Abstract

We demonstrate the mode locking of external-cavity semiconductor lasers by using a saturable Bragg reflector as an external reflector. Output pulses of 1.9 ps were generated from the semiconductor lasers without dispersion compensation. By coupling the output to a standard single-mode filter with a length of 35 m to compensate for the linear chirp, we have achieved mode-locked pulse durations as short as 880 fs.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, “Short pulse generation using multisegment mode locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186–2202 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  2. L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Self-starting soliton mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a thin semiconductor saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 31, 287–289 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, E. A. de Souza, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Low-loss intracavity AlAs/AlGaAs saturable Bragg reflector for femtosecond mode locking in solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1406–1408 (1996).
  5. B. C. Collings, J. B. Stark, S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, and R. Pathak, “Saturable Bragg reflector self-starting passive mode locking of a Cr4+:YAG laser pumped with a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1171–1173 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  7. W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “Passive mode-locked Er3+ fiber laser using a semiconductor nonlinear mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 35–37 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. C. Wu, Y. K. Chen, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, M. A. Chin, and G. Raybon, “Transform-limited 1.4 ps optical pulses from a monolithic colliding-pulse-mode-locked quantum well laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 759–761 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C. H. Lin, C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, F. E. Ejeckam, T. C. Wu, and Y. H. Lo, “Photopumped long wavelength verticle-cavity surface-emitting lasers using strain-compensated multiple quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3395–3397 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, Y. H. Lo, R. Bhat, and M. Hong, “Low-threshold 1.57-μm VCSEL’s using strain-compensated quantum wells and oxide/metal backmirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. T. Schrans, R. A. Salvatore, S. Sanders, and A. Yariv, “Subpicosecond (320 fs) pulses from cw passively mode-locked external cavity two-section multiquantum well lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1480–1482 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, “Grating compensation of third-order fiber dispersion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742–2748 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. A. Salvatore, T. Schrans, and A. Yariv, “Pulse characteristic of passively mode-locked diode lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 737–739 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. L. Fork, C. H. Brito Cruz, P. C. Becker, and C. V. Shank, “Compression of optical pulses to six femtoseconds by using cubic phase compensation,” Opt. Lett. 12, 483–485 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, Y. Matsui, and Y. Ogawa, “Higher order chirp compensation of femtosecond mode-locked semiconductor lasers using optical fiber with different group-velocity dispersions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 480–485 (1996).
    [CrossRef]

1996 (5)

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, E. A. de Souza, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Low-loss intracavity AlAs/AlGaAs saturable Bragg reflector for femtosecond mode locking in solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1406–1408 (1996).

B. C. Collings, J. B. Stark, S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, and R. Pathak, “Saturable Bragg reflector self-starting passive mode locking of a Cr4+:YAG laser pumped with a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1171–1173 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, Y. Matsui, and Y. Ogawa, “Higher order chirp compensation of femtosecond mode-locked semiconductor lasers using optical fiber with different group-velocity dispersions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 480–485 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

R. A. Salvatore, T. Schrans, and A. Yariv, “Pulse characteristic of passively mode-locked diode lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 737–739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Self-starting soliton mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a thin semiconductor saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 31, 287–289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, Y. H. Lo, R. Bhat, and M. Hong, “Low-threshold 1.57-μm VCSEL’s using strain-compensated quantum wells and oxide/metal backmirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

C. H. Lin, C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, F. E. Ejeckam, T. C. Wu, and Y. H. Lo, “Photopumped long wavelength verticle-cavity surface-emitting lasers using strain-compensated multiple quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3395–3397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “Passive mode-locked Er3+ fiber laser using a semiconductor nonlinear mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 35–37 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

T. Schrans, R. A. Salvatore, S. Sanders, and A. Yariv, “Subpicosecond (320 fs) pulses from cw passively mode-locked external cavity two-section multiquantum well lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1480–1482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, “Grating compensation of third-order fiber dispersion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742–2748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, “Short pulse generation using multisegment mode locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186–2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. C. Wu, Y. K. Chen, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, M. A. Chin, and G. Raybon, “Transform-limited 1.4 ps optical pulses from a monolithic colliding-pulse-mode-locked quantum well laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 759–761 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

Arahira, S.

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, Y. Matsui, and Y. Ogawa, “Higher order chirp compensation of femtosecond mode-locked semiconductor lasers using optical fiber with different group-velocity dispersions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 480–485 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Atkinson, D.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “Passive mode-locked Er3+ fiber laser using a semiconductor nonlinear mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 35–37 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Becker, P. C.

Bhat, R.

C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, Y. H. Lo, R. Bhat, and M. Hong, “Low-threshold 1.57-μm VCSEL’s using strain-compensated quantum wells and oxide/metal backmirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, “Short pulse generation using multisegment mode locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186–2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Brito Cruz, C. H.

Brovelli, L. R.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Self-starting soliton mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a thin semiconductor saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 31, 287–289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chase, E. W.

M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, “Grating compensation of third-order fiber dispersion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742–2748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. K.

M. C. Wu, Y. K. Chen, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, M. A. Chin, and G. Raybon, “Transform-limited 1.4 ps optical pulses from a monolithic colliding-pulse-mode-locked quantum well laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 759–761 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chin, M. A.

M. C. Wu, Y. K. Chen, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, M. A. Chin, and G. Raybon, “Transform-limited 1.4 ps optical pulses from a monolithic colliding-pulse-mode-locked quantum well laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 759–761 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Chua, C. L.

C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, Y. H. Lo, R. Bhat, and M. Hong, “Low-threshold 1.57-μm VCSEL’s using strain-compensated quantum wells and oxide/metal backmirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lin, C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, F. E. Ejeckam, T. C. Wu, and Y. H. Lo, “Photopumped long wavelength verticle-cavity surface-emitting lasers using strain-compensated multiple quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3395–3397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Collings, B. C.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cunningham, J. E.

de Souza, E. A.

Derickson, D. J.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, “Short pulse generation using multisegment mode locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186–2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ejeckam, F. E.

C. H. Lin, C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, F. E. Ejeckam, T. C. Wu, and Y. H. Lo, “Photopumped long wavelength verticle-cavity surface-emitting lasers using strain-compensated multiple quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3395–3397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

Helkey, R. J.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, “Short pulse generation using multisegment mode locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186–2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Heritage, J. P.

M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, “Grating compensation of third-order fiber dispersion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742–2748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hong, M.

C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, Y. H. Lo, R. Bhat, and M. Hong, “Low-threshold 1.57-μm VCSEL’s using strain-compensated quantum wells and oxide/metal backmirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hopkinson, M.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “Passive mode-locked Er3+ fiber laser using a semiconductor nonlinear mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 35–37 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jan, W. Y.

Jung, I. D.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Self-starting soliton mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a thin semiconductor saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 31, 287–289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kamp, M.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Self-starting soliton mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a thin semiconductor saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 31, 287–289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Karin, J. R.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, “Short pulse generation using multisegment mode locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186–2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kartner, F. X.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Self-starting soliton mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a thin semiconductor saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 31, 287–289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Self-starting soliton mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a thin semiconductor saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 31, 287–289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, E. A. de Souza, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Low-loss intracavity AlAs/AlGaAs saturable Bragg reflector for femtosecond mode locking in solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1406–1408 (1996).

B. C. Collings, J. B. Stark, S. Tsuda, W. H. Knox, J. E. Cunningham, W. Y. Jan, and R. Pathak, “Saturable Bragg reflector self-starting passive mode locking of a Cr4+:YAG laser pumped with a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1171–1173 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Self-starting soliton mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a thin semiconductor saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 31, 287–289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kutsuzawa, S.

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, Y. Matsui, and Y. Ogawa, “Higher order chirp compensation of femtosecond mode-locked semiconductor lasers using optical fiber with different group-velocity dispersions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 480–485 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C. H.

C. H. Lin, C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, F. E. Ejeckam, T. C. Wu, and Y. H. Lo, “Photopumped long wavelength verticle-cavity surface-emitting lasers using strain-compensated multiple quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3395–3397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lo, Y. H.

C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, Y. H. Lo, R. Bhat, and M. Hong, “Low-threshold 1.57-μm VCSEL’s using strain-compensated quantum wells and oxide/metal backmirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lin, C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, F. E. Ejeckam, T. C. Wu, and Y. H. Lo, “Photopumped long wavelength verticle-cavity surface-emitting lasers using strain-compensated multiple quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3395–3397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Logan, R. A.

M. C. Wu, Y. K. Chen, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, M. A. Chin, and G. Raybon, “Transform-limited 1.4 ps optical pulses from a monolithic colliding-pulse-mode-locked quantum well laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 759–761 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “Passive mode-locked Er3+ fiber laser using a semiconductor nonlinear mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 35–37 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Mar, A.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, “Short pulse generation using multisegment mode locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186–2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Matsui, Y.

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, Y. Matsui, and Y. Ogawa, “Higher order chirp compensation of femtosecond mode-locked semiconductor lasers using optical fiber with different group-velocity dispersions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 480–485 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Morkel, P. R.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “Passive mode-locked Er3+ fiber laser using a semiconductor nonlinear mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 35–37 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Moser, M.

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Self-starting soliton mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a thin semiconductor saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 31, 287–289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ogawa, Y.

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, Y. Matsui, and Y. Ogawa, “Higher order chirp compensation of femtosecond mode-locked semiconductor lasers using optical fiber with different group-velocity dispersions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 480–485 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pathak, R.

Payne, D. N.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “Passive mode-locked Er3+ fiber laser using a semiconductor nonlinear mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 35–37 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Raybon, G.

M. C. Wu, Y. K. Chen, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, M. A. Chin, and G. Raybon, “Transform-limited 1.4 ps optical pulses from a monolithic colliding-pulse-mode-locked quantum well laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 759–761 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Rivers, A.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “Passive mode-locked Er3+ fiber laser using a semiconductor nonlinear mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 35–37 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Salvatore, R. A.

R. A. Salvatore, T. Schrans, and A. Yariv, “Pulse characteristic of passively mode-locked diode lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 737–739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schrans, R. A. Salvatore, S. Sanders, and A. Yariv, “Subpicosecond (320 fs) pulses from cw passively mode-locked external cavity two-section multiquantum well lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1480–1482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sanders, S.

T. Schrans, R. A. Salvatore, S. Sanders, and A. Yariv, “Subpicosecond (320 fs) pulses from cw passively mode-locked external cavity two-section multiquantum well lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1480–1482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schrans, T.

R. A. Salvatore, T. Schrans, and A. Yariv, “Pulse characteristic of passively mode-locked diode lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 737–739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schrans, R. A. Salvatore, S. Sanders, and A. Yariv, “Subpicosecond (320 fs) pulses from cw passively mode-locked external cavity two-section multiquantum well lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1480–1482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Seeds, A. J.

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “Passive mode-locked Er3+ fiber laser using a semiconductor nonlinear mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 35–37 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

Stark, J. B.

Stern, M.

M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, “Grating compensation of third-order fiber dispersion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742–2748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tanbun-Ek, T.

M. C. Wu, Y. K. Chen, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, M. A. Chin, and G. Raybon, “Transform-limited 1.4 ps optical pulses from a monolithic colliding-pulse-mode-locked quantum well laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 759–761 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tsuda, S.

Tusda, S.

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, E. A. de Souza, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Low-loss intracavity AlAs/AlGaAs saturable Bragg reflector for femtosecond mode locking in solid-state lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1406–1408 (1996).

Wasserbauer, J. G.

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, “Short pulse generation using multisegment mode locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186–2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Wu, M. C.

M. C. Wu, Y. K. Chen, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, M. A. Chin, and G. Raybon, “Transform-limited 1.4 ps optical pulses from a monolithic colliding-pulse-mode-locked quantum well laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 759–761 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wu, T. C.

C. H. Lin, C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, F. E. Ejeckam, T. C. Wu, and Y. H. Lo, “Photopumped long wavelength verticle-cavity surface-emitting lasers using strain-compensated multiple quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3395–3397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

R. A. Salvatore, T. Schrans, and A. Yariv, “Pulse characteristic of passively mode-locked diode lasers,” Opt. Lett. 20, 737–739 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Schrans, R. A. Salvatore, S. Sanders, and A. Yariv, “Subpicosecond (320 fs) pulses from cw passively mode-locked external cavity two-section multiquantum well lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1480–1482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zhu, Z. H.

C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, Y. H. Lo, R. Bhat, and M. Hong, “Low-threshold 1.57-μm VCSEL’s using strain-compensated quantum wells and oxide/metal backmirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lin, C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, F. E. Ejeckam, T. C. Wu, and Y. H. Lo, “Photopumped long wavelength verticle-cavity surface-emitting lasers using strain-compensated multiple quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3395–3397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, and S. T. Cundiff, “High efficiency diode pumping of a saturable Bragg reflector-mode-locked Cr:LiSAF femtosecond laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 1538–1540 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. C. Wu, Y. K. Chen, T. Tanbun-Ek, R. A. Logan, M. A. Chin, and G. Raybon, “Transform-limited 1.4 ps optical pulses from a monolithic colliding-pulse-mode-locked quantum well laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 57, 759–761 (1990).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Lin, C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, F. E. Ejeckam, T. C. Wu, and Y. H. Lo, “Photopumped long wavelength verticle-cavity surface-emitting lasers using strain-compensated multiple quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3395–3397 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

L. R. Brovelli, I. D. Jung, D. Kopf, M. Kamp, M. Moser, F. X. Kartner, and U. Keller, “Self-starting soliton mode-locked Ti:sapphire laser using a thin semiconductor saturable absorber,” Electron. Lett. 31, 287–289 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Schrans, R. A. Salvatore, S. Sanders, and A. Yariv, “Subpicosecond (320 fs) pulses from cw passively mode-locked external cavity two-section multiquantum well lasers,” Electron. Lett. 28, 1480–1482 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (2)

M. Stern, J. P. Heritage, and E. W. Chase, “Grating compensation of third-order fiber dispersion,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2742–2748 (1992).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Derickson, R. J. Helkey, A. Mar, J. R. Karin, J. G. Wasserbauer, and J. E. Bowers, “Short pulse generation using multisegment mode locked semiconductor lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2186–2202 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (2)

S. Arahira, S. Kutsuzawa, Y. Matsui, and Y. Ogawa, “Higher order chirp compensation of femtosecond mode-locked semiconductor lasers using optical fiber with different group-velocity dispersions,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 480–485 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. Tusda, W. H. Knox, S. T. Cundiff, W. Y. Jan, and J. E. Cunningham, “Mode-locking ultrafast solid-state lasers with saturable Bragg reflectors,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 454–464 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

C. L. Chua, Z. H. Zhu, Y. H. Lo, R. Bhat, and M. Hong, “Low-threshold 1.57-μm VCSEL’s using strain-compensated quantum wells and oxide/metal backmirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 444–446 (1995).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Loh, D. Atkinson, P. R. Morkel, M. Hopkinson, A. Rivers, A. J. Seeds, and D. N. Payne, “Passive mode-locked Er3+ fiber laser using a semiconductor nonlinear mirror,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 35–37 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic of the experimental setup for mode locking with a SBR. Inset, structure of the SBR.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Reflection spectra of the InP/InGaAsP and GaAs/AlAs Bragg reflectors.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

SHG autocorrelation traces of the output pulses from the mode-locked laser with a planar mirror in the external cavity.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

SHG autocorrelation traces of the output pulses from the mode-locked laser with the SBR in the external cavity.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Time-averaged optical spectrum of the mode-locked laser that corresponds to Fig. 4.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

SHG autocorrelation traces after compression with the SMF at different fiber lengths. The shortest pulse width was found when the SMF length was 35 m.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Shortest pulses are compared with the values calculated with the hyperbolic second waveform.

Metrics