Abstract

The spectroscopic properties and laser operation of a new neodymium-doped vanadate crystal, Nd:LuVO4, grown by the flux technique are reported. Polarized absorption and emission spectra were recorded at low and room temperatures, excited-state absorption was measured near 1060 and 1340 nm, and laser emission at 1066 nm was obtained after pumping near 809 and 880 nm.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  17. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  18. P. A. Tanner and N. Edelstein, “Infrared luminescence spectrum and crystal-field analysis of neodymium-doped yttrium vanadate,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 152, 140 (1988).
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  19. T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517–5522 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  22. D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
    [CrossRef]
  23. B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  24. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  25. F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorgé, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, E. Zannoni, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, “Multiphonon relaxation in YVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3915–3921 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  27. P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Marjeric, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11, 380–11, 390 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  28. L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. 2. YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 549–553 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  29. V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, and M. A. Noginov, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and energy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  30. Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  31. J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  32. T. Förster, “Zwischenmolekulare energiewanderung und fluorescenz,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55 (1948).
    [CrossRef]
  33. Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  34. R. Lavi, S. Jackel, M. Winik, E. Lebiush, I. Tzuk, M. Katz, and I. Paiss, “An efficient pumping scheme for neodymium doped materials by direct excitation of the upper lasing level,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7382–7385 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  35. R. Lavi and S. Jackel, “Thermally boosted pumping of neodymium lasers,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3093–3098 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2001

R. Lavi, S. Jackel, A. Tal, E. Lebiush, I. Tzuk, and S. Goldring, “885 nm high-power diodes end-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 427–430 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorgé, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, E. Zannoni, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, “Multiphonon relaxation in YVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3915–3921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Lavi and S. Jackel, “Thermally boosted pumping of neodymium lasers,” Appl. Opt. 39, 3093–3098 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

R. Lavi, S. Jackel, M. Winik, E. Lebiush, I. Tzuk, M. Katz, and I. Paiss, “An efficient pumping scheme for neodymium doped materials by direct excitation of the upper lasing level,” Appl. Opt. 38, 7382–7385 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Marjeric, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11, 380–11, 390 (1999).
[CrossRef]

O. Guillot-Noel, B. Bellamy, B. Viana, and D. Gourier, “Correlation between rare-earth oscillator strengths and rare-earth-valence-band interactions in neodymium-doped YMO4 (M=V, P, s), Y3Al5O12 and LiYF4 matrices,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 1668–1677 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. 2. YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, and M. A. Noginov, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and energy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

C. Dujardin, C. Pedrini, J. C. Ga⁁con, A. G. Petrosyan, A. N. Belsky, and A. N. Vasil’ev, “Luminescence properties and scintillation mechanisms of cerium- and praseodymium-doped lutetium orthoaluminate,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 5229–5243 (1997).

M. G. Jani, N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, D. W. Hart, G. J. Quarles, and V. K. Castillo, “Diode-pumped Ho:Tm:LuLiF4 laser at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 112–115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

Y. Terada, K. Shimamura, V. V. Kochurikhin, L. V. Baraskov, M. A. Ivanov, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and optical properties of ErVO4 and LuVO4 single crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 167, 369–372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, “Physics of quasi-four-level lasers,” in Solid State Lasers and Nonlinear Crystals, G. J. Quarles, L. Esterowitz, and L. K. Cheng, eds., Proc. SPIE 2379, 2–9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1992

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1988

P. A. Tanner and N. Edelstein, “Infrared luminescence spectrum and crystal-field analysis of neodymium-doped yttrium vanadate,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 152, 140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1985

A. Dabkowski, H. Dabkowska, and G. Jasiolek, “Single crystal growth conditions and characterization of some rare-earth vanadates,” J. Less-Common Met. 110, 255–257 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1978

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517–5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1972

G. Garton, S. H. Smith, and B. M. Wanklyn, “Crystal growth from the flux systems PbO–V2O5 and Bi2O3–V2O5,” J. Crystal Growth 13–14, 588–592 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1968

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

1953

D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

1948

T. Förster, “Zwischenmolekulare energiewanderung und fluorescenz,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Abdulsabirov, R. Y.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Baraskov, L. V.

Y. Terada, K. Shimamura, V. V. Kochurikhin, L. V. Baraskov, M. A. Ivanov, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and optical properties of ErVO4 and LuVO4 single crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 167, 369–372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Barnes, N. P.

M. G. Jani, N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, D. W. Hart, G. J. Quarles, and V. K. Castillo, “Diode-pumped Ho:Tm:LuLiF4 laser at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 112–115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. P. Barnes, “Physics of quasi-four-level lasers,” in Solid State Lasers and Nonlinear Crystals, G. J. Quarles, L. Esterowitz, and L. K. Cheng, eds., Proc. SPIE 2379, 2–9 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bellamy, B.

O. Guillot-Noel, B. Bellamy, B. Viana, and D. Gourier, “Correlation between rare-earth oscillator strengths and rare-earth-valence-band interactions in neodymium-doped YMO4 (M=V, P, s), Y3Al5O12 and LiYF4 matrices,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 1668–1677 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Belsky, A. N.

C. Dujardin, C. Pedrini, J. C. Ga⁁con, A. G. Petrosyan, A. N. Belsky, and A. N. Vasil’ev, “Luminescence properties and scintillation mechanisms of cerium- and praseodymium-doped lutetium orthoaluminate,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 5229–5243 (1997).

Bettinelli, M.

F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorgé, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, E. Zannoni, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, “Multiphonon relaxation in YVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3915–3921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Birnbaum, M.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bon, M.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Carnall, W. T.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Castillo, V. K.

M. G. Jani, N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, D. W. Hart, G. J. Quarles, and V. K. Castillo, “Diode-pumped Ho:Tm:LuLiF4 laser at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 112–115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cavalli, E.

F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorgé, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, E. Zannoni, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, “Multiphonon relaxation in YVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3915–3921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. 2. YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chambon, B.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cone, R. L.

F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorgé, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, E. Zannoni, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, “Multiphonon relaxation in YVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3915–3921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dabkowska, H.

A. Dabkowski, H. Dabkowska, and G. Jasiolek, “Single crystal growth conditions and characterization of some rare-earth vanadates,” J. Less-Common Met. 110, 255–257 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dabkowski, A.

A. Dabkowski, H. Dabkowska, and G. Jasiolek, “Single crystal growth conditions and characterization of some rare-earth vanadates,” J. Less-Common Met. 110, 255–257 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Descamps, D.

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Descroix, E.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

DeShazer, L. G.

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517–5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, D. L.

D. L. Dexter, “A theory of sensitized luminescence in solids,” J. Chem. Phys. 21, 836–850 (1953).
[CrossRef]

Doualan, J. L.

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Marjeric, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11, 380–11, 390 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Doury, J.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dubinskii, M. A.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dujardin, C.

C. Dujardin, C. Pedrini, J. C. Ga⁁con, A. G. Petrosyan, A. N. Belsky, and A. N. Vasil’ev, “Luminescence properties and scintillation mechanisms of cerium- and praseodymium-doped lutetium orthoaluminate,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 5229–5243 (1997).

Edamatsdu, K.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Edelstein, N.

P. A. Tanner and N. Edelstein, “Infrared luminescence spectrum and crystal-field analysis of neodymium-doped yttrium vanadate,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 152, 140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ermeneux, F. S.

F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorgé, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, E. Zannoni, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, “Multiphonon relaxation in YVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3915–3921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Farge, P.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fields, P. R.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Fields, R. A.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Fornasiero, L.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. 2. YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Förster, T.

T. Förster, “Zwischenmolekulare energiewanderung und fluorescenz,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Fukuda, T.

Y. Terada, K. Shimamura, V. V. Kochurikhin, L. V. Baraskov, M. A. Ivanov, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and optical properties of ErVO4 and LuVO4 single crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 167, 369–372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ga?con, J. C.

C. Dujardin, C. Pedrini, J. C. Ga⁁con, A. G. Petrosyan, A. N. Belsky, and A. N. Vasil’ev, “Luminescence properties and scintillation mechanisms of cerium- and praseodymium-doped lutetium orthoaluminate,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 5229–5243 (1997).

Garnier, N.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Garton, G.

G. Garton, S. H. Smith, and B. M. Wanklyn, “Crystal growth from the flux systems PbO–V2O5 and Bi2O3–V2O5,” J. Crystal Growth 13–14, 588–592 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Girard, S.

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Marjeric, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11, 380–11, 390 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Goldring, S.

R. Lavi, S. Jackel, A. Tal, E. Lebiush, I. Tzuk, and S. Goldring, “885 nm high-power diodes end-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 427–430 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gourier, D.

O. Guillot-Noel, B. Bellamy, B. Viana, and D. Gourier, “Correlation between rare-earth oscillator strengths and rare-earth-valence-band interactions in neodymium-doped YMO4 (M=V, P, s), Y3Al5O12 and LiYF4 matrices,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 1668–1677 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Goutaudier, C.

F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorgé, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, E. Zannoni, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, “Multiphonon relaxation in YVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3915–3921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Guillet, H.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Guillot-Noel, O.

O. Guillot-Noel, B. Bellamy, B. Viana, and D. Gourier, “Correlation between rare-earth oscillator strengths and rare-earth-valence-band interactions in neodymium-doped YMO4 (M=V, P, s), Y3Al5O12 and LiYF4 matrices,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 1668–1677 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, J. Y.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Guyot, Y.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hart, D. W.

M. G. Jani, N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, D. W. Hart, G. J. Quarles, and V. K. Castillo, “Diode-pumped Ho:Tm:LuLiF4 laser at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 112–115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, and M. A. Noginov, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and energy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. 2. YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Itoh, T.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ivanov, M. A.

Y. Terada, K. Shimamura, V. V. Kochurikhin, L. V. Baraskov, M. A. Ivanov, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and optical properties of ErVO4 and LuVO4 single crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 167, 369–372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jackel, S.

Jani, M. G.

M. G. Jani, N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, D. W. Hart, G. J. Quarles, and V. K. Castillo, “Diode-pumped Ho:Tm:LuLiF4 laser at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 112–115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jasiolek, G.

A. Dabkowski, H. Dabkowska, and G. Jasiolek, “Single crystal growth conditions and characterization of some rare-earth vanadates,” J. Less-Common Met. 110, 255–257 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. 2. YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Ostroumov, T. Jensen, J. P. Meyn, G. Huber, and M. A. Noginov, “Study of luminescence concentration quenching and energy transfer upconversion in Nd-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 and GdVO4 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1052–1060 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Katz, M.

Kochurikhin, V. V.

Y. Terada, K. Shimamura, V. V. Kochurikhin, L. V. Baraskov, M. A. Ivanov, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and optical properties of ErVO4 and LuVO4 single crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 167, 369–372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Korableva, S. L.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kück, S.

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. 2. YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lan, Y. P.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Landais, J.

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laporte, P.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lavi, R.

Le Boulanger, P.

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Marjeric, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11, 380–11, 390 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lebiush, E.

Liao, C. C.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lomheim, T. S.

T. S. Lomheim and L. G. DeShazer, “Optical-absorption intensities of trivalent neodymium in the uniaxial crystal yttrium orthovanadate,” J. Appl. Phys. 49, 5517–5522 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Manaa, H.

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mareschal, J.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Marjeric, J.

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Marjeric, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11, 380–11, 390 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maunier, C.

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J. P.

Moncorge, R.

J. L. Doualan, C. Maunier, D. Descamps, J. Landais, and R. Moncorge, “Excited-state absorption and up-conversion losses in the Nd-doped glasses for high-power lasers,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 4459–4463 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Moncorgé, R.

F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorgé, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, E. Zannoni, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, “Multiphonon relaxation in YVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3915–3921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Le Boulanger, J. L. Doualan, S. Girard, J. Marjeric, and R. Moncorgé, “Excited-state absorption spectroscopy of Er3+-doped Y3Al5O12, YVO4, and phosphate glass,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 11, 380–11, 390 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Guyot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Guyot, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Murray, K. E.

M. G. Jani, N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, D. W. Hart, G. J. Quarles, and V. K. Castillo, “Diode-pumped Ho:Tm:LuLiF4 laser at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 112–115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Naumov, A. K.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Ostroumov, V.

Paiss, I.

Payne, S. A.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Pedrini, C.

C. Dujardin, C. Pedrini, J. C. Ga⁁con, A. G. Petrosyan, A. N. Belsky, and A. N. Vasil’ev, “Luminescence properties and scintillation mechanisms of cerium- and praseodymium-doped lutetium orthoaluminate,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 5229–5243 (1997).

Pelenc, D.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Petrosyan, A. G.

C. Dujardin, C. Pedrini, J. C. Ga⁁con, A. G. Petrosyan, A. N. Belsky, and A. N. Vasil’ev, “Luminescence properties and scintillation mechanisms of cerium- and praseodymium-doped lutetium orthoaluminate,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 5229–5243 (1997).

Quarles, G. J.

M. G. Jani, N. P. Barnes, K. E. Murray, D. W. Hart, G. J. Quarles, and V. K. Castillo, “Diode-pumped Ho:Tm:LuLiF4 laser at room temperature,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 112–115 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rajnak, K.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions. I. Pr3+, Nd3+, Pm3+, Dy3+, Ho3+, Er3+, and Tm3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Rivoire, J. Y.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roy, S.

R. Moncorgé, B. Chambon, J. Y. Rivoire, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, P. Laporte, H. Guillet, S. Roy, J. Mareschal, D. Pelenc, J. Doury, and P. Farge, “Nd doped crystals for medical laser applications,” Opt. Mater. 8, 109–119 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sarukura, N.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, Y.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Semashko, V.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shimamura, K.

Y. Terada, K. Shimamura, V. V. Kochurikhin, L. V. Baraskov, M. A. Ivanov, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and optical properties of ErVO4 and LuVO4 single crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 167, 369–372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Infrared cross-section measurements for crystals doped with Er3+, Tm3+, and Ho3+,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2619–2630 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Smith, S. H.

G. Garton, S. H. Smith, and B. M. Wanklyn, “Crystal growth from the flux systems PbO–V2O5 and Bi2O3–V2O5,” J. Crystal Growth 13–14, 588–592 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorgé, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, E. Zannoni, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, “Multiphonon relaxation in YVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3915–3921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, Y.

N. Sarukura, M. A. Dubinskii, Z. Liu, V. Semashko, A. K. Naumov, S. L. Korableva, R. Y. Abdulsabirov, K. Edamatsdu, Y. Suzuki, T. Itoh, and Y. Segawa, “Ce3+-activated fluoride crystals as prospective active media for widely tunable ultraviolet ultrafast lasers with direct 10-ns pumping,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 792–804 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tal, A.

R. Lavi, S. Jackel, A. Tal, E. Lebiush, I. Tzuk, and S. Goldring, “885 nm high-power diodes end-pumped Nd:YAG laser,” Opt. Commun. 195, 427–430 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tanner, P. A.

P. A. Tanner and N. Edelstein, “Infrared luminescence spectrum and crystal-field analysis of neodymium-doped yttrium vanadate,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 152, 140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Terada, Y.

Y. Terada, K. Shimamura, V. V. Kochurikhin, L. V. Baraskov, M. A. Ivanov, and T. Fukuda, “Growth and optical properties of ErVO4 and LuVO4 single crystals,” J. Crystal Growth 167, 369–372 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tzuk, I.

Vasil’ev, A. N.

C. Dujardin, C. Pedrini, J. C. Ga⁁con, A. G. Petrosyan, A. N. Belsky, and A. N. Vasil’ev, “Luminescence properties and scintillation mechanisms of cerium- and praseodymium-doped lutetium orthoaluminate,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 5229–5243 (1997).

Viana, B.

O. Guillot-Noel, B. Bellamy, B. Viana, and D. Gourier, “Correlation between rare-earth oscillator strengths and rare-earth-valence-band interactions in neodymium-doped YMO4 (M=V, P, s), Y3Al5O12 and LiYF4 matrices,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 1668–1677 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. C.

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wanklyn, B. M.

G. Garton, S. H. Smith, and B. M. Wanklyn, “Crystal growth from the flux systems PbO–V2O5 and Bi2O3–V2O5,” J. Crystal Growth 13–14, 588–592 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Winik, M.

Zannoni, E.

F. S. Ermeneux, C. Goutaudier, R. Moncorgé, Y. Sun, R. L. Cone, E. Zannoni, E. Cavalli, and M. Bettinelli, “Multiphonon relaxation in YVO4 single crystals,” Phys. Rev. B 61, 3915–3921 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (Leipzig)

T. Förster, “Zwischenmolekulare energiewanderung und fluorescenz,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

Y. F. Chen, C. C. Liao, Y. P. Lan, and S. C. Wang, “Determination of the Auger upconversion rate in fiber-coupled diode end-pumped Nd:YAG and Nd:YVO4 crystals,” Appl. Phys. B 70, 487–490 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. Fornasiero, S. Kück, T. Jensen, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, “Excited state absorption and stimulated emission of Nd3+ in crystals. 2. YVO4, GdVO4, and Sr5(PO4)3F,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 549–553 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. A. Fields, M. Birnbaum, and C. L. Fincher, “Highly efficient Nd:YVO4 diode-laser end-pumped laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1885–1886 (1987).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room-temperature polarized absorption spectra of Nd:LuVO4.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Room-temperature polarized absorption spectra near 800 and 900 nm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Pumping schematics of Nd3+ ions.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Room-temperature polarized emission spectra of Nd:LuVO4.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Room-temperature polarized emission spectra near 1060 nm (short vertical bars, positions of the expected emission transitions).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Polarized emission and net gain cross-section spectra near 1060 nm (short vertical bars; expected positions of ESA transitions).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Polarized emission and net gain cross-section spectra near 1340 nm (short vertical bars, expected positions of ESA transitions).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Schematic of energy transfer between Nd3+ ions.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Results of laser measurements for 809- and 880-nm pump wavelengths.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Energy-Level Positions of the Nd3+ Ion in LuVO4 Calculated and Measured at 10 K

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Table 2 Comparison of Main Absorption and Emission Properties of Nd-Doped Materialsa

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Table 3 Spectroscopic Values Deduced from the Judd–Ofelt Analysis for Nd:LuVO4

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Table 4 Energy-Transfer Microparameters Obtained from Spectroscopic Measurementsa

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Table 5 Absorbed Pump Power at Threshold and Slope Efficiencies of the Two Excitation Wavelengths and Three Output Coupler Transmissions

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

HCF=k,q,iBqk(Cqk)i,
HCF=B02C02+B04C04+B44[C44+C-44]+B06C06+B46[C46+C-4C6].
B02=-236.5,B04=385.5,B44=-1198.3,
B06=-1202.4,B46=407.7.
CFDi=3c8π4n2  σsei(λ)σesai(λ)dλ,
Cm=3c8π4n2  σse(λ)σabs(λ)dλ,

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