Abstract

We observed guiding, collimating, focusing, and splitting of a continuous, low-velocity rubidium atomic beam with a blue-detuned dark-hollow laser beam. The low-velocity atomic beam was produced in a magneto-optical trap and was loaded into the dark center of the hollow beam. By overlapping the dark-hollow beam with the atomic beam, the rubidium atoms could be collimated or focused. When the dark-hollow beam intercepted the atomic beam at an angle, two spatially separated rubidium atomic beams were produced, one of which was extracted and guided by the dark-hollow beam.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  1. N. Davidson, H. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, “Long atomic coherence times in an optical dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311–1314 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083–3086 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 6, 156–172 (1998).
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    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Yin and Y. Zhu, “LP01-mode output beam from a micro-sized hollow optical fiber: a simple theoretical model and its application in atom optics,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2473–2481 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. A. Hinds, M. G. Boshier, and I. G. Hughes, “Magnetic waveguide for trapping cold atom gases in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 645–648 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. S. Kuppens, M. Rauner, M. Schiffer, K. Sengstock, W. Ertmer, F. E. van Dorsselaer, and G. Nienhuis, “Polarization-gradient cooling in a strong doughnut-mode dipole potential,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 3068–3079 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. Y. Song, D. Milam, and W. T. Hill III, “Long-narrow all-light atom guide,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1805–1807 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  15. X. Xu, V. G. Minogin, K. Lee, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Guiding cold atoms in a hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4796–4804 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Z. T. Lu, K. L. Corwin, M. J. Renn, M. H. Anderson, E. A. Cornell, and C. E. Wieman, “Low-velocity intense source of atoms from a magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3331–3334 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571–1574 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  19. P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szifigiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4298 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Yin, Y. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 25–33 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: a tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1957–1966 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

1999 (4)

J. Yin and Y. Zhu, “LP01-mode output beam from a micro-sized hollow optical fiber: a simple theoretical model and its application in atom optics,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2473–2481 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Muller, D. Z. Anderson, R. J. Grow, P. D. D. Schwindt, and E. Cornell, “Guiding neutral atoms around curves with lithographically patterned current-carrying wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5194–5197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Y. Song, D. Milam, and W. T. Hill III, “Long-narrow all-light atom guide,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1805–1807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

X. Xu, V. G. Minogin, K. Lee, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Guiding cold atoms in a hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4796–4804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (7)

I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. A. Hinds, M. G. Boshier, and I. G. Hughes, “Magnetic waveguide for trapping cold atom gases in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 645–648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 6, 156–172 (1998).

O. Morsch and D. R. Meacher, “Proposal for an optical funnel trap,” Opt. Commun. 148, 49–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: a tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1957–1966 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 25–33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Kuppens, M. Rauner, M. Schiffer, K. Sengstock, W. Ertmer, F. E. van Dorsselaer, and G. Nienhuis, “Polarization-gradient cooling in a strong doughnut-mode dipole potential,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 3068–3079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

H. Ito, T. Nakata, K. Sakaki, M. Ohtsu, K. Lee, and W. Jhe, “Laser spectroscopy of atoms guided by evanescent waves in micron-sized hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4500–4503 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szifigiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. T. Lu, K. L. Corwin, M. J. Renn, M. H. Anderson, E. A. Cornell, and C. E. Wieman, “Low-velocity intense source of atoms from a magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3331–3334 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

N. Davidson, H. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, “Long atomic coherence times in an optical dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311–1314 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornall, “Laser-guided atoms in hollow-core optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253–3256 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083–3086 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. McClelland, R. E. Scholten, and E. C. Palm “Laser-focused atomic deposition,” Science 262, 877–880 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571–1574 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adams, C. S.

N. Davidson, H. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, “Long atomic coherence times in an optical dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311–1314 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aminoff, C. G.

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083–3086 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, D. Z.

D. Muller, D. Z. Anderson, R. J. Grow, P. D. D. Schwindt, and E. Cornell, “Guiding neutral atoms around curves with lithographically patterned current-carrying wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5194–5197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornall, “Laser-guided atoms in hollow-core optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253–3256 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Anderson, M. H.

Z. T. Lu, K. L. Corwin, M. J. Renn, M. H. Anderson, E. A. Cornell, and C. E. Wieman, “Low-velocity intense source of atoms from a magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3331–3334 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arndt, M.

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szifigiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boshier, M. G.

E. A. Hinds, M. G. Boshier, and I. G. Hughes, “Magnetic waveguide for trapping cold atom gases in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 645–648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bouyer, P.

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083–3086 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chu, S.

N. Davidson, H. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, “Long atomic coherence times in an optical dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311–1314 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cohen-Tannoudji, C.

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083–3086 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cornall, E. A.

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornall, “Laser-guided atoms in hollow-core optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253–3256 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cornell, E.

D. Muller, D. Z. Anderson, R. J. Grow, P. D. D. Schwindt, and E. Cornell, “Guiding neutral atoms around curves with lithographically patterned current-carrying wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5194–5197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cornell, E. A.

Z. T. Lu, K. L. Corwin, M. J. Renn, M. H. Anderson, E. A. Cornell, and C. E. Wieman, “Low-velocity intense source of atoms from a magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3331–3334 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corwin, K. L.

Z. T. Lu, K. L. Corwin, M. J. Renn, M. H. Anderson, E. A. Cornell, and C. E. Wieman, “Low-velocity intense source of atoms from a magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3331–3334 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dalibard, J.

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szifigiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083–3086 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Davidson, N.

N. Davidson, H. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, “Long atomic coherence times in an optical dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311–1314 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Desbiolles, P.

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szifigiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083–3086 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ertmer, W.

S. Kuppens, M. Rauner, M. Schiffer, K. Sengstock, W. Ertmer, F. E. van Dorsselaer, and G. Nienhuis, “Polarization-gradient cooling in a strong doughnut-mode dipole potential,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 3068–3079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grimm, R.

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 6, 156–172 (1998).

I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Grow, R. J.

D. Muller, D. Z. Anderson, R. J. Grow, P. D. D. Schwindt, and E. Cornell, “Guiding neutral atoms around curves with lithographically patterned current-carrying wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5194–5197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hill III, W. T.

Y. Song, D. Milam, and W. T. Hill III, “Long-narrow all-light atom guide,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1805–1807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hinds, E. A.

E. A. Hinds, M. G. Boshier, and I. G. Hughes, “Magnetic waveguide for trapping cold atom gases in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 645–648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hirano, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hughes, I. G.

E. A. Hinds, M. G. Boshier, and I. G. Hughes, “Magnetic waveguide for trapping cold atom gases in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 645–648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

H. Ito, T. Nakata, K. Sakaki, M. Ohtsu, K. Lee, and W. Jhe, “Laser spectroscopy of atoms guided by evanescent waves in micron-sized hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4500–4503 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jhe, W.

X. Xu, V. G. Minogin, K. Lee, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Guiding cold atoms in a hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4796–4804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 25–33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Ito, T. Nakata, K. Sakaki, M. Ohtsu, K. Lee, and W. Jhe, “Laser spectroscopy of atoms guided by evanescent waves in micron-sized hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4500–4503 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kasevich, M.

N. Davidson, H. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, “Long atomic coherence times in an optical dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311–1314 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuga, T.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuppens, S.

S. Kuppens, M. Rauner, M. Schiffer, K. Sengstock, W. Ertmer, F. E. van Dorsselaer, and G. Nienhuis, “Polarization-gradient cooling in a strong doughnut-mode dipole potential,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 3068–3079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H.

N. Davidson, H. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, “Long atomic coherence times in an optical dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311–1314 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, K.

X. Xu, V. G. Minogin, K. Lee, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Guiding cold atoms in a hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4796–4804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. Ito, T. Nakata, K. Sakaki, M. Ohtsu, K. Lee, and W. Jhe, “Laser spectroscopy of atoms guided by evanescent waves in micron-sized hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4500–4503 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, Z. T.

Z. T. Lu, K. L. Corwin, M. J. Renn, M. H. Anderson, E. A. Cornell, and C. E. Wieman, “Low-velocity intense source of atoms from a magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3331–3334 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manek, I.

I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 6, 156–172 (1998).

McClelland, J. J.

J. J. McClelland, R. E. Scholten, and E. C. Palm “Laser-focused atomic deposition,” Science 262, 877–880 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meacher, D. R.

O. Morsch and D. R. Meacher, “Proposal for an optical funnel trap,” Opt. Commun. 148, 49–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Milam, D.

Y. Song, D. Milam, and W. T. Hill III, “Long-narrow all-light atom guide,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1805–1807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Minogin, V. G.

X. Xu, V. G. Minogin, K. Lee, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Guiding cold atoms in a hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4796–4804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Monroe, C.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571–1574 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Montgomery, D.

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornall, “Laser-guided atoms in hollow-core optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253–3256 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morsch, O.

O. Morsch and D. R. Meacher, “Proposal for an optical funnel trap,” Opt. Commun. 148, 49–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Muller, D.

D. Muller, D. Z. Anderson, R. J. Grow, P. D. D. Schwindt, and E. Cornell, “Guiding neutral atoms around curves with lithographically patterned current-carrying wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5194–5197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakata, T.

H. Ito, T. Nakata, K. Sakaki, M. Ohtsu, K. Lee, and W. Jhe, “Laser spectroscopy of atoms guided by evanescent waves in micron-sized hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4500–4503 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nienhuis, G.

S. Kuppens, M. Rauner, M. Schiffer, K. Sengstock, W. Ertmer, F. E. van Dorsselaer, and G. Nienhuis, “Polarization-gradient cooling in a strong doughnut-mode dipole potential,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 3068–3079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsu, M.

H. Ito, T. Nakata, K. Sakaki, M. Ohtsu, K. Lee, and W. Jhe, “Laser spectroscopy of atoms guided by evanescent waves in micron-sized hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4500–4503 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ovchinnikov, Yu. B.

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 6, 156–172 (1998).

I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Palm, E. C.

J. J. McClelland, R. E. Scholten, and E. C. Palm “Laser-focused atomic deposition,” Science 262, 877–880 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rauner, M.

S. Kuppens, M. Rauner, M. Schiffer, K. Sengstock, W. Ertmer, F. E. van Dorsselaer, and G. Nienhuis, “Polarization-gradient cooling in a strong doughnut-mode dipole potential,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 3068–3079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Renn, M. J.

Z. T. Lu, K. L. Corwin, M. J. Renn, M. H. Anderson, E. A. Cornell, and C. E. Wieman, “Low-velocity intense source of atoms from a magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3331–3334 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornall, “Laser-guided atoms in hollow-core optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253–3256 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Robinson, H.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571–1574 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sakaki, K.

H. Ito, T. Nakata, K. Sakaki, M. Ohtsu, K. Lee, and W. Jhe, “Laser spectroscopy of atoms guided by evanescent waves in micron-sized hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4500–4503 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sasada, H.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Schiffer, M.

S. Kuppens, M. Rauner, M. Schiffer, K. Sengstock, W. Ertmer, F. E. van Dorsselaer, and G. Nienhuis, “Polarization-gradient cooling in a strong doughnut-mode dipole potential,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 3068–3079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Scholten, R. E.

J. J. McClelland, R. E. Scholten, and E. C. Palm “Laser-focused atomic deposition,” Science 262, 877–880 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schwindt, P. D. D.

D. Muller, D. Z. Anderson, R. J. Grow, P. D. D. Schwindt, and E. Cornell, “Guiding neutral atoms around curves with lithographically patterned current-carrying wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5194–5197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sengstock, K.

S. Kuppens, M. Rauner, M. Schiffer, K. Sengstock, W. Ertmer, F. E. van Dorsselaer, and G. Nienhuis, “Polarization-gradient cooling in a strong doughnut-mode dipole potential,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 3068–3079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shiokawa, N.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sidorov, A. I.

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 6, 156–172 (1998).

Song, Y.

Y. Song, D. Milam, and W. T. Hill III, “Long-narrow all-light atom guide,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1805–1807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Steane, A. M.

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083–3086 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swann, W.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571–1574 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Szifigiser, P.

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szifigiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Torii, Y.

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

van Dorsselaer, F. E.

S. Kuppens, M. Rauner, M. Schiffer, K. Sengstock, W. Ertmer, F. E. van Dorsselaer, and G. Nienhuis, “Polarization-gradient cooling in a strong doughnut-mode dipole potential,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 3068–3079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Vdovin, O.

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornall, “Laser-guided atoms in hollow-core optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253–3256 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, W.

Wang, Y.

X. Xu, V. G. Minogin, K. Lee, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Guiding cold atoms in a hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4796–4804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: a tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1957–1966 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 25–33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wasik, G.

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 6, 156–172 (1998).

Wieman, C.

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571–1574 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wieman, C. E.

Z. T. Lu, K. L. Corwin, M. J. Renn, M. H. Anderson, E. A. Cornell, and C. E. Wieman, “Low-velocity intense source of atoms from a magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3331–3334 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornall, “Laser-guided atoms in hollow-core optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253–3256 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Xu, X.

X. Xu, V. G. Minogin, K. Lee, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Guiding cold atoms in a hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4796–4804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yin, J.

J. Yin and Y. Zhu, “LP01-mode output beam from a micro-sized hollow optical fiber: a simple theoretical model and its application in atom optics,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2473–2481 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: a tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1957–1966 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 25–33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Y.

J. Yin and Y. Zhu, “LP01-mode output beam from a micro-sized hollow optical fiber: a simple theoretical model and its application in atom optics,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2473–2481 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: a tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1957–1966 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, W. Wang, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Optical potential for atom guidance in a dark hollow laser beam,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 25–33 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, I. Manek, A. I. Sidorov, G. Wasik, and R. Grimm, “Gravito-optical atom trap based on a conical hollow beam,” Europhys. Lett. 6, 156–172 (1998).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

J. Yin and Y. Zhu, “LP01-mode output beam from a micro-sized hollow optical fiber: a simple theoretical model and its application in atom optics,” J. Appl. Phys. 85, 2473–2481 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (2)

I. Manek, Yu. B. Ovchinnikov, and R. Grimm, “Generation of a hollow laser beam for atom trapping using an axicon,” Opt. Commun. 147, 67–70 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O. Morsch and D. R. Meacher, “Proposal for an optical funnel trap,” Opt. Commun. 148, 49–53 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Y. Song, D. Milam, and W. T. Hill III, “Long-narrow all-light atom guide,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1805–1807 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (4)

X. Xu, V. G. Minogin, K. Lee, Y. Wang, and W. Jhe, “Guiding cold atoms in a hollow laser beam,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4796–4804 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. Kuppens, M. Rauner, M. Schiffer, K. Sengstock, W. Ertmer, F. E. van Dorsselaer, and G. Nienhuis, “Polarization-gradient cooling in a strong doughnut-mode dipole potential,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 3068–3079 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Desbiolles, M. Arndt, P. Szifigiser, and J. Dalibard, “Elementary Sisyphus process close to a dielectric surface,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 4292–4298 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yin, Y. Zhu, and Y. Wang, “Evanescent light-wave atomic funnel: a tandem hollow-fiber, hollow-beam approach,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 1957–1966 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (9)

T. Kuga, Y. Torii, N. Shiokawa, T. Hirano, Y. Shimizu, and H. Sasada, “Novel optical trap of atoms with a doughnut beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 4713–4716 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Z. T. Lu, K. L. Corwin, M. J. Renn, M. H. Anderson, E. A. Cornell, and C. E. Wieman, “Low-velocity intense source of atoms from a magneto-optical trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 3331–3334 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Monroe, W. Swann, H. Robinson, and C. Wieman, “Very cold trapped atoms in a vapor cell,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1571–1574 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. A. Hinds, M. G. Boshier, and I. G. Hughes, “Magnetic waveguide for trapping cold atom gases in two dimensions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 645–648 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Muller, D. Z. Anderson, R. J. Grow, P. D. D. Schwindt, and E. Cornell, “Guiding neutral atoms around curves with lithographically patterned current-carrying wires,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 83, 5194–5197 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Renn, D. Montgomery, O. Vdovin, D. Z. Anderson, C. E. Wieman, and E. A. Cornall, “Laser-guided atoms in hollow-core optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3253–3256 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Ito, T. Nakata, K. Sakaki, M. Ohtsu, K. Lee, and W. Jhe, “Laser spectroscopy of atoms guided by evanescent waves in micron-sized hollow optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 4500–4503 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Davidson, H. Lee, C. S. Adams, M. Kasevich, and S. Chu, “Long atomic coherence times in an optical dipole trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1311–1314 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Aminoff, A. M. Steane, P. Bouyer, P. Desbiolles, J. Dalibard, and C. Cohen-Tannoudji “Cesium atoms bouncing in a stable gravitational cavity,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3083–3086 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

J. J. McClelland, R. E. Scholten, and E. C. Palm “Laser-focused atomic deposition,” Science 262, 877–880 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

R. Grimm, M. Weidemuller, and Y. B. Ovchinnikov, in Advances in Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics, B. Bederson and H. Walther, eds. (Academic, London, 1999), Vol. 42, p. 95.

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Laser-coupling scheme for  87Rb atoms. Δ is the blue-frequency detuning of the dark-hollow laser beam to the atomic transition.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

CCD images of the low-velocity rubidium atomic beam (a) with the DHB guiding and (b) without the DHB. The top of the images is 6 mm below the MOT. (c), (d) Cross-sectional profiles of the rubidium beam taken at the location indicated by the arrows. The data show that the flux intensity of the DHB guided rubidium beam is increased by ∼25% and that the spatial width is reduced by ∼20%.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) CCD image of the low-velocity rubidium beam split and guided by the DHB. (c) Spatial profile of the rubidium beam taken at the location indicated by the arrow. For comparison, (b) and (d) show the corresponding image and the spatial profile without the DHB.

Equations (2)

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U(r, z)=Γ2I(r, z)12ΔIS.
v2Umaxm

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