Abstract

We propose a new method for generating short laser pulses. It consists of generation of steep pulses and saturated amplification. A steep Stokes pulse created by two-step stimulated Brillouin scattering is amplified with a KrF laser under conditions of strong saturation. Pulse shortening by approximately 40% is achieved by amplification.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft-x-ray amplification of the Lyman-alpha transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Szatmari and F. P. Schafer, “Simplified laser system for the generation of 60 fs pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 68, 196–202 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Mizoguchi, K. Kondo, and S. Watanabe, “100-fs, 10-Hz, terawatt KrF laser,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 560–564 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. V. Avizonis and R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  5. H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, and H. Takuma, “UV saturable absorber for short-pulse KrF laser systems,” Opt. Lett. 14, 692–694 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. M. Sargent III, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Jr., Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, London, 1974), Chap. XIII.
  7. N. A. Kurnit and S. J. Thomas, “Application of a phase-conjugate Brillouin mirror to generation of high-quality variable-duration KrF pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 421–429 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. L. A. Rosocha, “The AURORA laser facility,” in Inertial Confinement Fusion at Los Alamos: Progress since 1985, D. C. Cartwright, ed. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 1989), Vol. 1, Chap. V.
  9. S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, and W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. V. Kmetik, H. Fiedorowicz, A. A. Andreev, K. J. Witte, H. Daido, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and T. Yamanaka, “Reli-able stimulated Brillouin scattering compression of Nd: YAG laser pulses with liquid fluorocarbon for long-time operation at 10 Hz,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7085–7090 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  11. H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, and K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids in a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739–3744 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992).
  13. R. Fedosejevs and A. A. Offenberger, “Subnanosecond pulses from a KrF laser pumped SF6 Brillouin amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1558–1562 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. J. Damzen and H. Hutchinson, “Laser pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering tapered waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 7–14 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegen-erate four-wave interaction,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  16. W. Kaiser and M. Maier, “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy,” in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arecchi and E. O. Schulz-Dubois, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), pp. 1077–1150.
  17. V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and T. Yamanaka, “Optical absorption in fluorocarbon liquids for the high energy stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation and compression,” Rev. Laser Eng. 26, 322–327 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  18. K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, K. Kimura, and H. Takuma, “Advanced techniques of high-efficiency pulse compression for KrF lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 11, 31–42 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Y. E. D’yakov, “Excitation of stimulated light scattering by broad-spectrum pumping,” JETP Lett. 11, 243–246 (1970).
  20. Y. Owadano, I. Okuda, Y. Matsumoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Tomie, K. Koyama, and M. Yano, “Development of a high-power KrF laser system, ASHURA,” Laser Part. Beams 7, 383–392 (1989).
    [CrossRef]

1998

V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and T. Yamanaka, “Optical absorption in fluorocarbon liquids for the high energy stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation and compression,” Rev. Laser Eng. 26, 322–327 (1998).
[CrossRef]

V. Kmetik, H. Fiedorowicz, A. A. Andreev, K. J. Witte, H. Daido, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and T. Yamanaka, “Reli-able stimulated Brillouin scattering compression of Nd: YAG laser pulses with liquid fluorocarbon for long-time operation at 10 Hz,” Appl. Opt. 37, 7085–7090 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, and W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoshida, V. Kmetik, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, T. Yamanaka, and K. Yoshida, “Heavy fluorocarbon liquids in a phase-conjugated stimulated Brillouin scattering mirror,” Appl. Opt. 36, 3739–3744 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993

K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, K. Kimura, and H. Takuma, “Advanced techniques of high-efficiency pulse compression for KrF lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 11, 31–42 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft-x-ray amplification of the Lyman-alpha transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

1989

H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, and H. Takuma, “UV saturable absorber for short-pulse KrF laser systems,” Opt. Lett. 14, 692–694 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Owadano, I. Okuda, Y. Matsumoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Tomie, K. Koyama, and M. Yano, “Development of a high-power KrF laser system, ASHURA,” Laser Part. Beams 7, 383–392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Kurnit and S. J. Thomas, “Application of a phase-conjugate Brillouin mirror to generation of high-quality variable-duration KrF pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 421–429 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988

S. Szatmari and F. P. Schafer, “Simplified laser system for the generation of 60 fs pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 68, 196–202 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegen-erate four-wave interaction,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

R. Fedosejevs and A. A. Offenberger, “Subnanosecond pulses from a KrF laser pumped SF6 Brillouin amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1558–1562 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983

M. J. Damzen and H. Hutchinson, “Laser pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering tapered waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 7–14 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1970

Y. E. D’yakov, “Excitation of stimulated light scattering by broad-spectrum pumping,” JETP Lett. 11, 243–246 (1970).

1966

P. V. Avizonis and R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Andreev, A. A.

Avizonis, P. V.

P. V. Avizonis and R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

D’yakov, Y. E.

Y. E. D’yakov, “Excitation of stimulated light scattering by broad-spectrum pumping,” JETP Lett. 11, 243–246 (1970).

Daido, H.

Damzen, M. J.

M. J. Damzen and H. Hutchinson, “Laser pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering tapered waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 7–14 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Erokhin, A. I.

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegen-erate four-wave interaction,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Faizullov, F. S.

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegen-erate four-wave interaction,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Fedosejevs, R.

R. Fedosejevs and A. A. Offenberger, “Subnanosecond pulses from a KrF laser pumped SF6 Brillouin amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1558–1562 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Fiedorowicz, H.

Fujita, H.

Grotbeck, R. L.

P. V. Avizonis and R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Hogervorst, W.

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, and W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, H.

M. J. Damzen and H. Hutchinson, “Laser pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering tapered waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 7–14 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Kanabe, T.

V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and T. Yamanaka, “Optical absorption in fluorocarbon liquids for the high energy stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation and compression,” Rev. Laser Eng. 26, 322–327 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kimura, K.

K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, K. Kimura, and H. Takuma, “Advanced techniques of high-efficiency pulse compression for KrF lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 11, 31–42 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kmetik, V.

Kondo, K.

Kovalev, V. I.

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegen-erate four-wave interaction,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Koyama, K.

Y. Owadano, I. Okuda, Y. Matsumoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Tomie, K. Koyama, and M. Yano, “Development of a high-power KrF laser system, ASHURA,” Laser Part. Beams 7, 383–392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, S.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft-x-ray amplification of the Lyman-alpha transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuranishi, H.

Kurnit, N. A.

N. A. Kurnit and S. J. Thomas, “Application of a phase-conjugate Brillouin mirror to generation of high-quality variable-duration KrF pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 421–429 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Matsumoto, Y.

Y. Owadano, I. Okuda, Y. Matsumoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Tomie, K. Koyama, and M. Yano, “Development of a high-power KrF laser system, ASHURA,” Laser Part. Beams 7, 383–392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft-x-ray amplification of the Lyman-alpha transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mizoguchi, M.

Nagata, Y.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft-x-ray amplification of the Lyman-alpha transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nakatsuka, M.

Nishioka, H.

K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, K. Kimura, and H. Takuma, “Advanced techniques of high-efficiency pulse compression for KrF lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 11, 31–42 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, and H. Takuma, “UV saturable absorber for short-pulse KrF laser systems,” Opt. Lett. 14, 692–694 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Obara, M.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft-x-ray amplification of the Lyman-alpha transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Offenberger, A. A.

R. Fedosejevs and A. A. Offenberger, “Subnanosecond pulses from a KrF laser pumped SF6 Brillouin amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1558–1562 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Okuda, I.

Y. Owadano, I. Okuda, Y. Matsumoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Tomie, K. Koyama, and M. Yano, “Development of a high-power KrF laser system, ASHURA,” Laser Part. Beams 7, 383–392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Owadano, Y.

Y. Owadano, I. Okuda, Y. Matsumoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Tomie, K. Koyama, and M. Yano, “Development of a high-power KrF laser system, ASHURA,” Laser Part. Beams 7, 383–392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schafer, F. P.

S. Szatmari and F. P. Schafer, “Simplified laser system for the generation of 60 fs pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 68, 196–202 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Schiemann, S.

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, and W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Szatmari, S.

S. Szatmari and F. P. Schafer, “Simplified laser system for the generation of 60 fs pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 68, 196–202 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Takuma, H.

K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, K. Kimura, and H. Takuma, “Advanced techniques of high-efficiency pulse compression for KrF lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 11, 31–42 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, and H. Takuma, “UV saturable absorber for short-pulse KrF laser systems,” Opt. Lett. 14, 692–694 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanimoto, M.

Y. Owadano, I. Okuda, Y. Matsumoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Tomie, K. Koyama, and M. Yano, “Development of a high-power KrF laser system, ASHURA,” Laser Part. Beams 7, 383–392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tashiro, H.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft-x-ray amplification of the Lyman-alpha transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Thomas, S. J.

N. A. Kurnit and S. J. Thomas, “Application of a phase-conjugate Brillouin mirror to generation of high-quality variable-duration KrF pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 421–429 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tomie, T.

Y. Owadano, I. Okuda, Y. Matsumoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Tomie, K. Koyama, and M. Yano, “Development of a high-power KrF laser system, ASHURA,” Laser Part. Beams 7, 383–392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Toyoda, K.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft-x-ray amplification of the Lyman-alpha transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ubachs, W.

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, and W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, K. Kimura, and H. Takuma, “Advanced techniques of high-efficiency pulse compression for KrF lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 11, 31–42 (1993).
[CrossRef]

H. Nishioka, H. Kuranishi, K. Ueda, and H. Takuma, “UV saturable absorber for short-pulse KrF laser systems,” Opt. Lett. 14, 692–694 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Watanabe, S.

Witte, K. J.

Yamanaka, T.

Yano, M.

Y. Owadano, I. Okuda, Y. Matsumoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Tomie, K. Koyama, and M. Yano, “Development of a high-power KrF laser system, ASHURA,” Laser Part. Beams 7, 383–392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, H.

Yoshida, K.

Appl. Opt.

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

N. A. Kurnit and S. J. Thomas, “Application of a phase-conjugate Brillouin mirror to generation of high-quality variable-duration KrF pulses,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 421–429 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. Schiemann, W. Ubachs, and W. Hogervorst, “Efficient temporal compression of coherent nanosecond pulses in a compact SBS generator–amplifier setup,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 358–366 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Fedosejevs and A. A. Offenberger, “Subnanosecond pulses from a KrF laser pumped SF6 Brillouin amplifier,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1558–1562 (1985).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Damzen and H. Hutchinson, “Laser pulse compression by stimulated Brillouin scattering tapered waveguides,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 7–14 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

P. V. Avizonis and R. L. Grotbeck, “Experimental and theoretical ruby laser amplifier dynamics,” J. Appl. Phys. 37, 687–693 (1966).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

JETP Lett.

Y. E. D’yakov, “Excitation of stimulated light scattering by broad-spectrum pumping,” JETP Lett. 11, 243–246 (1970).

Laser Part. Beams

Y. Owadano, I. Okuda, Y. Matsumoto, M. Tanimoto, T. Tomie, K. Koyama, and M. Yano, “Development of a high-power KrF laser system, ASHURA,” Laser Part. Beams 7, 383–392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

K. Ueda, H. Nishioka, K. Kimura, and H. Takuma, “Advanced techniques of high-efficiency pulse compression for KrF lasers,” Laser Part. Beams 11, 31–42 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

S. Szatmari and F. P. Schafer, “Simplified laser system for the generation of 60 fs pulses at 248 nm,” Opt. Commun. 68, 196–202 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. Lett.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft-x-ray amplification of the Lyman-alpha transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Laser Eng.

V. Kmetik, T. Kanabe, H. Fujita, M. Nakatsuka, and T. Yamanaka, “Optical absorption in fluorocarbon liquids for the high energy stimulated Brillouin scattering phase conjugation and compression,” Rev. Laser Eng. 26, 322–327 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

A. I. Erokhin, V. I. Kovalev, and F. S. Faizullov, “Determination of the parameters of a nonlinear response of liquids in an acoustic resonance region by the method of nondegen-erate four-wave interaction,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 872–877 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other

W. Kaiser and M. Maier, “Stimulated Rayleigh, Brillouin and Raman spectroscopy,” in Laser Handbook, F. T. Arecchi and E. O. Schulz-Dubois, eds. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1972), pp. 1077–1150.

M. Sargent III, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, Jr., Laser Physics (Addison-Wesley, London, 1974), Chap. XIII.

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1992).

L. A. Rosocha, “The AURORA laser facility,” in Inertial Confinement Fusion at Los Alamos: Progress since 1985, D. C. Cartwright, ed. (Los Alamos National Laboratory, Los Alamos, New Mexico, 1989), Vol. 1, Chap. V.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup: SBS CELL 1, gas cell (3 m); SBS CELL 2, liquid cell (15 cm); L1, f=3300-mm convex lens; L2, f=600-mm convex lens; Q’s quarter-wave plates; P’s, polarizers; OSC/AMP, oscillator–amplifier.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

(a) Oscilloscope traces of (a) the KrF pump pulse and (b) the Stokes pulse, and (c) streak image of the first portion of this Stokes pulse generated by the first-step SBS.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

(a) Oscilloscope trace and (b) streak image of the Stokes pulse generated by the second-step SBS.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Oscilloscope traces of the Stokes pulse generated by the second-step SBS observed in front of the amplifier (a) with attenuation and (b) with attenuation removed.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Stokes pulse amplified by a KrF laser amplifier: (a) oscilloscope trace and (b) streak image.

Tables (2)

Tables Icon

Table 1 SBS Characteristics of Several Gases at 248 nma

Tables Icon

Table 2 SBS Characteristics of Several Liquidsa

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