Abstract

We present a preliminary study of the evolution of optical properties of a hybrid organic–inorganic solid solution. The transparency range of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate–arsenate (2A5NPDP–2A5NPDAs) solid solution covers the visible and near-IR region (0.43–1.6 µm). Changes in the refractive indices that correspond to changes in the composition of the inorganic subnetwork are sufficient to fabricate waveguide devices but are too small to induce an important modification of the phase-matching directions for second-harmonic generation (SHG) at 1.064 µm. The SHG efficiency of this hybrid solid solution is roughly constant for all the compositions and is approximately six times higher than that of KDP–KDA (KH2XO4 with X=P, As) salts that contain the same inorganic anions. This tends to confirm that the 2A5NP organic chromophore contributes in a large part to the SHG signals of these hybrid crystals.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Pécaut and R. Masse, “2-amino-5-nitropyridinium acetophosphate: a deliberately engineered non-linear optical crystal,” J. Mater. Chem. 4, 1851–1854 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Zaccaro, B. Cappelle, and A. Ibanez, “Crystal growth of hybrid nonlinear optical materials: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate and dihydrogenarsenate,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 229–237 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–68 (1984).
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  17. B. Boulanger, J. P. Féve, G. Marnier, B. Menaert, X. Cabirol, P. Villeval, and C. Bonnin, “Relative sign and absolute magnitude of d(2) nonlinear coefficients of KTP from second-harmonic-generation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 750–757 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  19. X. Dong Feng and Z. Siyuan, “Nonlinearity of the complex crystal with O—H bond,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 57, 1321–1328 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. P. Feve, B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, G. Marnier, J. Zaccaro, and A. Ibanez, “Second-harmonic generation properties of 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenarsenate and dihydrogenphosphate organic-inorganic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 66–71 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. E. Pearson, G. A. Evans, and A. Yariv, “Measurement of the relative nonlinear coefficients of KDP, RDP, RDA and LiIO3,” Opt. Commun. 4, 366–367 (1972).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. F. Nicoud, R. Masse, C. Bourgogne, and C. Evans, “Perfect layered arrangement of ion-paired chromophores in a crystalline non-linear optical organic salt: 2-amino-3-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Mater. Chem. 7, 35–39 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

1999

J. P. Feve, B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, G. Marnier, J. Zaccaro, and A. Ibanez, “Second-harmonic generation properties of 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenarsenate and dihydrogenphosphate organic-inorganic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 66–71 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

J. Zaccaro, M. Bagieu-Beucher, J. Espeso, and A. Ibanez, “Structural characterization and crystal growth of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate/arsenate hybrid solid solution,” J. Crystal Growth 186, 224–232 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Khodja, D. Josse, and J. Zyss, “Near-infrared optical parametric oscillation in an organomineral crystal,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 751–758 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. Ibanez, J. P. Lévy, C. Mouget, and E. Prieur, “Crystal growth of a promising nonlinear optical material: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Solid State Chem. 129, 22–29 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Zaccaro, B. Cappelle, and A. Ibanez, “Crystal growth of hybrid nonlinear optical materials: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate and dihydrogenarsenate,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 229–237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Nicoud, R. Masse, C. Bourgogne, and C. Evans, “Perfect layered arrangement of ion-paired chromophores in a crystalline non-linear optical organic salt: 2-amino-3-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Mater. Chem. 7, 35–39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

X. Dong Feng and Z. Siyuan, “Nonlinearity of the complex crystal with O—H bond,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 57, 1321–1328 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

J. Kawamata, K. Inoue, and T. Inabe, “Salient nonlinear optical properties of novel organic crystals comprising π-conjugated ketones,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3102–3104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lefur, M. Bagieu-Beucher, R. Masse, J. F. Nicoud, and J. P. Lévy, “Crystal engineering of noncentrosymmetric structures based on 2-amino-5-nitropyridine and n-chloroacetic acid assemblies,” Chem. Mater. 8, 68–75 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

1993

J. Pécaut, Y. Lefur, and R. Masse, “Crystal engineering and structural investigation of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium salts C5H6N3O2+.H2SO4 and C5H6N3O2+.H2AsO4,” Acta Crystallogr. B 49, 535–541 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Pécaut, J. P. Levy, and R. Masse, “Structural evidence in 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium halides (Cl-, Br-) of herringbone motifs favourable to efficient quadratic nonlinear properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 999–1003 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992

1991

R. Masse and J. Zyss, “A new approach in the design of polar crystals for quadratic nonlinear optics, exemplified by the synthesis and crystal structure of 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenmonophosohate (2A5NPDP),” Mol. Eng. 1, 141–152 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987

1984

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–68 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1972

J. E. Pearson, G. A. Evans, and A. Yariv, “Measurement of the relative nonlinear coefficients of KDP, RDP, RDA and LiIO3,” Opt. Commun. 4, 366–367 (1972).
[CrossRef]

1968

S. K. Kurtz and T. T. Perry, “A power technique for the evaluation of non-linear optical materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3798–3813 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Antonetti, A.

Badan, J.

Bagieu-Beucher, M.

J. Zaccaro, M. Bagieu-Beucher, J. Espeso, and A. Ibanez, “Structural characterization and crystal growth of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate/arsenate hybrid solid solution,” J. Crystal Growth 186, 224–232 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lefur, M. Bagieu-Beucher, R. Masse, J. F. Nicoud, and J. P. Lévy, “Crystal engineering of noncentrosymmetric structures based on 2-amino-5-nitropyridine and n-chloroacetic acid assemblies,” Chem. Mater. 8, 68–75 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bonnin, C.

Boulanger, B.

J. P. Feve, B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, G. Marnier, J. Zaccaro, and A. Ibanez, “Second-harmonic generation properties of 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenarsenate and dihydrogenphosphate organic-inorganic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 66–71 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Boulanger, J. P. Féve, G. Marnier, B. Menaert, X. Cabirol, P. Villeval, and C. Bonnin, “Relative sign and absolute magnitude of d(2) nonlinear coefficients of KTP from second-harmonic-generation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 750–757 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bourgogne, C.

J. F. Nicoud, R. Masse, C. Bourgogne, and C. Evans, “Perfect layered arrangement of ion-paired chromophores in a crystalline non-linear optical organic salt: 2-amino-3-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Mater. Chem. 7, 35–39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Cabirol, X.

Cappelle, B.

J. Zaccaro, B. Cappelle, and A. Ibanez, “Crystal growth of hybrid nonlinear optical materials: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate and dihydrogenarsenate,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 229–237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Eckardt, R. C.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Espeso, J.

J. Zaccaro, M. Bagieu-Beucher, J. Espeso, and A. Ibanez, “Structural characterization and crystal growth of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate/arsenate hybrid solid solution,” J. Crystal Growth 186, 224–232 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Etchepare, J.

Evans, C.

J. F. Nicoud, R. Masse, C. Bourgogne, and C. Evans, “Perfect layered arrangement of ion-paired chromophores in a crystalline non-linear optical organic salt: 2-amino-3-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Mater. Chem. 7, 35–39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Evans, G. A.

J. E. Pearson, G. A. Evans, and A. Yariv, “Measurement of the relative nonlinear coefficients of KDP, RDP, RDA and LiIO3,” Opt. Commun. 4, 366–367 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Fahlen, T. S.

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–68 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Fan, Y. X.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X. Dong

X. Dong Feng and Z. Siyuan, “Nonlinearity of the complex crystal with O—H bond,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 57, 1321–1328 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Feve, J. P.

J. P. Feve, B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, G. Marnier, J. Zaccaro, and A. Ibanez, “Second-harmonic generation properties of 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenarsenate and dihydrogenphosphate organic-inorganic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 66–71 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Féve, J. P.

Grillon, G.

Hierle, R.

Hulin, D.

Ibanez, A.

J. P. Feve, B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, G. Marnier, J. Zaccaro, and A. Ibanez, “Second-harmonic generation properties of 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenarsenate and dihydrogenphosphate organic-inorganic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 66–71 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Zaccaro, M. Bagieu-Beucher, J. Espeso, and A. Ibanez, “Structural characterization and crystal growth of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate/arsenate hybrid solid solution,” J. Crystal Growth 186, 224–232 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Zaccaro, B. Cappelle, and A. Ibanez, “Crystal growth of hybrid nonlinear optical materials: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate and dihydrogenarsenate,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 229–237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ibanez, J. P. Lévy, C. Mouget, and E. Prieur, “Crystal growth of a promising nonlinear optical material: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Solid State Chem. 129, 22–29 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Inabe, T.

J. Kawamata, K. Inoue, and T. Inabe, “Salient nonlinear optical properties of novel organic crystals comprising π-conjugated ketones,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3102–3104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

J. Kawamata, K. Inoue, and T. Inabe, “Salient nonlinear optical properties of novel organic crystals comprising π-conjugated ketones,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3102–3104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Josse, D.

Kawamata, J.

J. Kawamata, K. Inoue, and T. Inabe, “Salient nonlinear optical properties of novel organic crystals comprising π-conjugated ketones,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3102–3104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Khodja, S.

Kotler, Z.

Kurtz, S. K.

S. K. Kurtz and T. T. Perry, “A power technique for the evaluation of non-linear optical materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3798–3813 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Ledoux, I.

Lefur, Y.

Y. Lefur, M. Bagieu-Beucher, R. Masse, J. F. Nicoud, and J. P. Lévy, “Crystal engineering of noncentrosymmetric structures based on 2-amino-5-nitropyridine and n-chloroacetic acid assemblies,” Chem. Mater. 8, 68–75 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Pécaut, Y. Lefur, and R. Masse, “Crystal engineering and structural investigation of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium salts C5H6N3O2+.H2SO4 and C5H6N3O2+.H2AsO4,” Acta Crystallogr. B 49, 535–541 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Levy, J. P.

J. Pécaut, J. P. Levy, and R. Masse, “Structural evidence in 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium halides (Cl-, Br-) of herringbone motifs favourable to efficient quadratic nonlinear properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 999–1003 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lévy, J. P.

A. Ibanez, J. P. Lévy, C. Mouget, and E. Prieur, “Crystal growth of a promising nonlinear optical material: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Solid State Chem. 129, 22–29 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lefur, M. Bagieu-Beucher, R. Masse, J. F. Nicoud, and J. P. Lévy, “Crystal engineering of noncentrosymmetric structures based on 2-amino-5-nitropyridine and n-chloroacetic acid assemblies,” Chem. Mater. 8, 68–75 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Marnier, G.

J. P. Feve, B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, G. Marnier, J. Zaccaro, and A. Ibanez, “Second-harmonic generation properties of 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenarsenate and dihydrogenphosphate organic-inorganic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 66–71 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Boulanger, J. P. Féve, G. Marnier, B. Menaert, X. Cabirol, P. Villeval, and C. Bonnin, “Relative sign and absolute magnitude of d(2) nonlinear coefficients of KTP from second-harmonic-generation measurements,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 750–757 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Masse, R.

J. F. Nicoud, R. Masse, C. Bourgogne, and C. Evans, “Perfect layered arrangement of ion-paired chromophores in a crystalline non-linear optical organic salt: 2-amino-3-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Mater. Chem. 7, 35–39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lefur, M. Bagieu-Beucher, R. Masse, J. F. Nicoud, and J. P. Lévy, “Crystal engineering of noncentrosymmetric structures based on 2-amino-5-nitropyridine and n-chloroacetic acid assemblies,” Chem. Mater. 8, 68–75 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Pécaut and R. Masse, “2-amino-5-nitropyridinium acetophosphate: a deliberately engineered non-linear optical crystal,” J. Mater. Chem. 4, 1851–1854 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Pécaut, J. P. Levy, and R. Masse, “Structural evidence in 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium halides (Cl-, Br-) of herringbone motifs favourable to efficient quadratic nonlinear properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 999–1003 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Pécaut, Y. Lefur, and R. Masse, “Crystal engineering and structural investigation of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium salts C5H6N3O2+.H2SO4 and C5H6N3O2+.H2AsO4,” Acta Crystallogr. B 49, 535–541 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Z. Kotler, R. Hierle, D. Josse, J. Zyss, and R. Masse, “Quadratic nonlinear-optical properties of a new transparent and highly efficient organic–inorganic crystal: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium-dihydrogenphosphate (2A5NPDP),” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 534–547 (1992).
[CrossRef]

R. Masse and J. Zyss, “A new approach in the design of polar crystals for quadratic nonlinear optics, exemplified by the synthesis and crystal structure of 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenmonophosohate (2A5NPDP),” Mol. Eng. 1, 141–152 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Masuda, H.

R. C. Eckardt, H. Masuda, Y. X. Fan, and R. L. Byer, “Absolute and relative nonlinear optical coefficients of KDP, KD*P, BaB2O4, LiIO3, MgO:LiNbO3 and KTP measured by phase-matched second-harmonic generation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 26, 922–933 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Menaert, B.

Migus, A.

Mouget, C.

A. Ibanez, J. P. Lévy, C. Mouget, and E. Prieur, “Crystal growth of a promising nonlinear optical material: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Solid State Chem. 129, 22–29 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nicoud, J. F.

J. F. Nicoud, R. Masse, C. Bourgogne, and C. Evans, “Perfect layered arrangement of ion-paired chromophores in a crystalline non-linear optical organic salt: 2-amino-3-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Mater. Chem. 7, 35–39 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. Lefur, M. Bagieu-Beucher, R. Masse, J. F. Nicoud, and J. P. Lévy, “Crystal engineering of noncentrosymmetric structures based on 2-amino-5-nitropyridine and n-chloroacetic acid assemblies,” Chem. Mater. 8, 68–75 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, J. E.

J. E. Pearson, G. A. Evans, and A. Yariv, “Measurement of the relative nonlinear coefficients of KDP, RDP, RDA and LiIO3,” Opt. Commun. 4, 366–367 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Pécaut, J.

J. Pécaut and R. Masse, “2-amino-5-nitropyridinium acetophosphate: a deliberately engineered non-linear optical crystal,” J. Mater. Chem. 4, 1851–1854 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Pécaut, J. P. Levy, and R. Masse, “Structural evidence in 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium halides (Cl-, Br-) of herringbone motifs favourable to efficient quadratic nonlinear properties,” J. Mater. Chem. 3, 999–1003 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Pécaut, Y. Lefur, and R. Masse, “Crystal engineering and structural investigation of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium salts C5H6N3O2+.H2SO4 and C5H6N3O2+.H2AsO4,” Acta Crystallogr. B 49, 535–541 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Perry, T. T.

S. K. Kurtz and T. T. Perry, “A power technique for the evaluation of non-linear optical materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3798–3813 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Prieur, E.

A. Ibanez, J. P. Lévy, C. Mouget, and E. Prieur, “Crystal growth of a promising nonlinear optical material: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium chloride,” J. Solid State Chem. 129, 22–29 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Rousseau, I.

J. P. Feve, B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, G. Marnier, J. Zaccaro, and A. Ibanez, “Second-harmonic generation properties of 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenarsenate and dihydrogenphosphate organic-inorganic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 66–71 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Siyuan, Z.

X. Dong Feng and Z. Siyuan, “Nonlinearity of the complex crystal with O—H bond,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 57, 1321–1328 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Villeval, P.

Yao, J. Q.

J. Q. Yao and T. S. Fahlen, “Calculations of optimum phase match parameters for the biaxial crystal KTiOPO4,” J. Appl. Phys. 55, 65–68 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

J. E. Pearson, G. A. Evans, and A. Yariv, “Measurement of the relative nonlinear coefficients of KDP, RDP, RDA and LiIO3,” Opt. Commun. 4, 366–367 (1972).
[CrossRef]

Zaccaro, J.

J. P. Feve, B. Boulanger, I. Rousseau, G. Marnier, J. Zaccaro, and A. Ibanez, “Second-harmonic generation properties of 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenarsenate and dihydrogenphosphate organic-inorganic crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 66–71 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Zaccaro, M. Bagieu-Beucher, J. Espeso, and A. Ibanez, “Structural characterization and crystal growth of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate/arsenate hybrid solid solution,” J. Crystal Growth 186, 224–232 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Zaccaro, B. Cappelle, and A. Ibanez, “Crystal growth of hybrid nonlinear optical materials: 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium dihydrogenphosphate and dihydrogenarsenate,” J. Crystal Growth 180, 229–237 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zyss, J.

Acta Crystallogr. B

J. Pécaut, Y. Lefur, and R. Masse, “Crystal engineering and structural investigation of the 2-amino-5-nitropyridinium salts C5H6N3O2+.H2SO4 and C5H6N3O2+.H2AsO4,” Acta Crystallogr. B 49, 535–541 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

J. Kawamata, K. Inoue, and T. Inabe, “Salient nonlinear optical properties of novel organic crystals comprising π-conjugated ketones,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 3102–3104 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Mater.

Y. Lefur, M. Bagieu-Beucher, R. Masse, J. F. Nicoud, and J. P. Lévy, “Crystal engineering of noncentrosymmetric structures based on 2-amino-5-nitropyridine and n-chloroacetic acid assemblies,” Chem. Mater. 8, 68–75 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Transparency spectra of the 2A5NPDP and 2A5NPDAs crystals.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Transparency spectra of 2A5NPDP plates cleaved perpendicularly to the X axis; the light is polarized along Y and Z.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Modification of the principal refractive indices by the H2PO4-H2AsO4- substitution in the inorganic subnetwork at λ=0.532 µm (dotted curves) and λ=1.064 µm (solid curves).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dispersion of the principal refractive indices for (a) the 2A5NPDP and (b) the 2A5NPDAs crystals.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Type I PM directions for SHG at λ=1.064 µm in 2A5NPDP(1-x)Asx with x=0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, 0.8, 1 (θ, ϕ internal angles).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Modification of the field factors associated to the different PM directions: (a) (F15+F31), (b) (F24+F32), and (c) F33.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Schematic experimental setup for SHG efficiency measurement. L1, L2: 50-mm focal-length lenses; HW: half-wave plate; P: powermeter.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Variation of the effective second-order nonlinear coefficient |deff| as function of the composition of the inorganic subnetwork.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Parameters and Measurements Used in the deff Calculation for the Different Compositions of the Solid Solution

Equations (17)

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nx=1.645+1.80×10-4×CAs,
ny=1.666+1.67×10-4×CAs,
nz=1.787+1.36×10-4×CAs;
nx=1.583+1.54×10-4×CAs,
ny=1.625+1.32×10-4×CAs,
nz=1.702+1.32×10-4×CAs,
KDPKDA(KH2XO4):
nxAs-nxP=+0.050,nzAs-nzP=+0.058.
RDPRDA(RbH2XO4):
nxAs-nxP=+0.044,nzAs-nzP=+0.053.
2A5NPDP2A5NPDAs:
nxAs-nxP=+0.015,nzAs-nzP=+0.0132.
n2=A+Bλ2λ2-λ02+Dλ2,
deff=[F15(θ, ϕ)+F31(θ, ϕ)]×d15, +[F24(θ, ϕ)+F32(θ, ϕ)]×d24+F33(θ, ϕ)×d33.
|deff||deffref|=LrefL·ηeffηeffref·(nω)2·n2ω(nωref)2·n2ωref·(Tωref)2·T2ωref(Tω)2·T2ω1/2,
|d36(RDP)|=(0.92±0.1)|d36(KDP)|,
|d36(RDA)|=(1.04±0.1)|d36(KDP)|.

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