Abstract

We summarize the 194 far-infrared lasing lines of hydrazine: 7 new lines, 144 lines that we reported recently, and 43 lines reported by other authors. Fewer than 5% of the 43 previously reported lines had wavelengths shorter than 200 μm, but 82% of our 134 lines (127 and 7 new), discovered in cw 12C16O2-laser-pumped hydrazine, were shorter than 200 μm; the shortest was at 49.2 μm. Of the 194 lines now known in hydrazine, 150 have been frequency measured. We present the pump line, the pump offset from the CO2 line center, the far-infrared wavelength and frequency, the optimum pressure, the relative intensity, and the relative polarization of each line.

[Optical Society of America ]

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  1. S. F. Dyubko , V. A. Svich , and L. D. Fesenko , Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO 2 laser , J. Appl. Spectrosc. JASYAP 20 , 545 546 ( 1974
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. E. Radford , F. R. Petersen , D. A. Jennings , and J. A. Mucha , Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 QE-13 , 92 94 ( 1977
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Inguscio , G. Moruzzi , K. M. Evenson , and D. A. Jennings , A review of frequency measurements of optically pumped lasers from 0.1 to 8 THz , J. Appl. Phys. JAPIAU 60 , R161 R192 ( 1986
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. E. Radford , K. M. Evenson , F. Matsushima , L. R. Zink , G. P. Galva o , and T. J. Sears , Far infrared laser frequencies of CH 3 OD and N 2 H 4 , Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves IJIWDO 12 , 1161 1166 ( 1991
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. C. C. Vasconcellos , L. R. Zink , G. P. Galva o , and K. M. Evenson , New N 2 H 4 far infrared laser lines and frequencies , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 30 , 2401 2406 ( 1994
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. C. C. Vasconcellos , S. C. Zerbetto , K. M. Evenson , and L. R. Zink , New far-infrared hydrazine laser lines and their frequencies , J. Opt. Soc. Am. B JOBPDE 12 , 1334 1337 ( 1995
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. C. Zerbetto , L. R. Zink , K. M. Evenson , and E. C. C. Vasconcellos , New N 2 H 4 far-infrared laser lines and their frequencies , Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves IJIWDO 17 , 1041 1047 ( 1996
    [CrossRef]
  8. E. C. C. Vasconcellos , M. Tachikawa , L. R. Zink , and K. M. Evenson , Far-infrared hydrazine laser pumped by an N 2 O laser , Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves IJIWDO 18 , 2295 2299 ( 1997
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Jones , G. Taubmann , and M. Takami , The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 QE-18 , 1997 1999 ( 1982
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. M. Evenson , C. Chou , B. W. Bach , and K. G. Bach , New cw CO 2 laser lines: the 9- m hot band , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 30 , 1187 1188 ( 1994
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Tachikawa , K. M. Evenson , L. R. Zink , and A. G. Maki , Frequency measurements of 9- and 10- m N 2 O laser transitions , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 32 , 1732 1736 ( 1996
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Inguscio , F. Strumia , K. M. Evenson , D. A. Jennings , A. Scalabrin , and S. R. Stein , Far-infrared CH 3 F laser , Opt. Lett. OPLEDP 4 , 9 11 ( 1979
    [CrossRef]
  13. E. C. C. Vasconcellos , S. C. Zerbetto , J. C. Holecek , and K. M. Evenson , Short-wavelength far-infrared laser cavity yielding new lines in methanol , Opt. Lett. OPLEDP 20 , 1392 1393 ( 1995
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bach, B. W

K. M. Evenson , C. Chou , B. W. Bach , and K. G. Bach , New cw CO 2 laser lines: the 9- m hot band , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 30 , 1187 1188 ( 1994
[CrossRef]

Bach, K. G

K. M. Evenson , C. Chou , B. W. Bach , and K. G. Bach , New cw CO 2 laser lines: the 9- m hot band , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 30 , 1187 1188 ( 1994
[CrossRef]

Dyubko, S. F

S. F. Dyubko , V. A. Svich , and L. D. Fesenko , Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO 2 laser , J. Appl. Spectrosc. JASYAP 20 , 545 546 ( 1974
[CrossRef]

Fesenko, L. D

S. F. Dyubko , V. A. Svich , and L. D. Fesenko , Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO 2 laser , J. Appl. Spectrosc. JASYAP 20 , 545 546 ( 1974
[CrossRef]

Holecek, J. C

Jones, H

H. Jones , G. Taubmann , and M. Takami , The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 QE-18 , 1997 1999 ( 1982
[CrossRef]

Matsushima, F

H. E. Radford , K. M. Evenson , F. Matsushima , L. R. Zink , G. P. Galva o , and T. J. Sears , Far infrared laser frequencies of CH 3 OD and N 2 H 4 , Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves IJIWDO 12 , 1161 1166 ( 1991
[CrossRef]

Mucha, J. A

H. E. Radford , F. R. Petersen , D. A. Jennings , and J. A. Mucha , Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 QE-13 , 92 94 ( 1977
[CrossRef]

Radford, H. E

H. E. Radford , F. R. Petersen , D. A. Jennings , and J. A. Mucha , Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 QE-13 , 92 94 ( 1977
[CrossRef]

Sears, T. J

H. E. Radford , K. M. Evenson , F. Matsushima , L. R. Zink , G. P. Galva o , and T. J. Sears , Far infrared laser frequencies of CH 3 OD and N 2 H 4 , Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves IJIWDO 12 , 1161 1166 ( 1991
[CrossRef]

Stein, S. R

Svich, V. A

S. F. Dyubko , V. A. Svich , and L. D. Fesenko , Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO 2 laser , J. Appl. Spectrosc. JASYAP 20 , 545 546 ( 1974
[CrossRef]

Takami, M

H. Jones , G. Taubmann , and M. Takami , The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 QE-18 , 1997 1999 ( 1982
[CrossRef]

Taubmann, G

H. Jones , G. Taubmann , and M. Takami , The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 QE-18 , 1997 1999 ( 1982
[CrossRef]

Other (13)

S. F. Dyubko , V. A. Svich , and L. D. Fesenko , Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO 2 laser , J. Appl. Spectrosc. JASYAP 20 , 545 546 ( 1974
[CrossRef]

H. E. Radford , F. R. Petersen , D. A. Jennings , and J. A. Mucha , Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 QE-13 , 92 94 ( 1977
[CrossRef]

M. Inguscio , G. Moruzzi , K. M. Evenson , and D. A. Jennings , A review of frequency measurements of optically pumped lasers from 0.1 to 8 THz , J. Appl. Phys. JAPIAU 60 , R161 R192 ( 1986
[CrossRef]

H. E. Radford , K. M. Evenson , F. Matsushima , L. R. Zink , G. P. Galva o , and T. J. Sears , Far infrared laser frequencies of CH 3 OD and N 2 H 4 , Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves IJIWDO 12 , 1161 1166 ( 1991
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos , L. R. Zink , G. P. Galva o , and K. M. Evenson , New N 2 H 4 far infrared laser lines and frequencies , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 30 , 2401 2406 ( 1994
[CrossRef]

S. C. Zerbetto , L. R. Zink , K. M. Evenson , and E. C. C. Vasconcellos , New N 2 H 4 far-infrared laser lines and their frequencies , Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves IJIWDO 17 , 1041 1047 ( 1996
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos , M. Tachikawa , L. R. Zink , and K. M. Evenson , Far-infrared hydrazine laser pumped by an N 2 O laser , Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves IJIWDO 18 , 2295 2299 ( 1997
[CrossRef]

H. Jones , G. Taubmann , and M. Takami , The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 QE-18 , 1997 1999 ( 1982
[CrossRef]

K. M. Evenson , C. Chou , B. W. Bach , and K. G. Bach , New cw CO 2 laser lines: the 9- m hot band , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 30 , 1187 1188 ( 1994
[CrossRef]

M. Tachikawa , K. M. Evenson , L. R. Zink , and A. G. Maki , Frequency measurements of 9- and 10- m N 2 O laser transitions , IEEE J. Quantum Electron. IEJQA7 32 , 1732 1736 ( 1996
[CrossRef]

M. Inguscio , F. Strumia , K. M. Evenson , D. A. Jennings , A. Scalabrin , and S. R. Stein , Far-infrared CH 3 F laser , Opt. Lett. OPLEDP 4 , 9 11 ( 1979
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos , S. C. Zerbetto , K. M. Evenson , and L. R. Zink , New far-infrared hydrazine laser lines and their frequencies , J. Opt. Soc. Am. B JOBPDE 12 , 1334 1337 ( 1995
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos , S. C. Zerbetto , J. C. Holecek , and K. M. Evenson , Short-wavelength far-infrared laser cavity yielding new lines in methanol , Opt. Lett. OPLEDP 20 , 1392 1393 ( 1995
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Wavelength distribution of N2H4 FIR laser lines pumped by 12C16O2.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the Hydrazine FIR Laser Lines Pumped by a 12C16O2 Laser

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Table 2 Summary of the Hydrazine FIR Laser Lines Pumped by Isotopic CO2 Laser

Tables Icon

Table 3 Summary of the Hydrazine FIR Laser Lines Pumped by an 14N216O Laser

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Table 4 Summary of the Hydrazine FIR Laser Lines Pumped by a 12C16O2 Laser, Sorted by Increasing Wavelength

Tables Icon

Table 5 Summary of the Hydrazine FIR Laser Lines Pumped by an 14N216O Laser, Sorted by Increasing Wavelength

Equations (1)

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δν=νFIR-n|ν1-ν2|±mνm,

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