nishimura, “Highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fibers and their application to broadband wavelength converter,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 4, 204–214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Okuno, T.

M. Onishi, T. Okuno, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, N. Akasaka, and M. Nishimura, “Highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fibers and their application to broadband wavelength converter,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 4, 204–214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Onishi, M.

M. Onishi, T. Okuno, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, N. Akasaka, and M. Nishimura, “Highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fibers and their application to broadband wavelength converter,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 4, 204–214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Reeves-Hall, P. C.

Taylor, J. R.

Washio, K.

K. Washio, K. Inoue, and S. Kishida, “Efficient large-frequency-shifted three-wave mixing in low dispersion wavelength region in single-mode optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 16, 658–660 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F. S.

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “CW fibre optical parametric amplifier with net gain and wavelength conversion efficiency>1,” Electron. Lett. 32, 2336–2338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

K. Washio, K. Inoue, and S. Kishida, “Efficient large-frequency-shifted three-wave mixing in low dispersion wavelength region in single-mode optical fibre,” Electron. Lett. 16, 658–660 (1980).
[CrossRef]

N. Kagi, T.-K. Chiang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “Fibre optical parametric amplifier operating near zero-dispersion wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1935–1937 (1995).
[CrossRef]

F. S. Yang, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, “CW fibre optical parametric amplifier with net gain and wavelength conversion efficiency>1,” Electron. Lett. 32, 2336–2338 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.

J. Hansryd and P. A. Andrekson, “Broad-band continuous-wave-pumped fiber optical parametric amplifier with 49-dB gain and wavelength-conversion efficiency,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 194–196 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst.

M. Onishi, T. Okuno, T. Kashiwada, S. Ishikawa, N. Akasaka, and M. Nishimura, “Highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fibers and their application to broadband wavelength converter,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 4, 204–214 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

T. Tsuzaki, M. Kakui, M. Hirano, M. Onishi, Y. Nakai, and M. Nishimura, “Broadband discrete fiber Raman amplifier with high differential gain operating over 1.65 μm-band,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Postconference Digest, Vol. 54 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 2001), pp. MA3–1–MA3–3.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental configuration of the Raman-assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier and wavelength converter in highly nonlinear dispersion-shifted fiber.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Net-gain and (b) wavelength-conversion efficiency spectra for a parametric-pump wavelength of 1558.6 nm, a post-OC1 parametric pump power of 89 mW, and a post-OC2 Raman pump power of 680 mW. Squares, triangles, and circles represent the parametric-only, Raman-assisted parametric and Raman-only cases, respectively.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Net-gain spectra for a parametric-pump wavelength of 1558.6 nm, a post-OC1 parametric-pump power of 61 mW, and a post-OC2 Raman-pump power of 307 mW. Squares, triangles, and circles represent the parametric-only, Raman-assisted parametric and Raman-only gains, respectively. Diamonds represent signal loss in the FOPA.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

On/off Raman gain experienced by the parametric pump for several post-OC1 parametric-pump powers with post-OC2 Raman-pump powers of 307 mW (squares) and 680 mW (circles).

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