Abstract

Saturable-absorber mode locking and Q switching of neodymium-doped lasers at 1.06 µm with a PbS-doped glass were demonstrated. Q-switched pulses of 0.3 µJ in energy and 15 ns in duration from a cw diode-pumped Nd3+:KGd(WO4)2 laser and ultrashort pulses of 18 µJ in energy and 70 ps in duration from a Nd3+:Y3Al5O12 laser were obtained. The saturation intensity of the PbS-doped glass (with an average semiconductor crystallite radius of 1.7 nm) was estimated to be 2.3 MW/cm2 at 1.06 µm. The bleaching relaxation time was measured to be 23 ps.

© 2002 Optical Society of America

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  1. O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).
  2. L. M. Sobolev, O. P. Varnavskii, E. E. Penzina, A. M. Leontovich, I. A. Parfianovich, and V. V. Brukvin, “Self mode-locking of neodymium laser with alkali-halide crystals on Z-color centers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 416–417 (1984).
  3. M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).
  4. K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, P. V. Prokoshin, S. P. Jmako, and I. V. Bodnar, “CuInSSe-doped glass saturable absorbers for the passive mode-locking of neodymium lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2768–2770 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. C. Honninger, J. A. Der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Efficient high-power diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YLF laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 302–304.
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, G. I. Ryabtsev, A. A. Demidovich, “All solid-state diode-pumped Raman laser with self-frequency conversion,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 2000), pp. 228–229.
  14. A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, “Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562–1566 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890–1901 (1995).
    [CrossRef]

2001

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

K. Wundke, S. Putting, J. Auxier, A. Schulzgen, N. Peyghambarian, and N. F. Borrelli, “PbS quantum-dot-doped glasses for ultrashort-pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode-locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890–1901 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, P. V. Prokoshin, S. P. Jmako, and I. V. Bodnar, “CuInSSe-doped glass saturable absorbers for the passive mode-locking of neodymium lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2768–2770 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

A. D. Yoffe, “Low-dimensional systems: quantum size effects and electronic properties of semiconductor microcrystallites (zero-dimensional systems) and some quasi-two-dimensional systems,” Adv. Phys. 42, 173–262 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1987

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

1984

L. M. Sobolev, O. P. Varnavskii, E. E. Penzina, A. M. Leontovich, I. A. Parfianovich, and V. V. Brukvin, “Self mode-locking of neodymium laser with alkali-halide crystals on Z-color centers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 416–417 (1984).

1982

O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).

1979

G. H. C. New, “Theory of passive mode-locking in giant pulse lasers,” Proc. IEEE 67, 380–396 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1965

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, “Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562–1566 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Apai, P.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Auxier, J.

K. Wundke, S. Putting, J. Auxier, A. Schulzgen, N. Peyghambarian, and N. F. Borrelli, “PbS quantum-dot-doped glasses for ultrashort-pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Batay, L. E.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bodnar, I. V.

K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, P. V. Prokoshin, S. P. Jmako, and I. V. Bodnar, “CuInSSe-doped glass saturable absorbers for the passive mode-locking of neodymium lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2768–2770 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Wundke, S. Putting, J. Auxier, A. Schulzgen, N. Peyghambarian, and N. F. Borrelli, “PbS quantum-dot-doped glasses for ultrashort-pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode-locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Braun, B.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brukvin, V. V.

L. M. Sobolev, O. P. Varnavskii, E. E. Penzina, A. M. Leontovich, I. A. Parfianovich, and V. V. Brukvin, “Self mode-locking of neodymium laser with alkali-halide crystals on Z-color centers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 416–417 (1984).

Butty, J.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode-locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chernyavskii, A. F.

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

Danailov, M. B.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Degnan, J. J.

J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890–1901 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Demchyk, M. I.

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

Demidovich, A. A.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Der Au, J. A.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ebendorff-Heidepriem, H.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ehrt, D.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, R.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gasmi, T.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gribkovskii, V. P.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Guerreiro, P. T.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode-locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Honninger, C.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Jabbour, G. E.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode-locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jmako, S. P.

K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, P. V. Prokoshin, S. P. Jmako, and I. V. Bodnar, “CuInSSe-doped glass saturable absorbers for the passive mode-locking of neodymium lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2768–2770 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jung, I. D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Khylygyrov, V. M.

O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).

Kopf, D.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmin, A. N.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Leontovich, A. M.

L. M. Sobolev, O. P. Varnavskii, E. E. Penzina, A. M. Leontovich, I. A. Parfianovich, and V. V. Brukvin, “Self mode-locking of neodymium laser with alkali-halide crystals on Z-color centers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 416–417 (1984).

O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).

Loktyushin, A. A.

O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).

Manichev, I. A.

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

Matuschek, N.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, P. V. Prokoshin, S. P. Jmako, and I. V. Bodnar, “CuInSSe-doped glass saturable absorbers for the passive mode-locking of neodymium lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2768–2770 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

New, G. H. C.

G. H. C. New, “Theory of passive mode-locking in giant pulse lasers,” Proc. IEEE 67, 380–396 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Parfianovich, I. A.

L. M. Sobolev, O. P. Varnavskii, E. E. Penzina, A. M. Leontovich, I. A. Parfianovich, and V. V. Brukvin, “Self mode-locking of neodymium laser with alkali-halide crystals on Z-color centers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 416–417 (1984).

O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).

Penzina, E. E.

L. M. Sobolev, O. P. Varnavskii, E. E. Penzina, A. M. Leontovich, I. A. Parfianovich, and V. V. Brukvin, “Self mode-locking of neodymium laser with alkali-halide crystals on Z-color centers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 416–417 (1984).

Peyghambarian, N.

K. Wundke, S. Putting, J. Auxier, A. Schulzgen, N. Peyghambarian, and N. F. Borrelli, “PbS quantum-dot-doped glasses for ultrashort-pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode-locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Philipps, J. F.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

Prokoshin, P. V.

K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, P. V. Prokoshin, S. P. Jmako, and I. V. Bodnar, “CuInSSe-doped glass saturable absorbers for the passive mode-locking of neodymium lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2768–2770 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Putting, S.

K. Wundke, S. Putting, J. Auxier, A. Schulzgen, N. Peyghambarian, and N. F. Borrelli, “PbS quantum-dot-doped glasses for ultrashort-pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ryabtsev, G. I.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Salamatin, B. V.

O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).

Sauerbrey, R.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Schulzgen, A.

K. Wundke, S. Putting, J. Auxier, A. Schulzgen, N. Peyghambarian, and N. F. Borrelli, “PbS quantum-dot-doped glasses for ultrashort-pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbakov, I. A.

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

Shevchenko, V. P.

O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).

Shkadarevich, A. M.

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

Shkadarevich, A. P.

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sobolev, L. M.

L. M. Sobolev, O. P. Varnavskii, E. E. Penzina, A. M. Leontovich, I. A. Parfianovich, and V. V. Brukvin, “Self mode-locking of neodymium laser with alkali-halide crystals on Z-color centers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 416–417 (1984).

Stein, R. A.

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, “Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562–1566 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Szabo, A.

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, “Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562–1566 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Ten, S.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode-locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Titov, Yu. M.

O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).

Töpfer, T.

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Varnavskii, O. P.

L. M. Sobolev, O. P. Varnavskii, E. E. Penzina, A. M. Leontovich, I. A. Parfianovich, and V. V. Brukvin, “Self mode-locking of neodymium laser with alkali-halide crystals on Z-color centers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 416–417 (1984).

O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).

Weingarten, K. J.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wundke, K.

K. Wundke, S. Putting, J. Auxier, A. Schulzgen, N. Peyghambarian, and N. F. Borrelli, “PbS quantum-dot-doped glasses for ultrashort-pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yoffe, A. D.

A. D. Yoffe, “Low-dimensional systems: quantum size effects and electronic properties of semiconductor microcrystallites (zero-dimensional systems) and some quasi-two-dimensional systems,” Adv. Phys. 42, 173–262 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yumashev, K. V.

K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, P. V. Prokoshin, S. P. Jmako, and I. V. Bodnar, “CuInSSe-doped glass saturable absorbers for the passive mode-locking of neodymium lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2768–2770 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

Zabaznov, A. M.

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

Zharikov, E. V.

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

Adv. Phys.

A. D. Yoffe, “Low-dimensional systems: quantum size effects and electronic properties of semiconductor microcrystallites (zero-dimensional systems) and some quasi-two-dimensional systems,” Adv. Phys. 42, 173–262 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

J. F. Philipps, T. Töpfer, H. Ebendorff-Heidepriem, D. Ehrt, R. Sauerbrey, and N. F. Borrelli, “Diode-pumped erbium-ytterbium-glass laser passively Q-switched with a PbS semiconductor quantum-dot doped glass,” Appl. Phys. B 72, 175–178 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Demidovich, A. P. Shkadarevich, M. B. Danailov, P. Apai, T. Gasmi, V. P. Gribkovskii, A. N. Kuzmin, G. I. Ryabtsev, and L. E. Batay, “Comparison of cw laser performance of Nd:KGW, Nd:YAG, Nd:BEL, and Nd:YVO4 under diode pumping,” Appl. Phys. B 67, 11–15 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

K. Wundke, S. Putting, J. Auxier, A. Schulzgen, N. Peyghambarian, and N. F. Borrelli, “PbS quantum-dot-doped glasses for ultrashort-pulse generation,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 76, 10–12 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. V. Yumashev, V. P. Mikhailov, P. V. Prokoshin, S. P. Jmako, and I. V. Bodnar, “CuInSSe-doped glass saturable absorbers for the passive mode-locking of neodymium lasers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2768–2770 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode-locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

J. J. Degnan, “Optimization of passively Q-switched lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1890–1901 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

U. Keller, K. J. Weingarten, F. X. Kartner, D. Kopf, B. Braun, I. D. Jung, R. Fluck, C. Honninger, N. Matuschek, and J. A. Der Au, “Semiconductor saturable absorber mirrors (SESAM’s) for femtosecond to nanosecond pulse generation in solid-state lasers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 435–451 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

A. Szabo and R. A. Stein, “Theory of laser giant pulsing by a saturable absorber,” J. Appl. Phys. 36, 1562–1566 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Pis’ma v GTF

O. P. Varnavskii, A. M. Leontovich, A. A. Loktyushin, I. A. Parfianovich, B. V. Salamatin, Yu. M. Titov, V. M. Khylygyrov, and V. P. Shevchenko, “Self mode-locking in Nd:YAG and ruby lasers with using of alkali-halide color centers crystals as saturable filters,” Pis’ma v GTF 8, 65–69 (1982).

Proc. IEEE

G. H. C. New, “Theory of passive mode-locking in giant pulse lasers,” Proc. IEEE 67, 380–396 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

L. M. Sobolev, O. P. Varnavskii, E. E. Penzina, A. M. Leontovich, I. A. Parfianovich, and V. V. Brukvin, “Self mode-locking of neodymium laser with alkali-halide crystals on Z-color centers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 11, 416–417 (1984).

M. I. Demchyk, E. V. Zharikov, A. M. Zabaznov, I. A. Manichev, V. P. Mikhailov, A. M. Prokhorov, A. M. Shkadarevich, A. F. Chernyavskii, I. A. Shcherbakov, and K. V. Yumashev, “Mode-locking of neodymium laser by gadolinium-scandium-galium garnet passive shutter,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 14, 423–424 (1987).

Other

C. Honninger, J. A. Der Au, F. Morier-Genoud, M. Moser, and U. Keller, “Efficient high-power diode-pumped passively mode-locked Nd:YLF laser,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, M. M. Fejer, H. Injeyan, and U. Keller, eds., Vol. 26 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 302–304.

A. S. Grabtchikov, A. N. Kuzmin, V. A. Lisinetskii, V. A. Orlovich, G. I. Ryabtsev, A. A. Demidovich, “All solid-state diode-pumped Raman laser with self-frequency conversion,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 56 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington D.C., 2000), pp. 228–229.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Room-temperature absorption spectra of PbS QD-doped silicate glasses with QD mean radii of 1, 1.7 nm; 2, 2.2, nm; 3, 2.7 nm.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Kinetics of bleaching relaxation at 1.08 µm after laser excitation at the same wavelength for glass sample 1 with an average QD radius of 1.7 nm; dashed line, linear fit of the experimental data (squares). (b) Intensity-dependent absorption of PbS-doped silicate glass at 1.064 µm for 10-ns pulses from a Q-switched Nd:YAG laser.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Schematic of the laser cavity for mode-locking experiments: SA, PbS QD-doped silicate glass plate; L, 10-mm focal-length lens. (b) Densitometer trace of the streak camera record for two pulses separated by a ∼233-ps delay time. The duration of the individual ultrashort pulse is ∼70 ps (FWHM).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Input–output characteristics of the Q-switched diode-pumped Nd:KGW laser with PbS QD-doped silicate glass as the saturable absorber; squares, 42-mm cavity length, 2% output coupler; circles, 42-mm cavity length, 6% output coupler; triangles, 5-mm cavity length, 6% output coupler. (b)–(d) Output pulse width (solid squares) and repetition rate (open circles) dependencies versus the absorbed pump power of the Q-switched diode-pumped Nd:KGW laser with PbS QD-doped silicate glass as the saturable absorber; (b) 5-mm cavity length, 6% output coupler; (c) 42-mm cavity length, 6% output coupler; (d) 42-mm cavity length, 2% output coupler).

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Results of Q-Switched Operation for cw Diode-Pumped Nd:KGW 1.067 µm Laser with PbS QD-Doped Silicate Glass Saturable Absorbera

Equations (7)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

α=α01+I/Isat+αB,
τf=Y1/2τi,
τi=2(ln 2)1/2Tcavπ1/20.57M[P(P-1)]1/8[ΛTamp/Tcav]-1/41.56,
Y=11.7[P(P-1)]1/4[ΛTcav/Tamp]1/22 ln(1/T),
dϕ(t)dt=2σgN(t)lg-2αlSA-ln1R+Lϕ(t)tr,
dN(t)dt=-γσgcϕ(t)N(t)+Wp-N(t)τ,
α=α01+ϕ(t)/ϕsat+αB,

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