M. G. Forest and K. T.-R. McLaughlin, “Onset of oscillations in nonsoliton pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Nonlinear Sci. 7, 43–62 (1998).

[CrossRef]

See for example, J. N. Kutz, P. Holmes, S. G. Evangelides, and J. P. Gordon, “Hamiltonian dynamics of dispersion-managed breathers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 87–96 (1998).

[CrossRef]

S. Jin, C. D. Levermore, and D. W. McLaughlin, “The behavior of solutions of the NLS equation in the semi-classical limit,” in Singular Limits of Dispersive Waves, N. M. Ercolani, I. Gabitov, D. Levermore, and D. Serre, eds., NATO ASI Ser., Ser. B 320, 235–255 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Bronski and D. W. McLaughlin, “Semiclassical behavior in the NLS equation: optical shocks-focusing instabilities,” in Singular Limits of Dispersive Waves, N. M. Ercolani, I. Gabitov, D. Levermore, and D. Serre, ed., NATO ASI Ser., Ser. B 320, 21–38 (1994).

[CrossRef]

D. Marcuse, “rms width of pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 17–21 (1992).

[CrossRef]

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of the formation of an optical intensity shock and wave breaking in the nonlinear propagation of pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531–534 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, “Circulating loop transmission experiments for the study of long-haul transmission systems using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 879–888 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Bronski and J. N. Kutz, “Guiding-center pulse dynamics in nonreturn-to-zero communications system with mean-zero dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 903–911 (1997).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Bronski and D. W. McLaughlin, “Semiclassical behavior in the NLS equation: optical shocks-focusing instabilities,” in Singular Limits of Dispersive Waves, N. M. Ercolani, I. Gabitov, D. Levermore, and D. Serre, ed., NATO ASI Ser., Ser. B 320, 21–38 (1994).

[CrossRef]

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, “Circulating loop transmission experiments for the study of long-haul transmission systems using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 879–888 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. G. Forest and K. T.-R. McLaughlin, “Onset of oscillations in nonsoliton pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Nonlinear Sci. 7, 43–62 (1998).

[CrossRef]

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of the formation of an optical intensity shock and wave breaking in the nonlinear propagation of pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531–534 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Jin, C. D. Levermore, and D. W. McLaughlin, “The behavior of solutions of the NLS equation in the semi-classical limit,” in Singular Limits of Dispersive Waves, N. M. Ercolani, I. Gabitov, D. Levermore, and D. Serre, eds., NATO ASI Ser., Ser. B 320, 235–255 (1994).

[CrossRef]

See for example, J. N. Kutz, P. Holmes, S. G. Evangelides, and J. P. Gordon, “Hamiltonian dynamics of dispersion-managed breathers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 87–96 (1998).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Bronski and J. N. Kutz, “Guiding-center pulse dynamics in nonreturn-to-zero communications system with mean-zero dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 903–911 (1997).

[CrossRef]

S. Jin, C. D. Levermore, and D. W. McLaughlin, “The behavior of solutions of the NLS equation in the semi-classical limit,” in Singular Limits of Dispersive Waves, N. M. Ercolani, I. Gabitov, D. Levermore, and D. Serre, eds., NATO ASI Ser., Ser. B 320, 235–255 (1994).

[CrossRef]

D. Marcuse, “rms width of pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 17–21 (1992).

[CrossRef]

S. Jin, C. D. Levermore, and D. W. McLaughlin, “The behavior of solutions of the NLS equation in the semi-classical limit,” in Singular Limits of Dispersive Waves, N. M. Ercolani, I. Gabitov, D. Levermore, and D. Serre, eds., NATO ASI Ser., Ser. B 320, 235–255 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Bronski and D. W. McLaughlin, “Semiclassical behavior in the NLS equation: optical shocks-focusing instabilities,” in Singular Limits of Dispersive Waves, N. M. Ercolani, I. Gabitov, D. Levermore, and D. Serre, ed., NATO ASI Ser., Ser. B 320, 21–38 (1994).

[CrossRef]

M. G. Forest and K. T.-R. McLaughlin, “Onset of oscillations in nonsoliton pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Nonlinear Sci. 7, 43–62 (1998).

[CrossRef]

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of the formation of an optical intensity shock and wave breaking in the nonlinear propagation of pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531–534 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. Kodama and S. Wabnitz, “Compensation of NRZ signal distortion by initial frequency shifting,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1761–1762 (1995).

[CrossRef]

N. S. Bergano and C. R. Davidson, “Circulating loop transmission experiments for the study of long-haul transmission systems using erbium-doped fiber amplifiers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 13, 879–888 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. Marcuse, “rms width of pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 17–21 (1992).

[CrossRef]

M. G. Forest and K. T.-R. McLaughlin, “Onset of oscillations in nonsoliton pulses in nonlinear dispersive fibers,” J. Nonlinear Sci. 7, 43–62 (1998).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Bronski and J. N. Kutz, “Guiding-center pulse dynamics in nonreturn-to-zero communications system with mean-zero dispersion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 903–911 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. Anderson, M. Desaix, M. Karlsson, M. Lisak, and M. L. Quiroga-Teixeiro, “Wave-breaking-free pulses in nonlinear-optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1185–1190 (1993).

[CrossRef]

See for example, J. N. Kutz, P. Holmes, S. G. Evangelides, and J. P. Gordon, “Hamiltonian dynamics of dispersion-managed breathers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 87–96 (1998).

[CrossRef]

J. C. Bronski and D. W. McLaughlin, “Semiclassical behavior in the NLS equation: optical shocks-focusing instabilities,” in Singular Limits of Dispersive Waves, N. M. Ercolani, I. Gabitov, D. Levermore, and D. Serre, ed., NATO ASI Ser., Ser. B 320, 21–38 (1994).

[CrossRef]

S. Jin, C. D. Levermore, and D. W. McLaughlin, “The behavior of solutions of the NLS equation in the semi-classical limit,” in Singular Limits of Dispersive Waves, N. M. Ercolani, I. Gabitov, D. Levermore, and D. Serre, eds., NATO ASI Ser., Ser. B 320, 235–255 (1994).

[CrossRef]

J. E. Rothenberg and D. Grischkowsky, “Observation of the formation of an optical intensity shock and wave breaking in the nonlinear propagation of pulses in optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 531–534 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. M. Bender and S. A. Orszag, Advanced Mathematical Methods for Scientists and Engineers (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1978), Chap. 10.

G. B. Whitham, Linear and Nonlinear Waves. Pure and Applied Mathematics. (Wiley-Interscience, New York, 1974).