Abstract

We present the results of simulations of the propagation of high-intensity laser pulses in discharge-ablated capillary waveguides. The limitations of this type of waveguide for pulse intensities of the order of 1016 W cm-2 are discussed. However, for higher intensities we describe a new regime of quasi-matched guiding, that results in significant improvements in guiding performance. The effect on quasi-matched guiding of changing the atomic numbers of the atoms that compose the plasma waveguide is discussed. Calculations are presented for boron capillaries that show quasi-matched guiding over lengths of 32 mm for an input intensity of 5×1017 W cm-2.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionisation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2412 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. P. Nikitin, I. Alexeev, J. Fan, and H. M. Milchberg, “High efficiency coupling and guiding of intense femtosecond pulses in preformed plasma channels in an elongated gas jet,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R3839–R3842 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. P. Volfbeyn, E. Esarey, and W. P. Leemans, “Guiding of laser pulses in plasma channels created by the ignitor-heater technique,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2269–2277 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. C. Rae, “Ionization-induced defocusing of intense laser pulses in high-pressure gases,” Opt. Commun. 97, 25–28 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionisation of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).
  14. S. M. Hooker, D. J. Spence, and R. A. Smith, “Guiding of high-intensity picosecond laser pulses in a discharge-ablated capillary waveguide,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 17, 90–98 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. D. J. Spence, P. D. S. Burnett, and S. M. Hooker, “Measurement of the electron density profile in a discharge-ablated capillary waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 24, 993–995 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. M. Sergeev, M. Lontano, A. V. Kim, V. B. Gildenburg, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, V. I. Pozdnyakova, and I. A. Shereshevskii, “Ionization-induced leaking-mode channelling of intense short laser pulses in gases,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 129–138 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  17. D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1999 (5)

D. J. Spence, P. D. S. Burnett, and S. M. Hooker, “Measurement of the electron density profile in a discharge-ablated capillary waveguide,” Opt. Lett. 24, 993–995 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Sergeev, M. Lontano, A. V. Kim, V. B. Gildenburg, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, V. I. Pozdnyakova, and I. A. Shereshevskii, “Ionization-induced leaking-mode channelling of intense short laser pulses in gases,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 129–138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Nikitin, I. Alexeev, J. Fan, and H. M. Milchberg, “High efficiency coupling and guiding of intense femtosecond pulses in preformed plasma channels in an elongated gas jet,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R3839–R3842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

P. Volfbeyn, E. Esarey, and W. P. Leemans, “Guiding of laser pulses in plasma channels created by the ignitor-heater technique,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2269–2277 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

S. C. Rae, “Ionization-induced defocusing of intense laser pulses in high-pressure gases,” Opt. Commun. 97, 25–28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionisation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2412 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1986 (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionisation of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Alexeev, I.

S. P. Nikitin, I. Alexeev, J. Fan, and H. M. Milchberg, “High efficiency coupling and guiding of intense femtosecond pulses in preformed plasma channels in an elongated gas jet,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R3839–R3842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionisation of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Borghesi, M.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Burnett, P. D. S.

Burris, H. R.

D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chernobrovtseva, M. D.

A. M. Sergeev, M. Lontano, A. V. Kim, V. B. Gildenburg, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, V. I. Pozdnyakova, and I. A. Shereshevskii, “Ionization-induced leaking-mode channelling of intense short laser pulses in gases,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 129–138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Clayton, C. E.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, C.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dangor, A. E.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionisation of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Durfee, C. G.

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2412 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee III, C. G.

H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ehrlich, Y.

D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esarey, E.

P. Volfbeyn, E. Esarey, and W. P. Leemans, “Guiding of laser pulses in plasma channels created by the ignitor-heater technique,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2269–2277 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fan, J.

S. P. Nikitin, I. Alexeev, J. Fan, and H. M. Milchberg, “High efficiency coupling and guiding of intense femtosecond pulses in preformed plasma channels in an elongated gas jet,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R3839–R3842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gaillard, R.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gildenburg, V. B.

A. M. Sergeev, M. Lontano, A. V. Kim, V. B. Gildenburg, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, V. I. Pozdnyakova, and I. A. Shereshevskii, “Ionization-induced leaking-mode channelling of intense short laser pulses in gases,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 129–138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, D.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, S. M.

Hubbard, R. F.

D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, C.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kaganovich, D.

D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kim, A. V.

A. M. Sergeev, M. Lontano, A. V. Kim, V. B. Gildenburg, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, V. I. Pozdnyakova, and I. A. Shereshevskii, “Ionization-induced leaking-mode channelling of intense short laser pulses in gases,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 129–138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Korobkin, D. V.

D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krainov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionisation of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Krall, J.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, S.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionisation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Leemans, W. P.

P. Volfbeyn, E. Esarey, and W. P. Leemans, “Guiding of laser pulses in plasma channels created by the ignitor-heater technique,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2269–2277 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lontano, M.

A. M. Sergeev, M. Lontano, A. V. Kim, V. B. Gildenburg, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, V. I. Pozdnyakova, and I. A. Shereshevskii, “Ionization-induced leaking-mode channelling of intense short laser pulses in gases,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 129–138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

MacIlrath, T. J.

H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mackinnon, A. J.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Malka, V.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionisation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milchberg, H. M.

S. P. Nikitin, I. Alexeev, J. Fan, and H. M. Milchberg, “High efficiency coupling and guiding of intense femtosecond pulses in preformed plasma channels in an elongated gas jet,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R3839–R3842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2412 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Modena, A.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Moore, C. I.

D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Mori, W. B.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Muggli, P.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nagata, Y.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionisation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Najmudin, Z.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nam, C. H.

D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neely, D.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nikitin, S. P.

S. P. Nikitin, I. Alexeev, J. Fan, and H. M. Milchberg, “High efficiency coupling and guiding of intense femtosecond pulses in preformed plasma channels in an elongated gas jet,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R3839–R3842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Obara, M.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionisation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Offenberger, A. A.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pozdnyakova, V. I.

A. M. Sergeev, M. Lontano, A. V. Kim, V. B. Gildenburg, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, V. I. Pozdnyakova, and I. A. Shereshevskii, “Ionization-induced leaking-mode channelling of intense short laser pulses in gases,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 129–138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rae, S. C.

S. C. Rae, “Ionization-induced defocusing of intense laser pulses in high-pressure gases,” Opt. Commun. 97, 25–28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Sergeev, A. M.

A. M. Sergeev, M. Lontano, A. V. Kim, V. B. Gildenburg, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, V. I. Pozdnyakova, and I. A. Shereshevskii, “Ionization-induced leaking-mode channelling of intense short laser pulses in gases,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 129–138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shereshevskii, I. A.

A. M. Sergeev, M. Lontano, A. V. Kim, V. B. Gildenburg, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, V. I. Pozdnyakova, and I. A. Shereshevskii, “Ionization-induced leaking-mode channelling of intense short laser pulses in gases,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 129–138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Smith, R. A.

Spence, D. J.

Sprangle, P.

D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Suckewer, S.

D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tashiro, H.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionisation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ting, A.

D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, K.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionisation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tzeng, K.-C.

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Volfbeyn, P.

P. Volfbeyn, E. Esarey, and W. P. Leemans, “Guiding of laser pulses in plasma channels created by the ignitor-heater technique,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2269–2277 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Willi, O.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zigler, A.

D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. (1)

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. 24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Laser Part. Beams (1)

A. M. Sergeev, M. Lontano, A. V. Kim, V. B. Gildenburg, M. D. Chernobrovtseva, V. I. Pozdnyakova, and I. A. Shereshevskii, “Ionization-induced leaking-mode channelling of intense short laser pulses in gases,” Laser Part. Beams 17, 129–138 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

S. C. Rae, “Ionization-induced defocusing of intense laser pulses in high-pressure gases,” Opt. Commun. 97, 25–28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Plasmas (1)

P. Volfbeyn, E. Esarey, and W. P. Leemans, “Guiding of laser pulses in plasma channels created by the ignitor-heater technique,” Phys. Plasmas 6, 2269–2277 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (3)

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Kaganovich, A. Ting, C. I. Moore, A. Zigler, H. R. Burris, Y. Ehrlich, R. F. Hubbard, and P. Sprangle, “High efficiency guiding of terawatt subpicosecond laser pulses in a capillary discharge plasma channel,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R4769–R4772 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. P. Nikitin, I. Alexeev, J. Fan, and H. M. Milchberg, “High efficiency coupling and guiding of intense femtosecond pulses in preformed plasma channels in an elongated gas jet,” Phys. Rev. E 59, R3839–R3842 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (6)

H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee III, and T. J. MacIlrath, “High-order frequency conversion in the plasma waveguide,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494–2497 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionisation,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Clayton, K.-C. Tzeng, D. Gordon, P. Muggli, W. B. Mori, C. Joshi, V. Malka, Z. Najmudin, A. Modena, D. Neely, and A. E. Dangor, “Plasma wave generation in a self-focused channel of a relativistically intense laser pulse,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 100–103 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2412 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP (1)

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Krainov, “Tunnel ionisation of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Calculated (circles) and measured (crosses) pulse energy transmission as a function of delay t for a 2.5-ps pulse focused at the entrance of a discharge-ablated polypropylene capillary. The peak intensity at the 32.5-μm waist was 1×1016 W cm-2. The scatter in the calculated points is a consequence of scatter in the measured electron density profiles.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

A, Measured and B, calculated fluence profiles in the exit plane of the capillary for the conditions of Fig. 1. The transverse dimensions are in micrometers, and the vertical scale is 103 J cm-2.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Contour plot of the calculated fluence for the conditions of Fig. 1. The contours are in 10% increments of the input fluence. Inset, the calculated radial electron density profile at the capillary entrance before (dotted curve) and after (solid curve) the pulse has passed.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Calculated axial fluence as a function of distance propagated for a 100-fs pulse focused to an intensity of 5×1017 W cm-2 at the capillary entrance, in a polypropylene (dashed curve) and a boron (solid curve) capillary. For each case the spot size at the capillary entrance was set to WM. Dotted curve, the propagation in vacuum for a Gaussian beam of 31.7-μm spot size. Inset, the calculated radial electron density profile at the entrance of the boron waveguide before (dotted curve) and after (solid curve) the pulse has passed.

Equations (1)

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Ne(r)=Ne(0)+ΔNch(r/rch)2,

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