Abstract

We have measured intensity-dependent prism coupling of poly(p-phenylenevinylene) thin films with picosecond laser pulses in the range 750–1600 nm. We developed a refined evaluation method that yields the signs and absolute values of the nonlinear refractive index n2 and the nonlinear absorption coefficient α2. Strong two-photon absorption levels were found at 2.8 and 3.1 eV. We observed a resonance at 1.3 eV that behaves as saturable absorption, and several additional resonances and sign changes of n2 at even lower photon energies. We demonstrate reversible refractive-index changes Δn=+0.002 at 910–950 nm on a picosecond time scale. Even larger Δn appear feasible.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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