Abstract

The doped nonlinear optical crystal, ytterbium: yttrium aluminum borate, Yb3+:YAl3(BO3)4, has been grown with good optical quality in a high-temperature solution from K2Mo3O10 and B2O3 fluxes. Room- and low-temperature absorption and fluorescence spectra have been measured, and spectral parameters have been calculated. The ground-state energy-level splitting is 581 cm-1. The emission lifetime, the absorption cross section, and the peak emission cross section are 0.68 ms, 3.4×10-20 cm2, and 0.8×10-20 cm2, respectively. In comparison with established laser crystals, the results for the cross sections, lifetime, and energy splitting suggest that this crystal has potential as an efficient self-frequency-doubled laser operating in the green.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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1997 (4)

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency doubling Nd:YAB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, “Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1317–1319 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Taira, W. M. Tulloch, and R. L. Byer, “Modeling of quasi-three-level lasers and operation of cw Yb:YAG lasers,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1867–1874 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (3)

Y. F. Chen, S. C. Wang, C. F. Kao, and T. M. Huang, “Investigation of fiber coupled laser diode pumped NYAB green laser performance,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1313–1315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Pan, P. Wang, X. F. Fan, R. H. Wang, and B. S. Lu, “Effects of Lu doping on optical properties and laser performance of NYAB crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 13, 602–605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, and S. A. Payne, “Crystal growth, frequency doubling and infrared laser performance of Yb:BaCaBO3F,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 741–748 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (5)

T. Omatsu, Y. Kato, M. Shimosegawa, A. Hasegawa, and I. Ogura, “Thermal effects in laser-diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4 (NYAB) microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 118, 302–308 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Iwai, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, and Y. Segawa, “Growth and optical characterisation of Cr:YAB and Cr:YGAB crystal for new tunable and self-frequency doubling laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 34, 2338–2343 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Aka, N. Viegas, B. Teisseire, A. Kahn-Harari, and J. Godard, “Flux growth and characterisation of rare earth doped nonlinear huntite borate crystals: YNd(AlGa)(BO3)4 and YYbAl3(BO3)4,” J. Mater. Chem. 5, 583–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. I. Leonyuk and L. I. Leonyuk, “Growth and characterisation of RM3(BO3)4 crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. 31, 179–278 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Allen and L. Esterowitz, “Cw tunable ytterbium YAG laser pumped by titanium sapphire,” Electron. Lett. 31, 639–641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

J. P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode pumped laser operation of neodymium doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Tu, Z. Luo, G. Chen, and G. Wang, “The growing of Nd:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 29, K47–K50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium doped apatite structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

T. Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457–1459 (1993).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (1)

I. Schutz, I. Freitag, and R. Wallenstein, “Miniature self frequency doubling cw Nd:YAB laser pumped by a diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 221–225 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. Pan, and M. Jiang, “Laser self-doubling in Nd:YAB,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052–6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. W. Qiu, “Xe flashlamp pumped self frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 6, 440–443 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

L. M. Dorozhkin, I. I. Kurstev, N. I. Leonyuk, T. I. Rimchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, “Optical second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear active medium Nd:YAB,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 555–556 (1981).

1974 (2)

A. A. Filimonov, N. I. Leonyuk, L. B. Meissner, T. I. Timchenko, and I. S. Rez, “Nonlinear optical properties of isomorphic family of crystals with yttrium aluminium borate (YAB) structure,” Krist. Tech. 9, 63–66 (1974).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 14–1, 352–356 (1974).

Aggarwal, R. L.

Aka, G.

G. Aka, N. Viegas, B. Teisseire, A. Kahn-Harari, and J. Godard, “Flux growth and characterisation of rare earth doped nonlinear huntite borate crystals: YNd(AlGa)(BO3)4 and YYbAl3(BO3)4,” J. Mater. Chem. 5, 583–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Allen, R.

R. Allen and L. Esterowitz, “Cw tunable ytterbium YAG laser pumped by titanium sapphire,” Electron. Lett. 31, 639–641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Bartschke, J.

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency doubling Nd:YAB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Boller, K-J.

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency doubling Nd:YAB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

Chai, B. H. T.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium doped apatite structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chase, L. L.

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chen, G.

C. Y. Tu, Z. Luo, G. Chen, and G. Wang, “The growing of Nd:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 29, K47–K50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. F.

Y. F. Chen, S. C. Wang, C. F. Kao, and T. M. Huang, “Investigation of fiber coupled laser diode pumped NYAB green laser performance,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1313–1315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Choi, H. K.

DeLoach, L. D.

K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, and S. A. Payne, “Crystal growth, frequency doubling and infrared laser performance of Yb:BaCaBO3F,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 741–748 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium doped apatite structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Dorozhkin, L. M.

L. M. Dorozhkin, I. I. Kurstev, N. I. Leonyuk, T. I. Rimchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, “Optical second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear active medium Nd:YAB,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 555–556 (1981).

Esterowitz, L.

R. Allen and L. Esterowitz, “Cw tunable ytterbium YAG laser pumped by titanium sapphire,” Electron. Lett. 31, 639–641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

Fan, X. F.

H. F. Pan, P. Wang, X. F. Fan, R. H. Wang, and B. S. Lu, “Effects of Lu doping on optical properties and laser performance of NYAB crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 13, 602–605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Filimonov, A. A.

A. A. Filimonov, N. I. Leonyuk, L. B. Meissner, T. I. Timchenko, and I. S. Rez, “Nonlinear optical properties of isomorphic family of crystals with yttrium aluminium borate (YAB) structure,” Krist. Tech. 9, 63–66 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Freitag, I.

I. Schutz, I. Freitag, and R. Wallenstein, “Miniature self frequency doubling cw Nd:YAB laser pumped by a diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 221–225 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ge, C. Z.

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Godard, J.

G. Aka, N. Viegas, B. Teisseire, A. Kahn-Harari, and J. Godard, “Flux growth and characterisation of rare earth doped nonlinear huntite borate crystals: YNd(AlGa)(BO3)4 and YYbAl3(BO3)4,” J. Mater. Chem. 5, 583–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hasegawa, A.

T. Omatsu, Y. Kato, M. Shimosegawa, A. Hasegawa, and I. Ogura, “Thermal effects in laser-diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4 (NYAB) microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 118, 302–308 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hu, X. B.

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huang, T. M.

Y. F. Chen, S. C. Wang, C. F. Kao, and T. M. Huang, “Investigation of fiber coupled laser diode pumped NYAB green laser performance,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1313–1315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X. R.

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huang, Y.

Z. Liu, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. W. Qiu, “Xe flashlamp pumped self frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 6, 440–443 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

N. V. Kuleshov, A. A. Lagatsky, A. V. Podlipensky, V. P. Mikhailov, and G. Huber, “Pulsed laser operation of Yb-doped KY(WO4)2 and KGd(WO4)2,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1317–1319 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode pumped laser operation of neodymium doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Iwai, M.

M. Iwai, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, and Y. Segawa, “Growth and optical characterisation of Cr:YAB and Cr:YGAB crystal for new tunable and self-frequency doubling laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 34, 2338–2343 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

J. P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode pumped laser operation of neodymium doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, A.

Z. Liu, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. W. Qiu, “Xe flashlamp pumped self frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 6, 440–443 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, J. H.

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, M.

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. Pan, and M. Jiang, “Laser self-doubling in Nd:YAB,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052–6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, S. S.

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kahn-Harari, A.

G. Aka, N. Viegas, B. Teisseire, A. Kahn-Harari, and J. Godard, “Flux growth and characterisation of rare earth doped nonlinear huntite borate crystals: YNd(AlGa)(BO3)4 and YYbAl3(BO3)4,” J. Mater. Chem. 5, 583–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kao, C. F.

Y. F. Chen, S. C. Wang, C. F. Kao, and T. M. Huang, “Investigation of fiber coupled laser diode pumped NYAB green laser performance,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1313–1315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

T. Omatsu, Y. Kato, M. Shimosegawa, A. Hasegawa, and I. Ogura, “Thermal effects in laser-diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4 (NYAB) microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 118, 302–308 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Knappe, R.

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency doubling Nd:YAB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium doped apatite structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Kurstev, I. I.

L. M. Dorozhkin, I. I. Kurstev, N. I. Leonyuk, T. I. Rimchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, “Optical second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear active medium Nd:YAB,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 555–556 (1981).

Kway, W. L.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium doped apatite structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lacovara, P.

Lagatsky, A. A.

Leonyuk, L. I.

N. I. Leonyuk and L. I. Leonyuk, “Growth and characterisation of RM3(BO3)4 crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. 31, 179–278 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Leonyuk, N. I.

N. I. Leonyuk and L. I. Leonyuk, “Growth and characterisation of RM3(BO3)4 crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. 31, 179–278 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. M. Dorozhkin, I. I. Kurstev, N. I. Leonyuk, T. I. Rimchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, “Optical second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear active medium Nd:YAB,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 555–556 (1981).

A. A. Filimonov, N. I. Leonyuk, L. B. Meissner, T. I. Timchenko, and I. S. Rez, “Nonlinear optical properties of isomorphic family of crystals with yttrium aluminium borate (YAB) structure,” Krist. Tech. 9, 63–66 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W. J.

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Z.

M. Iwai, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, and Y. Segawa, “Growth and optical characterisation of Cr:YAB and Cr:YGAB crystal for new tunable and self-frequency doubling laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 34, 2338–2343 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Z. Liu, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. W. Qiu, “Xe flashlamp pumped self frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 6, 440–443 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Loutts, G.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium doped apatite structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lu, B. S.

H. F. Pan, P. Wang, X. F. Fan, R. H. Wang, and B. S. Lu, “Effects of Lu doping on optical properties and laser performance of NYAB crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 13, 602–605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. Pan, and M. Jiang, “Laser self-doubling in Nd:YAB,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052–6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Luo, Z.

C. Y. Tu, Z. Luo, G. Chen, and G. Wang, “The growing of Nd:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 29, K47–K50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Meissner, L. B.

A. A. Filimonov, N. I. Leonyuk, L. B. Meissner, T. I. Timchenko, and I. S. Rez, “Nonlinear optical properties of isomorphic family of crystals with yttrium aluminium borate (YAB) structure,” Krist. Tech. 9, 63–66 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J. P.

J. P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode pumped laser operation of neodymium doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. P.

Mori, Y.

M. Iwai, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, and Y. Segawa, “Growth and optical characterisation of Cr:YAB and Cr:YGAB crystal for new tunable and self-frequency doubling laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 34, 2338–2343 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nakai, S.

M. Iwai, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, and Y. Segawa, “Growth and optical characterisation of Cr:YAB and Cr:YGAB crystal for new tunable and self-frequency doubling laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 34, 2338–2343 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ogura, I.

T. Omatsu, Y. Kato, M. Shimosegawa, A. Hasegawa, and I. Ogura, “Thermal effects in laser-diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4 (NYAB) microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 118, 302–308 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Omatsu, T.

T. Omatsu, Y. Kato, M. Shimosegawa, A. Hasegawa, and I. Ogura, “Thermal effects in laser-diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4 (NYAB) microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 118, 302–308 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pan, H.

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. Pan, and M. Jiang, “Laser self-doubling in Nd:YAB,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052–6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pan, H. F.

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Pan, P. Wang, X. F. Fan, R. H. Wang, and B. S. Lu, “Effects of Lu doping on optical properties and laser performance of NYAB crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 13, 602–605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, and S. A. Payne, “Crystal growth, frequency doubling and infrared laser performance of Yb:BaCaBO3F,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 741–748 (1996).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium doped apatite structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Podlipensky, A. V.

Qiu, M. W.

Z. Liu, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. W. Qiu, “Xe flashlamp pumped self frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 6, 440–443 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rez, I. S.

A. A. Filimonov, N. I. Leonyuk, L. B. Meissner, T. I. Timchenko, and I. S. Rez, “Nonlinear optical properties of isomorphic family of crystals with yttrium aluminium borate (YAB) structure,” Krist. Tech. 9, 63–66 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Rimchenko, T. I.

L. M. Dorozhkin, I. I. Kurstev, N. I. Leonyuk, T. I. Rimchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, “Optical second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear active medium Nd:YAB,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 555–556 (1981).

Sarukura, N.

M. Iwai, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, and Y. Segawa, “Growth and optical characterisation of Cr:YAB and Cr:YGAB crystal for new tunable and self-frequency doubling laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 34, 2338–2343 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sasaki, T.

M. Iwai, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, and Y. Segawa, “Growth and optical characterisation of Cr:YAB and Cr:YGAB crystal for new tunable and self-frequency doubling laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 34, 2338–2343 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, and S. A. Payne, “Crystal growth, frequency doubling and infrared laser performance of Yb:BaCaBO3F,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 741–748 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schutz, I.

I. Schutz, I. Freitag, and R. Wallenstein, “Miniature self frequency doubling cw Nd:YAB laser pumped by a diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 221–225 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Segawa, Y.

M. Iwai, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, and Y. Segawa, “Growth and optical characterisation of Cr:YAB and Cr:YGAB crystal for new tunable and self-frequency doubling laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 34, 2338–2343 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shestakov, A. V.

L. M. Dorozhkin, I. I. Kurstev, N. I. Leonyuk, T. I. Rimchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, “Optical second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear active medium Nd:YAB,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 555–556 (1981).

Shimosegawa, M.

T. Omatsu, Y. Kato, M. Shimosegawa, A. Hasegawa, and I. Ogura, “Thermal effects in laser-diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4 (NYAB) microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 118, 302–308 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Smartt, R. N.

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 14–1, 352–356 (1974).

Smith, L. K.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium doped apatite structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Steel, W. H.

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 14–1, 352–356 (1974).

Taira, T.

Tassano, J. B.

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium doped apatite structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Teisseire, B.

G. Aka, N. Viegas, B. Teisseire, A. Kahn-Harari, and J. Godard, “Flux growth and characterisation of rare earth doped nonlinear huntite borate crystals: YNd(AlGa)(BO3)4 and YYbAl3(BO3)4,” J. Mater. Chem. 5, 583–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Timchenko, T. I.

A. A. Filimonov, N. I. Leonyuk, L. B. Meissner, T. I. Timchenko, and I. S. Rez, “Nonlinear optical properties of isomorphic family of crystals with yttrium aluminium borate (YAB) structure,” Krist. Tech. 9, 63–66 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Tu, C. Y.

C. Y. Tu, Z. Luo, G. Chen, and G. Wang, “The growing of Nd:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 29, K47–K50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tulloch, W. M.

Viegas, N.

G. Aka, N. Viegas, B. Teisseire, A. Kahn-Harari, and J. Godard, “Flux growth and characterisation of rare earth doped nonlinear huntite borate crystals: YNd(AlGa)(BO3)4 and YYbAl3(BO3)4,” J. Mater. Chem. 5, 583–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wallenstein, R.

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency doubling Nd:YAB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Schutz, I. Freitag, and R. Wallenstein, “Miniature self frequency doubling cw Nd:YAB laser pumped by a diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 221–225 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C. A.

Wang, G.

C. Y. Tu, Z. Luo, G. Chen, and G. Wang, “The growing of Nd:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 29, K47–K50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J.

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. Pan, and M. Jiang, “Laser self-doubling in Nd:YAB,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052–6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Wang, J. Y.

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, P.

H. F. Pan, P. Wang, X. F. Fan, R. H. Wang, and B. S. Lu, “Effects of Lu doping on optical properties and laser performance of NYAB crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 13, 602–605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, R. H.

H. F. Pan, P. Wang, X. F. Fan, R. H. Wang, and B. S. Lu, “Effects of Lu doping on optical properties and laser performance of NYAB crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 13, 602–605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, S. C.

Y. F. Chen, S. C. Wang, C. F. Kao, and T. M. Huang, “Investigation of fiber coupled laser diode pumped NYAB green laser performance,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1313–1315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Z. G.

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Chin. Phys. Lett. (2)

Z. Liu, A. Jiang, Y. Huang, and M. W. Qiu, “Xe flashlamp pumped self frequency doubling NYAB pulsed laser,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 6, 440–443 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. F. Pan, P. Wang, X. F. Fan, R. H. Wang, and B. S. Lu, “Effects of Lu doping on optical properties and laser performance of NYAB crystal,” Chin. Phys. Lett. 13, 602–605 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cryst. Res. Technol. (1)

C. Y. Tu, Z. Luo, G. Chen, and G. Wang, “The growing of Nd:GdAl3(BO3)4 crystals,” Cryst. Res. Technol. 29, K47–K50 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

R. Allen and L. Esterowitz, “Cw tunable ytterbium YAG laser pumped by titanium sapphire,” Electron. Lett. 31, 639–641 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

L. D. DeLoach, S. A. Payne, L. L. Chase, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, and W. F. Krupke, “Evaluation of absorption and emission properties of Yb doped crystals for laser applications,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1179–1190 (1993).
[CrossRef]

K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, and S. A. Payne, “Crystal growth, frequency doubling and infrared laser performance of Yb:BaCaBO3F,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 741–748 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, “Heat generation in Nd:YAG and Yb:YAG,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 1457–1459 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Bartschke, R. Knappe, K-J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Investigation of efficient self-frequency doubling Nd:YAB lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 12, 2295–2300 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode pumped laser operation of neodymium doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

Y. F. Chen, S. C. Wang, C. F. Kao, and T. M. Huang, “Investigation of fiber coupled laser diode pumped NYAB green laser performance,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 8, 1313–1315 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

B. S. Lu, J. Wang, H. Pan, and M. Jiang, “Laser self-doubling in Nd:YAB,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6052–6054 (1989).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. D. DeLoach, L. K. Smith, W. L. Kway, J. B. Tassano, W. F. Krupke, B. H. T. Chai, and G. Loutts, “Ytterbium doped apatite structure crystals: a new class of laser materials,” J. Appl. Phys. 76, 497–503 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. (1)

R. N. Smartt and W. H. Steel, “Theory and application of point diffraction interferometers,” J. Appl. Phys. Suppl. 14–1, 352–356 (1974).

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

X. B. Hu, S. S. Jiang, X. R. Huang, W. J. Liu, C. Z. Ge, J. Y. Wang, H. F. Pan, J. H. Jiang, and Z. G. Wang, “The growth defects in self-frequency doubling laser crystal NdYAl(BO3)4,” J. Cryst. Growth 173, 460–466 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Mater. Chem. (1)

G. Aka, N. Viegas, B. Teisseire, A. Kahn-Harari, and J. Godard, “Flux growth and characterisation of rare earth doped nonlinear huntite borate crystals: YNd(AlGa)(BO3)4 and YYbAl3(BO3)4,” J. Mater. Chem. 5, 583–587 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 (1)

M. Iwai, Y. Mori, T. Sasaki, S. Nakai, N. Sarukura, Z. Liu, and Y. Segawa, “Growth and optical characterisation of Cr:YAB and Cr:YGAB crystal for new tunable and self-frequency doubling laser,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 1 34, 2338–2343 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Krist. Tech. (1)

A. A. Filimonov, N. I. Leonyuk, L. B. Meissner, T. I. Timchenko, and I. S. Rez, “Nonlinear optical properties of isomorphic family of crystals with yttrium aluminium borate (YAB) structure,” Krist. Tech. 9, 63–66 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

T. Omatsu, Y. Kato, M. Shimosegawa, A. Hasegawa, and I. Ogura, “Thermal effects in laser-diode-pumped self-frequency-doubled NdxY1−xAl3(BO3)4 (NYAB) microchip laser,” Opt. Commun. 118, 302–308 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. Schutz, I. Freitag, and R. Wallenstein, “Miniature self frequency doubling cw Nd:YAB laser pumped by a diode laser,” Opt. Commun. 77, 221–225 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (2)

Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. (1)

N. I. Leonyuk and L. I. Leonyuk, “Growth and characterisation of RM3(BO3)4 crystals,” Prog. Cryst. Growth Charact. 31, 179–278 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. (1)

L. M. Dorozhkin, I. I. Kurstev, N. I. Leonyuk, T. I. Rimchenko, and A. V. Shestakov, “Optical second harmonic generation in a new nonlinear active medium Nd:YAB,” Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 7, 555–556 (1981).

Other (5)

V. A. Lebedev, V. F. Pisarenko, Y. M. Chuev, V. V. Zhorin, and A. V. Shestakov, “Synthesis and study of nonlinear laser crystals CeSc3(BO3)4,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 460–465.

B. H. T. Chai, D. A. Hammons, J. M. Eichenholz, Q. Ye, W. K. Jang, L. Shah, G. M. Luntz, M. Richardson, and H. Qiu, “Lasing, second-harmonic conversion, and self-frequency doubling of Yb:YCOB (Yb:YCa4B3O10),” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper Pd 11–2.

C. Bibeau, R. Beach, C. Ebbers, M. Emanuel, and J. Skidmore, “Cw and Q-switched performance of a diode end-pumped Yb:YAG laser,” in Advanced Solid State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 276–279.

D. S. Sumida and T. Y. Fan, “Emission spectra and fluorescence lifetime measurements of Yb:YAG as a function of temperature,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, T. Y. Fan and B. H. T. Chai, eds., Vol. 20 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1994), pp. 100–102.

D. Martrou, F. Mougel, G. Aka, A. Kahn-Harari, D. Vivien, and B. Viana, “Laser performance of an ytterbium-doped new single crystal: Yb3+:CaGdB3O10 (Yb:GdCOB) under end-pumped titanium sapphire,” in Digest of Topical Meeting on Advanced Solid State Lasers (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), paper AMF1–1.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Interference images recorded by the point-diffraction interferometer. (a) Without Yb:YAB crystal in the optical path, (b) with Yb:YAB crystal in the optical path.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Room-temperature-polarized absorption spectra of Yb:YAB crystal (5.6 at. %).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Room-temperature-polarized fluorescence spectra of Yb:YAB crystal (5.6 at. %).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

(a) Low-temperature absorption spectrum of Yb:YAB (<20 K), (b) low-temperature fluorescence spectrum of Yb:YAB (<20 K).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Stark energy-level diagram (in cm-1) of the  2F5/2 and  2F7/2 of Yb3+ in YAB crystal at low temperature (<20 K).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Yb:YAB and Nd:YAB crystal absorption spectra at room temperature.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Spectroscopic Parameters of Ytterbium Laser Crystals

Tables Icon

Table 2 Spectral Parameters of 998- and 1040-nm Potential Laser Extraction Channels in Yb:YAB

Tables Icon

Table 3 Comparison of Yb:YAB Crystal with Nd:YAB Crystal

Equations (8)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

xYb2O3+(1-x)Y2O3+3Al2O3+4B2O32YbxY(1-x)Al3(BO3)4,
σem(λ)=σabs(λ)(Zl/Zu)exp[(Ezl-E)/kT],
Zk=dk exp(-Ek/kT),
σem=λ58πcn21τRI(λ)λI(λ)dλ,
βmin={[σabs(λext)]/[σext(λext)+σabs(λext)]}.
βmin={1+(Zl/Zu)exp[(Ezl-hc/λ)/kT]}-1.
Isat=hc/[λpσ(λp)τ].
Imin=βminIsat.

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