Abstract

We experimentally investigate the influence of polarization switching on the intensity noise of transverse single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers. We show that a polarization switch always leads to strong noise in the two individual orthogonal polarization modes over a large range of pump current in the vicinity of the switch, whereas the effect on the total emission noise strongly depends on the strength of the coupling between total intensity noise and polarization fluctuations, which is mainly determined by the amount of birefringence. Thus our results demonstrate that the occurrence of a polarization switch can have a strong deteriorating effect on the noise behavior, not only if polarization selection is present, but also on the total emission noise, and therefore has to be considered in future investigations and low-noise applications.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. P. van Exter, R. F. M. Hendriks, and J. P. Woerdman, “Physical insight into the polarization dynamics of semiconductor vertical-cavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2080–2090 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Elasto-optic anisotropy and polarization orientation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1041–1043 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, A. M. van der Lee, and J. P. Woerdman, “Coupled-mode description for the polarization state of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1473–1484 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and I. Rabbiosi, “Stochastic and bona fide resonance: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 675–678 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. Fratta, P. Debenardi, G. P. Bava, C. Degen, J. Kaiser, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatially inhomogeneously polarized transverse modes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 031803(R) 1–3 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  9. K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, Jr., K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Valle, K. A. Shore, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization selection in birefringent vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2062–2068 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Martin-Regalado, J. L. A. Chilla, J. J. Rocca, and P. Brusenbach, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers observed at constant active region temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3350–3352 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL’s due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 6–8 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  14. S. Balle, E. Tolkachova, M. San Miguel, J. R. Tredicce, J. Martin-Regalado, and A. Gahl, “Mechanisms of polarization switching in single-transverse-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: thermal shift and nonlinear semiconductor dynamics,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1121–1123 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Anatomy of a polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4337–4340 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, “Amplitude noise squeezed light from polarisation singlemode VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 34, 353–354 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “Sub-Poissonian intensity noise from vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075–3077 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  18. D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, “Squeezed light generated by a microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323–R3326 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, J. P. Poizat, T. J. Chang, and P. Grangier, “Spatial quantum noise of semiconductor lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2140–2146 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. F. Koyama, K. Morito, and K. Iga, “Intensity noise and polarization stability of GaAlAs–GaAs surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1410–1416 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  22. D. V. Kuksenkov, H. Temkin, and S. Swirhun, “Polarization instability and relative intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2141–2143 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, “Quantum noise and polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284–3295 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  24. M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Correlated fluctuations in the polarization modes of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4105–4113 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  25. J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Amplitude squeezed emission from a transverse single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with weakly anticorrelated polarization modes,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1720–1722 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  26. H. F. Hofmann and O. Hess, “Quantum noise and polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 868–876 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  27. M. P. van Exter, M. B. Willemsen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 4191–4205 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  28. J. Mulet, C. R. Mirasso, M. San Miguel, “Polarization resolved intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023817 1–8 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  29. Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, “Amplitude squeezing in a pump-noise-suppressed laser oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025–4042 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. M. S. Park, B. T. Ahn, B. S. Yoo, H. Y. Chu, H. H. Park, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Polarization control of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by electro-optic birefringence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 813–815 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  31. K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1590–1592 (2000).
    [CrossRef]

2001

L. Fratta, P. Debenardi, G. P. Bava, C. Degen, J. Kaiser, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatially inhomogeneously polarized transverse modes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 031803(R) 1–3 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Mulet, C. R. Mirasso, M. San Miguel, “Polarization resolved intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023817 1–8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Amplitude squeezed emission from a transverse single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with weakly anticorrelated polarization modes,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1720–1722 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

M. S. Park, B. T. Ahn, B. S. Yoo, H. Y. Chu, H. H. Park, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Polarization control of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by electro-optic birefringence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 813–815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1590–1592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Anatomy of a polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4337–4340 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “Sub-Poissonian intensity noise from vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and I. Rabbiosi, “Stochastic and bona fide resonance: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 675–678 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, J. P. Poizat, T. J. Chang, and P. Grangier, “Spatial quantum noise of semiconductor lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2140–2146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Balle, E. Tolkachova, M. San Miguel, J. R. Tredicce, J. Martin-Regalado, and A. Gahl, “Mechanisms of polarization switching in single-transverse-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: thermal shift and nonlinear semiconductor dynamics,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1121–1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, “Quantum noise and polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284–3295 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Correlated fluctuations in the polarization modes of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4105–4113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

M. P. van Exter, M. B. Willemsen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 4191–4205 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Exter, R. F. M. Hendriks, and J. P. Woerdman, “Physical insight into the polarization dynamics of semiconductor vertical-cavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2080–2090 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, “Amplitude noise squeezed light from polarisation singlemode VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 34, 353–354 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL’s due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

J. Martin-Regalado, J. L. A. Chilla, J. J. Rocca, and P. Brusenbach, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers observed at constant active region temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3350–3352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, A. M. van der Lee, and J. P. Woerdman, “Coupled-mode description for the polarization state of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1473–1484 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, “Squeezed light generated by a microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323–R3326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Hofmann and O. Hess, “Quantum noise and polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 868–876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Elasto-optic anisotropy and polarization orientation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1041–1043 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Valle, K. A. Shore, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization selection in birefringent vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2062–2068 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, Jr., K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Kuksenkov, H. Temkin, and S. Swirhun, “Polarization instability and relative intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2141–2143 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1991

F. Koyama, K. Morito, and K. Iga, “Intensity noise and polarization stability of GaAlAs–GaAs surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1410–1416 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, “Amplitude squeezing in a pump-noise-suppressed laser oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025–4042 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Abraham, N. B.

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, B. T.

M. S. Park, B. T. Ahn, B. S. Yoo, H. Y. Chu, H. H. Park, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Polarization control of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by electro-optic birefringence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 813–815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Auen, K.

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, “Quantum noise and polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284–3295 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Balle, S.

Bava, G. P.

L. Fratta, P. Debenardi, G. P. Bava, C. Degen, J. Kaiser, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatially inhomogeneously polarized transverse modes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 031803(R) 1–3 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Bramati, A.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, J. P. Poizat, T. J. Chang, and P. Grangier, “Spatial quantum noise of semiconductor lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2140–2146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Brusenbach, P.

J. Martin-Regalado, J. L. A. Chilla, J. J. Rocca, and P. Brusenbach, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers observed at constant active region temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3350–3352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carlsten, J. L.

D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, “Squeezed light generated by a microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323–R3326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chang, T. J.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

M. S. Park, B. T. Ahn, B. S. Yoo, H. Y. Chu, H. H. Park, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Polarization control of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by electro-optic birefringence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 813–815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chilla, J. L. A.

J. Martin-Regalado, J. L. A. Chilla, J. J. Rocca, and P. Brusenbach, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers observed at constant active region temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3350–3352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Choquette, K. D.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, Jr., K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chu, H. Y.

M. S. Park, B. T. Ahn, B. S. Yoo, H. Y. Chu, H. H. Park, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Polarization control of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by electro-optic birefringence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 813–815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Danckaert, J.

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1590–1592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL’s due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Debenardi, P.

L. Fratta, P. Debenardi, G. P. Bava, C. Degen, J. Kaiser, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatially inhomogeneously polarized transverse modes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 031803(R) 1–3 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Degen, C.

L. Fratta, P. Debenardi, G. P. Bava, C. Degen, J. Kaiser, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatially inhomogeneously polarized transverse modes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 031803(R) 1–3 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Amplitude squeezed emission from a transverse single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with weakly anticorrelated polarization modes,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1720–1722 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, “Quantum noise and polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284–3295 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, “Amplitude noise squeezed light from polarisation singlemode VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 34, 353–354 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ebeling, K. J.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “Sub-Poissonian intensity noise from vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, “Amplitude noise squeezed light from polarisation singlemode VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 34, 353–354 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Elsässer, W.

J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Amplitude squeezed emission from a transverse single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with weakly anticorrelated polarization modes,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1720–1722 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Fratta, P. Debenardi, G. P. Bava, C. Degen, J. Kaiser, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatially inhomogeneously polarized transverse modes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 031803(R) 1–3 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, “Quantum noise and polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284–3295 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, “Amplitude noise squeezed light from polarisation singlemode VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 34, 353–354 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Feng, Q.

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fischer, I.

L. Fratta, P. Debenardi, G. P. Bava, C. Degen, J. Kaiser, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatially inhomogeneously polarized transverse modes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 031803(R) 1–3 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fratta, L.

L. Fratta, P. Debenardi, G. P. Bava, C. Degen, J. Kaiser, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatially inhomogeneously polarized transverse modes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 031803(R) 1–3 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gahl, A.

Georgievski, A.

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1590–1592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Giacobino, E.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, J. P. Poizat, T. J. Chang, and P. Grangier, “Spatial quantum noise of semiconductor lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2140–2146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Giacomelli, G.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and I. Rabbiosi, “Stochastic and bona fide resonance: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 675–678 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grabherr, M.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “Sub-Poissonian intensity noise from vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Grangier, P.

Hendriks, R. F. M.

M. P. van Exter, R. F. M. Hendriks, and J. P. Woerdman, “Physical insight into the polarization dynamics of semiconductor vertical-cavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2080–2090 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hermier, J. P.

Hermier, J.-P.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hess, O.

H. F. Hofmann and O. Hess, “Quantum noise and polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 868–876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hofmann, H. F.

H. F. Hofmann and O. Hess, “Quantum noise and polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 56, 868–876 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Iga, K.

F. Koyama, K. Morito, and K. Iga, “Intensity noise and polarization stability of GaAlAs–GaAs surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1410–1416 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Jäger, R.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “Sub-Poissonian intensity noise from vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jansen van Doorn, A. K.

A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, A. M. van der Lee, and J. P. Woerdman, “Coupled-mode description for the polarization state of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1473–1484 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Elasto-optic anisotropy and polarization orientation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1041–1043 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Josse, V.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jung, C.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “Sub-Poissonian intensity noise from vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, J.

J. Kaiser, C. Degen, and W. Elsässer, “Amplitude squeezed emission from a transverse single-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser with weakly anticorrelated polarization modes,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1720–1722 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. Fratta, P. Debenardi, G. P. Bava, C. Degen, J. Kaiser, I. Fischer, and W. Elsässer, “Spatially inhomogeneously polarized transverse modes in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 031803(R) 1–3 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Khalid, M. U. F.

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Khoury, A. Z.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, E. Giacobino, J. P. Poizat, T. J. Chang, and P. Grangier, “Spatial quantum noise of semiconductor lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2140–2146 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kicherer, M.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “Sub-Poissonian intensity noise from vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kilper, D. C.

D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, “Squeezed light generated by a microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323–R3326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, F.

F. Koyama, K. Morito, and K. Iga, “Intensity noise and polarization stability of GaAlAs–GaAs surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1410–1416 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Kuksenkov, D. V.

D. V. Kuksenkov, H. Temkin, and S. Swirhun, “Polarization instability and relative intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2141–2143 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lear, K. L.

D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, “Squeezed light generated by a microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323–R3326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, Jr., K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Leibenguth, R. E.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, Jr., K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Machida, S.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, “Amplitude squeezing in a pump-noise-suppressed laser oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025–4042 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marin, F.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and I. Rabbiosi, “Stochastic and bona fide resonance: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 675–678 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martin-Regalado, J.

S. Balle, E. Tolkachova, M. San Miguel, J. R. Tredicce, J. Martin-Regalado, and A. Gahl, “Mechanisms of polarization switching in single-transverse-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: thermal shift and nonlinear semiconductor dynamics,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1121–1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Martin-Regalado, J. L. A. Chilla, J. J. Rocca, and P. Brusenbach, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers observed at constant active region temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3350–3352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Michalzik, R.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Miller, M.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “Sub-Poissonian intensity noise from vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mirasso, C. R.

J. Mulet, C. R. Mirasso, M. San Miguel, “Polarization resolved intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023817 1–8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moloney, J. V.

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morito, K.

F. Koyama, K. Morito, and K. Iga, “Intensity noise and polarization stability of GaAlAs–GaAs surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1410–1416 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mulet, J.

J. Mulet, C. R. Mirasso, M. San Miguel, “Polarization resolved intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023817 1–8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nagler, B.

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1590–1592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Nilsson, O.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, “Amplitude squeezing in a pump-noise-suppressed laser oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025–4042 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Panajotov, K.

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1590–1592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL’s due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Park, H. H.

M. S. Park, B. T. Ahn, B. S. Yoo, H. Y. Chu, H. H. Park, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Polarization control of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by electro-optic birefringence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 813–815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Park, M. S.

M. S. Park, B. T. Ahn, B. S. Yoo, H. Y. Chu, H. H. Park, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Polarization control of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by electro-optic birefringence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 813–815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Peeters, M.

Pesquera, L.

A. Valle, K. A. Shore, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization selection in birefringent vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2062–2068 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Poizat, J. P.

Prati, F.

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rabbiosi, I.

G. Giacomelli, F. Marin, and I. Rabbiosi, “Stochastic and bona fide resonance: an experimental investigation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 675–678 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rocca, J. J.

J. Martin-Regalado, J. L. A. Chilla, J. J. Rocca, and P. Brusenbach, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers observed at constant active region temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3350–3352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Roos, P. A.

D. C. Kilper, P. A. Roos, J. L. Carlsten, and K. L. Lear, “Squeezed light generated by a microcavity laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, R3323–R3326 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ryvkin, B.

San Miguel, M.

J. Mulet, C. R. Mirasso, M. San Miguel, “Polarization resolved intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 023817 1–8 (2001).
[CrossRef]

S. Balle, E. Tolkachova, M. San Miguel, J. R. Tredicce, J. Martin-Regalado, and A. Gahl, “Mechanisms of polarization switching in single-transverse-mode vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers: thermal shift and nonlinear semiconductor dynamics,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1121–1123 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. San Miguel, Q. Feng, and J. V. Moloney, “Light-polarization dynamics in surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 1728–1739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schneider Jr., R. P.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, Jr., K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schnitzer, P.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, “Amplitude noise squeezed light from polarisation singlemode VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 34, 353–354 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

A. Valle, K. A. Shore, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization selection in birefringent vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2062–2068 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Swirhun, S.

D. V. Kuksenkov, H. Temkin, and S. Swirhun, “Polarization instability and relative intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2141–2143 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Temkin, H.

D. V. Kuksenkov, H. Temkin, and S. Swirhun, “Polarization instability and relative intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2141–2143 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Thienpont, H.

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1590–1592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL’s due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tolkachova, E.

Tredicce, J. R.

Valle, A.

A. Valle, K. A. Shore, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization selection in birefringent vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2062–2068 (1996).
[CrossRef]

van der Lee, A. M.

A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, A. M. van der Lee, and J. P. Woerdman, “Coupled-mode description for the polarization state of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1473–1484 (1997).
[CrossRef]

van Exter, M. P.

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Anatomy of a polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4337–4340 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Correlated fluctuations in the polarization modes of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4105–4113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Exter, R. F. M. Hendriks, and J. P. Woerdman, “Physical insight into the polarization dynamics of semiconductor vertical-cavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2080–2090 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Exter, M. B. Willemsen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 4191–4205 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, A. M. van der Lee, and J. P. Woerdman, “Coupled-mode description for the polarization state of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1473–1484 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Elasto-optic anisotropy and polarization orientation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1041–1043 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Veretennicoff, I.

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1590–1592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL’s due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Verschaffelt, G.

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1590–1592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. Ryvkin, K. Panajotov, A. Georgievski, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, G. Verschaffelt, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Effect of photon-energy-dependent loss and gain mechanisms on polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 2106–2113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vey, J.-L.

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, “Quantum noise and polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284–3295 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, “Amplitude noise squeezed light from polarisation singlemode VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 34, 353–354 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wiedenmann, D.

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “Sub-Poissonian intensity noise from vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Willemsen, M. B.

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Anatomy of a polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4337–4340 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Correlated fluctuations in the polarization modes of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4105–4113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Exter, M. B. Willemsen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 4191–4205 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Woerdman, J. P.

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Anatomy of a polarization switch of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 84, 4337–4340 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. B. Willemsen, M. U. F. Khalid, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization switching of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser as a Kramers hopping problem,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 4815–4818 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. B. Willemsen, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Correlated fluctuations in the polarization modes of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4105–4113 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Exter, R. F. M. Hendriks, and J. P. Woerdman, “Physical insight into the polarization dynamics of semiconductor vertical-cavity lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 57, 2080–2090 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. P. van Exter, M. B. Willemsen, and J. P. Woerdman, “Polarization fluctuations in vertical-cavity semiconductor lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 4191–4205 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, A. M. van der Lee, and J. P. Woerdman, “Coupled-mode description for the polarization state of a vertical-cavity semiconductor laser,” Phys. Rev. A 55, 1473–1484 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Elasto-optic anisotropy and polarization orientation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1041–1043 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, Y.

Y. Yamamoto, S. Machida, and O. Nilsson, “Amplitude squeezing in a pump-noise-suppressed laser oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 4025–4042 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoo, B. S.

M. S. Park, B. T. Ahn, B. S. Yoo, H. Y. Chu, H. H. Park, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Polarization control of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by electro-optic birefringence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 813–815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. K. Jansen van Doorn, M. P. van Exter, and J. P. Woerdman, “Elasto-optic anisotropy and polarization orientation of vertical-cavity surface-emitting semiconductor lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1041–1043 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Martin-Regalado, J. L. A. Chilla, J. J. Rocca, and P. Brusenbach, “Polarization switching in vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers observed at constant active region temperature,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3350–3352 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Wiedenmann, M. Kicherer, C. Jung, M. Grabherr, M. Miller, R. Jäger, and K. J. Ebeling, “Sub-Poissonian intensity noise from vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 3075–3077 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Kuksenkov, H. Temkin, and S. Swirhun, “Polarization instability and relative intensity noise in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 67, 2141–2143 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Park, B. T. Ahn, B. S. Yoo, H. Y. Chu, H. H. Park, and C. J. Chang-Hasnain, “Polarization control of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers by electro-optic birefringence,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 813–815 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Panajotov, B. Nagler, G. Verschaffelt, A. Georgievski, H. Thienpont, J. Danckaert, and I. Veretennicoff, “Impact of in-plane anisotropic strain on the polarization behavior of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 1590–1592 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

C. Degen, J.-L. Vey, W. Elsässer, P. Schnitzer, and K. J. Ebeling, “Amplitude noise squeezed light from polarisation singlemode VCSEL,” Electron. Lett. 34, 353–354 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J.-P. Hermier, A. Bramati, A. Z. Khoury, V. Josse, E. Giacobino, P. Schnitzer, R. Michalzik, and K. J. Ebeling, “Noise characteristics of oxide-confined vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 87–91 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Koyama, K. Morito, and K. Iga, “Intensity noise and polarization stability of GaAlAs–GaAs surface emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1410–1416 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Martin-Regalado, F. Prati, M. San Miguel, and N. B. Abraham, “Polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 765–783 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. D. Choquette, R. P. Schneider, Jr., K. L. Lear, and R. E. Leibenguth, “Gain-dependent polarization properties of vertical-cavity lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 661–666 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

K. Panajotov, B. Ryvkin, J. Danckaert, M. Peeters, H. Thienpont, and I. Veretennicoff, “Polarization switching in VCSEL’s due to thermal lensing,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 6–8 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

A. Valle, K. A. Shore, and L. Pesquera, “Polarization selection in birefringent vertical-cavity surface emitting lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 2062–2068 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. A

J.-L. Vey, C. Degen, K. Auen, and W. Elsässer, “Quantum noise and polarization properties of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 3284–3295 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Polarization-resolved optical power as a function of the pump rate of VCSEL A (upper picture) and VCSEL C (lower picture). Inset: time series of the optical power of the P polarization at the center of the switch (RP=1.1) for VCSEL C.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Shot-noise-normalized noise of the total emission (filled squares), P polarization (circles), and S polarization (triangles), as a function of the pump rate for VCSEL A (upper picture) and VCSEL B (lower picture). The PS is indicated by the dashed vertical line.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Shot-noise-normalized noise of the P and S polarizations as a function of the pump rate for VCSEL A, following the hysteresis. The hollow symbols show the noise with increasing pump current (same as in Fig. 2), the filled symbols with decreasing current.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Shot-noise-normalized noise of the total emission as a function of the pump rate for VCSEL C.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Normalized correlation coefficient C between P and S polarizations as a function of the pump rate for VCSELs A, B, and C: filled squares, exact calculation Cexact; circles, decoupling approximation Cdec.

Equations (2)

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Cdec=-11+S/SS,
Cexact=S-SP-SS2SPSS,

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