G. W. Baxter, J. G. Haub, and B. J. Orr, “Backconversion in a pulsed optical parametric oscillator: evidence from injection-seeded sidebands,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2723–2730 (1997).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Lugiato, A. Gatti, H. Ritsch, I. Marzoli, and G. L. Oppo, “Quantum images in nonlinear optics,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1899–1915 (1997).

[CrossRef]

G. Arisholm, “General numerical methods for simulating second order nonlinear interactions in birefringent media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2543–2549 (1997).

[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, and M. Papuchon, “Intracavity optical parametric oscillator: study of the dynamics in pulsed regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1569–1587 (1996).

[CrossRef]

A. Fix and R. Wallenstein, “Spectral properties of pulsed nanosecond optical parametric oscillators: experimental investigation and numerical analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2484–2497 (1996).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Armstrong and A. V. Smith, “Tendency of nanosecond optical parametric oscillators to produce purely phase-modulated light,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1634–1636 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. V. Smith, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and M. S. Bowers, “Comparison of a numerical model with measured performance of a seeded, nanosecond KTP optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2253–2260 (1995).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Werner, M. G. Raymer, M. Beck, and P. D. Drummond, “Ultrashort pulsed squeezing by optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4202–4213 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Design criteria and comparison of femtosecond optical parametric oscillators based on KTiOPO_{4} and RbTiOAsO_{4},” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2168–2179 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. A. C. Terry, Y. Cui, Y. Yang, W. Sibbett, and M. H. Dunn, “Low-threshold operation of an all-solid-state KTP optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 758–769 (1994).

[CrossRef]

T. Schröder, K. J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Spectral properties and numerical modelling of a critically phase-matched nanosecond LiB_{3}O_{5} optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 425–438 (1994).

[CrossRef]

B. S. Abbott and S. Prasad, “Quantum noise and squeezing in an optical parametric oscillator with arbitrary output-mirror coupling,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5039–5051 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Kuo, D. T. Smithey, and M. G. Raymer, “Beam-pointing fluctuations in a gain-guided Raman amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2031–2043 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Reynaud and A. Heidmann, “A semiclassical linear input output transformation for quantum fluctuations,” Opt. Commun. 71, 209–214 (1989).

[CrossRef]

A. S. Lane, M. D. Reid, and D. F. Walls, “Quantum analysis of intensity fluctuations in the nondegenerate parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 788–799 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. A. Walmsley and M. G. Raymer, “Experimental study of the macroscopic quantum fluctuations of partially coherent Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 33, 382–390 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

[CrossRef]

B. R. Mollow, “Photon correlations in the parametric frequency splitting of light,” Phys. Rev. A 8, 2684–2694 (1973).

[CrossRef]

R. Lang, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, “Why is the laser line so narrow? A theory of single-quasimode laser operation,” Phys. Rev. A 7, 1788–1797 (1973).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Smith, “A study of factors affecting the performance of a continuously pumped doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 530–541 (1973).

[CrossRef]

R. Graham and H. Haken, “The quantum-fluctuations of the optical parametric oscillator. I.,” Z. Phys. 210, 276–302 (1968).

[CrossRef]

R. Graham, “Photon statistics of the optical parametric oscillator including the threshold region,” Z. Phys. 211, 469–482 (1968).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, “Power and bandwidth of spontaneous parametric emission,” Phys. Rev. 168, 1064–1068 (1968).

[CrossRef]

B. S. Abbott and S. Prasad, “Quantum noise and squeezing in an optical parametric oscillator with arbitrary output-mirror coupling,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5039–5051 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. J. Werner, M. G. Raymer, M. Beck, and P. D. Drummond, “Ultrashort pulsed squeezing by optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4202–4213 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Schröder, K. J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Spectral properties and numerical modelling of a critically phase-matched nanosecond LiB_{3}O_{5} optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 425–438 (1994).

[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, “Power and bandwidth of spontaneous parametric emission,” Phys. Rev. 168, 1064–1068 (1968).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Werner, M. G. Raymer, M. Beck, and P. D. Drummond, “Ultrashort pulsed squeezing by optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4202–4213 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. A. Lugiato, A. Gatti, H. Ritsch, I. Marzoli, and G. L. Oppo, “Quantum images in nonlinear optics,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1899–1915 (1997).

[CrossRef]

R. Graham, “Photon statistics of the optical parametric oscillator including the threshold region,” Z. Phys. 211, 469–482 (1968).

[CrossRef]

R. Graham and H. Haken, “The quantum-fluctuations of the optical parametric oscillator. I.,” Z. Phys. 210, 276–302 (1968).

[CrossRef]

R. Graham and H. Haken, “The quantum-fluctuations of the optical parametric oscillator. I.,” Z. Phys. 210, 276–302 (1968).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, “Power and bandwidth of spontaneous parametric emission,” Phys. Rev. 168, 1064–1068 (1968).

[CrossRef]

S. Reynaud and A. Heidmann, “A semiclassical linear input output transformation for quantum fluctuations,” Opt. Commun. 71, 209–214 (1989).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Kuo, D. T. Smithey, and M. G. Raymer, “Beam-pointing fluctuations in a gain-guided Raman amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2031–2043 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Lang, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, “Why is the laser line so narrow? A theory of single-quasimode laser operation,” Phys. Rev. A 7, 1788–1797 (1973).

[CrossRef]

A. S. Lane, M. D. Reid, and D. F. Walls, “Quantum analysis of intensity fluctuations in the nondegenerate parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 788–799 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Lang, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, “Why is the laser line so narrow? A theory of single-quasimode laser operation,” Phys. Rev. A 7, 1788–1797 (1973).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Lugiato, A. Gatti, H. Ritsch, I. Marzoli, and G. L. Oppo, “Quantum images in nonlinear optics,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1899–1915 (1997).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Lugiato, A. Gatti, H. Ritsch, I. Marzoli, and G. L. Oppo, “Quantum images in nonlinear optics,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1899–1915 (1997).

[CrossRef]

B. R. Mollow, “Photon correlations in the parametric frequency splitting of light,” Phys. Rev. A 8, 2684–2694 (1973).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Lugiato, A. Gatti, H. Ritsch, I. Marzoli, and G. L. Oppo, “Quantum images in nonlinear optics,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1899–1915 (1997).

[CrossRef]

B. S. Abbott and S. Prasad, “Quantum noise and squeezing in an optical parametric oscillator with arbitrary output-mirror coupling,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5039–5051 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. J. Werner, M. G. Raymer, M. Beck, and P. D. Drummond, “Ultrashort pulsed squeezing by optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4202–4213 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Kuo, D. T. Smithey, and M. G. Raymer, “Beam-pointing fluctuations in a gain-guided Raman amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2031–2043 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. A. Walmsley and M. G. Raymer, “Experimental study of the macroscopic quantum fluctuations of partially coherent Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 33, 382–390 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. S. Lane, M. D. Reid, and D. F. Walls, “Quantum analysis of intensity fluctuations in the nondegenerate parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 788–799 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Reynaud and A. Heidmann, “A semiclassical linear input output transformation for quantum fluctuations,” Opt. Commun. 71, 209–214 (1989).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Lugiato, A. Gatti, H. Ritsch, I. Marzoli, and G. L. Oppo, “Quantum images in nonlinear optics,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1899–1915 (1997).

[CrossRef]

T. Schröder, K. J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Spectral properties and numerical modelling of a critically phase-matched nanosecond LiB_{3}O_{5} optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 425–438 (1994).

[CrossRef]

R. Lang, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, “Why is the laser line so narrow? A theory of single-quasimode laser operation,” Phys. Rev. A 7, 1788–1797 (1973).

[CrossRef]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Design criteria and comparison of femtosecond optical parametric oscillators based on KTiOPO_{4} and RbTiOAsO_{4},” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2168–2179 (1995).

[CrossRef]

J. A. C. Terry, Y. Cui, Y. Yang, W. Sibbett, and M. H. Dunn, “Low-threshold operation of an all-solid-state KTP optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 758–769 (1994).

[CrossRef]

D. J. Armstrong and A. V. Smith, “Tendency of nanosecond optical parametric oscillators to produce purely phase-modulated light,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1634–1636 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. V. Smith, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and M. S. Bowers, “Comparison of a numerical model with measured performance of a seeded, nanosecond KTP optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2253–2260 (1995).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Smith, “A study of factors affecting the performance of a continuously pumped doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 530–541 (1973).

[CrossRef]

S. J. Kuo, D. T. Smithey, and M. G. Raymer, “Beam-pointing fluctuations in a gain-guided Raman amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2031–2043 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. S. Lane, M. D. Reid, and D. F. Walls, “Quantum analysis of intensity fluctuations in the nondegenerate parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 788–799 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. A. Walmsley and M. G. Raymer, “Experimental study of the macroscopic quantum fluctuations of partially coherent Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 33, 382–390 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. J. Werner, M. G. Raymer, M. Beck, and P. D. Drummond, “Ultrashort pulsed squeezing by optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4202–4213 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Schröder, K. J. Boller, and R. Wallenstein, “Spectral properties and numerical modelling of a critically phase-matched nanosecond LiB_{3}O_{5} optical parametric oscillator,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 425–438 (1994).

[CrossRef]

S. J. Brosnan and R. L. Byer, “Optical parametric oscillator threshold and linewidth studies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 415–431 (1979).

[CrossRef]

R. G. Smith, “A study of factors affecting the performance of a continuously pumped doubly resonant optical parametric oscillator,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-9, 530–541 (1973).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Lugiato, A. Gatti, H. Ritsch, I. Marzoli, and G. L. Oppo, “Quantum images in nonlinear optics,” J. Mod. Opt. 44, 1899–1915 (1997).

[CrossRef]

G. W. Baxter, J. G. Haub, and B. J. Orr, “Backconversion in a pulsed optical parametric oscillator: evidence from injection-seeded sidebands,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2723–2730 (1997).

[CrossRef]

T. Debuisschert, J. Raffy, J. P. Pocholle, and M. Papuchon, “Intracavity optical parametric oscillator: study of the dynamics in pulsed regime,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 1569–1587 (1996).

[CrossRef]

J. A. C. Terry, Y. Cui, Y. Yang, W. Sibbett, and M. H. Dunn, “Low-threshold operation of an all-solid-state KTP optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 758–769 (1994).

[CrossRef]

A. Fix and R. Wallenstein, “Spectral properties of pulsed nanosecond optical parametric oscillators: experimental investigation and numerical analysis,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2484–2497 (1996).

[CrossRef]

A. V. Smith, W. J. Alford, T. D. Raymond, and M. S. Bowers, “Comparison of a numerical model with measured performance of a seeded, nanosecond KTP optical parametric oscillator,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2253–2260 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. T. Reid, M. Ebrahimzadeh, and W. Sibbett, “Design criteria and comparison of femtosecond optical parametric oscillators based on KTiOPO_{4} and RbTiOAsO_{4},” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2168–2179 (1995).

[CrossRef]

G. Arisholm, “General numerical methods for simulating second order nonlinear interactions in birefringent media,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2543–2549 (1997).

[CrossRef]

S. Reynaud and A. Heidmann, “A semiclassical linear input output transformation for quantum fluctuations,” Opt. Commun. 71, 209–214 (1989).

[CrossRef]

R. L. Byer and S. E. Harris, “Power and bandwidth of spontaneous parametric emission,” Phys. Rev. 168, 1064–1068 (1968).

[CrossRef]

B. R. Mollow, “Photon correlations in the parametric frequency splitting of light,” Phys. Rev. A 8, 2684–2694 (1973).

[CrossRef]

M. J. Werner, M. G. Raymer, M. Beck, and P. D. Drummond, “Ultrashort pulsed squeezing by optical parametric amplification,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4202–4213 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

I. A. Walmsley and M. G. Raymer, “Experimental study of the macroscopic quantum fluctuations of partially coherent Raman scattering,” Phys. Rev. A 33, 382–390 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. J. Kuo, D. T. Smithey, and M. G. Raymer, “Beam-pointing fluctuations in a gain-guided Raman amplifier,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2031–2043 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. S. Lane, M. D. Reid, and D. F. Walls, “Quantum analysis of intensity fluctuations in the nondegenerate parametric oscillator,” Phys. Rev. A 38, 788–799 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. S. Abbott and S. Prasad, “Quantum noise and squeezing in an optical parametric oscillator with arbitrary output-mirror coupling,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 5039–5051 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Lang, M. O. Scully, and W. E. Lamb, “Why is the laser line so narrow? A theory of single-quasimode laser operation,” Phys. Rev. A 7, 1788–1797 (1973).

[CrossRef]

L. A. Wu, H. J. Kimble, J. L. Hall, and H. Wu, “Generation of squeezed states by parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 57, 2520–2523 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Graham and H. Haken, “The quantum-fluctuations of the optical parametric oscillator. I.,” Z. Phys. 210, 276–302 (1968).

[CrossRef]

R. Graham, “Photon statistics of the optical parametric oscillator including the threshold region,” Z. Phys. 211, 469–482 (1968).

[CrossRef]

A. E. Siegman, Lasers (University Science, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986), Chap. 9.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, 2nd ed. (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995), Chap. 2.

Ref. 28, Chap. 8.12.

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer-Verlag, Heidelberg, 1991), Chap. 2.8.

E. Merzbacher, Quantum Mechanics (Wiley, New York, 1970), Chap. 15.7.

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1995), Chap. 12.12.

P. W. Milonni, The Quantum Vacuum (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1994), Chap. 4.