P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51–55 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Uskov, J. R. Karin, J. E. Bowers, J. G. McInerney, and J. Le Bihan, “Effects of carrier cooling and carrier heating in saturation dynamics and pulse propagation through bulk semiconductor absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2162–2171 (1998).

[CrossRef]

T. V. Sarkisyan, A. N. Oraevsky, A. T. Rosenberger, R. L. Rolleigh, and D. K. Bandy, “Nonlinear gain and carrier temperature dynamics in semiconductor laser media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1107–1119 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. N. Oraevsky, T. V. Sarkisyan, and D. K. Bandy, “Nonlinear gain and bistable regime of free-running oscillation in a semiconductor laser,” Laser Phys. 7, 920–927 (1997).

O. Hess and T. Kuhn, “Maxwell–Bloch equations for spatially inhomogeneous semiconductor lasers. I. Theoretical formulation,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3347–3359 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Mørk and A. Mecozzi, “Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1803–1816 (1996).

[CrossRef]

C.-Y. Tsai, R. M. Spencer, Y.-H. Lo, and L. F. Eastman, “Nonlinear gain coefficients in semiconductor lasers: effects of carrier heating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 201–212 (1996).

[CrossRef]

R. A. Indik, R. Binder, M. Mlejnek, J. V. Moloney, S. Hughes, A. Knorr, and S. W. Koch, “Role of plasma cooling, heating, and memory effects in subpicosecond pulse propagation in semiconductor amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3614–3620 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. I. Tolstikhin and M. Willander, “Carrier heating effects in dynamic-single-frequency GaInAsP–InP laser diodes,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 814–833 (1995).

[CrossRef]

C. Z. Ning, R. A. Indik, and J. V. Moloney, “Self-consistent approach to thermal effects in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1993–2004 (1995).

[CrossRef]

C. M. Bowden and G. P. Agrawal, “Bloch–Maxwell formulation for semiconductors: effects of coherent Coulomb exchange,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4132–4139 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. N. Oraevsky, T. Sarkisyan, and D. K. Bandy, “Dynamics of the temperature of a recombining ensemble of fermions,” JETP Lett. 62, 673–676 (1995).

A. V. Uskov, J. R. Karin, R. Nagarajan, and J. E. Bowers, “Dynamics of carrier heating and sweepout in waveguide saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 552–561 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. R. Karin, A. V. Uskov, R. Nagarajan, J. E. Bowers, and J. Mørk, “Carrier heating dynamics in semiconductor waveguide saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2708–2711 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Knorr, R. Binder, M. Lindberg, and S. W. Koch, “Theoretical study of resonant ultrashort-pulse propagation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 7179–7186 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Willatzen, T. Takahashi, and Y. Arakawa, “Nonlinear gain effects due to carrier heating and spectral hole burning in strained-quantum well lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 682–685 (1992).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, “Theory of short-pulse gain saturation in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 443–446 (1992).

[CrossRef]

J. Mark and J. Mørk, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. Willatzen, A. Uskov, J. Mørk, H. Olesen, B. Tromborg, and A.-P. Jauho, “Nonlinear gain suppression in semiconductor lasers due to carrier heating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 606–609 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. N. Oraevsky, M. M. Clark, and D. K. Bandy, “Many-temperature model of laser with dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 85, 360–364 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electronic nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. Villeneuve, M. Sundheimer, N. Finalayson, G. I. Stegeman, S. Morasca, C. Rigo, R. Calvani, and C. DeBernardi, “Two-photon absorption in In_{1−x−y}Ga_{x}Al_{y}As/InP waveguides at communications wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1865–1867 (1990).

[CrossRef]

B. N. Gomatam and A. P. DeFonzo, “Theory of hot carrier effects on non-linear gain in GaAs–GaAlAs lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1689–1704 (1990).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).

[CrossRef]

W. Schäfer and K. Henneberger, “Pulse propagation and carrier kinetics in laser excited semiconductors,” Phys. Status Solidi B 159, 59–69 (1990).

[CrossRef]

W. Z. Lin, L. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and R. A. Logan, “Femtosecond carrier dynamics in GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 124–126 (1987).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Kesler and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in GaAlAs laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1765–1767 (1987).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Stix, M. P. Kesler, and E. P. Ippen, “Observations of subpicosecond dynamics in GaAlAs laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1722–1725 (1986).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Rivlin, “Dynamics and emission spectra of semiconductor lasers,” J. Sov. Laser Res. 7, 57–206 (1986).

[CrossRef]

D. Bimberg and J. Mycielski, “The recombination-induced temperature change of no-equilibrium charge carriers,” J. Phys. C 19, 2363–2373 (1986).

[CrossRef]

D. Bimberg and J. Mycielski, “Recombination-induced heating of free carriers in a semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 5490–5493 (1985).

[CrossRef]

H. C. Casey, Jr., and F. Stern, “Concentration-dependent absorption and spontaneous emission in heavily doped GaAs,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 631–643 (1976).

[CrossRef]

C. M. Bowden and G. P. Agrawal, “Bloch–Maxwell formulation for semiconductors: effects of coherent Coulomb exchange,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4132–4139 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Willatzen, T. Takahashi, and Y. Arakawa, “Nonlinear gain effects due to carrier heating and spectral hole burning in strained-quantum well lasers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 682–685 (1992).

[CrossRef]

T. V. Sarkisyan, A. N. Oraevsky, A. T. Rosenberger, R. L. Rolleigh, and D. K. Bandy, “Nonlinear gain and carrier temperature dynamics in semiconductor laser media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1107–1119 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. N. Oraevsky, T. V. Sarkisyan, and D. K. Bandy, “Nonlinear gain and bistable regime of free-running oscillation in a semiconductor laser,” Laser Phys. 7, 920–927 (1997).

A. N. Oraevsky, T. Sarkisyan, and D. K. Bandy, “Dynamics of the temperature of a recombining ensemble of fermions,” JETP Lett. 62, 673–676 (1995).

A. N. Oraevsky, M. M. Clark, and D. K. Bandy, “Many-temperature model of laser with dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 85, 360–364 (1991).

[CrossRef]

D. Bimberg and J. Mycielski, “The recombination-induced temperature change of no-equilibrium charge carriers,” J. Phys. C 19, 2363–2373 (1986).

[CrossRef]

D. Bimberg and J. Mycielski, “Recombination-induced heating of free carriers in a semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 5490–5493 (1985).

[CrossRef]

R. A. Indik, R. Binder, M. Mlejnek, J. V. Moloney, S. Hughes, A. Knorr, and S. W. Koch, “Role of plasma cooling, heating, and memory effects in subpicosecond pulse propagation in semiconductor amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3614–3620 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Knorr, R. Binder, M. Lindberg, and S. W. Koch, “Theoretical study of resonant ultrashort-pulse propagation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 7179–7186 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51–55 (1999).

[CrossRef]

C. M. Bowden and G. P. Agrawal, “Bloch–Maxwell formulation for semiconductors: effects of coherent Coulomb exchange,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 4132–4139 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. V. Uskov, J. R. Karin, J. E. Bowers, J. G. McInerney, and J. Le Bihan, “Effects of carrier cooling and carrier heating in saturation dynamics and pulse propagation through bulk semiconductor absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2162–2171 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Uskov, J. R. Karin, R. Nagarajan, and J. E. Bowers, “Dynamics of carrier heating and sweepout in waveguide saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 552–561 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. R. Karin, A. V. Uskov, R. Nagarajan, J. E. Bowers, and J. Mørk, “Carrier heating dynamics in semiconductor waveguide saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2708–2711 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Villeneuve, M. Sundheimer, N. Finalayson, G. I. Stegeman, S. Morasca, C. Rigo, R. Calvani, and C. DeBernardi, “Two-photon absorption in In_{1−x−y}Ga_{x}Al_{y}As/InP waveguides at communications wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1865–1867 (1990).

[CrossRef]

H. C. Casey, Jr., and F. Stern, “Concentration-dependent absorption and spontaneous emission in heavily doped GaAs,” J. Appl. Phys. 47, 631–643 (1976).

[CrossRef]

A. N. Oraevsky, M. M. Clark, and D. K. Bandy, “Many-temperature model of laser with dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 85, 360–364 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. Villeneuve, M. Sundheimer, N. Finalayson, G. I. Stegeman, S. Morasca, C. Rigo, R. Calvani, and C. DeBernardi, “Two-photon absorption in In_{1−x−y}Ga_{x}Al_{y}As/InP waveguides at communications wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1865–1867 (1990).

[CrossRef]

B. N. Gomatam and A. P. DeFonzo, “Theory of hot carrier effects on non-linear gain in GaAs–GaAlAs lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1689–1704 (1990).

[CrossRef]

C.-Y. Tsai, R. M. Spencer, Y.-H. Lo, and L. F. Eastman, “Nonlinear gain coefficients in semiconductor lasers: effects of carrier heating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 201–212 (1996).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).

[CrossRef]

A. Villeneuve, M. Sundheimer, N. Finalayson, G. I. Stegeman, S. Morasca, C. Rigo, R. Calvani, and C. DeBernardi, “Two-photon absorption in In_{1−x−y}Ga_{x}Al_{y}As/InP waveguides at communications wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1865–1867 (1990).

[CrossRef]

W. Z. Lin, L. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and R. A. Logan, “Femtosecond carrier dynamics in GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 124–126 (1987).

[CrossRef]

B. N. Gomatam and A. P. DeFonzo, “Theory of hot carrier effects on non-linear gain in GaAs–GaAlAs lasers and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 1689–1704 (1990).

[CrossRef]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electronic nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).

[CrossRef]

W. Schäfer and K. Henneberger, “Pulse propagation and carrier kinetics in laser excited semiconductors,” Phys. Status Solidi B 159, 59–69 (1990).

[CrossRef]

O. Hess and T. Kuhn, “Maxwell–Bloch equations for spatially inhomogeneous semiconductor lasers. I. Theoretical formulation,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3347–3359 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. A. Indik, R. Binder, M. Mlejnek, J. V. Moloney, S. Hughes, A. Knorr, and S. W. Koch, “Role of plasma cooling, heating, and memory effects in subpicosecond pulse propagation in semiconductor amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3614–3620 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Sheik-Bahae, D. C. Hutchings, D. J. Hagan, and E. W. Van Stryland, “Dispersion of bound electronic nonlinear refraction in solids,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 1296–1309 (1991).

[CrossRef]

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51–55 (1999).

[CrossRef]

R. A. Indik, R. Binder, M. Mlejnek, J. V. Moloney, S. Hughes, A. Knorr, and S. W. Koch, “Role of plasma cooling, heating, and memory effects in subpicosecond pulse propagation in semiconductor amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3614–3620 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Z. Ning, R. A. Indik, and J. V. Moloney, “Self-consistent approach to thermal effects in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1993–2004 (1995).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).

[CrossRef]

W. Z. Lin, L. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and R. A. Logan, “Femtosecond carrier dynamics in GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 124–126 (1987).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Kesler and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in GaAlAs laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1765–1767 (1987).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Stix, M. P. Kesler, and E. P. Ippen, “Observations of subpicosecond dynamics in GaAlAs laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1722–1725 (1986).

[CrossRef]

M. Willatzen, A. Uskov, J. Mørk, H. Olesen, B. Tromborg, and A.-P. Jauho, “Nonlinear gain suppression in semiconductor lasers due to carrier heating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 606–609 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Uskov, J. R. Karin, J. E. Bowers, J. G. McInerney, and J. Le Bihan, “Effects of carrier cooling and carrier heating in saturation dynamics and pulse propagation through bulk semiconductor absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2162–2171 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Uskov, J. R. Karin, R. Nagarajan, and J. E. Bowers, “Dynamics of carrier heating and sweepout in waveguide saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 552–561 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. R. Karin, A. V. Uskov, R. Nagarajan, J. E. Bowers, and J. Mørk, “Carrier heating dynamics in semiconductor waveguide saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2708–2711 (1994).

[CrossRef]

M. P. Kesler and E. P. Ippen, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in GaAlAs laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 51, 1765–1767 (1987).

[CrossRef]

M. S. Stix, M. P. Kesler, and E. P. Ippen, “Observations of subpicosecond dynamics in GaAlAs laser diodes,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 48, 1722–1725 (1986).

[CrossRef]

R. A. Indik, R. Binder, M. Mlejnek, J. V. Moloney, S. Hughes, A. Knorr, and S. W. Koch, “Role of plasma cooling, heating, and memory effects in subpicosecond pulse propagation in semiconductor amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3614–3620 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Knorr, R. Binder, M. Lindberg, and S. W. Koch, “Theoretical study of resonant ultrashort-pulse propagation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 7179–7186 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. A. Indik, R. Binder, M. Mlejnek, J. V. Moloney, S. Hughes, A. Knorr, and S. W. Koch, “Role of plasma cooling, heating, and memory effects in subpicosecond pulse propagation in semiconductor amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3614–3620 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Knorr, R. Binder, M. Lindberg, and S. W. Koch, “Theoretical study of resonant ultrashort-pulse propagation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 7179–7186 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

O. Hess and T. Kuhn, “Maxwell–Bloch equations for spatially inhomogeneous semiconductor lasers. I. Theoretical formulation,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3347–3359 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51–55 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Uskov, J. R. Karin, J. E. Bowers, J. G. McInerney, and J. Le Bihan, “Effects of carrier cooling and carrier heating in saturation dynamics and pulse propagation through bulk semiconductor absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2162–2171 (1998).

[CrossRef]

W. Z. Lin, L. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and R. A. Logan, “Femtosecond carrier dynamics in GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 124–126 (1987).

[CrossRef]

A. Knorr, R. Binder, M. Lindberg, and S. W. Koch, “Theoretical study of resonant ultrashort-pulse propagation in semiconductors,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 7179–7186 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C.-Y. Tsai, R. M. Spencer, Y.-H. Lo, and L. F. Eastman, “Nonlinear gain coefficients in semiconductor lasers: effects of carrier heating,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 201–212 (1996).

[CrossRef]

W. Z. Lin, L. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, and R. A. Logan, “Femtosecond carrier dynamics in GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 50, 124–126 (1987).

[CrossRef]

J. Mark and J. Mørk, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, “Theory of short-pulse gain saturation in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 443–446 (1992).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Hall, J. Mark, E. P. Ippen, and G. Eisenstein, “Femtosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1740–1742 (1990).

[CrossRef]

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51–55 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Uskov, J. R. Karin, J. E. Bowers, J. G. McInerney, and J. Le Bihan, “Effects of carrier cooling and carrier heating in saturation dynamics and pulse propagation through bulk semiconductor absorbers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 34, 2162–2171 (1998).

[CrossRef]

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51–55 (1999).

[CrossRef]

J. Mørk and A. Mecozzi, “Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1803–1816 (1996).

[CrossRef]

R. A. Indik, R. Binder, M. Mlejnek, J. V. Moloney, S. Hughes, A. Knorr, and S. W. Koch, “Role of plasma cooling, heating, and memory effects in subpicosecond pulse propagation in semiconductor amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3614–3620 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. A. Indik, R. Binder, M. Mlejnek, J. V. Moloney, S. Hughes, A. Knorr, and S. W. Koch, “Role of plasma cooling, heating, and memory effects in subpicosecond pulse propagation in semiconductor amplifiers,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3614–3620 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Z. Ning, R. A. Indik, and J. V. Moloney, “Self-consistent approach to thermal effects in vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1993–2004 (1995).

[CrossRef]

A. Villeneuve, M. Sundheimer, N. Finalayson, G. I. Stegeman, S. Morasca, C. Rigo, R. Calvani, and C. DeBernardi, “Two-photon absorption in In_{1−x−y}Ga_{x}Al_{y}As/InP waveguides at communications wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1865–1867 (1990).

[CrossRef]

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51–55 (1999).

[CrossRef]

J. Mørk and A. Mecozzi, “Theory of the ultrafast optical response of active semiconductor waveguides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1803–1816 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. R. Karin, A. V. Uskov, R. Nagarajan, J. E. Bowers, and J. Mørk, “Carrier heating dynamics in semiconductor waveguide saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2708–2711 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. Mark and J. Mørk, “Subpicosecond gain dynamics in InGaAsP optical amplifiers: experiment and theory,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 61, 2281–2283 (1992).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Uskov, J. Mørk, and J. Mark, “Theory of short-pulse gain saturation in semiconductor laser amplifiers,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 443–446 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. Willatzen, A. Uskov, J. Mørk, H. Olesen, B. Tromborg, and A.-P. Jauho, “Nonlinear gain suppression in semiconductor lasers due to carrier heating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 606–609 (1991).

[CrossRef]

D. Bimberg and J. Mycielski, “The recombination-induced temperature change of no-equilibrium charge carriers,” J. Phys. C 19, 2363–2373 (1986).

[CrossRef]

D. Bimberg and J. Mycielski, “Recombination-induced heating of free carriers in a semiconductor,” Phys. Rev. B 31, 5490–5493 (1985).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Uskov, J. R. Karin, R. Nagarajan, and J. E. Bowers, “Dynamics of carrier heating and sweepout in waveguide saturable absorbers,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 1, 552–561 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. R. Karin, A. V. Uskov, R. Nagarajan, J. E. Bowers, and J. Mørk, “Carrier heating dynamics in semiconductor waveguide saturable absorbers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 65, 2708–2711 (1994).

[CrossRef]

M. Willatzen, A. Uskov, J. Mørk, H. Olesen, B. Tromborg, and A.-P. Jauho, “Nonlinear gain suppression in semiconductor lasers due to carrier heating,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 606–609 (1991).

[CrossRef]

T. V. Sarkisyan, A. N. Oraevsky, A. T. Rosenberger, R. L. Rolleigh, and D. K. Bandy, “Nonlinear gain and carrier temperature dynamics in semiconductor laser media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1107–1119 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. N. Oraevsky, T. V. Sarkisyan, and D. K. Bandy, “Nonlinear gain and bistable regime of free-running oscillation in a semiconductor laser,” Laser Phys. 7, 920–927 (1997).

A. N. Oraevsky, T. Sarkisyan, and D. K. Bandy, “Dynamics of the temperature of a recombining ensemble of fermions,” JETP Lett. 62, 673–676 (1995).

A. N. Oraevsky, M. M. Clark, and D. K. Bandy, “Many-temperature model of laser with dynamics,” Opt. Commun. 85, 360–364 (1991).

[CrossRef]

A. Villeneuve, M. Sundheimer, N. Finalayson, G. I. Stegeman, S. Morasca, C. Rigo, R. Calvani, and C. DeBernardi, “Two-photon absorption in In_{1−x−y}Ga_{x}Al_{y}As/InP waveguides at communications wavelengths,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1865–1867 (1990).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Rivlin, “Dynamics and emission spectra of semiconductor lasers,” J. Sov. Laser Res. 7, 57–206 (1986).

[CrossRef]

A. N. Oraevsky, T. Sarkisyan, and D. K. Bandy, “Dynamics of the temperature of a recombining ensemble of fermions,” JETP Lett. 62, 673–676 (1995).

T. V. Sarkisyan, A. N. Oraevsky, A. T. Rosenberger, R. L. Rolleigh, and D. K. Bandy, “Nonlinear gain and carrier temperature dynamics in semiconductor laser media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 1107–1119 (1998).

[CrossRef]

A. N. Oraevsky, T. V. Sarkisyan, and D. K. Bandy, “Nonlinear gain and bistable regime of free-running oscillation in a semiconductor laser,” Laser Phys. 7, 920–927 (1997).

P. Borri, S. Scaffetti, J. Mørk, W. Langbein, J. M. Hvam, A. Mecozzi, and F. Martelli, “Measurement and calculation of the critical pulsewidth for gain saturation in semiconductor optical amplifiers,” Opt. Commun. 164, 51–55 (1999).

[CrossRef]

W. Schäfer and K. Henneberger, “Pulse propagation and carrier kinetics in laser excited semiconductors,” Phys. Status Solidi B 159, 59–69 (1990).

[CrossRef]

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