Abstract

We study the generation of supercontinua in air–silica microstructured fibers by both nanosecond and femtosecond pulse excitation. In the nanosecond experiments, a 300-nm broadband visible continuum was generated in a 1.8-m length of fiber pumped at 532 nm by 0.8-ns pulses from a frequency-doubled passively Q-switched Nd:YAG microchip laser. At this wavelength, the dominant mode excited under the conditions of continuum generation is the LP11 mode, and, with nanosecond pumping, self-phase modulation is negligible and the continuum generation is dominated by the interplay of Raman and parametric effects. The spectral extent of the continuum is well explained by calculations of the parametric gain curves for four-wave mixing about the zero-dispersion wavelength of the LP11 mode. In the femtosecond experiments, an 800-nm broadband visible and near-infrared continuum has been generated in a 1-m length of fiber pumped at 780 nm by 100-fs pulses from a Kerr-lens model-locked Ti:sapphire laser. At this wavelength, excitation and continuum generation occur in the LP01 mode, and the spectral width of the observed continuum is shown to be consistent with the phase-matching bandwidth for parametric processes calculated for this fiber mode. In addition, numerical simulations based on an extended nonlinear Schrödinger equation were used to model supercontinuum generation in the femtosecond regime, with the simulation results reproducing the major features of the experimentally observed spectrum.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. See, for example, R. R. Alfano, ed., The Supercontinuum Laser Source (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989), and references therein.
  2. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air–silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  3. J. K. Ranka and R. S. Windeler, “Nonlinear interactions in air–silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Photonics News,  11, 2000, pp. 20–25.
    [Crossref]
  4. J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996); errata 22, 484–485 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1662–1664 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  7. T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, N. G. R. Broderick, and P. J. Bennett, “Holey optical fibers: an efficient modal model,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1093–1102 (1999).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  9. F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 6, 181–191 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  10. J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  11. N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennett, and D. J. Richardson, “Nonlinearity in holey optical fibers: measurement and future opportunities,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1395–1397 (1999).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
    [Crossref]
  14. I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, “Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air–silica microstructure optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 608–610 (2001).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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  17. S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Single mode white light supercontinuum with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuC6, pp. 405–407.
  18. S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  19. L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact broadband continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” Electron. Lett. 37, 558–560 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  20. C. Lin and R. Stolen, “New nanosecond continuum for excited-state spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 216–218 (1976).
    [Crossref]
  21. J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air–silica microstructure fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 796–798 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  22. R. H. Stolen and W. N. Leibolt, “Optical fiber modes using stimulated four photon mixing,” Appl. Opt. 15, 239–243 (1976).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  23. L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact visible continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB3, pp. 435–437.
  24. A similar interpretation that explains supercontinuum generation in ASMF in the picosecond regime is described in Refs. 17 and 18.
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  27. P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, “Intensity effects on the stimulated four photon spectra generated by picosecond pulses in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1712–1715 (1987).
    [Crossref]
  28. G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001).
  29. A. L. Gaeta, “Supercontinuum generation in microstructured fibers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CMK 3, pp. 48–49.
  30. See, for example, Fig. 5(b) of Ref. 3, Fig. 4 of Ref. 13, and Fig. 6 of Ref. 15.
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    [Crossref]
  32. E. A. Golovchenko and A. N. Pilipetskii, “Unified analysis of four photon mixing, modulational instability and stimulated Raman scattering under various polarization conditions in fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 92–101 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  33. S. V. Chernikov and P. V. Mamyshev, “Femtosecond soliton propagation in fibers with slowly decreasing dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 1633–1641 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  34. F. Matera, A. Mecozzi, M. Romagnoli, and M. Settembre, “Sideband instability induced by periodic power variation in long-distance fiber links,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1499–1501 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  35. W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibres at 850 nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  36. X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler, “Soliton self-frequency shift in a short tapered air silica microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 358–360 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  37. M. W. Kimmel, R. Trebino, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Measuring the intensity and phase of ultrabroadband continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.2000), Paper CFL7, pp. 622–623.

2001 (4)

2000 (10)

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1415–1417 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka and R. S. Windeler, “Nonlinear interactions in air–silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Photonics News,  11, 2000, pp. 20–25.
[Crossref]

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
[Crossref]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibres at 850 nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, J. J. Miret, P. Andrés, and M. V. Andrés, “Vector description of higher-order modes in photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1333–1340 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air–silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air–silica microstructure fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 796–798 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

1998 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

1994 (1)

1993 (1)

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, “Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665–2673 (1989).
[Crossref]

1987 (2)

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, “Intensity effects on the stimulated four photon spectra generated by picosecond pulses in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1712–1715 (1987).
[Crossref]

R. R. Alfano, P. L. Baldeck, F. Raccah, and P. P. Ho, “Cross phase modulation measured in optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3491–3492 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1984 (1)

1976 (2)

R. H. Stolen and W. N. Leibolt, “Optical fiber modes using stimulated four photon mixing,” Appl. Opt. 15, 239–243 (1976).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lin and R. Stolen, “New nanosecond continuum for excited-state spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 216–218 (1976).
[Crossref]

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001).

Alfano, R. R.

R. R. Alfano, P. L. Baldeck, F. Raccah, and P. P. Ho, “Cross phase modulation measured in optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3491–3492 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, “Intensity effects on the stimulated four photon spectra generated by picosecond pulses in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1712–1715 (1987).
[Crossref]

Andrés, M. V.

Andrés, P.

Arriaga, J.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibres at 850 nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

Atkin, D. M.

Baldeck, P. L.

R. R. Alfano, P. L. Baldeck, F. Raccah, and P. P. Ho, “Cross phase modulation measured in optical fibers,” Appl. Opt. 26, 3491–3492 (1987).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, “Intensity effects on the stimulated four photon spectra generated by picosecond pulses in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1712–1715 (1987).
[Crossref]

Bennett, P. J.

Birks, T. A.

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1415–1417 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1662–1664 (1998).
[Crossref]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996); errata 22, 484–485 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. P. M. Man, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Fabrication of indefinitely long tapered fibers for supercontinuum generation,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB4, pp. 438–440.

Blow, K. J.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, “Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665–2673 (1989).
[Crossref]

Brechet, F.

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[Crossref]

Broderick, N. G. R.

Chandalia, J. K.

Chau, A. H. L.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Single mode white light supercontinuum with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuC6, pp. 405–407.

Chernikov, S. V.

Chudoba, C.

Coen, S.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Single mode white light supercontinuum with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuC6, pp. 405–407.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dudley, J. M.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact broadband continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” Electron. Lett. 37, 558–560 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact visible continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB3, pp. 435–437.

Eggleton, B. J.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact broadband continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” Electron. Lett. 37, 558–560 (2001).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler, “Soliton self-frequency shift in a short tapered air silica microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 358–360 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact visible continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB3, pp. 435–437.

Ferrando, A.

Fortier, T. M.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
[Crossref]

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gaeta, A. L.

A. L. Gaeta, “Supercontinuum generation in microstructured fibers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CMK 3, pp. 48–49.

Ghanta, R. K.

Golovchenko, E. A.

Grossard, N.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact broadband continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” Electron. Lett. 37, 558–560 (2001).
[Crossref]

Hall, J. L.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
[Crossref]

Hartl, I.

Harvey, J. D.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Single mode white light supercontinuum with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuC6, pp. 405–407.

Ho, P. P.

Jain, R. K.

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
[Crossref]

Kimmel, M. W.

M. W. Kimmel, R. Trebino, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Measuring the intensity and phase of ultrabroadband continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.2000), Paper CFL7, pp. 622–623.

Knight, J. C.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibres at 850 nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996); errata 22, 484–485 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Single mode white light supercontinuum with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuC6, pp. 405–407.

Knox, W. H.

Ko, T. H.

Kosinski, S. G.

Lee, C.

Leibolt, W. N.

Leonhardt, R.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Single mode white light supercontinuum with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuC6, pp. 405–407.

Li, X. D.

Lin, C.

C. Lin and R. Stolen, “New nanosecond continuum for excited-state spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 216–218 (1976).
[Crossref]

Liu, X.

Maillotte, H.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact broadband continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” Electron. Lett. 37, 558–560 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact visible continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB3, pp. 435–437.

Mamyshev, P. V.

Man, T. P. M.

T. P. M. Man, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Fabrication of indefinitely long tapered fibers for supercontinuum generation,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB4, pp. 438–440.

Marcou, J.

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[Crossref]

Matera, F.

Mecozzi, A.

Miret, J. J.

Mogilevtsev, D.

Monro, T. M.

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibres at 850 nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pagnoux, D.

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[Crossref]

Pilipetskii, A. N.

Provino, L.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact broadband continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” Electron. Lett. 37, 558–560 (2001).
[Crossref]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact visible continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB3, pp. 435–437.

Raccah, F.

Ranka, J. K.

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, “Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air–silica microstructure optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 608–610 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air–silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka and R. S. Windeler, “Nonlinear interactions in air–silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Photonics News,  11, 2000, pp. 20–25.
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air–silica microstructure fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 796–798 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. W. Kimmel, R. Trebino, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Measuring the intensity and phase of ultrabroadband continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.2000), Paper CFL7, pp. 622–623.

Richardson, D. J.

Romagnoli, M.

Roy, P.

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[Crossref]

Russell, J.

T. P. M. Man, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Fabrication of indefinitely long tapered fibers for supercontinuum generation,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB4, pp. 438–440.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Single mode white light supercontinuum with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuC6, pp. 405–407.

Russell, P. St. J.

Settembre, M.

Silvestre, E.

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibres at 850 nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

A. Ferrando, E. Silvestre, J. J. Miret, P. Andrés, and M. V. Andrés, “Vector description of higher-order modes in photonic crystal fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 17, 1333–1340 (2000).
[Crossref]

St, P.

T. P. M. Man, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Fabrication of indefinitely long tapered fibers for supercontinuum generation,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB4, pp. 438–440.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Single mode white light supercontinuum with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuC6, pp. 405–407.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stentz, A. J.

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air–silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air–silica microstructure fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 796–798 (2000).
[Crossref]

M. W. Kimmel, R. Trebino, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Measuring the intensity and phase of ultrabroadband continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.2000), Paper CFL7, pp. 622–623.

Stolen, R.

C. Lin and R. Stolen, “New nanosecond continuum for excited-state spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 216–218 (1976).
[Crossref]

Stolen, R. H.

Trebino, R.

M. W. Kimmel, R. Trebino, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Measuring the intensity and phase of ultrabroadband continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.2000), Paper CFL7, pp. 622–623.

Wadsworth, W. J.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
[Crossref]

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibres at 850 nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1415–1417 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. P. M. Man, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Fabrication of indefinitely long tapered fibers for supercontinuum generation,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB4, pp. 438–440.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Single mode white light supercontinuum with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuC6, pp. 405–407.

Windeler, R. S.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact broadband continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” Electron. Lett. 37, 558–560 (2001).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler, “Soliton self-frequency shift in a short tapered air silica microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 358–360 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, “Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air–silica microstructure optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 608–610 (2001).
[Crossref]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka and R. S. Windeler, “Nonlinear interactions in air–silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Photonics News,  11, 2000, pp. 20–25.
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air–silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air–silica microstructure fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 796–798 (2000).
[Crossref]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact visible continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB3, pp. 435–437.

M. W. Kimmel, R. Trebino, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Measuring the intensity and phase of ultrabroadband continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.2000), Paper CFL7, pp. 622–623.

Wood, D.

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, “Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665–2673 (1989).
[Crossref]

Xu, C.

Ye, J.

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (2)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

C. Lin and R. Stolen, “New nanosecond continuum for excited-state spectroscopy,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 28, 216–218 (1976).
[Crossref]

Electron. Lett. (2)

W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. Arriaga, E. Silvestre, and P. St. J. Russell, “Soliton effects in photonic crystal fibres at 850 nm,” Electron. Lett. 36, 53–55 (2000).
[Crossref]

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, N. Grossard, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact broadband continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” Electron. Lett. 37, 558–560 (2001).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. J. Blow and D. Wood, “Theoretical description of transient stimulated Raman scattering in optical fibers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 2665–2673 (1989).
[Crossref]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. C. Knight, J. Arriaga, T. A. Birks, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Anomalous dispersion in photonic crystal fiber,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 12, 807–809 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

P. L. Baldeck and R. R. Alfano, “Intensity effects on the stimulated four photon spectra generated by picosecond pulses in optical fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. LT-5, 1712–1715 (1987).
[Crossref]

T. M. Monro, D. J. Richardson, N. G. R. Broderick, and P. J. Bennett, “Holey optical fibers: an efficient modal model,” J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 1093–1102 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. (1)

F. Brechet, J. Marcou, D. Pagnoux, and P. Roy, “Complete analysis of the characteristics of propagation into photonic crystal fibers by the finite element method,” Opt. Fiber Technol. Mater. Devices Syst. 6, 181–191 (2000).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (11)

F. Matera, A. Mecozzi, M. Romagnoli, and M. Settembre, “Sideband instability induced by periodic power variation in long-distance fiber links,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1499–1501 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Visible continuum generation in air–silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm,” Opt. Lett. 25, 25–27 (2000).
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Optical properties of high-delta air–silica microstructure fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 796–798 (2000).
[Crossref]

T. A. Birks, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, “Endlessly single-mode photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 22, 961–963 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. G. R. Broderick, T. M. Monro, P. J. Bennett, and D. J. Richardson, “Nonlinearity in holey optical fibers: measurement and future opportunities,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1395–1397 (1999).
[Crossref]

J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, P. St. J. Russell, and D. M. Atkin, “All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1547–1549 (1996); errata 22, 484–485 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “Supercontinuum generation in tapered fibers,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1415–1417 (2000).
[Crossref]

D. Mogilevtsev, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, “Group velocity dispersion in photonic crystal fibers,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1662–1664 (1998).
[Crossref]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler, “Soliton self-frequency shift in a short tapered air silica microstructure fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 358–360 (2001).
[Crossref]

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Ghanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, “Ultrahigh resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air–silica microstructure optical fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 608–610 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, “White light supercontinuum generation with 60-ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1356–1358 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Photonics News (2)

S. A. Diddams, D. J. Jones, J. Ye, T. M. Fortier, R. S. Windeler, S. T. Cundiff, T. W. Hänsch, and J. L. Hall, “Towards the ultimate control of light: optical frequency metrology and the phase control of femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Photonics News, November2000, pp. 16–22.
[Crossref]

J. K. Ranka and R. S. Windeler, “Nonlinear interactions in air–silica microstructure optical fibers,” Opt. Photonics News,  11, 2000, pp. 20–25.
[Crossref]

Science (1)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, “Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis,” Science 288, 635–639 (2000).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (9)

See, for example, R. R. Alfano, ed., The Supercontinuum Laser Source (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989), and references therein.

L. Provino, J. M. Dudley, H. Maillotte, R. S. Windeler, and B. J. Eggleton, “Compact visible continuum source based on a microchip laser pumped microstructured fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB3, pp. 435–437.

A similar interpretation that explains supercontinuum generation in ASMF in the picosecond regime is described in Refs. 17 and 18.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 3rd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 2001).

A. L. Gaeta, “Supercontinuum generation in microstructured fibers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper CMK 3, pp. 48–49.

See, for example, Fig. 5(b) of Ref. 3, Fig. 4 of Ref. 13, and Fig. 6 of Ref. 15.

T. P. M. Man, T. A. Birks, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Fabrication of indefinitely long tapered fibers for supercontinuum generation,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper WB4, pp. 438–440.

S. Coen, A. H. L. Chau, R. Leonhardt, J. D. Harvey, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St, and J. Russell, “Single mode white light supercontinuum with 60 ps pump pulses in a photonic crystal fiber,” in Nonlinear Guided Waves and Their Applications (NLGW 2001), 2001 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 2001), paper TuC6, pp. 405–407.

M. W. Kimmel, R. Trebino, J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, “Measuring the intensity and phase of ultrabroadband continuum,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO 2000), 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C.2000), Paper CFL7, pp. 622–623.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

(a) Electromicrograph of the Lucent ASMF. (b) Calculated mode profiles at 532 nm, showing their orientation with respect to the ASMF structure. The contours are shown at 11-dB increments.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Calculated GVD curves for the LP01 and LP11 fiber modes. Dashed lines, ZDWs.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured spectra as a function of estimated peak power in the ASMF for the nanosecond regime experiments.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) FWM phase-matching curves for the LP11 mode of the ASMF for P0=0 W (solid curve) and P0=40 W (dashed curve). (b) Calculated gain curves for the pump wavelengths indicated.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

(a) Typical supercontinuum spectrum observed in the ASMF with 100-fs pulses at 780 nm. (b) Spectral characteristics from numerical simulations. (c) Temporal characteristics from numerical simulations.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

FWM phase-matching curves for the LP01 mode of the ASMF for P0=0 W and P0=3 kW.

Equations (2)

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Az+α2A-k1 ik+1 βkk! kAtk
=iγ1+iω0 tA(z, t)-t R(t)|A(z, t-t)|2dt,

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