Abstract

We examine interaction of a single frequency-chirped laser pulse with three-level atoms that have a Λ configuration of levels. We show that it is possible to produce complete fast and robust population transfer of all atoms of the ensemble with Doppler-broadened transition lines from one ground state into the other ground state with negligibly small temporary population of the excited state by controlling the intensity of the laser pulse and the direction and speed of the frequency chirp.

© 2000 Optical Society of America

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  2. C. E. Carrol and F. T. Hioe, “Three-state system driven by resonant optical pulses of different shapes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1335–1340 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. B. W. Shore, K. Bergmann, A. Kuhn, S. Schiemann, J. Oreg, and J. H. Eberly, “Laser-induced population transfer in multistate systems: a comparative study,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5297–5300 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. U. Gaubatz, P. Rudecki, S. Schiemann, and K. Bergmann, “Population transfer between molecular vibrational levels by stimulated Raman scattering with partially overlapping laser fields. A new concept and experimental results,” J. Chem. Phys. 92, 5363–5376 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. B. Band and O. Magnes, “Chirped adiabatic passage with temporally delayed pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 584–594 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. E. Paspalakis, M. Protopapas, and P. L. Knight, “Population transfer through the continuum with temporally delayed chirped laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 142, 34–40 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. B. Armstrup, J. D. Doll, R. A. Sauerbrey, G. Szabó, and A. Lörincz, “Optimal control of quantum system by chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 3830–3836 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. Sterling, R. Zadoyan, and V. A. Apkarian, “Interrogation and control of condensed phase chemical dynamics with linearly chirped pulses: I2 in solid Kr,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6497–6506 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Janszky, P. Adam, A. V. Vinogradov, and T. Kobayashi, “Vibrational state shaping for selective laser chemistry,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 368–372 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Janszky, A. V. Vinogradov, T. Kobayashi, and Z. Kis, “Vibrational Schrödinger-cat states,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 1777–1784 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. J. S. Bakos, G. P. Djotyan, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Transient laser cooling of two-level quantum systems with narrow natural linewidths,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2885–2888 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Manipulation of two-level quantum systems with narrow transition lines by short linearly polarized frequency-chirped laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1697–1705 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Theory of the adiabatic passage in two-level quantum systems with superpositional initial states,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1511–1523 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  19. A. V. Smith, “Numerical studies of adiabatic population inversion in multilevel systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1543–1551 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. Liedenbaum, S. Stolte, and J. Reuss, “Inversion produced and reversed by adiabatic passage,” Phys. Rep. 178, 3–24 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. S. Mellinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Janszky, T. Kobayashi, and A. V. Vinogradov, “Phonon squeezing in chirped pulse pump and probe experiments,” Opt. Commun. 76, 30–33 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  23. P. Meystre and M. Sargent III, Elements of Quantum Optics (Springer-Verlag, New York), 1991.
  24. A. Messiah, Quantum Mechanics (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1962), Vol. II.

1998 (1)

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

E. Paspalakis, M. Protopapas, and P. L. Knight, “Population transfer through the continuum with temporally delayed chirped laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 142, 34–40 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Theory of the adiabatic passage in two-level quantum systems with superpositional initial states,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1511–1523 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. S. Adams and E. Riis, “Laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 21, 1–79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (3)

J. S. Bakos, G. P. Djotyan, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Transient laser cooling of two-level quantum systems with narrow natural linewidths,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2885–2888 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Sterling, R. Zadoyan, and V. A. Apkarian, “Interrogation and control of condensed phase chemical dynamics with linearly chirped pulses: I2 in solid Kr,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6497–6506 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Manipulation of two-level quantum systems with narrow transition lines by short linearly polarized frequency-chirped laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1697–1705 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

Y. B. Band and O. Magnes, “Chirped adiabatic passage with temporally delayed pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 584–594 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Janszky, A. V. Vinogradov, T. Kobayashi, and Z. Kis, “Vibrational Schrödinger-cat states,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 1777–1784 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (2)

J. Janszky, P. Adam, A. V. Vinogradov, and T. Kobayashi, “Vibrational state shaping for selective laser chemistry,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

B. Armstrup, J. D. Doll, R. A. Sauerbrey, G. Szabó, and A. Lörincz, “Optimal control of quantum system by chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 3830–3836 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

B. W. Shore, K. Bergmann, A. Kuhn, S. Schiemann, J. Oreg, and J. H. Eberly, “Laser-induced population transfer in multistate systems: a comparative study,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5297–5300 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Mellinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Smith, “Numerical studies of adiabatic population inversion in multilevel systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1543–1551 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

J. Janszky, T. Kobayashi, and A. V. Vinogradov, “Phonon squeezing in chirped pulse pump and probe experiments,” Opt. Commun. 76, 30–33 (1990).
[CrossRef]

U. Gaubatz, P. Rudecki, S. Schiemann, and K. Bergmann, “Population transfer between molecular vibrational levels by stimulated Raman scattering with partially overlapping laser fields. A new concept and experimental results,” J. Chem. Phys. 92, 5363–5376 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

C. Liedenbaum, S. Stolte, and J. Reuss, “Inversion produced and reversed by adiabatic passage,” Phys. Rep. 178, 3–24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

1984 (1)

J. Oreg, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, “Adiabatic following in multilevel systems,” Phys. Rev. A 29, 690–697 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Adam, P.

J. Janszky, P. Adam, A. V. Vinogradov, and T. Kobayashi, “Vibrational state shaping for selective laser chemistry,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Adams, C. S.

C. S. Adams and E. Riis, “Laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 21, 1–79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Apkarian, V. A.

M. Sterling, R. Zadoyan, and V. A. Apkarian, “Interrogation and control of condensed phase chemical dynamics with linearly chirped pulses: I2 in solid Kr,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6497–6506 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Armstrup, B.

B. Armstrup, J. D. Doll, R. A. Sauerbrey, G. Szabó, and A. Lörincz, “Optimal control of quantum system by chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 3830–3836 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Bakos, J. S.

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Theory of the adiabatic passage in two-level quantum systems with superpositional initial states,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1511–1523 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Bakos, G. P. Djotyan, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Transient laser cooling of two-level quantum systems with narrow natural linewidths,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2885–2888 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Manipulation of two-level quantum systems with narrow transition lines by short linearly polarized frequency-chirped laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1697–1705 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Band, Y. B.

Y. B. Band and O. Magnes, “Chirped adiabatic passage with temporally delayed pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 584–594 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bergmann, K.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. W. Shore, K. Bergmann, A. Kuhn, S. Schiemann, J. Oreg, and J. H. Eberly, “Laser-induced population transfer in multistate systems: a comparative study,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5297–5300 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Gaubatz, P. Rudecki, S. Schiemann, and K. Bergmann, “Population transfer between molecular vibrational levels by stimulated Raman scattering with partially overlapping laser fields. A new concept and experimental results,” J. Chem. Phys. 92, 5363–5376 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Carrol, C. E.

Demeter, G.

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Theory of the adiabatic passage in two-level quantum systems with superpositional initial states,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1511–1523 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Bakos, G. P. Djotyan, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Transient laser cooling of two-level quantum systems with narrow natural linewidths,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2885–2888 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Manipulation of two-level quantum systems with narrow transition lines by short linearly polarized frequency-chirped laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1697–1705 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Djotyan, G. P.

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Theory of the adiabatic passage in two-level quantum systems with superpositional initial states,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1511–1523 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Bakos, G. P. Djotyan, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Transient laser cooling of two-level quantum systems with narrow natural linewidths,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2885–2888 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Manipulation of two-level quantum systems with narrow transition lines by short linearly polarized frequency-chirped laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1697–1705 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Doll, J. D.

B. Armstrup, J. D. Doll, R. A. Sauerbrey, G. Szabó, and A. Lörincz, “Optimal control of quantum system by chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 3830–3836 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Eberly, J. H.

B. W. Shore, K. Bergmann, A. Kuhn, S. Schiemann, J. Oreg, and J. H. Eberly, “Laser-induced population transfer in multistate systems: a comparative study,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5297–5300 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Oreg, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, “Adiabatic following in multilevel systems,” Phys. Rev. A 29, 690–697 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Gandhi, S. R.

J. S. Mellinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gaubatz, U.

U. Gaubatz, P. Rudecki, S. Schiemann, and K. Bergmann, “Population transfer between molecular vibrational levels by stimulated Raman scattering with partially overlapping laser fields. A new concept and experimental results,” J. Chem. Phys. 92, 5363–5376 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hariharan, A.

J. S. Mellinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hioe, F. T.

J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. E. Carrol and F. T. Hioe, “Three-state system driven by resonant optical pulses of different shapes,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1335–1340 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Oreg, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, “Adiabatic following in multilevel systems,” Phys. Rev. A 29, 690–697 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Janszky, J.

J. Janszky, A. V. Vinogradov, T. Kobayashi, and Z. Kis, “Vibrational Schrödinger-cat states,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 1777–1784 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Janszky, P. Adam, A. V. Vinogradov, and T. Kobayashi, “Vibrational state shaping for selective laser chemistry,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Janszky, T. Kobayashi, and A. V. Vinogradov, “Phonon squeezing in chirped pulse pump and probe experiments,” Opt. Commun. 76, 30–33 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kis, Z.

J. Janszky, A. V. Vinogradov, T. Kobayashi, and Z. Kis, “Vibrational Schrödinger-cat states,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 1777–1784 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, P. L.

E. Paspalakis, M. Protopapas, and P. L. Knight, “Population transfer through the continuum with temporally delayed chirped laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 142, 34–40 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

J. Janszky, A. V. Vinogradov, T. Kobayashi, and Z. Kis, “Vibrational Schrödinger-cat states,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 1777–1784 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Janszky, P. Adam, A. V. Vinogradov, and T. Kobayashi, “Vibrational state shaping for selective laser chemistry,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Janszky, T. Kobayashi, and A. V. Vinogradov, “Phonon squeezing in chirped pulse pump and probe experiments,” Opt. Commun. 76, 30–33 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, A.

B. W. Shore, K. Bergmann, A. Kuhn, S. Schiemann, J. Oreg, and J. H. Eberly, “Laser-induced population transfer in multistate systems: a comparative study,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5297–5300 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kuklinski, J. R.

J. R. Kuklinski, U. Gaubatz, F. T. Hioe, and K. Bergmann, “Adiabatic population transfer in a three-level system driven by delayed laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 40, 6741–6744 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liedenbaum, C.

C. Liedenbaum, S. Stolte, and J. Reuss, “Inversion produced and reversed by adiabatic passage,” Phys. Rep. 178, 3–24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lörincz, A.

B. Armstrup, J. D. Doll, R. A. Sauerbrey, G. Szabó, and A. Lörincz, “Optimal control of quantum system by chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 3830–3836 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Magnes, O.

Y. B. Band and O. Magnes, “Chirped adiabatic passage with temporally delayed pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 584–594 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mellinger, J. S.

J. S. Mellinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Oreg, J.

B. W. Shore, K. Bergmann, A. Kuhn, S. Schiemann, J. Oreg, and J. H. Eberly, “Laser-induced population transfer in multistate systems: a comparative study,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5297–5300 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Oreg, F. T. Hioe, and J. H. Eberly, “Adiabatic following in multilevel systems,” Phys. Rev. A 29, 690–697 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Paspalakis, E.

E. Paspalakis, M. Protopapas, and P. L. Knight, “Population transfer through the continuum with temporally delayed chirped laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 142, 34–40 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Protopapas, M.

E. Paspalakis, M. Protopapas, and P. L. Knight, “Population transfer through the continuum with temporally delayed chirped laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 142, 34–40 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reuss, J.

C. Liedenbaum, S. Stolte, and J. Reuss, “Inversion produced and reversed by adiabatic passage,” Phys. Rep. 178, 3–24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Riis, E.

C. S. Adams and E. Riis, “Laser cooling and trapping of neutral atoms,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 21, 1–79 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rudecki, P.

U. Gaubatz, P. Rudecki, S. Schiemann, and K. Bergmann, “Population transfer between molecular vibrational levels by stimulated Raman scattering with partially overlapping laser fields. A new concept and experimental results,” J. Chem. Phys. 92, 5363–5376 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R. A.

B. Armstrup, J. D. Doll, R. A. Sauerbrey, G. Szabó, and A. Lörincz, “Optimal control of quantum system by chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 3830–3836 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Schiemann, S.

B. W. Shore, K. Bergmann, A. Kuhn, S. Schiemann, J. Oreg, and J. H. Eberly, “Laser-induced population transfer in multistate systems: a comparative study,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5297–5300 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

U. Gaubatz, P. Rudecki, S. Schiemann, and K. Bergmann, “Population transfer between molecular vibrational levels by stimulated Raman scattering with partially overlapping laser fields. A new concept and experimental results,” J. Chem. Phys. 92, 5363–5376 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

B. W. Shore, K. Bergmann, A. Kuhn, S. Schiemann, J. Oreg, and J. H. Eberly, “Laser-induced population transfer in multistate systems: a comparative study,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5297–5300 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, A. V.

Sörlei, Zs.

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Theory of the adiabatic passage in two-level quantum systems with superpositional initial states,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1511–1523 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. S. Bakos, G. P. Djotyan, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Transient laser cooling of two-level quantum systems with narrow natural linewidths,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 2885–2888 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Manipulation of two-level quantum systems with narrow transition lines by short linearly polarized frequency-chirped laser pulses,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1697–1705 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sterling, M.

M. Sterling, R. Zadoyan, and V. A. Apkarian, “Interrogation and control of condensed phase chemical dynamics with linearly chirped pulses: I2 in solid Kr,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6497–6506 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Stolte, S.

C. Liedenbaum, S. Stolte, and J. Reuss, “Inversion produced and reversed by adiabatic passage,” Phys. Rep. 178, 3–24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Szabó, G.

B. Armstrup, J. D. Doll, R. A. Sauerbrey, G. Szabó, and A. Lörincz, “Optimal control of quantum system by chirped pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 3830–3836 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Theuer, H.

K. Bergmann, H. Theuer, and B. W. Shore, “Coherent population transfer among quantum states of atoms and molecules,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 70, 1003–1025 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tull, J. X.

J. S. Mellinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vinogradov, A. V.

J. Janszky, A. V. Vinogradov, T. Kobayashi, and Z. Kis, “Vibrational Schrödinger-cat states,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 1777–1784 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Janszky, P. Adam, A. V. Vinogradov, and T. Kobayashi, “Vibrational state shaping for selective laser chemistry,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Janszky, T. Kobayashi, and A. V. Vinogradov, “Phonon squeezing in chirped pulse pump and probe experiments,” Opt. Commun. 76, 30–33 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Warren, W. S.

J. S. Mellinger, S. R. Gandhi, A. Hariharan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, “Generation of narrowband inversion with broadband laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 2000–2003 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zadoyan, R.

M. Sterling, R. Zadoyan, and V. A. Apkarian, “Interrogation and control of condensed phase chemical dynamics with linearly chirped pulses: I2 in solid Kr,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6497–6506 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Janszky, P. Adam, A. V. Vinogradov, and T. Kobayashi, “Vibrational state shaping for selective laser chemistry,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 213, 368–372 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

U. Gaubatz, P. Rudecki, S. Schiemann, and K. Bergmann, “Population transfer between molecular vibrational levels by stimulated Raman scattering with partially overlapping laser fields. A new concept and experimental results,” J. Chem. Phys. 92, 5363–5376 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. Sterling, R. Zadoyan, and V. A. Apkarian, “Interrogation and control of condensed phase chemical dynamics with linearly chirped pulses: I2 in solid Kr,” J. Chem. Phys. 104, 6497–6506 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

G. P. Djotyan, J. S. Bakos, G. Demeter, and Zs. Sörlei, “Theory of the adiabatic passage in two-level quantum systems with superpositional initial states,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1511–1523 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Commun. (2)

J. Janszky, T. Kobayashi, and A. V. Vinogradov, “Phonon squeezing in chirped pulse pump and probe experiments,” Opt. Commun. 76, 30–33 (1990).
[CrossRef]

E. Paspalakis, M. Protopapas, and P. L. Knight, “Population transfer through the continuum with temporally delayed chirped laser pulses,” Opt. Commun. 142, 34–40 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rep. (1)

C. Liedenbaum, S. Stolte, and J. Reuss, “Inversion produced and reversed by adiabatic passage,” Phys. Rep. 178, 3–24 (1989).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Three-level Λ atom in the field of a single laser pulse with chirped frequency.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Time dependence of the energy eigenvalues and the populations of the adiabatic dressed states. Positive chirp: population transfers from one ground state into the other ground state. (a) The adiabatic solution. Dashed lines are the diabatic lines. (b) The result of the numerical simulation. The parameters applied are βτL2=3, Ω21τL=Ω23τL=5, and ω13τL=7.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Time dependence of the energy eigenvalues and the populations of the adiabatic dressed states. Negative chirp: excitation of the atom. (a) The adiabatic solution. Dashed lines are the diabatic lines. (b) The result of the numerical simulation. The parameters applied are βτL2=-3, Ω21τL=Ω23τL=5, and ω13τL=7.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Time dependence of the atomic populations in the case of higher intensities and faster frequency chirp of the laser pulse. The parameters applied are (a) βτL2=15, Ω21τL=Ω23τL=10, and ω13τL=7; (b) βτL2=50, Ω21τL=Ω23τL=20, and ω13τL=7.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Dependence of the final population n3 of the initially empty ground state |3〉 of an atom moving with normalized velocity kLvτL=30 on the normalized Rabi frequency ΩRτL=Ω21τL=Ω23τL. The parameters applied are ω13τL=20 and βτL2=15.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Dependence of the final population n3 of the initially empty ground state |3〉 on the normalized width kLvτL of the Doppler-broadened transition line. The parameters applied are ω13τL=10, βτL2=15, and Ω21τL=Ω23τL=10.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Dependence of the final population n3 of the initially empty ground state |3〉 on the normalized angular frequency distance ω13τL between two ground states of the Λ atom. The parameters applied are kLvτL=0, βτL2=15, and Ω21τL=Ω23τL=20.

Equations (17)

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c˙1=iΩ12(t)c2 exp[i21(t)t],
c˙2=i{Ω21(t)c1 exp[-i21(t)t]+Ω23(t)c3 exp[-i23(t)t]},
c˙3=iΩ32(t)c2 exp[i23(t)t],
c1=a1,c2=a2 exp[-i21(t)t],
c3=a3 exp[-i(21(t)-23(t))t].
ddta=iHˆa,
Hˆ=0Ω120Ω2121+ddt21Ω230Ω32ω13.
a(t)=krk(t)b(k)(t) exp-i-twk(t)dt,
Hˆb(k)=wkb(k).
w3-w2(ω13+21)+w[21ω13-(|Ω23|2+|Ω12|2)]+|Ω12|2ω13=0.
w(21-w)(w-ω13)=0.
b1(k)=Ω12(wk-ω13)N,
b2(k)=wk(wk-ω13)N,
b3(k)=Ω32wkN,
b(1)(t-)100=a(t-).
b(1)(t+)b(3)(t+)001.
b(1)(t+)b(2)(t+)010.

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