Abstract

We investigate the influence of ac Stark shifts on the propagation of phase-controlled two-color lasers in a two-level medium. By solving the coupled partial differential equations for atoms and fields simultaneously, it is found that the propagation dynamics are significantly modified due to the time-dependent ac Stark shifts.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Shapiro, J. W. Hepburn, and P. Brumer, “Simplified laser control of unimolecular reactions: simultaneous (ω1, ω3) excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 149, 451–454 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Quantum control of chemical reactions,” J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 93, 1263–1277 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Ce Chen, Yi-Yian Yin, and D. S. Elliott, “Interference between optical transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 507–510 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Ce Chen and D. S. Elliott, “Measurements of optical phase variations using interfering multiphoton ionization processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1737–1740 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. Seung Min Park, Shao-Ping Lu, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of HCL,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 8622–8624 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. Zhu, V. Kleiman, X. Li, S. Lu, K. Trentelman, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the product distribution obtained in the photoexcitation of HI,” Science 270, 77–80 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Wang, R. Bersohn, K. Takahashi, M. Kawasaki, and H.-L. Kim, “Phase control of absorption in large polyatomic molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 2992–2997 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. Nakajima and P. Lambropoulos, “Manipulation of the line shape and final products of autoionization through the phase of the electric fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1081–1084 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. T. Nakajima and P. Lambropoulos, “Effects of the phase of a laser field on autoionization,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 595–610 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. T. Nakajima, Jian Zhang, and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control through channels involving multiple continua and multiple thresholds,” J. Phys. B 30, 1077–1095 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Lambropoulous and Takashi Nakajima, “Origin of the phase lag in the modulation of photoabsorption products under two-color fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2266–2269 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Yi-Yian Yin, Ce Chen, D. S. Elliott, and A. V. Smith, “Asymmetric photoelectron angular distributions from interfering photoionization processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2353–2356 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, “Phase-controlled currents in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596–3599 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. H.-L. Kim and R. Bersohn, “Control of photofragment angular distribution by laser phase variation,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4546–4550 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. Papastathopoulos, D. Xenakis, and D. Charalambidis, “Phase-sensitive ionization through multiphoton-excitation schemes involving even number of photons,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 4840–4842 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “Phase-dependent effects in multiphoton ionization induced by a laser field and its second harmonic,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8026–8033 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. W. Schumacher, F. Weihe, H. G. Muller, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Phase dependence of intense field ionization: a study using two-colors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1344–1347 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. E. Charron, A. Giusti-Suzor, and F. H. Mies, “Two-color coherent control of H2+ photodissociation in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 692–695 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. T. Nakajima, “Possibility of direct determination of the quantum phase of continua utilizing the phase of lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 041403(R)–041406(R) (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  20. Ce Chen and D. S. Elliott, “Propagation effects in two-color coherent-control processes,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 272–279 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control of photoabsorption in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1843–1846 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control of resonantly enhanced photoionization in an optically dense medium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043417–043424 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. T. Nakajima, “Propagation of phase-controlled lasers in a two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 043406–043412 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. Nakajima, “Pulse propagation through a coherently prepared two-level medium,” Opt. Commun. 136, 273–276 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2001

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control of resonantly enhanced photoionization in an optically dense medium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043417–043424 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima, “Propagation of phase-controlled lasers in a two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 043406–043412 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control of photoabsorption in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1843–1846 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nakajima, “Possibility of direct determination of the quantum phase of continua utilizing the phase of lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 041403(R)–041406(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

P. Lambropoulous and Takashi Nakajima, “Origin of the phase lag in the modulation of photoabsorption products under two-color fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2266–2269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Papastathopoulos, D. Xenakis, and D. Charalambidis, “Phase-sensitive ionization through multiphoton-excitation schemes involving even number of photons,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 4840–4842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

H.-L. Kim and R. Bersohn, “Control of photofragment angular distribution by laser phase variation,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4546–4550 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima, Jian Zhang, and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control through channels involving multiple continua and multiple thresholds,” J. Phys. B 30, 1077–1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima, “Pulse propagation through a coherently prepared two-level medium,” Opt. Commun. 136, 273–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

Ce Chen and D. S. Elliott, “Propagation effects in two-color coherent-control processes,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 272–279 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Wang, R. Bersohn, K. Takahashi, M. Kawasaki, and H.-L. Kim, “Phase control of absorption in large polyatomic molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 2992–2997 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

L. Zhu, V. Kleiman, X. Li, S. Lu, K. Trentelman, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the product distribution obtained in the photoexcitation of HI,” Science 270, 77–80 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, “Phase-controlled currents in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596–3599 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994

T. Nakajima and P. Lambropoulos, “Effects of the phase of a laser field on autoionization,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 595–610 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. W. Schumacher, F. Weihe, H. G. Muller, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Phase dependence of intense field ionization: a study using two-colors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1344–1347 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

E. Charron, A. Giusti-Suzor, and F. H. Mies, “Two-color coherent control of H2+ photodissociation in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 692–695 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nakajima and P. Lambropoulos, “Manipulation of the line shape and final products of autoionization through the phase of the electric fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1081–1084 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

Yi-Yian Yin, Ce Chen, D. S. Elliott, and A. V. Smith, “Asymmetric photoelectron angular distributions from interfering photoionization processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2353–2356 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “Phase-dependent effects in multiphoton ionization induced by a laser field and its second harmonic,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8026–8033 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

Seung Min Park, Shao-Ping Lu, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of HCL,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 8622–8624 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

Ce Chen, Yi-Yian Yin, and D. S. Elliott, “Interference between optical transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 507–510 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ce Chen and D. S. Elliott, “Measurements of optical phase variations using interfering multiphoton ionization processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1737–1740 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988

M. Shapiro, J. W. Hepburn, and P. Brumer, “Simplified laser control of unimolecular reactions: simultaneous (ω1, ω3) excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 149, 451–454 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Quantum control of chemical reactions,” J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 93, 1263–1277 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Bersohn, R.

H.-L. Kim and R. Bersohn, “Control of photofragment angular distribution by laser phase variation,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4546–4550 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, R. Bersohn, K. Takahashi, M. Kawasaki, and H.-L. Kim, “Phase control of absorption in large polyatomic molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 2992–2997 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brumer, P.

M. Shapiro, J. W. Hepburn, and P. Brumer, “Simplified laser control of unimolecular reactions: simultaneous (ω1, ω3) excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 149, 451–454 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Quantum control of chemical reactions,” J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 93, 1263–1277 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Buchanan, M.

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, “Phase-controlled currents in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596–3599 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bucksbaum, P. H.

D. W. Schumacher, F. Weihe, H. G. Muller, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Phase dependence of intense field ionization: a study using two-colors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1344–1347 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Charalambidis, D.

E. Papastathopoulos, D. Xenakis, and D. Charalambidis, “Phase-sensitive ionization through multiphoton-excitation schemes involving even number of photons,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 4840–4842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Charron, E.

E. Charron, A. Giusti-Suzor, and F. H. Mies, “Two-color coherent control of H2+ photodissociation in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 692–695 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chen, Ce

Ce Chen and D. S. Elliott, “Propagation effects in two-color coherent-control processes,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 272–279 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yi-Yian Yin, Ce Chen, D. S. Elliott, and A. V. Smith, “Asymmetric photoelectron angular distributions from interfering photoionization processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2353–2356 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ce Chen, Yi-Yian Yin, and D. S. Elliott, “Interference between optical transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 507–510 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ce Chen and D. S. Elliott, “Measurements of optical phase variations using interfering multiphoton ionization processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1737–1740 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, “Phase-controlled currents in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596–3599 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dupont, E.

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, “Phase-controlled currents in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596–3599 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elliott, D. S.

Ce Chen and D. S. Elliott, “Propagation effects in two-color coherent-control processes,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 272–279 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yi-Yian Yin, Ce Chen, D. S. Elliott, and A. V. Smith, “Asymmetric photoelectron angular distributions from interfering photoionization processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2353–2356 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ce Chen and D. S. Elliott, “Measurements of optical phase variations using interfering multiphoton ionization processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1737–1740 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ce Chen, Yi-Yian Yin, and D. S. Elliott, “Interference between optical transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 507–510 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giusti-Suzor, A.

E. Charron, A. Giusti-Suzor, and F. H. Mies, “Two-color coherent control of H2+ photodissociation in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 692–695 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon, R. J.

L. Zhu, V. Kleiman, X. Li, S. Lu, K. Trentelman, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the product distribution obtained in the photoexcitation of HI,” Science 270, 77–80 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Seung Min Park, Shao-Ping Lu, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of HCL,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 8622–8624 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hepburn, J. W.

M. Shapiro, J. W. Hepburn, and P. Brumer, “Simplified laser control of unimolecular reactions: simultaneous (ω1, ω3) excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 149, 451–454 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, M.

X. Wang, R. Bersohn, K. Takahashi, M. Kawasaki, and H.-L. Kim, “Phase control of absorption in large polyatomic molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 2992–2997 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.-L.

H.-L. Kim and R. Bersohn, “Control of photofragment angular distribution by laser phase variation,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4546–4550 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, R. Bersohn, K. Takahashi, M. Kawasaki, and H.-L. Kim, “Phase control of absorption in large polyatomic molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 2992–2997 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kleiman, V.

L. Zhu, V. Kleiman, X. Li, S. Lu, K. Trentelman, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the product distribution obtained in the photoexcitation of HI,” Science 270, 77–80 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kulander, K. C.

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “Phase-dependent effects in multiphoton ionization induced by a laser field and its second harmonic,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8026–8033 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lambropoulos, P.

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control of resonantly enhanced photoionization in an optically dense medium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043417–043424 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control of photoabsorption in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1843–1846 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nakajima, Jian Zhang, and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control through channels involving multiple continua and multiple thresholds,” J. Phys. B 30, 1077–1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima and P. Lambropoulos, “Effects of the phase of a laser field on autoionization,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 595–610 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nakajima and P. Lambropoulos, “Manipulation of the line shape and final products of autoionization through the phase of the electric fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1081–1084 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lambropoulous, P.

P. Lambropoulous and Takashi Nakajima, “Origin of the phase lag in the modulation of photoabsorption products under two-color fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2266–2269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Li, X.

L. Zhu, V. Kleiman, X. Li, S. Lu, K. Trentelman, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the product distribution obtained in the photoexcitation of HI,” Science 270, 77–80 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H. C.

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, “Phase-controlled currents in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596–3599 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, S.

L. Zhu, V. Kleiman, X. Li, S. Lu, K. Trentelman, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the product distribution obtained in the photoexcitation of HI,” Science 270, 77–80 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Shao-Ping

Seung Min Park, Shao-Ping Lu, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of HCL,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 8622–8624 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mies, F. H.

E. Charron, A. Giusti-Suzor, and F. H. Mies, “Two-color coherent control of H2+ photodissociation in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 692–695 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Muller, H. G.

D. W. Schumacher, F. Weihe, H. G. Muller, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Phase dependence of intense field ionization: a study using two-colors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1344–1347 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakajima, T.

T. Nakajima, “Propagation of phase-controlled lasers in a two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 043406–043412 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima, “Possibility of direct determination of the quantum phase of continua utilizing the phase of lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 041403(R)–041406(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima, “Pulse propagation through a coherently prepared two-level medium,” Opt. Commun. 136, 273–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima, Jian Zhang, and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control through channels involving multiple continua and multiple thresholds,” J. Phys. B 30, 1077–1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima and P. Lambropoulos, “Effects of the phase of a laser field on autoionization,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 595–610 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nakajima and P. Lambropoulos, “Manipulation of the line shape and final products of autoionization through the phase of the electric fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 1081–1084 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakajima, Takashi

P. Lambropoulous and Takashi Nakajima, “Origin of the phase lag in the modulation of photoabsorption products under two-color fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2266–2269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Papastathopoulos, E.

E. Papastathopoulos, D. Xenakis, and D. Charalambidis, “Phase-sensitive ionization through multiphoton-excitation schemes involving even number of photons,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 4840–4842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Park, Seung Min

Seung Min Park, Shao-Ping Lu, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of HCL,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 8622–8624 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Petrosyan, D.

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control of resonantly enhanced photoionization in an optically dense medium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043417–043424 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control of photoabsorption in optically dense media,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 1843–1846 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schafer, K. J.

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “Phase-dependent effects in multiphoton ionization induced by a laser field and its second harmonic,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8026–8033 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schumacher, D. W.

D. W. Schumacher, F. Weihe, H. G. Muller, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Phase dependence of intense field ionization: a study using two-colors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1344–1347 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shapiro, M.

M. Shapiro, J. W. Hepburn, and P. Brumer, “Simplified laser control of unimolecular reactions: simultaneous (ω1, ω3) excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 149, 451–454 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Quantum control of chemical reactions,” J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 93, 1263–1277 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Smith, A. V.

Yi-Yian Yin, Ce Chen, D. S. Elliott, and A. V. Smith, “Asymmetric photoelectron angular distributions from interfering photoionization processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2353–2356 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takahashi, K.

X. Wang, R. Bersohn, K. Takahashi, M. Kawasaki, and H.-L. Kim, “Phase control of absorption in large polyatomic molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 2992–2997 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Trentelman, K.

L. Zhu, V. Kleiman, X. Li, S. Lu, K. Trentelman, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the product distribution obtained in the photoexcitation of HI,” Science 270, 77–80 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X.

X. Wang, R. Bersohn, K. Takahashi, M. Kawasaki, and H.-L. Kim, “Phase control of absorption in large polyatomic molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 2992–2997 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wasilewski, Z. R.

E. Dupont, P. B. Corkum, H. C. Liu, M. Buchanan, and Z. R. Wasilewski, “Phase-controlled currents in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3596–3599 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weihe, F.

D. W. Schumacher, F. Weihe, H. G. Muller, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Phase dependence of intense field ionization: a study using two-colors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1344–1347 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xenakis, D.

E. Papastathopoulos, D. Xenakis, and D. Charalambidis, “Phase-sensitive ionization through multiphoton-excitation schemes involving even number of photons,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 4840–4842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yin, Yi-Yian

Yi-Yian Yin, Ce Chen, D. S. Elliott, and A. V. Smith, “Asymmetric photoelectron angular distributions from interfering photoionization processes,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2353–2356 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ce Chen, Yi-Yian Yin, and D. S. Elliott, “Interference between optical transitions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 507–510 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Jian

T. Nakajima, Jian Zhang, and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control through channels involving multiple continua and multiple thresholds,” J. Phys. B 30, 1077–1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, L.

L. Zhu, V. Kleiman, X. Li, S. Lu, K. Trentelman, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the product distribution obtained in the photoexcitation of HI,” Science 270, 77–80 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett.

M. Shapiro, J. W. Hepburn, and P. Brumer, “Simplified laser control of unimolecular reactions: simultaneous (ω1, ω3) excitation,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 149, 451–454 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

Seung Min Park, Shao-Ping Lu, and R. J. Gordon, “Coherent laser control of the resonance-enhanced multiphoton ionization of HCL,” J. Chem. Phys. 94, 8622–8624 (1991).
[CrossRef]

X. Wang, R. Bersohn, K. Takahashi, M. Kawasaki, and H.-L. Kim, “Phase control of absorption in large polyatomic molecules,” J. Chem. Phys. 105, 2992–2997 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H.-L. Kim and R. Bersohn, “Control of photofragment angular distribution by laser phase variation,” J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4546–4550 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans.

M. Shapiro and P. Brumer, “Quantum control of chemical reactions,” J. Chem. Soc., Faraday Trans. 93, 1263–1277 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. B

T. Nakajima, Jian Zhang, and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control through channels involving multiple continua and multiple thresholds,” J. Phys. B 30, 1077–1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

T. Nakajima, “Pulse propagation through a coherently prepared two-level medium,” Opt. Commun. 136, 273–276 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

T. Nakajima and P. Lambropoulos, “Effects of the phase of a laser field on autoionization,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 595–610 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Nakajima, “Possibility of direct determination of the quantum phase of continua utilizing the phase of lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 61, 041403(R)–041406(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ce Chen and D. S. Elliott, “Propagation effects in two-color coherent-control processes,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 272–279 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Petrosyan and P. Lambropoulos, “Phase control of resonantly enhanced photoionization in an optically dense medium,” Phys. Rev. A 63, 043417–043424 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Nakajima, “Propagation of phase-controlled lasers in a two-level medium,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 043406–043412 (2001).
[CrossRef]

E. Papastathopoulos, D. Xenakis, and D. Charalambidis, “Phase-sensitive ionization through multiphoton-excitation schemes involving even number of photons,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 4840–4842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

K. J. Schafer and K. C. Kulander, “Phase-dependent effects in multiphoton ionization induced by a laser field and its second harmonic,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8026–8033 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. W. Schumacher, F. Weihe, H. G. Muller, and P. H. Bucksbaum, “Phase dependence of intense field ionization: a study using two-colors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1344–1347 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Charron, A. Giusti-Suzor, and F. H. Mies, “Two-color coherent control of H2+ photodissociation in intense laser fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 692–695 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lambropoulous and Takashi Nakajima, “Origin of the phase lag in the modulation of photoabsorption products under two-color fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 2266–2269 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Level scheme considered in this paper.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Variation of the upper-state population (left column), the normalized fundamental (dashed curve, right column), the harmonic (solid curve, right column) field intensities, and the phase difference (thin curve, right column) as a function of local time τ at different optical depths αζ, (a), (d) 0, (b), (e) 20, (c), (f) 160, without ac Stark shifts. The phase difference at the entrance to the medium is taken to be π/3. All parameters are given in the text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of the upper-state population (left column), and the normalized fundamental (dashed curve, right column), the harmonic (solid curve, right column) field intensities, and the phase difference (thin curve, right column) as a function of local time τ at different optical depths αζ, (a), (d) 0, (b), (e) 20, (c), (f) 160, with ac Stark shifts. The phase difference at the entrance to the medium is taken to be π/3. All parameters are given in the text.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Variation of the temporally and spatially integrated signal as a function of optical depth for different initial phase difference ϕ0=0 (solid), π/3 (dashed), 2π/3 (dot-dashed), and π (identical to the horizontal axis): (a) without ac Stark shifts and (b) with ac Stark shifts.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Temporal pulse profiles of the fundamental and harmonic fields at the optical depth αζ=160 (a)–(d) without and (e)–(h) with ac Stark shifts. The phase differences employed at the entrance to the medium are 0 for graphs (a) and (e), π/3 for graphs (b) and (f), 2π/3 for graphs (c) and (g), and π for graphs (d) and (h).

Equations (25)

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E(z, t)=12{f(z, t)εf0 exp[i(kfz-ωf t)]+h(z, t)εh0 exp[i(khz-ωht)]}+c.c.,
ϕ(z, t)=arg(h(z, t))-arg(f(z, t)).
tu1=i[Ω(3)*(f(z, t)*)3+Ω*h*(z, t)exp(iΔkz)]u2,
tu2=i-δ-i γ2+(S2-S1)|f(z, t)|2u2+i[Ω(3)(f(z, t))3+Ωh(z, t)exp(-iΔkz)]u1.
 Ω(3)=μ(3)εf032,
Ω=μεh02,
S1=1(2)2 c1 |μ1c1εf0|2ωc1-ω1-ωf,
S2=1(2)2 c2 |μ2c2εf0|2ωc2-ω1-ωf,
P(z, t)=12{Pf exp[i(kfz-ωft)]+Ph exp[i(khz-ωht)]}+c.c.,
Pf=2N[2(s1|u1|2+s2|u2|2)εf0+3μ(3)εf02u2u1*],
Ph=2Nμu2u1* exp(iΔkz),
z+1c tf(z, t)=iAf[2(s1|u1|2+s2|u2|2)εf0f(z, t)+3μ(3)εf02(f(z, t)*)2u2u1*],
z+1c th(z, t)=iAhμu2u1* exp(iΔkz),
Aj=ωjNc0εj0(j=f, h).
τu1=i[Ω(3)*(f(ζ, τ)*)3+Ω*h*(ζ, τ)exp(iΔkζ)]u2,
τu2=i-δ-i γ2+(S2-S1)|f(ζ, τ)|2u2+i[Ω(3)(f(ζ, τ))3+Ωh(ζ, τ)×exp(-iΔkζ)]u1,
ζf(ζ, τ)=iAf[2(s1|u1|2+s2|u2|2)εf0f(ζ, τ)+3μ(3)εf02(f(ζ, τ)*)2u2u1*],
ζh(ζ, τ)=iAhμu2u1* exp(iΔkζ).
ϕ(ζ, τ)=arg(h(ζ,τ))-arg(f(ζ, τ)).
f(ζ=0, τ)f0(τ)=exp-4 ln 2ττf2,
h(ζ=0, τ)h0(τ)=exp(iϕ0)exp-4 ln 2ττh2,
δ=S2-S1.
α=4ΩAhμγ-1.
2Afεf0s1Ahμ=2εh0s13µ.
3Afμ(3)εf02Ahμ=εh0εf02.

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