Abstract

We propose a novel scheme for generation of mid-infrared radiation in nonlinear waveguides with high absorption in that wavelength range. Coupling the absorbing nonlinear waveguide to a linear waveguide with low absorption allows the mid-infrared radiation to escape before absorption sets in, thus enhancing the frequency-conversion efficiency by as much as an order of magnitude.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. J. M. Stothard, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and M. H. Dunn, “Low-pump-threshold continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 1895–1897 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Ebrahimzadeh, G. A. Turnbull, T. J. Edwards, D. J. M. Stothard, I. D. Lindsay, and M. H. Dunn, “Intracavity continuous-wave singly resonant optical parametric oscillators,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1499–1511 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Vodopyanov, “Mid-infrared optical parametric generator with extrawide (3–19-μm) tunability: applications for spectroscopy of two-dimensional electrons in quantum wells,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 16, 1579–1586 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. L. Lefort, K. Puech, G. W. Ross, Y. P. Svirko, and D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation out to 6.3 μm in pe-riodically poled lithium niobate under strong idler absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1610–1612 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Progress in quasi-phasematched optical parametric oscillators using periodically poled LiNbO3,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kovlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700, 216–226 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Loza-Alvarez, C. T. A. Brown, D. T. Reid, W. Sibbett, and M. Missey, “High-repetition-rate ultrashort-pulse optical parametric oscillator continuously tunable from 2.8 to 6.8 μm,” Opt. Lett. 24, 1523–1525 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Thyagarajan, V. Rastogi, M. R. Shenoy, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. De Micheli, and P. Baldi, “Modeling of parametric amplification in the Čerenkov-idler configuration in planar waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1631–1633 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, 5th ed. (Oxford U. Press, New York, 1997), p. 521.
  9. G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, C. N. Ironside, T. Cillen, and A. C. Walker, “Effects of saturation and loss on nonlinear directional couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1035–1037 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. A. McLeod, Thin Film Optical Filters (Macmillan, New York, 1986).
  11. C. McGowan, D. T. Reid, Z. E. Penman, M. Ebrahimzadeh, W. Sibbett, and D. H. Jundt, “Femtosecond optical parametric oscillator based on periodically poled lithium niobate,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 694–701 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Schmidt, K. Campman, A. Gossard, and A. Imamoglu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3455–3457 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (3)

1998 (3)

1997 (1)

H. Schmidt, K. Campman, A. Gossard, and A. Imamoglu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3455–3457 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

K. Thyagarajan, V. Rastogi, M. R. Shenoy, D. B. Ostrowsky, M. De Micheli, and P. Baldi, “Modeling of parametric amplification in the Čerenkov-idler configuration in planar waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1631–1633 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Progress in quasi-phasematched optical parametric oscillators using periodically poled LiNbO3,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kovlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700, 216–226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, C. N. Ironside, T. Cillen, and A. C. Walker, “Effects of saturation and loss on nonlinear directional couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1035–1037 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Baldi, P.

Bosenberg, W. R.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Progress in quasi-phasematched optical parametric oscillators using periodically poled LiNbO3,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kovlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700, 216–226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Brown, C. T. A.

Byer, R. L.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Progress in quasi-phasematched optical parametric oscillators using periodically poled LiNbO3,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kovlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700, 216–226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Campman, K.

H. Schmidt, K. Campman, A. Gossard, and A. Imamoglu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3455–3457 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Cillen, T.

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, C. N. Ironside, T. Cillen, and A. C. Walker, “Effects of saturation and loss on nonlinear directional couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1035–1037 (1987).
[CrossRef]

De Micheli, M.

Dunn, M. H.

Ebrahimzadeh, M.

Eckardt, R. C.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Progress in quasi-phasematched optical parametric oscillators using periodically poled LiNbO3,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kovlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700, 216–226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, T. J.

Fejer, M. M.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Progress in quasi-phasematched optical parametric oscillators using periodically poled LiNbO3,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kovlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700, 216–226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Gossard, A.

H. Schmidt, K. Campman, A. Gossard, and A. Imamoglu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3455–3457 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

L. Lefort, K. Puech, G. W. Ross, Y. P. Svirko, and D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation out to 6.3 μm in pe-riodically poled lithium niobate under strong idler absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1610–1612 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Imamoglu, A.

H. Schmidt, K. Campman, A. Gossard, and A. Imamoglu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3455–3457 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ironside, C. N.

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, C. N. Ironside, T. Cillen, and A. C. Walker, “Effects of saturation and loss on nonlinear directional couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1035–1037 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Jundt, D. H.

Lefort, L.

L. Lefort, K. Puech, G. W. Ross, Y. P. Svirko, and D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation out to 6.3 μm in pe-riodically poled lithium niobate under strong idler absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1610–1612 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lindsay, I. D.

Loza-Alvarez, P.

McGowan, C.

Missey, M.

Myers, L. E.

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Progress in quasi-phasematched optical parametric oscillators using periodically poled LiNbO3,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kovlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700, 216–226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

Penman, Z. E.

Puech, K.

L. Lefort, K. Puech, G. W. Ross, Y. P. Svirko, and D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation out to 6.3 μm in pe-riodically poled lithium niobate under strong idler absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1610–1612 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rastogi, V.

Reid, D. T.

Ross, G. W.

L. Lefort, K. Puech, G. W. Ross, Y. P. Svirko, and D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation out to 6.3 μm in pe-riodically poled lithium niobate under strong idler absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1610–1612 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, H.

H. Schmidt, K. Campman, A. Gossard, and A. Imamoglu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3455–3457 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Seaton, C. T.

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, C. N. Ironside, T. Cillen, and A. C. Walker, “Effects of saturation and loss on nonlinear directional couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1035–1037 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Shenoy, M. R.

Sibbett, W.

Stegeman, G. I.

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, C. N. Ironside, T. Cillen, and A. C. Walker, “Effects of saturation and loss on nonlinear directional couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1035–1037 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Stothard, D. J. M.

Svirko, Y. P.

L. Lefort, K. Puech, G. W. Ross, Y. P. Svirko, and D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation out to 6.3 μm in pe-riodically poled lithium niobate under strong idler absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1610–1612 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Thyagarajan, K.

Turnbull, G. A.

Vodopyanov, K.

Walker, A. C.

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, C. N. Ironside, T. Cillen, and A. C. Walker, “Effects of saturation and loss on nonlinear directional couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1035–1037 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. Lefort, K. Puech, G. W. Ross, Y. P. Svirko, and D. C. Hanna, “Optical parametric oscillation out to 6.3 μm in pe-riodically poled lithium niobate under strong idler absorption,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 73, 1610–1612 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. I. Stegeman, C. T. Seaton, C. N. Ironside, T. Cillen, and A. C. Walker, “Effects of saturation and loss on nonlinear directional couplers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 1035–1037 (1987).
[CrossRef]

H. Schmidt, K. Campman, A. Gossard, and A. Imamoglu, “Tunneling induced transparency: Fano interference in intersubband transitions,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 70, 3455–3457 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Proc. SPIE (1)

L. E. Myers, R. C. Eckardt, M. M. Fejer, R. L. Byer, and W. R. Bosenberg, “Progress in quasi-phasematched optical parametric oscillators using periodically poled LiNbO3,” in Nonlinear Frequency Generation and Conversion, M. C. Gupta, W. J. Kovlovsky, and D. C. MacPherson, eds., Proc. SPIE 2700, 216–226 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

A. Yariv, Optical Electronics in Modern Communications, 5th ed. (Oxford U. Press, New York, 1997), p. 521.

H. A. McLeod, Thin Film Optical Filters (Macmillan, New York, 1986).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the generation of MIR radiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Implementation of the proposed scheme for generating 6.86-µm radiation in LiNbO3.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

DFG. Density of difference-frequency photons versus distance in a, the traditional scheme with single LiNbO3 and b, c, the proposed coupled-waveguide scheme shown in Fig. 2: b, photon density in the ZnSe waveguide and c, photon density in the LiNbO3 waveguide coupled with the ZnSe waveguide.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

OPG. Density of difference-frequency photons versus distance in a, the traditional scheme with single LiNbO3 and b, c, the proposed coupled-waveguide scheme shown in Fig. 2: b, photon density in the ZnSe waveguide and c, photon density in the LiNbO3 waveguide coupled with the ZnSe waveguide

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Space–time analogy between the tunneling-induced-transparency and the proposed DFG scheme. a, Tunneling-induced-transparency scheme; b, DFG scheme. PM, quasi-phase matched.

Equations (14)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E1z=-iω12cn˜1χeff2E2E3(1),
E2z=-iω22cn˜2χeff(2)E1E3(1)*,
E3(1)z=-iω32cn˜3χeff(2)E1E2*-α3(1)E3(1)+iκ3E3(2),
E3(2)z=iκ3E3(1)-α3(2)E3(2),
χeff(2)=- χ(2)(x)f1*(x, y)f2(x, y)f3(1)(x, y)dxdy
κ3=ω32cn3  (n22-nc22)f3(1)(x, y)f3(2)(x, y)dxdy
P3,sat(2)=P3,0κ3L-1κ32+α3(1)α3(2)2,
P3,0=2π2[χeff(2)]2η0n˜1n˜2n˜3 L2λ32P1P2
P3,sat(1)=P3,0/[α3(1)L]2,
Gsat=P3,sat(2)P3,sat(1)=κ3α3(1)κ32+α3(1)α3(2)2.
E3(2)ζ=iKE3(1),
E3(1)-iω32cn˜3χeff(2)E1E2*LA-1+iKA-1E3(2).
E3(2)ζ=-K2A E3(2)-ω32cn˜3χeff(2)E1E2*L/K.
P3(2)(L)=P3,01K 1-exp-K2A2.

Metrics