Abstract

Optical absorption and emission intensities of the Nd3+ ion in GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal were investigated. Based on the Judd–Ofelt theory, the following spectral parameters were obtained: parameters of oscillator strengths Ωλ, Ω2=1.89×10-20 cm2, Ω4=2.55×10-20 cm2, and Ω6=4.95×10-20 cm2; radiative lifetime, 293 µs; and quantum efficiency 18.7%. The fluorescence branch ratios were calculated: β1=0.341, β2=0.536, β3=0.117, and β4=0.006. The value of stimulated-emission cross section σp was calculated.

© 2001 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Y. P. Hong and K. Dwight, “Crystal structure and fluorescence lifetime of NdAl3(BO3)4, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1661–1666 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. Wang, M. He, and Z. Luo, “Structure of β-NdAl3(BO4)3(NAB) crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 26, 1085–1089 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  3. G. Wang, M. He, W. Chen, Z. Lin, S. Lu, and Q. Wu, “Structure of low temperature phase γ-LaSc3(BO3)4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innovations 2, 341–344 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Z. Luo, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. Qiu, “Xenon flash lamp pumped self-frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lasers 6, 440–443 (1989).
  5. J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. W. Chen, G. Wang, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ ion in β-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 162, 49–52 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Optical transition probability of Nd3+ ions in a α-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 15 469–15 471 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. Henfu, L. Mingguo, X. Jing, and L. Baosheng, “Spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency doubling crystal NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4,” J. Synth. Cryst. 19, 146–151 (1990).
  9. G. Wang, T. P. J. Han, and H. G. Gallagher, “Spectral characterization of Nd3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (to be published).
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    [CrossRef]
  11. G. S. Ofelt, “Intensity of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. B. Fowler and D. L. Dexter, “Relation between absorption and emission probabilities in luminescent centers in ionic solids,” Phys. Rev. 128, 2154–2165 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  13. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  14. G. Gashurov and O. J. Sovers, “Intensities of Eu3+ fluorescence and absorption spectra,” J. Chem. Phys. Spectrom. 50, 429–434 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. F. Krupke, M. D. Shinn, J. E. Marion, J. A. Carird, and S. E. Stokowski, “Spectroscopic, optical, and thermomechanical properties of neodymium- and chromium-doped gadolinium scandium gallium garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 102–114 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. F. Krupke, “Radiative transition probabilities within the 4f3 ground configuration of Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 153–159 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  17. Z. Hong, L. Zundu, Z. An, W. Chengmei, and L. Gansheng, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ in crystal YAP,” Chin. J. Infrared Res. 7A, 297–300 (1988).
  18. L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. Jaquel, J. Capmany, Z. D. Luo, and J. García Soié, “Optical bands and energy levels of Nd3+ ion in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 9715–9729 (1997).
  20. W. F. Krupke, “Induced-emission cross section in neodymium laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 450–457 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  21. G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Daniel- meyer, “Anisotropy in the laser performance of NdP5O14,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580–3584 (1975).
    [CrossRef]

1999

G. Wang, M. He, W. Chen, Z. Lin, S. Lu, and Q. Wu, “Structure of low temperature phase γ-LaSc3(BO3)4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innovations 2, 341–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, G. Wang, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ ion in β-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 162, 49–52 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Optical transition probability of Nd3+ ions in a α-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 15 469–15 471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. Jaquel, J. Capmany, Z. D. Luo, and J. García Soié, “Optical bands and energy levels of Nd3+ ion in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 9715–9729 (1997).

1994

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991

G. Wang, M. He, and Z. Luo, “Structure of β-NdAl3(BO4)3(NAB) crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 26, 1085–1089 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

P. Henfu, L. Mingguo, X. Jing, and L. Baosheng, “Spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency doubling crystal NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4,” J. Synth. Cryst. 19, 146–151 (1990).

1989

Z. Luo, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. Qiu, “Xenon flash lamp pumped self-frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lasers 6, 440–443 (1989).

1988

Z. Hong, L. Zundu, Z. An, W. Chengmei, and L. Gansheng, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ in crystal YAP,” Chin. J. Infrared Res. 7A, 297–300 (1988).

1986

1975

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Daniel- meyer, “Anisotropy in the laser performance of NdP5O14,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580–3584 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1974

W. F. Krupke, “Induced-emission cross section in neodymium laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 450–457 (1974).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. P. Hong and K. Dwight, “Crystal structure and fluorescence lifetime of NdAl3(BO3)4, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1661–1666 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1971

W. F. Krupke, “Radiative transition probabilities within the 4f3 ground configuration of Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 153–159 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1969

G. Gashurov and O. J. Sovers, “Intensities of Eu3+ fluorescence and absorption spectra,” J. Chem. Phys. Spectrom. 50, 429–434 (1969).
[CrossRef]

1968

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1962

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensity of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensity of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

W. B. Fowler and D. L. Dexter, “Relation between absorption and emission probabilities in luminescent centers in ionic solids,” Phys. Rev. 128, 2154–2165 (1962).
[CrossRef]

An, Z.

Z. Hong, L. Zundu, Z. An, W. Chengmei, and L. Gansheng, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ in crystal YAP,” Chin. J. Infrared Res. 7A, 297–300 (1988).

Baosheng, L.

P. Henfu, L. Mingguo, X. Jing, and L. Baosheng, “Spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency doubling crystal NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4,” J. Synth. Cryst. 19, 146–151 (1990).

Bludau, W.

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Daniel- meyer, “Anisotropy in the laser performance of NdP5O14,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580–3584 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Capmany, J.

D. Jaquel, J. Capmany, Z. D. Luo, and J. García Soié, “Optical bands and energy levels of Nd3+ ion in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 9715–9729 (1997).

Carird, J. A.

Carnall, W. T.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Chen, W.

W. Chen, G. Wang, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ ion in β-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 162, 49–52 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Optical transition probability of Nd3+ ions in a α-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 15 469–15 471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, M. He, W. Chen, Z. Lin, S. Lu, and Q. Wu, “Structure of low temperature phase γ-LaSc3(BO3)4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innovations 2, 341–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chengmei, W.

Z. Hong, L. Zundu, Z. An, W. Chengmei, and L. Gansheng, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ in crystal YAP,” Chin. J. Infrared Res. 7A, 297–300 (1988).

Chow, Y. T.

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Daniel- meyer, H. G.

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Daniel- meyer, “Anisotropy in the laser performance of NdP5O14,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580–3584 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Dexter, D. L.

W. B. Fowler and D. L. Dexter, “Relation between absorption and emission probabilities in luminescent centers in ionic solids,” Phys. Rev. 128, 2154–2165 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Dwight, K.

H. Y. P. Hong and K. Dwight, “Crystal structure and fluorescence lifetime of NdAl3(BO3)4, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1661–1666 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Fields, P. R.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Fowler, W. B.

W. B. Fowler and D. L. Dexter, “Relation between absorption and emission probabilities in luminescent centers in ionic solids,” Phys. Rev. 128, 2154–2165 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Gansheng, L.

Z. Hong, L. Zundu, Z. An, W. Chengmei, and L. Gansheng, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ in crystal YAP,” Chin. J. Infrared Res. 7A, 297–300 (1988).

Gashurov, G.

G. Gashurov and O. J. Sovers, “Intensities of Eu3+ fluorescence and absorption spectra,” J. Chem. Phys. Spectrom. 50, 429–434 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Guan, Q.

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

He, M.

G. Wang, M. He, W. Chen, Z. Lin, S. Lu, and Q. Wu, “Structure of low temperature phase γ-LaSc3(BO3)4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innovations 2, 341–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, M. He, and Z. Luo, “Structure of β-NdAl3(BO4)3(NAB) crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 26, 1085–1089 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Henfu, P.

P. Henfu, L. Mingguo, X. Jing, and L. Baosheng, “Spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency doubling crystal NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4,” J. Synth. Cryst. 19, 146–151 (1990).

Hong, H. Y. P.

H. Y. P. Hong and K. Dwight, “Crystal structure and fluorescence lifetime of NdAl3(BO3)4, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1661–1666 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Hong, Z.

Z. Hong, L. Zundu, Z. An, W. Chengmei, and L. Gansheng, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ in crystal YAP,” Chin. J. Infrared Res. 7A, 297–300 (1988).

Hu, X.

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Z.

G. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Optical transition probability of Nd3+ ions in a α-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 15 469–15 471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, G. Wang, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ ion in β-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 162, 49–52 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Z. Luo, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. Qiu, “Xenon flash lamp pumped self-frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lasers 6, 440–443 (1989).

Huber, G.

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Daniel- meyer, “Anisotropy in the laser performance of NdP5O14,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580–3584 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Jaquel, D.

D. Jaquel, J. Capmany, Z. D. Luo, and J. García Soié, “Optical bands and energy levels of Nd3+ ion in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 9715–9729 (1997).

Jensen, T.

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, A.

Z. Luo, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. Qiu, “Xenon flash lamp pumped self-frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lasers 6, 440–443 (1989).

Jing, X.

P. Henfu, L. Mingguo, X. Jing, and L. Baosheng, “Spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency doubling crystal NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4,” J. Synth. Cryst. 19, 146–151 (1990).

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Optical absorption intensity of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Krühler, W. W.

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Daniel- meyer, “Anisotropy in the laser performance of NdP5O14,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580–3584 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

W. F. Krupke, M. D. Shinn, J. E. Marion, J. A. Carird, and S. E. Stokowski, “Spectroscopic, optical, and thermomechanical properties of neodymium- and chromium-doped gadolinium scandium gallium garnet,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 102–114 (1986).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Krupke, “Induced-emission cross section in neodymium laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 450–457 (1974).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Krupke, “Radiative transition probabilities within the 4f3 ground configuration of Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 153–159 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Lin, Z.

W. Chen, G. Wang, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ ion in β-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 162, 49–52 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Optical transition probability of Nd3+ ions in a α-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 15 469–15 471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, M. He, W. Chen, Z. Lin, S. Lu, and Q. Wu, “Structure of low temperature phase γ-LaSc3(BO3)4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innovations 2, 341–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lu, S.

G. Wang, M. He, W. Chen, Z. Lin, S. Lu, and Q. Wu, “Structure of low temperature phase γ-LaSc3(BO3)4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innovations 2, 341–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

G. Wang, M. He, and Z. Luo, “Structure of β-NdAl3(BO4)3(NAB) crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 26, 1085–1089 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Z. Luo, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. Qiu, “Xenon flash lamp pumped self-frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lasers 6, 440–443 (1989).

Luo, Z. D.

D. Jaquel, J. Capmany, Z. D. Luo, and J. García Soié, “Optical bands and energy levels of Nd3+ ion in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 9715–9729 (1997).

Marion, J. E.

Meyn, J.-P.

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mingguo, L.

P. Henfu, L. Mingguo, X. Jing, and L. Baosheng, “Spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency doubling crystal NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4,” J. Synth. Cryst. 19, 146–151 (1990).

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensity of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Pan, H.

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Qiu, M.

Z. Luo, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. Qiu, “Xenon flash lamp pumped self-frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lasers 6, 440–443 (1989).

Rajnak, K.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Shinn, M. D.

Soié, J. García

D. Jaquel, J. Capmany, Z. D. Luo, and J. García Soié, “Optical bands and energy levels of Nd3+ ion in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 9715–9729 (1997).

Sovers, O. J.

G. Gashurov and O. J. Sovers, “Intensities of Eu3+ fluorescence and absorption spectra,” J. Chem. Phys. Spectrom. 50, 429–434 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Stokowski, S. E.

Tian, L.

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. Q.

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wang, G.

G. Wang, M. He, W. Chen, Z. Lin, S. Lu, and Q. Wu, “Structure of low temperature phase γ-LaSc3(BO3)4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innovations 2, 341–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Optical transition probability of Nd3+ ions in a α-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 15 469–15 471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

W. Chen, G. Wang, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ ion in β-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 162, 49–52 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Wang, M. He, and Z. Luo, “Structure of β-NdAl3(BO4)3(NAB) crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 26, 1085–1089 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wei, J.

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Q.

G. Wang, M. He, W. Chen, Z. Lin, S. Lu, and Q. Wu, “Structure of low temperature phase γ-LaSc3(BO3)4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innovations 2, 341–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zundu, L.

Z. Hong, L. Zundu, Z. An, W. Chengmei, and L. Gansheng, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ in crystal YAP,” Chin. J. Infrared Res. 7A, 297–300 (1988).

Chin. J. Infrared Res.

Z. Hong, L. Zundu, Z. An, W. Chengmei, and L. Gansheng, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ in crystal YAP,” Chin. J. Infrared Res. 7A, 297–300 (1988).

Chin. Phys. Lasers

Z. Luo, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. Qiu, “Xenon flash lamp pumped self-frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lasers 6, 440–443 (1989).

Chin. Sci. Bull.

L. Tian, J. Wang, J. Wei, H. Pan, Q. Guan, X. Hu, Y. Liu, C. Q. Wang, and Y. T. Chow, “Optical properties of NdxGd1−xAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” Chin. Sci. Bull. 34, 1973–1977 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

W. F. Krupke, “Radiative transition probabilities within the 4f3 ground configuration of Nd:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-7, 153–159 (1971).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. F. Krupke, “Induced-emission cross section in neodymium laser glasses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-10, 450–457 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

G. Huber, W. W. Krühler, W. Bludau, and H. G. Daniel- meyer, “Anisotropy in the laser performance of NdP5O14,” J. Appl. Phys. 46, 3580–3584 (1975).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

G. S. Ofelt, “Intensity of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and K. Rajnak, “Electronic energy levels in the trivalent lanthanide aquo ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 49, 4424–4442 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. Spectrom.

G. Gashurov and O. J. Sovers, “Intensities of Eu3+ fluorescence and absorption spectra,” J. Chem. Phys. Spectrom. 50, 429–434 (1969).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter

D. Jaquel, J. Capmany, Z. D. Luo, and J. García Soié, “Optical bands and energy levels of Nd3+ ion in the YAl3(BO3)4 nonlinear laser crystal,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 9, 9715–9729 (1997).

J. Synth. Cryst.

P. Henfu, L. Mingguo, X. Jing, and L. Baosheng, “Spectra and sensitization of laser self-frequency doubling crystal NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4,” J. Synth. Cryst. 19, 146–151 (1990).

Mater. Res. Bull.

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[CrossRef]

G. Wang, M. He, and Z. Luo, “Structure of β-NdAl3(BO4)3(NAB) crystal,” Mater. Res. Bull. 26, 1085–1089 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Res. Innovations

G. Wang, M. He, W. Chen, Z. Lin, S. Lu, and Q. Wu, “Structure of low temperature phase γ-LaSc3(BO3)4 crystal,” Mater. Res. Innovations 2, 341–344 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

W. Chen, G. Wang, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Spectral parameters of Nd3+ ion in β-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 162, 49–52 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

G. Wang, W. Chen, Z. Lin, and Z. Hu, “Optical transition probability of Nd3+ ions in a α-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO4)3 crystal,” Phys. Rev. B 60, 15 469–15 471 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Other

G. Wang, T. P. J. Han, and H. G. Gallagher, “Spectral characterization of Nd3+-doped GdAl3(BO3)4 crystal,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter (to be published).

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of α-Nd3+:LaSc3(BO3)4 crystal.

Tables (3)

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Table 1 Comparison of Spectrum Parameters of NGAB Crystal with Other Nd3+-Doped Crystals

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Table 2 Measured and Calculated Line Strengths of Nd3+ in NGAB Crystala

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Table 3 Fluorescence Branch Ratios β and Transition Probabilities of  4F3/24IJ

Equations (9)

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 σ(λ)dλ=8π3e2λ¯3ch(2J+1) 1n (n2+2)29Smea,
S=λ=2,4,6Ωλ|(S, L)JU(λ)(S, L)J|2,
rmsΔS=(Smea-Scal)2Ntr-Npar1/2,
A[4F3 2,(S¯, L¯)J]=64π4e23h(2J+1)λ¯3 n(n2+2)29×λ=2,4,6 Ωλ|4F3/2U(λ)(S¯, L¯)J¯|2,
β[(S, L)J; (S¯, L¯)J¯]=A[(SL)J; (S¯, L¯)J¯]S¯,L¯,J¯A[(S, L)J; (S¯, L¯)J¯],
τrod=1S¯,L¯,J¯A[(S, L)J; (S¯, L¯)J¯].
ηc=τf/τrad,
σp=Aλp24π2n2Δν,
σe=βλ24π2n2τjΔν,

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