Abstract

An experimental study of the holographic gratings recorded in nonannealed, thermally with time relaxed amorphous As2S3 films by 514.5-nm light in the presence of 632.8-nm readout light is carried out. The dependences of the maximal first-order diffraction efficiency on the holographic grating period was studied in a wide range of periods, from 0.40 to 70.0 µm. A peculiar oscillatory diffraction-efficiency temporal behavior occurring under certain conditions is reported. The obtained results are discussed in terms of photoinduced structural changes, relaxational structural changes, photoinduced anisotropy, and photoinduced recharging of the localized states in the bandgap. The diffraction-efficiency oscillations are explained by the model of annihilating defects and by multiwave mixing in a thin dynamic hologram.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. K. Schwartz, The Physics of Optical Recording (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).
  2. V. N. Lyubin, in Nonsilver Photographic Processes, A. L. Kartuzhansky, ed. (Khimija, Leningrad, 1985), p. 193.
  3. A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Salminen, and P. Riihola, Proc. SPIE 2968, 282 (1997)
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Ozols, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2355 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. O. Salminen, A. Ozols, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 718 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Ozols, N. Nordman, and O. Nordman, Opt. Commun. 136, 365 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Ozols, O. Salminen, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3397 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. O. I. Shpotyuk, Phys. Status Solidi B 183, 365 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Z. Lowe, S. R. Elliot, and G. N. Greaves, Philos. Mag. B 54(6), 483 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. J. Rao and R. Mohan, Solid State Commun. 39, 1065 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Teteris, Proc. SPIE 2968, 260 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. S. R. Elliot, Nature 354, 445 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. J. Treacy, U. Strom, P. Klein, P. C. Taylor, and T. P. Martin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 35–36, 1035 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Hamman and J. J. Santiago, Solid State Commun. 59, 725 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  15. I. Manika and J. Teteris, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 90, 505 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  16. O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. V. Kolobov and G. J. Adriaenssens, Philos. Mag. B 69, 21 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  18. G. Pfeiffer, M. A. Paesler, and S. C. Agarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130, 111 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. Ležal, K. Konak, S. Polakova, and B. Petrovska, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 301 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  20. A. Ozols, O. Salminen, and M. Reinfelde, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  21. A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Nordman, and P. Riihola, Phys. Rev. B 55, 14236 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  23. S. Noehte, J. Ackermann, K. Schwartz, Ch. Dietrich, and R. Manner, presented at the 7th Europhysical Conference on Defects in Insulating Materials, Lyon, France, July 5–8, 1994.
  24. R. Silvennoinen, K.-E. Peiponen, and T. Silvast, Optik (Stuttgart) 104, 100 (1997).
  25. I. Abdulhalim, R. Beserman, and Yu. L. Khait, Europhys. Lett. 4, 1371 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  26. B. Kumar and K. White, Thin Solid Films 135, L13 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  27. Ch. M. Dietrich, S. Noehte, R. Maenner, and K. Schwartz, presented at the Topical Meeting of the International Commission for Optics “Frontiers in Information Optics,” Kyoto, Japan, April 4–8, 1994.
  28. The concentration is estimated from Fig. 3 with the assumption that the change of the refractive index is proportional to the concentration of PSC sites (which, according to Refs. 8 and 15, is 1021 cm−3). Further, we assume that the DE decrease after each oscillation is due to the PSC site concentration decrease, which equals the AD concentration.
  29. H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
    [CrossRef]
  30. M. Iijima and S. Kurita, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2103 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  33. V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soaskin, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 129, 113 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  34. O. Nordman, N. Nordman, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 145, 38 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

1998

O. Nordman, N. Nordman, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 145, 38 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2355 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Salminen, and P. Riihola, Proc. SPIE 2968, 282 (1997)
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Nordman, and P. Riihola, Phys. Rev. B 55, 14236 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, and O. Nordman, Opt. Commun. 136, 365 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Teteris, Proc. SPIE 2968, 260 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Silvennoinen, K.-E. Peiponen, and T. Silvast, Optik (Stuttgart) 104, 100 (1997).

1996

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995

O. Salminen, A. Ozols, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 718 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, and M. Reinfelde, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Kolobov and G. J. Adriaenssens, Philos. Mag. B 69, 21 (1994).
[CrossRef]

O. I. Shpotyuk, Phys. Status Solidi B 183, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

D. Ležal, K. Konak, S. Polakova, and B. Petrovska, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991

G. Pfeiffer, M. A. Paesler, and S. C. Agarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130, 111 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. R. Elliot, Nature 354, 445 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1987

I. Manika and J. Teteris, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 90, 505 (1987).
[CrossRef]

I. Abdulhalim, R. Beserman, and Yu. L. Khait, Europhys. Lett. 4, 1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986

B. Kumar and K. White, Thin Solid Films 135, L13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Hamman and J. J. Santiago, Solid State Commun. 59, 725 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Lowe, S. R. Elliot, and G. N. Greaves, Philos. Mag. B 54(6), 483 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1981

1980

M. Iijima and S. Kurita, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2103 (1980).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Treacy, U. Strom, P. Klein, P. C. Taylor, and T. P. Martin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 35–36, 1035 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soaskin, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 129, 113 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1969

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Abdulhalim, I.

I. Abdulhalim, R. Beserman, and Yu. L. Khait, Europhys. Lett. 4, 1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Adriaenssens, G. J.

A. V. Kolobov and G. J. Adriaenssens, Philos. Mag. B 69, 21 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, S. C.

G. Pfeiffer, M. A. Paesler, and S. C. Agarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130, 111 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Beserman, R.

I. Abdulhalim, R. Beserman, and Yu. L. Khait, Europhys. Lett. 4, 1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Elliot, S. R.

S. R. Elliot, Nature 354, 445 (1991).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Lowe, S. R. Elliot, and G. N. Greaves, Philos. Mag. B 54(6), 483 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

Greaves, G. N.

A. Z. Lowe, S. R. Elliot, and G. N. Greaves, Philos. Mag. B 54(6), 483 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Hamman, M.

M. Hamman and J. J. Santiago, Solid State Commun. 59, 725 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Iijima, M.

M. Iijima and S. Kurita, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2103 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Khait, Yu. L.

I. Abdulhalim, R. Beserman, and Yu. L. Khait, Europhys. Lett. 4, 1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Klein, P.

D. J. Treacy, U. Strom, P. Klein, P. C. Taylor, and T. P. Martin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 35–36, 1035 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Kogelnik, H.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Kolobov, A. V.

A. V. Kolobov and G. J. Adriaenssens, Philos. Mag. B 69, 21 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Konak, K.

D. Ležal, K. Konak, S. Polakova, and B. Petrovska, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kukhtarev, N. V.

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soaskin, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 129, 113 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Kumar, B.

B. Kumar and K. White, Thin Solid Films 135, L13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Kurita, S.

M. Iijima and S. Kurita, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2103 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ležal, D.

D. Ležal, K. Konak, S. Polakova, and B. Petrovska, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lowe, A. Z.

A. Z. Lowe, S. R. Elliot, and G. N. Greaves, Philos. Mag. B 54(6), 483 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Manika, I.

I. Manika and J. Teteris, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 90, 505 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Martin, T. P.

D. J. Treacy, U. Strom, P. Klein, P. C. Taylor, and T. P. Martin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 35–36, 1035 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Mohan, R.

K. J. Rao and R. Mohan, Solid State Commun. 39, 1065 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Moharam, M. G.

Mönkkönen, P.

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, A. Ozols, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 718 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nordman, N.

A. Ozols, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2355 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O. Nordman, N. Nordman, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 145, 38 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Nordman, and P. Riihola, Phys. Rev. B 55, 14236 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, and O. Nordman, Opt. Commun. 136, 365 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Salminen, and P. Riihola, Proc. SPIE 2968, 282 (1997)
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nordman, O.

A. Ozols, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2355 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O. Nordman, N. Nordman, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 145, 38 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Nordman, and P. Riihola, Phys. Rev. B 55, 14236 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, and O. Nordman, Opt. Commun. 136, 365 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Odulov, S. G.

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soaskin, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 129, 113 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Ozols, A.

O. Nordman, N. Nordman, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 145, 38 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, O. Nordman, and N. Nordman, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2355 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Nordman, and P. Riihola, Phys. Rev. B 55, 14236 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Salminen, and P. Riihola, Proc. SPIE 2968, 282 (1997)
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, and O. Nordman, Opt. Commun. 136, 365 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, A. Ozols, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 718 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, and M. Reinfelde, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Paesler, M. A.

G. Pfeiffer, M. A. Paesler, and S. C. Agarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130, 111 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Peiponen, K.-E.

R. Silvennoinen, K.-E. Peiponen, and T. Silvast, Optik (Stuttgart) 104, 100 (1997).

Petrovska, B.

D. Ležal, K. Konak, S. Polakova, and B. Petrovska, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pfeiffer, G.

G. Pfeiffer, M. A. Paesler, and S. C. Agarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130, 111 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Polakova, S.

D. Ležal, K. Konak, S. Polakova, and B. Petrovska, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Rao, K. J.

K. J. Rao and R. Mohan, Solid State Commun. 39, 1065 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Reinfelde, M.

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, and M. Reinfelde, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Riihola, P.

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Salminen, and P. Riihola, Proc. SPIE 2968, 282 (1997)
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Nordman, and P. Riihola, Phys. Rev. B 55, 14236 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, A. Ozols, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 718 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Salminen, O.

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Salminen, and P. Riihola, Proc. SPIE 2968, 282 (1997)
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, A. Ozols, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 718 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, and M. Reinfelde, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Santiago, J. J.

M. Hamman and J. J. Santiago, Solid State Commun. 59, 725 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Shpotyuk, O. I.

O. I. Shpotyuk, Phys. Status Solidi B 183, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Silvast, T.

R. Silvennoinen, K.-E. Peiponen, and T. Silvast, Optik (Stuttgart) 104, 100 (1997).

Silvennoinen, R.

R. Silvennoinen, K.-E. Peiponen, and T. Silvast, Optik (Stuttgart) 104, 100 (1997).

Soaskin, M. S.

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soaskin, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 129, 113 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Strom, U.

D. J. Treacy, U. Strom, P. Klein, P. C. Taylor, and T. P. Martin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 35–36, 1035 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, P. C.

D. J. Treacy, U. Strom, P. Klein, P. C. Taylor, and T. P. Martin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 35–36, 1035 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Teteris, J.

J. Teteris, Proc. SPIE 2968, 260 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Manika and J. Teteris, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 90, 505 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Treacy, D. J.

D. J. Treacy, U. Strom, P. Klein, P. C. Taylor, and T. P. Martin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 35–36, 1035 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Vinetskii, V. L.

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soaskin, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 129, 113 (1979).
[CrossRef]

White, K.

B. Kumar and K. White, Thin Solid Films 135, L13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Bell Syst. Tech. J.

H. Kogelnik, Bell Syst. Tech. J. 48, 2909 (1969).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett.

I. Abdulhalim, R. Beserman, and Yu. L. Khait, Europhys. Lett. 4, 1371 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

M. Iijima and S. Kurita, J. Appl. Phys. 51, 2103 (1980).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, A. Ozols, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 78, 718 (1995).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, P. Riihola, and P. Mönkkönen, J. Appl. Phys. 79, 3397 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, O. Salminen, and M. Reinfelde, J. Appl. Phys. 75, 3326 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids

G. Pfeiffer, M. A. Paesler, and S. C. Agarwal, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 130, 111 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. Ležal, K. Konak, S. Polakova, and B. Petrovska, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 161, 301 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. J. Treacy, U. Strom, P. Klein, P. C. Taylor, and T. P. Martin, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 35–36, 1035 (1980).
[CrossRef]

I. Manika and J. Teteris, J. Non-Cryst. Solids 90, 505 (1987).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Nature

S. R. Elliot, Nature 354, 445 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, and O. Nordman, Opt. Commun. 136, 365 (1997).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. Nordman, N. Nordman, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 145, 38 (1998).
[CrossRef]

O. Salminen, N. Nordman, P. Riihola, and A. Ozols, Opt. Commun. 116(5), 310 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Optik (Stuttgart)

R. Silvennoinen, K.-E. Peiponen, and T. Silvast, Optik (Stuttgart) 104, 100 (1997).

Philos. Mag. B

A. V. Kolobov and G. J. Adriaenssens, Philos. Mag. B 69, 21 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. Z. Lowe, S. R. Elliot, and G. N. Greaves, Philos. Mag. B 54(6), 483 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Nordman, and P. Riihola, Phys. Rev. B 55, 14236 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B

O. I. Shpotyuk, Phys. Status Solidi B 183, 365 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE

J. Teteris, Proc. SPIE 2968, 260 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Ozols, N. Nordman, O. Salminen, and P. Riihola, Proc. SPIE 2968, 282 (1997)
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun.

K. J. Rao and R. Mohan, Solid State Commun. 39, 1065 (1981).
[CrossRef]

M. Hamman and J. J. Santiago, Solid State Commun. 59, 725 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Thin Solid Films

B. Kumar and K. White, Thin Solid Films 135, L13 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Usp. Fiz. Nauk

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soaskin, Usp. Fiz. Nauk 129, 113 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Other

S. Noehte, J. Ackermann, K. Schwartz, Ch. Dietrich, and R. Manner, presented at the 7th Europhysical Conference on Defects in Insulating Materials, Lyon, France, July 5–8, 1994.

Ch. M. Dietrich, S. Noehte, R. Maenner, and K. Schwartz, presented at the Topical Meeting of the International Commission for Optics “Frontiers in Information Optics,” Kyoto, Japan, April 4–8, 1994.

The concentration is estimated from Fig. 3 with the assumption that the change of the refractive index is proportional to the concentration of PSC sites (which, according to Refs. 8 and 15, is 1021 cm−3). Further, we assume that the DE decrease after each oscillation is due to the PSC site concentration decrease, which equals the AD concentration.

A. O. Ozols, [Latvijas Zinātnu Akadēmijas Vestis. Fizikas un tehniska zinātnu sērija] 6, 20 (1990) (in Russian).

K. Schwartz, The Physics of Optical Recording (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 1993).

V. N. Lyubin, in Nonsilver Photographic Processes, A. L. Kartuzhansky, ed. (Khimija, Leningrad, 1985), p. 193.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Measuring setup: M’s, mirrors; BS, beam splitter; T, timer; PD, photodetector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Maximal first-order DE η1 max versus grating period Λ for four recording modes: mode 1, filled circles and solid curve; mode 2, hollow circles and medium-dashed curve; mode 3, filled triangles and short-dashed curve; mode 4, hollow squares and tiny-dashed line.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Typical first-order DE (η1) oscillatory time (t) dependence (typical oscillation) at Λ=1.00 µm, I514.5=5.7×10-4 W/cm2. Continuous readout was performed at λ2=632.8 nm with I632.8=6.6×10-3 W/cm2. The line in the middle shows the time dependence of the zeroth-order DE η0 measured at λ2=514.5 nm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Exposure-time dependences of the first-order DE η1 and of the zeroth-order reflection DE η0r for the recording mode 1 at Λ=2.00 µm and λ2=632.8 nm.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Exposure-time dependence of the first-order DE η1 (nontypical oscillation) and of the zeroth-order reflection DE η0r for the recording mode 4 at Λ=10.0 µm and λ2=632.8 nm.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Exposure-time dependences of the first-order DE η1 (nontypical oscillation) and of the zeroth-order reflection DE η0r for the recording mode 1 at Λ=70.0 µm and λ2=632.8 nm.

Tables (2)

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Table 1 Recording Modes Used to Study the Influence of the 632.8-nm Readout Light on the Holographic Characteristics

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Table 2 Dependence of the Specific Recording Energy Wmax (in J/cm2 %) and Diffraction-Efficiency Oscillations on the Recording Mode and Grating Period for 2-Yr-Old Nonannealed a-As2S3 Films

Equations (2)

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2As30+S20photonω1As2++As2-+S20phononkTAs30+S3++As2-.
Wmax=Emaxη1 max.

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