Abstract

The results of a study of the channeling of intense picosecond laser pulses by a discharge-ablated capillary waveguide are presented. The peak-energy transmission for a 10-mm-long waveguide is measured to be 65% for an input intensity of 1×1016 W cm-2. The importance of inverse bremsstrahlung, stimulated Raman scattering, stimulated Brillouin scattering, atomic modulation instabilities, and ionization of the discharge plasma as loss mechanisms for both intense femtosecond and picosecond pulses are considered.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]

1999

1998

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, “Soft x-ray amplification at 26.2 nm with a 1-Hz repetition rate in a table-top system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1607–1610 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

S. P. Nikitin, T. M. Antonsen, T. R. Clark, Y. Li, and H. M. Milchberg, “Guiding of intense femtosecond pulses in preformed plasma channels,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1787–1789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

A. Zigler, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 68–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Jackel, R. Burris, J. Grun, A. Ting, C. Manka, K. Evans, and J. Kosakowskii, “Channeling of terawatt laser pulses by the use of hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1086–1088 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. E. Hinkel, E. A. Williams, and R. L. Berger, “Stimulated Brillouin backscatter of a short-pulse laser,” Phys. Plasmas 2, 3447–3460 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Pert, “Inverse bremsstrahlung in strong radiation fields at low temperatures,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 4778–4789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2412 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, “High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766–769 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, “Possible production of cold plasmas through optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2077–2083 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991

1986

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭnov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

1970

W. Lotz, “Electron-ion impact ionization cross-sections for atoms up to Z=108,” Z. Phys. 232, 101–107 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ammosov, M. V.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭnov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Antonsen, T. M.

Augst, S.

Auguste, T.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Barty, C. P. J.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Berger, R. L.

D. E. Hinkel, E. A. Williams, and R. L. Berger, “Stimulated Brillouin backscatter of a short-pulse laser,” Phys. Plasmas 2, 3447–3460 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Borghesi, M.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Borisov, A. B.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Borovskiy, A. V.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Boyer, K.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burnett, K.

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, “Possible production of cold plasmas through optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2077–2083 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Burnett, P. D.

Burris, R.

Chin, S. L.

Clark, T. R.

Cohen, C.

Delone, N. B.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭnov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Dulieu, A.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Durfee, C. G.

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2412 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ehrlich, Y.

Esarey, E.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Evans, K.

Gaillard, R.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gibbon, P.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goltsov, A.

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, “Soft x-ray amplification at 26.2 nm with a 1-Hz repetition rate in a table-top system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1607–1610 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, C. L.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, “High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766–769 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon III, C. L.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grun, J.

Hafizi, B.

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hinkel, D. E.

D. E. Hinkel, E. A. Williams, and R. L. Berger, “Stimulated Brillouin backscatter of a short-pulse laser,” Phys. Plasmas 2, 3447–3460 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hooker, S. M.

Hubbard, R. F.

Jackel, S.

Jakober, F.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaganovich, D.

Kmetec, J. D.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, “High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766–769 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korobkin, D.

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, “Soft x-ray amplification at 26.2 nm with a 1-Hz repetition rate in a table-top system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1607–1610 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Korobkin, D. V.

D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korobkin, V. V.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kosakowskii, J.

Krai?nov, V. P.

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭnov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Krall, J.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Zigler, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 68–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kubodera, S.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lemoff, B. E.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y.

Lotz, W.

W. Lotz, “Electron-ion impact ionization cross-sections for atoms up to Z=108,” Z. Phys. 232, 101–107 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Luk, T. S.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Luois-Jacquet, M.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lynch, J.

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mackinnon, A. J.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Macklin, J. J.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, “High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766–769 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mainfray, G.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Malka, G.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Manka, C.

McPherson, A.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meyerhoffer, D. D.

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Milchberg, H. M.

S. P. Nikitin, T. M. Antonsen, T. R. Clark, Y. Li, and H. M. Milchberg, “Guiding of intense femtosecond pulses in preformed plasma channels,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1787–1789 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2412 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Miquel, J. L.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monot, P.

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Morozov, A.

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, “Soft x-ray amplification at 26.2 nm with a 1-Hz repetition rate in a table-top system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1607–1610 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nagata, Y.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nam, C. H.

D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nikitin, S. P.

Obara, M.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Offenberger, A. A.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Pert, G. J.

G. J. Pert, “Inverse bremsstrahlung in strong radiation fields at low temperatures,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 4778–4789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Prokhorov, A. M.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rae, S. C.

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, “Possible production of cold plasmas through optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2077–2083 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rhodes, C. K.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shi, X. M.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shiryaev, O. B.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Solem, J. C.

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Spence, D. J.

Sprangle, P.

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, D. Kaganovich, A. Zigler, R. F. Hubbard, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding and damping of high-intensity laser pulses in long plasma channels,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2416–2423 (1998).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Zigler, Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, J. Krall, and P. Sprangle, “Optical guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in a long plasma channel formed by a slow capillary discharge,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 68–71 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

Suckewer, S.

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, “Soft x-ray amplification at 26.2 nm with a 1-Hz repetition rate in a table-top system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1607–1610 (1998).
[CrossRef]

D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tashiro, H.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ting, A.

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Jackel, R. Burris, J. Grun, A. Ting, C. Manka, K. Evans, and J. Kosakowskii, “Channeling of terawatt laser pulses by the use of hollow waveguides,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1086–1088 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toyoda, K.

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Willi, O.

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Williams, E. A.

D. E. Hinkel, E. A. Williams, and R. L. Berger, “Stimulated Brillouin backscatter of a short-pulse laser,” Phys. Plasmas 2, 3447–3460 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Yin, G. Y.

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zigler, A.

IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci.

E. Esarey, P. Sprangle, J. Krall, and A. Ting, “Overview of plasma-based accelerator concepts,” IEEE Trans. Plasma Sci. PS-24, 252–288 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Plasmas

D. E. Hinkel, E. A. Williams, and R. L. Berger, “Stimulated Brillouin backscatter of a short-pulse laser,” Phys. Plasmas 2, 3447–3460 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

S. C. Rae and K. Burnett, “Possible production of cold plasmas through optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. A 46, 2077–2083 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, O. B. Shiryaev, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, J. C. Solem, T. S. Luk, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense ultrashort laser pulses in laser plasmas,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5830–5845 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E

C. G. Durfee, J. Lynch, and H. M. Milchberg, “Development of a plasma waveguide for high-intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 2368–2389 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Borghesi, A. J. Mackinnon, R. Gaillard, O. Willi, and A. A. Offenberger, “Guiding of a 10-TW picosecond laser pulse through hollow capillary tubes,” Phys. Rev. E 57, R4899–R4902 (1998).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Pert, “Inverse bremsstrahlung in strong radiation fields at low temperatures,” Phys. Rev. E 51, 4778–4789 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. Sprangle, E. Esarey, and B. Hafizi, “Propagation and stability of intense laser pulses in partially stripped plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 56, 5894–5907 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, “High-order harmonic generation using intense femtosecond pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766–769 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. E. Lemoff, G. Y. Yin, C. L. Gordon III, C. P. J. Barty, and S. E. Harris, “Demonstration of a 10-Hz femtosecond-pulse-driven XUV laser at 41.8 nm in Xe IX,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 1574–1577 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. V. Korobkin, C. H. Nam, and S. Suckewer, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing to ground state in Li III,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 5206–5209 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. Nagata, K. Midorikawa, S. Kubodera, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, “Soft x-ray amplification of the Lyman-α transition by optical-field-induced ionization,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 3774–3777 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Korobkin, A. Goltsov, A. Morozov, and S. Suckewer, “Soft x-ray amplification at 26.2 nm with a 1-Hz repetition rate in a table-top system,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 1607–1610 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ehrlich, C. Cohen, A. Zigler, J. Krall, P. Sprangle, and E. Esarey, “Guiding of high-intensity laser pulses in straight and curved plasma channel experiments,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4186–4189 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Borisov, A. V. Borovskiy, V. V. Korobkin, A. M. Prokhorov, O. B. Shiryaev, X. M. Shi, T. S. Luk, A. McPherson, J. C. Solem, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, “Observation of relativistic and charge-displacement self-channeling of intense subpicosecond ultraviolet (248 nm) radiation in plasmas,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2309–2312 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Monot, T. Auguste, P. Gibbon, F. Jakober, G. Mainfray, A. Dulieu, M. Luois-Jacquet, G. Malka, and J. L. Miquel, “Experimental demonstration of relativistic self-channeling of a multiterawatt laser pulse in an underdense plasma,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 2953–2956 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. G. Durfee and H. M. Milchberg, “Light pipe for high intensity laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 2409–2412 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. Phys. JETP

M. V. Ammosov, N. B. Delone, and V. P. Kraĭnov, “Tunnel ionization of complex atoms and of atomic ions in an alternating electromagnetic field,” Sov. Phys. JETP 64, 1191–1194 (1986).

Z. Phys.

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[CrossRef]

Other

D. C. Hanna, M. A. Yuratich, and D. Cotter, Nonlinear Optics of Free Atoms and Molecules (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1979).

H. A. Baldis, E. M. Campbell, and W. L. Kruer, “Laser–plasma interactions,” in Handbook of Plasma Physics, M. N. Rosenbluth and R. Z. Sagdeev, eds., Vol. 3 of Physics of Laser Plasma, A. M. Rubenchik and S. Witkowski, eds. (Elsevier, New York, 1991).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the apparatus used to investigate the discharge-ablated capillary waveguide.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic diagram of the discharge-ablated capillary waveguide, shown with the acrylic casing removed.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured transmission of the discharge-ablated capillary as a function of time for picosecond laser pulses with an average input intensity of 1×1016 W cm-2. The measured discharge current through the capillary is also shown.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured spatial profiles of the transmitted laser radiation at the exit plane of the capillary for various times during the capillary discharge: (a) Three-dimensional beam profiles normalized to the average input pulse energy of 460 mJ. The vertical scale gives the peak intensity in units of 1015 W cm-2. (b) Nonnormalized gray-scale plots of the same data as shown in (a), showing the transverse structure of the transmitted radiation in more detail.

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P=e2E02vei2meω2,
vei=42π3ZNee4 lnΛ(4π0)2me1/2(kBTe)3/2,
ln Λ=maxln(2kBTe/me)3(Ze2ω/4π0me)2, 5.359246.
γAMI=γFSRS1+328Ra0,
Pp=2 e24π0re2ωωp2c,
Pa=λ22πη0η2,
η2=340cη0χ(3)(-ω; ω-ωω).
χ(3)(-ω; ω-ωω)2303μ214(ω0-ω)3Na,

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