Abstract

We use a spectral interferometric method to characterize a 150-nm-bandwidth stretcher. We analyze the phase distortion that is due to the system and show the influence of the quality of the mirrors on the pulse duration.

© 1999 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. Xu, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, “Ultrabroadband ring oscillator for sub-10-fs pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1259–1261 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  2. J. Zhou, C. Huang, M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Pulse evolution in a broad-bandwidth Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1149–1151 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  3. P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
    [Crossref]
  4. J. Zhou, C. Huang, C. Shi, M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of 21-fs millijoule-energy pulses by use of Ti:sapphire,” Opt. Lett. 19, 126–128 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  5. S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murname, “0.2-TW laser system at 1 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1256–1258 (1997).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  7. C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668–670 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454–458 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  9. O. E. Martinez, “3000 time grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  10. G. Chériaux, P. Rousseau, F. Salin, J. P. Chambaret, B. Walker, and L. F. Dimauro, “Aberration free stretcher design for ultrashort-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 414–415 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  11. B. E. Lemoff and C. P. J. Barty, “Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1651–1653 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. S. Kane and J. Squier, “Fourth-order-dispersion limitations of aberration-free chirped pulse amplification systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1237–1244 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  13. W. E. White, F. G. Patterson, R. L. Combs, D. F. Price, and R. L. Shepherd, “Compensation of higher order frequency-dependent phase terms in chirped-pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1343–1346 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  14. J. P. Heritage, A. M. Wiener, and R. N. Thurston, “Picosecond pulse shaping by spectral phase and amplitude manipulation,” Opt. Lett. 10, 609–611 (1985).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. A. M. Wiener, J. P. Heritage, and R. N. Thurston, “Synthesis of phase coherent, picosecond optical square pulses,” Opt. Lett. 11, 153–155 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  16. A. Wiener and A. M. Kan’an, “Femtosecond pulse shaping for synthesis, processing, and time-to-space conversion of ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 317–331 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  17. C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Notions de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelle des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183–196 (1973).
  18. J. Piasecki, B. Colombeau, M. Vampouille, C. Froehly, and J. A. Arnaud, “Nouvelle méthode de mesure de la réponse impulsionelle des fibres optiques,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3749–3755 (1980).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  19. L. Lepetit, G. Chériaux, and M. Joffre, “Linear techniques of phase measurement by femtosecond spectral interferometry for applications in spectroscopy,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2467–2474 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  20. F. Verluise, C. Dorrer, F. Salin, and J. P. Huignard, “Prommamable phase control of femtosecond pulse using a non pixellated spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 709–711 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  21. D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, “Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1793–1795 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  22. A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, “Spectral adaptive optics: phase compensation for ultrashort chirped pulse amplification systems,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses III, W. White and D. Reitze, eds., Proc. SPIE2701, 190–197 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  23. P. Tournois, “Acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter for adaptive compensation of group delay time dispersion in laser systems,” Opt. Commun. 140, 245–249 (1997).
    [Crossref]

1998 (2)

A. Wiener and A. M. Kan’an, “Femtosecond pulse shaping for synthesis, processing, and time-to-space conversion of ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 317–331 (1998).
[Crossref]

F. Verluise, C. Dorrer, F. Salin, and J. P. Huignard, “Prommamable phase control of femtosecond pulse using a non pixellated spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 709–711 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (5)

P. Tournois, “Acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter for adaptive compensation of group delay time dispersion in laser systems,” Opt. Commun. 140, 245–249 (1997).
[Crossref]

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. Kane and J. Squier, “Fourth-order-dispersion limitations of aberration-free chirped pulse amplification systems,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1237–1244 (1997).
[Crossref]

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murname, “0.2-TW laser system at 1 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1256–1258 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, “Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1793–1795 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

1995 (1)

1994 (3)

1993 (3)

1988 (1)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[Crossref]

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

1980 (1)

1973 (1)

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Notions de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelle des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183–196 (1973).

1969 (1)

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454–458 (1969).
[Crossref]

Antonetti, A.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Arnaud, J. A.

Backus, S.

Bado, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[Crossref]

Barty, C. P. J.

Blasco, F.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Chambaret, J. P.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Chériaux, P. Rousseau, F. Salin, J. P. Chambaret, B. Walker, and L. F. Dimauro, “Aberration free stretcher design for ultrashort-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 414–415 (1996).
[Crossref]

Chériaux, G.

Colombeau, B.

Combs, R. L.

Darpentigny, G.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Dimauro, L. F.

Dorrer, C.

Durfee, C. G.

Efimov, A.

A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, “Spectral adaptive optics: phase compensation for ultrashort chirped pulse amplification systems,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses III, W. White and D. Reitze, eds., Proc. SPIE2701, 190–197 (1996).
[Crossref]

Froehly, C.

J. Piasecki, B. Colombeau, M. Vampouille, C. Froehly, and J. A. Arnaud, “Nouvelle méthode de mesure de la réponse impulsionelle des fibres optiques,” Appl. Opt. 19, 3749–3755 (1980).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Notions de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelle des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183–196 (1973).

Guo, T.

Heritage, J. P.

Huang, C.

Huignard, J. P.

Joffre, M.

Kan’an, A. M.

A. Wiener and A. M. Kan’an, “Femtosecond pulse shaping for synthesis, processing, and time-to-space conversion of ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 317–331 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kane, S.

Kapteyn, H.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Krausz, F.

Lacourt, A.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Notions de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelle des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183–196 (1973).

Le Blanc, C.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668–670 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lemoff, B. E.

Lepetit, L.

Maine, P.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[Crossref]

Martinez, O. E.

O. E. Martinez, “3000 time grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1993).
[Crossref]

Meshulach, D.

Mourou, G.

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murname, “0.2-TW laser system at 1 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1256–1258 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[Crossref]

Murname, M.

Patterson, F. G.

Pessot, M.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[Crossref]

Piasecki, J.

Price, D. F.

Raksi, F.

Ranc, S.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Reitze, D. H.

A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, “Spectral adaptive optics: phase compensation for ultrashort chirped pulse amplification systems,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses III, W. White and D. Reitze, eds., Proc. SPIE2701, 190–197 (1996).
[Crossref]

Rey, G.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

Rose-Petruck, C.

Rousseau, P.

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

G. Chériaux, P. Rousseau, F. Salin, J. P. Chambaret, B. Walker, and L. F. Dimauro, “Aberration free stretcher design for ultrashort-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 414–415 (1996).
[Crossref]

Salin, F.

Shepherd, R. L.

Shi, C.

Silberberg, Y.

Spielmann, C.

Squier, J.

Strickland, D.

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[Crossref]

Szipöcs, R.

Thurston, R. N.

Tournois, P.

P. Tournois, “Acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter for adaptive compensation of group delay time dispersion in laser systems,” Opt. Commun. 140, 245–249 (1997).
[Crossref]

Treacy, E. B.

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454–458 (1969).
[Crossref]

Vampouille, M.

Verluise, F.

Vienot, J. C.

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Notions de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelle des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183–196 (1973).

Walker, B.

White, W. E.

Wiener, A.

A. Wiener and A. M. Kan’an, “Femtosecond pulse shaping for synthesis, processing, and time-to-space conversion of ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 317–331 (1998).
[Crossref]

Wiener, A. M.

Wilson, K. R.

Xu, L.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamakawa, K.

Yelin, D.

Zhou, J.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A. Antonetti, F. Blasco, J. P. Chambaret, G. Chériaux, G. Darpentigny, C. Le Blanc, P. Rousseau, S. Ranc, G. Rey, and F. Salin, “A laser system producing 5×1019 W/cm2 at 10 Hz,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 197–204 (1997).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

P. Maine, D. Strickland, P. Bado, M. Pessot, and G. Mourou, “Generation of ultrahigh peak power pulses by chirped pulse amplification,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 398–403 (1988).
[Crossref]

E. B. Treacy, “Optical pulse compression with diffraction gratings,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-5, 454–458 (1969).
[Crossref]

O. E. Martinez, “3000 time grating compressor with positive group velocity dispersion: application to fiber compensation in 1.3–1.6 µm region,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 23, 59–64 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Wiener and A. M. Kan’an, “Femtosecond pulse shaping for synthesis, processing, and time-to-space conversion of ultrafast optical waveforms,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 4, 317–331 (1998).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. (Paris) (1)

C. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. C. Vienot, “Notions de réponse impulsionnelle et de fonction de transfert temporelle des pupilles optiques, justifications expérimentales et applications,” J. Opt. (Paris) 4, 183–196 (1973).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

P. Tournois, “Acousto-optic programmable dispersive filter for adaptive compensation of group delay time dispersion in laser systems,” Opt. Commun. 140, 245–249 (1997).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (12)

F. Verluise, C. Dorrer, F. Salin, and J. P. Huignard, “Prommamable phase control of femtosecond pulse using a non pixellated spatial light modulator,” Opt. Lett. 23, 709–711 (1998).
[Crossref]

D. Yelin, D. Meshulach, and Y. Silberberg, “Adaptive femtosecond pulse compression,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1793–1795 (1997).
[Crossref]

W. E. White, F. G. Patterson, R. L. Combs, D. F. Price, and R. L. Shepherd, “Compensation of higher order frequency-dependent phase terms in chirped-pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1343–1346 (1993).
[Crossref]

J. P. Heritage, A. M. Wiener, and R. N. Thurston, “Picosecond pulse shaping by spectral phase and amplitude manipulation,” Opt. Lett. 10, 609–611 (1985).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. M. Wiener, J. P. Heritage, and R. N. Thurston, “Synthesis of phase coherent, picosecond optical square pulses,” Opt. Lett. 11, 153–155 (1986).
[Crossref]

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668–670 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Chériaux, P. Rousseau, F. Salin, J. P. Chambaret, B. Walker, and L. F. Dimauro, “Aberration free stretcher design for ultrashort-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 414–415 (1996).
[Crossref]

B. E. Lemoff and C. P. J. Barty, “Quintic-phase-limited, spatially uniform expansion and recompression of ultrashort optical pulses,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1651–1653 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Zhou, C. Huang, C. Shi, M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Generation of 21-fs millijoule-energy pulses by use of Ti:sapphire,” Opt. Lett. 19, 126–128 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Backus, C. G. Durfee, G. Mourou, H. Kapteyn, and M. Murname, “0.2-TW laser system at 1 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 22, 1256–1258 (1997).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Xu, C. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, “Ultrabroadband ring oscillator for sub-10-fs pulse generation,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1259–1261 (1994).
[Crossref]

J. Zhou, C. Huang, M. Murname, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Pulse evolution in a broad-bandwidth Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1149–1151 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

A. Efimov and D. H. Reitze, “Spectral adaptive optics: phase compensation for ultrashort chirped pulse amplification systems,” in Generation, Amplification, and Measurement of Ultrashort Laser Pulses III, W. White and D. Reitze, eds., Proc. SPIE2701, 190–197 (1996).
[Crossref]

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup with a Ti:sapphire (Ti:Sa) oscillator; gr, grooves.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

160-nm-bandwidth interferometric spectrum.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Top, measured phase and bottom, residual phase retrieved from the interferometric pattern.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured and calculated autocorrelations of a 13-fs pulse that has propagated through the stretcher.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Measured residual phase for different positions of the secondary mirror.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Measured residual phase for different positions of the primary mirror.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Measured residual phase and interferometric measurement of the primary-mirror surface.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Average output pulses for several rms surface qualities.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Comparison of the average output pulses from a λ/10 rms surface and from two randomly chosen surfaces.

Equations (3)

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ν(n)=53+3(n-1)πδ x,n(15).
ν(n)=ν(5)+2(n-1)πδ x,n>=6.
S(x)=nαnn1.5cos[ν(n)x],

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