Abstract

We describe a Kerr-lens mode-locked Cr:forsterite femtosecond laser in which two Gires–Tournois interferometer mirrors are used to provide negative intracavity group-delay dispersion. The mode-locked laser produced near-bandwidth-limited pulses of 71 fs with an average output power of 700 mW at a wavelength of 1259 nm.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagashi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, “Laser action in chromium-doped forsterite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040–1042 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  2. T. J. Carrig and C. R. Pollock, “Performance of continuous-wave forsterite laser with krypton ion, Ti:sapphire, and Nd:YAG pump lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2835–2844 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  3. A. Seas, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Generation of sub-100-fs pulses from a cw mode-locked chromium-doped forsterite laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 937–939 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. Z. Zhang, K. Torizuka, T. Itatani, K. Kobayashi, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, “Self-starting mode-locked femtosecond forsterite laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1006–1008 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A. Sennaroglu, T. J. Carrig, and C. R. Pollock, “Femtosecond pulse generation by using an additive-pulse mode-locked chromium-doped forsterite laser operated at 77 K,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1216–1218 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and K. Torizuka, “Femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser diode pumped by a double-clad fiber,” Opt. Lett. 23, 129–131 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. J. Qian, X. Liu, and F. W. Wise, “Cr:forsterite laser pumped by broad-area diodes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1707–1709 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. L. J. Qian, X. Liu, and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond Kerr-lens mode locking with negative nonlinear phase shifts,” Opt. Lett. 24, 166–168 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. Kuhl, M. Serenyi, and E. O. Göbel, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulse generation in an actively mode-locked GaAs laser with intracavity chirp compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 334–336 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. J. Heppner and J. Kuhl, “Intracavity chirp compensation in a colliding pulse mode-locked laser using thin-film interferometers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 453–455 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Winter, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-20 fs pulse generation from the mirror dispersion controlled Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 245–253 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Gäbel, P. Russbüldt, R. Lebert, P. Loosen, R. Poprawe, H. Heyer, and A. Valster, “Diode pumped, chirped mirror dispersion compensated, fs-laser,” Opt. Commun. 153, 275–281 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. F. Gires and P. Tournois, “Interféromètre utilisable pour la compression d’impulsions lumineuses modulés en fréquence,” C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 258, 6112–6115 (1964).
  16. M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, “Direct optical monitoring instrument with a double detection system for the control of multilayer systems from the visible to the near infrared,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. V. Yanovsky, Y. Pang, F. Wise, and B. I. Minkov, “Generation of 25-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Cr:forsterite laser with optimized group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1541–1543 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. B. Edlen, “Index of refraction of air,” in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, D. R. Lide, ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1995).

1999 (2)

L. J. Qian, X. Liu, and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond Kerr-lens mode locking with negative nonlinear phase shifts,” Opt. Lett. 24, 166–168 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

K. Gäbel, P. Russbüldt, R. Lebert, P. Loosen, R. Poprawe, H. Heyer, and A. Valster, “Diode pumped, chirped mirror dispersion compensated, fs-laser,” Opt. Commun. 153, 275–281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and K. Torizuka, “Femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser diode pumped by a double-clad fiber,” Opt. Lett. 23, 129–131 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

L. J. Qian, X. Liu, and F. W. Wise, “Cr:forsterite laser pumped by broad-area diodes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1707–1709 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. Zhang, K. Torizuka, T. Itatani, K. Kobayashi, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, “Self-starting mode-locked femtosecond forsterite laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1006–1008 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Winter, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-20 fs pulse generation from the mirror dispersion controlled Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 245–253 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, “Direct optical monitoring instrument with a double detection system for the control of multilayer systems from the visible to the near infrared,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

V. Yanovsky, Y. Pang, F. Wise, and B. I. Minkov, “Generation of 25-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Cr:forsterite laser with optimized group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1541–1543 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. J. Carrig and C. R. Pollock, “Performance of continuous-wave forsterite laser with krypton ion, Ti:sapphire, and Nd:YAG pump lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2835–2844 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

1988 (1)

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagashi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, “Laser action in chromium-doped forsterite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040–1042 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

J. Heppner and J. Kuhl, “Intracavity chirp compensation in a colliding pulse mode-locked laser using thin-film interferometers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 453–455 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1964 (1)

F. Gires and P. Tournois, “Interféromètre utilisable pour la compression d’impulsions lumineuses modulés en fréquence,” C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 258, 6112–6115 (1964).

Alfano, R. R.

A. Seas, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Generation of sub-100-fs pulses from a cw mode-locked chromium-doped forsterite laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 937–939 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagashi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, “Laser action in chromium-doped forsterite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040–1042 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Anzai, H.

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagashi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, “Laser action in chromium-doped forsterite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040–1042 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Borrelli, N. F.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Burns, D.

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Butty, J.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carrig, T. J.

T. J. Carrig and C. R. Pollock, “Performance of continuous-wave forsterite laser with krypton ion, Ti:sapphire, and Nd:YAG pump lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2835–2844 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Sennaroglu, T. J. Carrig, and C. R. Pollock, “Femtosecond pulse generation by using an additive-pulse mode-locked chromium-doped forsterite laser operated at 77 K,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1216–1218 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cassanho, A.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Winter, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-20 fs pulse generation from the mirror dispersion controlled Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 245–253 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, M. D.

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ernst, U.

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ferguson, A. I.

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gäbel, K.

K. Gäbel, P. Russbüldt, R. Lebert, P. Loosen, R. Poprawe, H. Heyer, and A. Valster, “Diode pumped, chirped mirror dispersion compensated, fs-laser,” Opt. Commun. 153, 275–281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gayen, S. K.

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagashi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, “Laser action in chromium-doped forsterite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040–1042 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gires, F.

F. Gires and P. Tournois, “Interféromètre utilisable pour la compression d’impulsions lumineuses modulés en fréquence,” C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 258, 6112–6115 (1964).

Göbel, E. O.

Guerreiro, P. T.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Heppner, J.

J. Heppner and J. Kuhl, “Intracavity chirp compensation in a colliding pulse mode-locked laser using thin-film interferometers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 453–455 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Heyer, H.

K. Gäbel, P. Russbüldt, R. Lebert, P. Loosen, R. Poprawe, H. Heyer, and A. Valster, “Diode pumped, chirped mirror dispersion compensated, fs-laser,” Opt. Commun. 153, 275–281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Itatani, T.

Jabbour, G. E.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Winter, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-20 fs pulse generation from the mirror dispersion controlled Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 245–253 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, K.

Kuhl, J.

J. Kuhl, M. Serenyi, and E. O. Göbel, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulse generation in an actively mode-locked GaAs laser with intracavity chirp compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 334–336 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Heppner and J. Kuhl, “Intracavity chirp compensation in a colliding pulse mode-locked laser using thin-film interferometers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 453–455 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Lebert, R.

K. Gäbel, P. Russbüldt, R. Lebert, P. Loosen, R. Poprawe, H. Heyer, and A. Valster, “Diode pumped, chirped mirror dispersion compensated, fs-laser,” Opt. Commun. 153, 275–281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Loosen, P.

K. Gäbel, P. Russbüldt, R. Lebert, P. Loosen, R. Poprawe, H. Heyer, and A. Valster, “Diode pumped, chirped mirror dispersion compensated, fs-laser,” Opt. Commun. 153, 275–281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Minkov, B. I.

Nakagawa, T.

Pang, Y.

Petricevic, V.

A. Seas, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Generation of sub-100-fs pulses from a cw mode-locked chromium-doped forsterite laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 937–939 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagashi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, “Laser action in chromium-doped forsterite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040–1042 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Peyghambarian, N.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pollock, C. R.

T. J. Carrig and C. R. Pollock, “Performance of continuous-wave forsterite laser with krypton ion, Ti:sapphire, and Nd:YAG pump lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2835–2844 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Sennaroglu, T. J. Carrig, and C. R. Pollock, “Femtosecond pulse generation by using an additive-pulse mode-locked chromium-doped forsterite laser operated at 77 K,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1216–1218 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Poprawe, R.

K. Gäbel, P. Russbüldt, R. Lebert, P. Loosen, R. Poprawe, H. Heyer, and A. Valster, “Diode pumped, chirped mirror dispersion compensated, fs-laser,” Opt. Commun. 153, 275–281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Qian, L.

Qian, L. J.

Robertson, A.

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Russbüldt, P.

K. Gäbel, P. Russbüldt, R. Lebert, P. Loosen, R. Poprawe, H. Heyer, and A. Valster, “Diode pumped, chirped mirror dispersion compensated, fs-laser,” Opt. Commun. 153, 275–281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scheuer, V.

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, “Direct optical monitoring instrument with a double detection system for the control of multilayer systems from the visible to the near infrared,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Seas, A.

Sennaroglu, A.

Serenyi, M.

Sorokin, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Winter, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-20 fs pulse generation from the mirror dispersion controlled Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 245–253 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I. T.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Winter, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-20 fs pulse generation from the mirror dispersion controlled Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 245–253 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sugaya, T.

Szipöcs, R.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Winter, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-20 fs pulse generation from the mirror dispersion controlled Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 245–253 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ten, S.

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tilsch, M.

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, “Direct optical monitoring instrument with a double detection system for the control of multilayer systems from the visible to the near infrared,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

Tournois, P.

F. Gires and P. Tournois, “Interféromètre utilisable pour la compression d’impulsions lumineuses modulés en fréquence,” C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 258, 6112–6115 (1964).

Tschudi, T.

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, “Direct optical monitoring instrument with a double detection system for the control of multilayer systems from the visible to the near infrared,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Valster, A.

K. Gäbel, P. Russbüldt, R. Lebert, P. Loosen, R. Poprawe, H. Heyer, and A. Valster, “Diode pumped, chirped mirror dispersion compensated, fs-laser,” Opt. Commun. 153, 275–281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Winter, E.

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Winter, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-20 fs pulse generation from the mirror dispersion controlled Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 245–253 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wise, F.

Wise, F. W.

Yamagashi, K.

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagashi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, “Laser action in chromium-doped forsterite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040–1042 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yamaguchi, Y.

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagashi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, “Laser action in chromium-doped forsterite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040–1042 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yanovsky, V.

Zhang, Z.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

I. T. Sorokina, E. Sorokin, E. Winter, A. Cassanho, H. P. Jenssen, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-20 fs pulse generation from the mirror dispersion controlled Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF lasers,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 245–253 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

J. Heppner and J. Kuhl, “Intracavity chirp compensation in a colliding pulse mode-locked laser using thin-film interferometers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 47, 453–455 (1985).
[CrossRef]

V. Petricevic, S. K. Gayen, R. R. Alfano, K. Yamagashi, H. Anzai, and Y. Yamaguchi, “Laser action in chromium-doped forsterite,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1040–1042 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. T. Guerreiro, S. Ten, N. F. Borrelli, J. Butty, G. E. Jabbour, and N. Peyghambarian, “PbS quantum-dot doped glasses as saturable absorbers for mode locking of a Cr:forsterite laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 71, 1595–1597 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. (1)

F. Gires and P. Tournois, “Interféromètre utilisable pour la compression d’impulsions lumineuses modulés en fréquence,” C. R. Hebd. Seances Acad. Sci. 258, 6112–6115 (1964).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. J. Carrig and C. R. Pollock, “Performance of continuous-wave forsterite laser with krypton ion, Ti:sapphire, and Nd:YAG pump lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 2835–2844 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

K. Gäbel, P. Russbüldt, R. Lebert, P. Loosen, R. Poprawe, H. Heyer, and A. Valster, “Diode pumped, chirped mirror dispersion compensated, fs-laser,” Opt. Commun. 153, 275–281 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Robertson, U. Ernst, R. Knappe, R. Wallenstein, V. Scheuer, T. Tschudi, D. Burns, M. D. Dawson, and A. I. Ferguson, “Prismless diode-pumped mode-locked femtosecond Cr:LiSAF laser,” Opt. Commun. 163, 38–43 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (8)

V. Yanovsky, Y. Pang, F. Wise, and B. I. Minkov, “Generation of 25-fs pulses from a self-mode-locked Cr:forsterite laser with optimized group-delay dispersion,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1541–1543 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Seas, V. Petricevic, and R. R. Alfano, “Generation of sub-100-fs pulses from a cw mode-locked chromium-doped forsterite laser,” Opt. Lett. 17, 937–939 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Zhang, K. Torizuka, T. Itatani, K. Kobayashi, T. Sugaya, and T. Nakagawa, “Self-starting mode-locked femtosecond forsterite laser with a semiconductor saturable-absorber mirror,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1006–1008 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Sennaroglu, T. J. Carrig, and C. R. Pollock, “Femtosecond pulse generation by using an additive-pulse mode-locked chromium-doped forsterite laser operated at 77 K,” Opt. Lett. 17, 1216–1218 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Liu, L. Qian, F. Wise, Z. Zhang, T. Itatani, T. Sugaya, T. Nakagawa, and K. Torizuka, “Femtosecond Cr:forsterite laser diode pumped by a double-clad fiber,” Opt. Lett. 23, 129–131 (1998).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qian, X. Liu, and F. W. Wise, “Cr:forsterite laser pumped by broad-area diodes,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1707–1709 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Qian, X. Liu, and F. W. Wise, “Femtosecond Kerr-lens mode locking with negative nonlinear phase shifts,” Opt. Lett. 24, 166–168 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Kuhl, M. Serenyi, and E. O. Göbel, “Bandwidth-limited picosecond pulse generation in an actively mode-locked GaAs laser with intracavity chirp compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 334–336 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. SPIE (1)

M. Tilsch, V. Scheuer, and T. Tschudi, “Direct optical monitoring instrument with a double detection system for the control of multilayer systems from the visible to the near infrared,” in Optical Interference Coatings, F. Abeles, ed., Proc. SPIE 2253, 414 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

B. Edlen, “Index of refraction of air,” in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics, D. R. Lide, ed. (CRC Press, Boca Raton, Fla., 1995).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Wavelength dependence of the GTI GDD for three angles of incidence (a, 20°; b, 15°; c, 10°). The curves are calculated from layer thickness data measured by monitoring equipment.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the mode-locked laser with two GTI mirrors for dispersion compensation: OC, output coupler; other abbreviations defined in text.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Variation of the cw laser output power at 1.25 µm as a function of the absorbed pump power for a 5% output coupler and a crystal temperature of 10 °C.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Interferometric autocorrelation and (b) spectrum of the mode-locked pulses generated by the Cr:forsterite laser with two GTI’s for dispersion compensation.

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