W. M. Robertson, “Transmission-line matrix modeling of superluminal electromagnetic-pulse tunneling through the forbidden gap in two-dimensional photonic band structures,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1066–1073 (1997).

[CrossRef]

Ph. Balcou and L. Dutriaux, “Dual optical tunneling times in frustrated total internal reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 851–854 (1997).

[CrossRef]

R. Pelster, V. Gasparian, and G. Nimtz, “Propagation of plane waves and of waveguide modes in quasiperiodic dielectric heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. E 55, 7645–7655 (1997).

[CrossRef]

M. Deutsch and J. E. Golub, “Optical Larmor clock: measurement of the photonic tunneling time,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 434–439 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Diener, “Superluminal group velocities and information transfer,” Phys. Lett. A 223, 327–331 (1996).

[CrossRef]

E. L. Bolda, “Theory and simulation of superluminal optical pulses in gain media,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3514–3518 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Gasparian, M. Ortuño, J. Ruiz, and E. Cuevas, “Faraday rotation and complex-valued traversal time for classical light waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2312–2315 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg and R. Y. Chiao, “Subfemtosecond determination of transmission delay times for a dielectric mirror (photonic band gap) as a function of the angle of incidence,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3525–3528 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Ch. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, A. Stingl, and F. Krausz, “Tunneling of optical pulses through photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2308–2311 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Landauer and Th. Martin, “Barrier interaction time in tunneling,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 66, 217–228 (1994).

[CrossRef]

R. Y. Chiao and J. Boyce, “Superluminality, paraelectricity, and Earnshaw’s theorem in media with inverted populations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3383–3386 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Y. Chiao, “Atomic coherence effects which produce superluminal (but causal) propagation of wavepackets,” Quantum Opt. 6, 359–369 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. M. Steinberg and R. Y. Chiao, “Tunneling delay times in one and two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 3283–3295 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg, P. G. Kwiat, and R. Y. Chiao, “Measurement of the single-photon tunneling time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 708–711 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Enders and G. Nimtz, “Photonic-tunneling experiments,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 9605–9609 (1993).

[CrossRef]

J. G. Muga, S. Brouard, and R. Sala, “Transmission and reflection tunneling times,” Phys. Lett. A 167, 24–28 (1992).

[CrossRef]

Th. Martin and R. Landauer, “Time delay of evanescent electromagnetic waves and the analogy to particle tunneling,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2611–2617 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. L. Jensen and F. A. Buot, “The methodology of simulating particle trajectories through tunneling structures using a Wigner distribution approach,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 38, 2337–2347 (1991).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Jensen and F. A. Buot, “Numerical calculation of particle trajectories and tunneling times for resonant tunneling barrier structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 669–671 (1989).

[CrossRef]

E. H. Hauge and J. A. Støvneng, “Tunneling times: a critical review,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 61, 917–936 (1989).

[CrossRef]

D. Sokolovski and L. M. Baskin, “Traversal time in quantum scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 36, 4604–4611 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Pollak and W. H. Miller, “New physical interpretation for time in scattering theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 115–118 (1984).

[CrossRef]

M. Büttiker, “Larmor precession and the traversal time for tunneling,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 6178–6188 (1983).

[CrossRef]

M. Büttiker and R. Landauer, “Traversal time for tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1739–1742 (1982).

[CrossRef]

S. Chu and S. Wong, “Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 738–741 (1982).

[CrossRef]

D. Mugnai, A. Ranfagni, and L. S. Schuman, “Delay time measurements in a diffraction experiment: a case of optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. E 55, 3593–3597 (1977).

[CrossRef]

C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. McCumber, “Propagation of a Gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium,” Phys. Rev. A 1, 305–313 (1970).

[CrossRef]

A. I. Baz’, “Life-time of intermediate states,” Yad. Fiz. 4, 252–260 (1966).

T. E. Hartman, “Tunneling of a wave packet,” J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3427–3433 (1962).

[CrossRef]

E. P. Wigner, “Lower limit for the energy derivative of the scattering phase shift,” Phys. Rev. 98, 145–147 (1955).

[CrossRef]

Ph. Balcou and L. Dutriaux, “Dual optical tunneling times in frustrated total internal reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 851–854 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. Sokolovski and L. M. Baskin, “Traversal time in quantum scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 36, 4604–4611 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. I. Baz’, “Life-time of intermediate states,” Yad. Fiz. 4, 252–260 (1966).

E. L. Bolda, “Theory and simulation of superluminal optical pulses in gain media,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3514–3518 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1986).

R. Y. Chiao and J. Boyce, “Superluminality, paraelectricity, and Earnshaw’s theorem in media with inverted populations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3383–3386 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Muga, S. Brouard, and R. Sala, “Transmission and reflection tunneling times,” Phys. Lett. A 167, 24–28 (1992).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Jensen and F. A. Buot, “The methodology of simulating particle trajectories through tunneling structures using a Wigner distribution approach,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 38, 2337–2347 (1991).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Jensen and F. A. Buot, “Numerical calculation of particle trajectories and tunneling times for resonant tunneling barrier structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 669–671 (1989).

[CrossRef]

M. Büttiker, “Larmor precession and the traversal time for tunneling,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 6178–6188 (1983).

[CrossRef]

M. Büttiker and R. Landauer, “Traversal time for tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1739–1742 (1982).

[CrossRef]

A. M. Steinberg and R. Y. Chiao, “Subfemtosecond determination of transmission delay times for a dielectric mirror (photonic band gap) as a function of the angle of incidence,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3525–3528 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg and R. Y. Chiao, “Tunneling delay times in one and two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 3283–3295 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Y. Chiao, “Atomic coherence effects which produce superluminal (but causal) propagation of wavepackets,” Quantum Opt. 6, 359–369 (1994).

[CrossRef]

R. Y. Chiao and J. Boyce, “Superluminality, paraelectricity, and Earnshaw’s theorem in media with inverted populations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3383–3386 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg, P. G. Kwiat, and R. Y. Chiao, “Measurement of the single-photon tunneling time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 708–711 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Chu and S. Wong, “Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 738–741 (1982).

[CrossRef]

V. Gasparian, M. Ortuño, J. Ruiz, and E. Cuevas, “Faraday rotation and complex-valued traversal time for classical light waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2312–2315 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Deutsch and J. E. Golub, “Optical Larmor clock: measurement of the photonic tunneling time,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 434–439 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Diener, “Superluminal group velocities and information transfer,” Phys. Lett. A 223, 327–331 (1996).

[CrossRef]

Ph. Balcou and L. Dutriaux, “Dual optical tunneling times in frustrated total internal reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 851–854 (1997).

[CrossRef]

A. Enders and G. Nimtz, “Photonic-tunneling experiments,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 9605–9609 (1993).

[CrossRef]

C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. McCumber, “Propagation of a Gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium,” Phys. Rev. A 1, 305–313 (1970).

[CrossRef]

R. Pelster, V. Gasparian, and G. Nimtz, “Propagation of plane waves and of waveguide modes in quasiperiodic dielectric heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. E 55, 7645–7655 (1997).

[CrossRef]

V. Gasparian, M. Ortuño, J. Ruiz, and E. Cuevas, “Faraday rotation and complex-valued traversal time for classical light waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2312–2315 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Deutsch and J. E. Golub, “Optical Larmor clock: measurement of the photonic tunneling time,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 434–439 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. E. Hartman, “Tunneling of a wave packet,” J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3427–3433 (1962).

[CrossRef]

E. H. Hauge and J. A. Støvneng, “Tunneling times: a critical review,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 61, 917–936 (1989).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Jensen and F. A. Buot, “The methodology of simulating particle trajectories through tunneling structures using a Wigner distribution approach,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 38, 2337–2347 (1991).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Jensen and F. A. Buot, “Numerical calculation of particle trajectories and tunneling times for resonant tunneling barrier structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 669–671 (1989).

[CrossRef]

Ch. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, A. Stingl, and F. Krausz, “Tunneling of optical pulses through photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2308–2311 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg, P. G. Kwiat, and R. Y. Chiao, “Measurement of the single-photon tunneling time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 708–711 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Landauer and Th. Martin, “Barrier interaction time in tunneling,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 66, 217–228 (1994).

[CrossRef]

Th. Martin and R. Landauer, “Time delay of evanescent electromagnetic waves and the analogy to particle tunneling,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2611–2617 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Büttiker and R. Landauer, “Traversal time for tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1739–1742 (1982).

[CrossRef]

R. Landauer and Th. Martin, “Barrier interaction time in tunneling,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 66, 217–228 (1994).

[CrossRef]

Th. Martin and R. Landauer, “Time delay of evanescent electromagnetic waves and the analogy to particle tunneling,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2611–2617 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. McCumber, “Propagation of a Gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium,” Phys. Rev. A 1, 305–313 (1970).

[CrossRef]

E. Pollak and W. H. Miller, “New physical interpretation for time in scattering theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 115–118 (1984).

[CrossRef]

J. G. Muga, S. Brouard, and R. Sala, “Transmission and reflection tunneling times,” Phys. Lett. A 167, 24–28 (1992).

[CrossRef]

D. Mugnai, A. Ranfagni, and L. S. Schuman, “Delay time measurements in a diffraction experiment: a case of optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. E 55, 3593–3597 (1977).

[CrossRef]

R. Pelster, V. Gasparian, and G. Nimtz, “Propagation of plane waves and of waveguide modes in quasiperiodic dielectric heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. E 55, 7645–7655 (1997).

[CrossRef]

A. Enders and G. Nimtz, “Photonic-tunneling experiments,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 9605–9609 (1993).

[CrossRef]

V. Gasparian, M. Ortuño, J. Ruiz, and E. Cuevas, “Faraday rotation and complex-valued traversal time for classical light waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2312–2315 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Pelster, V. Gasparian, and G. Nimtz, “Propagation of plane waves and of waveguide modes in quasiperiodic dielectric heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. E 55, 7645–7655 (1997).

[CrossRef]

E. Pollak and W. H. Miller, “New physical interpretation for time in scattering theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 115–118 (1984).

[CrossRef]

D. Mugnai, A. Ranfagni, and L. S. Schuman, “Delay time measurements in a diffraction experiment: a case of optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. E 55, 3593–3597 (1977).

[CrossRef]

V. Gasparian, M. Ortuño, J. Ruiz, and E. Cuevas, “Faraday rotation and complex-valued traversal time for classical light waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2312–2315 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Muga, S. Brouard, and R. Sala, “Transmission and reflection tunneling times,” Phys. Lett. A 167, 24–28 (1992).

[CrossRef]

D. Mugnai, A. Ranfagni, and L. S. Schuman, “Delay time measurements in a diffraction experiment: a case of optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. E 55, 3593–3597 (1977).

[CrossRef]

D. Sokolovski and L. M. Baskin, “Traversal time in quantum scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 36, 4604–4611 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Ch. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, A. Stingl, and F. Krausz, “Tunneling of optical pulses through photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2308–2311 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg and R. Y. Chiao, “Subfemtosecond determination of transmission delay times for a dielectric mirror (photonic band gap) as a function of the angle of incidence,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3525–3528 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg and R. Y. Chiao, “Tunneling delay times in one and two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 3283–3295 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg, P. G. Kwiat, and R. Y. Chiao, “Measurement of the single-photon tunneling time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 708–711 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Ch. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, A. Stingl, and F. Krausz, “Tunneling of optical pulses through photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2308–2311 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. H. Hauge and J. A. Støvneng, “Tunneling times: a critical review,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 61, 917–936 (1989).

[CrossRef]

Ch. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, A. Stingl, and F. Krausz, “Tunneling of optical pulses through photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2308–2311 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. P. Wigner, “Lower limit for the energy derivative of the scattering phase shift,” Phys. Rev. 98, 145–147 (1955).

[CrossRef]

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1986).

S. Chu and S. Wong, “Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 738–741 (1982).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Jensen and F. A. Buot, “Numerical calculation of particle trajectories and tunneling times for resonant tunneling barrier structures,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 55, 669–671 (1989).

[CrossRef]

K. L. Jensen and F. A. Buot, “The methodology of simulating particle trajectories through tunneling structures using a Wigner distribution approach,” IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 38, 2337–2347 (1991).

[CrossRef]

T. E. Hartman, “Tunneling of a wave packet,” J. Appl. Phys. 33, 3427–3433 (1962).

[CrossRef]

G. Diener, “Superluminal group velocities and information transfer,” Phys. Lett. A 223, 327–331 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. G. Muga, S. Brouard, and R. Sala, “Transmission and reflection tunneling times,” Phys. Lett. A 167, 24–28 (1992).

[CrossRef]

E. P. Wigner, “Lower limit for the energy derivative of the scattering phase shift,” Phys. Rev. 98, 145–147 (1955).

[CrossRef]

E. L. Bolda, “Theory and simulation of superluminal optical pulses in gain media,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 3514–3518 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. G. B. Garrett and D. E. McCumber, “Propagation of a Gaussian light pulse through an anomalous dispersion medium,” Phys. Rev. A 1, 305–313 (1970).

[CrossRef]

Th. Martin and R. Landauer, “Time delay of evanescent electromagnetic waves and the analogy to particle tunneling,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2611–2617 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg and R. Y. Chiao, “Tunneling delay times in one and two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 3283–3295 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Sokolovski and L. M. Baskin, “Traversal time in quantum scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 36, 4604–4611 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg and R. Y. Chiao, “Subfemtosecond determination of transmission delay times for a dielectric mirror (photonic band gap) as a function of the angle of incidence,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3525–3528 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Deutsch and J. E. Golub, “Optical Larmor clock: measurement of the photonic tunneling time,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 434–439 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Büttiker, “Larmor precession and the traversal time for tunneling,” Phys. Rev. B 27, 6178–6188 (1983).

[CrossRef]

A. Enders and G. Nimtz, “Photonic-tunneling experiments,” Phys. Rev. B 47, 9605–9609 (1993).

[CrossRef]

R. Pelster, V. Gasparian, and G. Nimtz, “Propagation of plane waves and of waveguide modes in quasiperiodic dielectric heterostructures,” Phys. Rev. E 55, 7645–7655 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. Mugnai, A. Ranfagni, and L. S. Schuman, “Delay time measurements in a diffraction experiment: a case of optical tunneling,” Phys. Rev. E 55, 3593–3597 (1977).

[CrossRef]

S. Chu and S. Wong, “Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 738–741 (1982).

[CrossRef]

R. Y. Chiao and J. Boyce, “Superluminality, paraelectricity, and Earnshaw’s theorem in media with inverted populations,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 3383–3386 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. M. Steinberg, P. G. Kwiat, and R. Y. Chiao, “Measurement of the single-photon tunneling time,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 708–711 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Ch. Spielmann, R. Szipöcs, A. Stingl, and F. Krausz, “Tunneling of optical pulses through photonic band gaps,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 2308–2311 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

V. Gasparian, M. Ortuño, J. Ruiz, and E. Cuevas, “Faraday rotation and complex-valued traversal time for classical light waves,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2312–2315 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Ph. Balcou and L. Dutriaux, “Dual optical tunneling times in frustrated total internal reflection,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 851–854 (1997).

[CrossRef]

E. Pollak and W. H. Miller, “New physical interpretation for time in scattering theory,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 115–118 (1984).

[CrossRef]

M. Büttiker and R. Landauer, “Traversal time for tunneling,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1739–1742 (1982).

[CrossRef]

R. Y. Chiao, “Atomic coherence effects which produce superluminal (but causal) propagation of wavepackets,” Quantum Opt. 6, 359–369 (1994).

[CrossRef]

E. H. Hauge and J. A. Støvneng, “Tunneling times: a critical review,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 61, 917–936 (1989).

[CrossRef]

R. Landauer and Th. Martin, “Barrier interaction time in tunneling,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 66, 217–228 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. I. Baz’, “Life-time of intermediate states,” Yad. Fiz. 4, 252–260 (1966).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1986).