Abstract

We study theoretically ultrafast modulation spectroscopy in Doppler-broadened cascading three-level and four-level systems. The pump beams consist of two frequency components that drive two-pathway excitation. The four-wave mixing (FWM) signal exhibits damping oscillation as the relative time delay τ between the two pump beams is varied, from which the resonant frequencies between energy levels can be deduced. Furthermore, Doppler-free precision in the measurement of the resonant frequencies can be achieved when the pump beams have either narrow-band or broadband linewidths. We study two-photon resonant FWM induced by time-delayed correlated fluctuating fields in a Doppler-broadened cascading three-level system. It is related intrinsically to the sum-frequency trilevel echo when the pump beams have broadband linewidths. However, unlike the corresponding incoherent-light stimulated photon echo, the maximum of the FWM signal is shifted from τ0. If we consider the fluctuations of the pump beams, the FWM signal exhibits damping oscillation when the laser frequency is off resonant from the two-photon transition.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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