Abstract

Ultrashort pulses with durations in the range from 10 to 50 fs generated by Kerr-lens mode-locked mirror-dispersion-controlled Ti:sapphire lasers in ring and Fabry–Perot configurations are fully characterized by the high-dynamic-range autocorrelation and the frequency-resolved optical gating techniques. The pulse quality is investigated in terms of pulse duration–bandwidth product, contrast, temporal and spectral phase errors, and similarity of the pulse shape to the ideal sech shape.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, F. Krausz, and A. J. Schmidt, “Sub-20-fs, kilohertz-repetition-rate Ti:sapphire amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1397 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Ti:sapphire amplifier producing millijoule-level, 21-fs pulses at 1 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. J. P. Chambaret, C. Le Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Kohlweyer, G. D. Tsakiris, C.-G. Wahlströhm, C. Tillman, and I. Mercer, “Harmonic generation from solid–vacuum interface irradiated at high laser intensities,” Opt. Commun. 117, 431 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. P. Christov, “Ultrashort optical waveform measurements using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 20, 743 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumbügel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Braun, J. V. Rudd, H. Cheng, G. Mourou, D. Kopf, I. D. Jung, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Characterization of short-pulse oscillators by means of a high-dynamic range autocorrelation measurement,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1889 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Chériaux, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimization of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  11. I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, J. Henkmann, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “High-dynamic-range characterization of ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 307 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. A. Kasper and K. J. Witte, “10-fs pulse generation from a unidirectional Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 360 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-10-fs mirror-dispersion-controlled Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. Scipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  15. K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, J. Hunter, and W. E. White, “Frequency-resolved optical gating with the use of second-harmonic generation,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 2206 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  16. O. E. Martinez, R. L. Fork, and J. P. Gordon, “Theory of passively mode-locked lasers for the case of a nonlinear complex-propagation coefficient,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 753 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. A. Haus, J. G. Fujimoto, and E. P. Ippen, “Structures for additive pulse mode locking,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 8, 2068 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Herrmann, “Theory of Kerr-lens mode locking: role of self-focusing and radially varying gain,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 498 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  19. Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1100 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Mode locking in solitary lasers,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, J. Zhou, and C.-P. Huang, “Fourth-order dispersion-limited solitary pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1465 (1994).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. A. Haus, J. D. Moores, and L. E. Nelson, “Effect of third-order dispersion on passive mode locking,” Opt. Lett. 18, 51 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. J. Herrmann, V. P. Kalosha, and M. Müller, “Higher-order phase dispersion in femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked solid-state lasers: sideband generation and pulse splitting,” Opt. Lett. 22, 236 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (3)

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, J. Henkmann, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “High-dynamic-range characterization of ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, V. P. Kalosha, and M. Müller, “Higher-order phase dispersion in femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked solid-state lasers: sideband generation and pulse splitting,” Opt. Lett. 22, 236 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (4)

1995 (7)

S. Kohlweyer, G. D. Tsakiris, C.-G. Wahlströhm, C. Tillman, and I. Mercer, “Harmonic generation from solid–vacuum interface irradiated at high laser intensities,” Opt. Commun. 117, 431 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. P. Christov, “Ultrashort optical waveform measurements using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 20, 743 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Braun, J. V. Rudd, H. Cheng, G. Mourou, D. Kopf, I. D. Jung, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Characterization of short-pulse oscillators by means of a high-dynamic range autocorrelation measurement,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1889 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Chériaux, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimization of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, F. Krausz, and A. J. Schmidt, “Sub-20-fs, kilohertz-repetition-rate Ti:sapphire amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1397 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Ti:sapphire amplifier producing millijoule-level, 21-fs pulses at 1 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-10-fs mirror-dispersion-controlled Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1994 (5)

1993 (1)

1991 (2)

1985 (1)

Antonetti, A.

J. P. Chambaret, C. Le Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Chériaux, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimization of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Backus, S.

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Barty, C. P. J.

Brabec, T.

Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Mode locking in solitary lasers,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Braun, A.

Chambaret, J. P.

J. P. Chambaret, C. Le Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Chériaux, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimization of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, H.

Chériaux, G.

J. P. Chambaret, C. Le Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Chériaux, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimization of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Christov, I. P.

Curley, P.

Curley, P. F.

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Chériaux, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimization of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Darpentigny, G.

J. P. Chambaret, C. Le Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Chériaux, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimization of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71 (1995).
[CrossRef]

DeLong, K. W.

Ferencz, K.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumbügel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R. L.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Gordon, J. P.

Guo, T.

Hamoniaux, G.

Haus, H. A.

Henkmann, J.

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, J. Henkmann, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “High-dynamic-range characterization of ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Herrmann, J.

Huang, C. P.

Huang, C.-P.

Hunter, J.

Ippen, E. P.

Jung, I. D.

Kalosha, V. P.

Kapteyn, H. C.

Kärtner, F. X.

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, J. Henkmann, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “High-dynamic-range characterization of ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kasper, A.

Keller, U.

Kohlweyer, S.

S. Kohlweyer, G. D. Tsakiris, C.-G. Wahlströhm, C. Tillman, and I. Mercer, “Harmonic generation from solid–vacuum interface irradiated at high laser intensities,” Opt. Commun. 117, 431 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kopf, D.

Krausz, F.

Krumbügel, M. A.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumbügel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Le Blanc, C.

Lenzner, M.

Martinez, O. E.

Mercer, I.

S. Kohlweyer, G. D. Tsakiris, C.-G. Wahlströhm, C. Tillman, and I. Mercer, “Harmonic generation from solid–vacuum interface irradiated at high laser intensities,” Opt. Commun. 117, 431 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moores, J. D.

Mourou, G.

Müller, M.

Murnane, M. M.

Nelson, L. E.

Peatross, J.

Pshenichnikov, M. S.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Raksi, F.

Rose-Petruck, C.

Rousseau, P.

Rudd, J. V.

Rundquist, A.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumbügel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. P. Christov, “Ultrashort optical waveform measurements using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 20, 743 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

Schmidt, A. J.

Scipöcs, R.

Spielmann, C.

Spielmann, Ch.

Squier, J.

Stingl, A.

Sweetser, J. N.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumbügel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Szipöcs, R.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-10-fs mirror-dispersion-controlled Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taft, G.

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumbügel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. P. Christov, “Ultrashort optical waveform measurements using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 20, 743 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tillman, C.

S. Kohlweyer, G. D. Tsakiris, C.-G. Wahlströhm, C. Tillman, and I. Mercer, “Harmonic generation from solid–vacuum interface irradiated at high laser intensities,” Opt. Commun. 117, 431 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Tsakiris, G. D.

S. Kohlweyer, G. D. Tsakiris, C.-G. Wahlströhm, C. Tillman, and I. Mercer, “Harmonic generation from solid–vacuum interface irradiated at high laser intensities,” Opt. Commun. 117, 431 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wahlströhm, C.-G.

S. Kohlweyer, G. D. Tsakiris, C.-G. Wahlströhm, C. Tillman, and I. Mercer, “Harmonic generation from solid–vacuum interface irradiated at high laser intensities,” Opt. Commun. 117, 431 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weingarten, K. J.

White, W. E.

Wiersma, D. A.

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wilson, K. R.

Wintner, E.

Witte, K. J.

Yakovlev, V. V.

Yamakawa, K.

Zhang, G.

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, J. Henkmann, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “High-dynamic-range characterization of ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, J.

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. Baltuška, Z. Wei, M. S. Pshenichnikov, D. A. Wiersma, and R. Szipöcs, “All-solid-state cavity-dumped sub-5-fs laser,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 175 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. D. Jung, F. X. Kärtner, J. Henkmann, G. Zhang, and U. Keller, “High-dynamic-range characterization of ultrashort pulses,” Appl. Phys. B 65, 307 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

Ch. Spielmann, P. F. Curley, T. Brabec, and F. Krausz, “Ultrabroadband femtosecond lasers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1100 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, I. P. Christov, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, M. A. Krumbügel, J. N. Sweetser, and R. Trebino, “Measurement of 10-fs laser pulses,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 575 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (4)

Opt. Commun. (2)

S. Kohlweyer, G. D. Tsakiris, C.-G. Wahlströhm, C. Tillman, and I. Mercer, “Harmonic generation from solid–vacuum interface irradiated at high laser intensities,” Opt. Commun. 117, 431 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Curley, G. Darpentigny, G. Chériaux, J. P. Chambaret, and A. Antonetti, “High dynamic range autocorrelation studies of a femtosecond Ti:sapphire oscillator and its relevance to the optimization of chirped pulse amplification systems,” Opt. Commun. 120, 71 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (13)

T. Brabec, Ch. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Mode locking in solitary lasers,” Opt. Lett. 16, 1961 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. P. Christov, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, J. Zhou, and C.-P. Huang, “Fourth-order dispersion-limited solitary pulses,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1465 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. A. Haus, J. D. Moores, and L. E. Nelson, “Effect of third-order dispersion on passive mode locking,” Opt. Lett. 18, 51 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, V. P. Kalosha, and M. Müller, “Higher-order phase dispersion in femtosecond Kerr-lens mode-locked solid-state lasers: sideband generation and pulse splitting,” Opt. Lett. 22, 236 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Taft, A. Rundquist, M. M. Murnane, H. C. Kapteyn, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. P. Christov, “Ultrashort optical waveform measurements using frequency-resolved optical gating,” Opt. Lett. 20, 743 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Braun, J. V. Rudd, H. Cheng, G. Mourou, D. Kopf, I. D. Jung, K. J. Weingarten, and U. Keller, “Characterization of short-pulse oscillators by means of a high-dynamic range autocorrelation measurement,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1889 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, E. Wintner, F. Krausz, and A. J. Schmidt, “Sub-20-fs, kilohertz-repetition-rate Ti:sapphire amplifier,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1397 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Backus, J. Peatross, C. P. Huang, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, “Ti:sapphire amplifier producing millijoule-level, 21-fs pulses at 1 kHz,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2000 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. P. J. Barty, T. Guo, C. Le Blanc, F. Raksi, C. Rose-Petruck, J. Squier, K. R. Wilson, V. V. Yakovlev, and K. Yamakawa, “Generation of 18-fs, multiterawatt pulses by regenerative pulse shaping and chirped-pulse amplification,” Opt. Lett. 21, 668 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Chambaret, C. Le Blanc, G. Chériaux, P. Curley, G. Darpentigny, P. Rousseau, G. Hamoniaux, A. Antonetti, and F. Salin, “Generation of 25-TW, 32-fs pulses at 10 Hz,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1921 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Kasper and K. J. Witte, “10-fs pulse generation from a unidirectional Kerr-lens mode-locked Ti:sapphire ring laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 360 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Stingl, M. Lenzner, Ch. Spielmann, F. Krausz, and R. Szipöcs, “Sub-10-fs mirror-dispersion-controlled Ti:sapphire laser,” Opt. Lett. 20, 602 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Scipöcs, K. Ferencz, C. Spielmann, and F. Krausz, “Chirped multilayer coatings for broadband dispersion control in femtosecond lasers,” Opt. Lett. 19, 201 (1994).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dispersion characteristics of the MDC ring resonator: mirror dispersion summed over five bounces and material dispersion for a resonator with no or 1.5-mm additional quartz delivering pulses of the durations shown. Data for the FP resonator are not shown because the dispersion characteristics are almost identical.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Characterization of ∼30-fs pulses generated in the MDC ring resonator. Each plot includes a sech fit to the measurements with β=0. (a) Measured IAC. (b) Measured high-dynamic range BAC. The small side peaks at ±300-fs delay (arrows) are experimental artifacts that are due to the BAC setup working with two beam splitters of slightly unequal thicknesses. (c) Measured spectrum (solid curve), 29-fs sech fit (open circles), and spectral intensity (filled squares) and phase (filled triangles) retrieved from the FROG (FROG error of 0.012); the inset shows the measured and the retrieved spectra on a linear scale.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Characterization of ∼12-fs pulses (see text) generated in the MDC ring resonator running close to the zero-GVD limit. (a)–(c) correspond to those in Fig. 2 with a 10.5-fs sech fit (open circles) to the measured spectrum in (c). The error of the FROG retrieval is 0.019.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Complete reconstruction of (a) the ∼30-fs pulses of Fig. 2 and (b) the ∼12-fs pulses of Fig. 3 generated in the MDC ring resonator: temporal intensity and phase reconstructed by Fourier transformation of the measured spectrum with the FROG spectral phase. Open circles: (a) 30-fs sech fit, (b) 12.2-fs sech fit. The insets show the temporal intensities on a linear scale.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Characterization of ∼13-fs pulses generated in the MDC FP resonator running close to the zero GVD limit. Each plot includes a sech fit to the measurements with β=0. (a) Measured IAC. (b) Measured high-dynamic-range BAC. (c) Measured spectrum (solid curve), 10.5-fs sech fit (open circles), and spectral intensity (filled squares) and phase (filled triangles) retrieved from the FROG (FROG error of 0.013); the inset shows the measured and retrieved spectra on a linear scale. (d) Temporal intensity (filled triangles), 13-fs sech fit (open circles), and phase (solid curve) reconstructed by Fourier transformation of the spectrum with the FROG spectral phase. The inset shows the temporal intensity on a linear scale.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Comparison of the pulse quality for two different cavity configurations operating at pulse durations from ∼10 to ∼50 fs: (a) time–bandwidth product Δνt1/2 versus pulse duration, (b) contrast versus pulse length. The range for the value of t1/2 as indicated by the error bars is determined by the IAC value as the lower limit and by the BAC value as the upper limit, as mentioned in the text.

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