Abstract

The spontaneous appearance of hexagon patterns in photorefractive crystals is treated as mirrorless coherent four-wave mixing oscillation. It is shown experimentally that the system has a well-defined coupling-strength threshold and behaves as other coherent optical oscillators near the threshold. A simple relation for the angle of the hexagon sideband as a function of the distance between the end mirror and the sample is derived and verified experimentally.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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