Abstract

High-quality three-dimensional polystyrene–air photonic crystal structures with particle diameters of 200, 270, and 340 nm were grown with a quasi-equilibrium evaporation technique. The effects of the removal of interval water were evident as a blueshift of peaks, enhancement of the transmission attenuation, and changes in the gap/midgap ratio. Frequency scaling and incidence-angle–dependent transmission were also investigated; both show good agreement with the numerical simulation.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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