Abstract

We summarize the 194 far-infrared lasing lines of hydrazine: 7 new lines, 144 lines that we reported recently, and 43 lines reported by other authors. Fewer than 5% of the 43 previously reported lines had wavelengths shorter than 200 μm, but 82% of our 134 lines (127 and 7 new), discovered in cw 12C16O2-laser-pumped hydrazine, were shorter than 200 μm; the shortest was at 49.2 μm. Of the 194 lines now known in hydrazine, 150 have been frequency measured. We present the pump line, the pump offset from the CO2 line center, the far-infrared wavelength and frequency, the optimum pressure, the relative intensity, and the relative polarization of each line.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. S. F. Dyubko, V. A. Svich, and L. D. Fesenko, “Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 20, 545–546 (1974).
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. E. Radford, F. R. Petersen, D. A. Jennings, and J. A. Mucha, “Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 92–94 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Inguscio, G. Moruzzi, K. M. Evenson, and D. A. Jennings, “A review of frequency measurements of optically pumped lasers from 0.1 to 8 THz,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, R161–R192 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  4. N. G. Douglas, Millimeter and Submillimeter Wavelength Lasers (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989), p. 223.
  5. H. E. Radford, K. M. Evenson, F. Matsushima, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and T. J. Sears, “Far infrared laser frequencies of CH3OD and N2H4,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 12, 1161–1166 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. E. C. C. Vasconcellos, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and K. M. Evenson, “New N2H4 far infrared laser lines and frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2401–2406 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. C. C. Vasconcellos, S. C. Zerbetto, K. M. Evenson, and L. R. Zink, “New far-infrared hydrazine laser lines and their frequencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1334–1337 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. S. C. Zerbetto, L. R. Zink, K. M. Evenson, and E. C. C. Vasconcellos, “New N2H4 far-infrared laser lines and their frequencies,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 17, 1041–1047 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. C. C. Vasconcellos, M. Tachikawa, L. R. Zink, and K. M. Evenson, “Far-infrared hydrazine laser pumped by an N2O laser,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 2295–2299 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Jones, G. Taubmann, and M. Takami, “The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1997–1999 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. M. Evenson, C. Chou, B. W. Bach, and K. G. Bach, “New cw CO2 laser lines: the 9-μm hot band,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1187–1188 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Tachikawa, K. M. Evenson, L. R. Zink, and A. G. Maki, “Frequency measurements of 9- and 10-μm N2O laser transitions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1732–1736 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  13. M. Inguscio, F. Strumia, K. M. Evenson, D. A. Jennings, A. Scalabrin, and S. R. Stein, “Far-infrared CH3F laser,” Opt. Lett. 4, 9–11 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. C. C. Vasconcellos, S. C. Zerbetto, J. C. Holecek, and K. M. Evenson, “Short-wavelength far-infrared laser cavity yielding new lines in methanol,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1392–1393 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (1)

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, M. Tachikawa, L. R. Zink, and K. M. Evenson, “Far-infrared hydrazine laser pumped by an N2O laser,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 2295–2299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

S. C. Zerbetto, L. R. Zink, K. M. Evenson, and E. C. C. Vasconcellos, “New N2H4 far-infrared laser lines and their frequencies,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 17, 1041–1047 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Tachikawa, K. M. Evenson, L. R. Zink, and A. G. Maki, “Frequency measurements of 9- and 10-μm N2O laser transitions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1732–1736 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

1994 (2)

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and K. M. Evenson, “New N2H4 far infrared laser lines and frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2401–2406 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Evenson, C. Chou, B. W. Bach, and K. G. Bach, “New cw CO2 laser lines: the 9-μm hot band,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1187–1188 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

H. E. Radford, K. M. Evenson, F. Matsushima, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and T. J. Sears, “Far infrared laser frequencies of CH3OD and N2H4,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 12, 1161–1166 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. Inguscio, G. Moruzzi, K. M. Evenson, and D. A. Jennings, “A review of frequency measurements of optically pumped lasers from 0.1 to 8 THz,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, R161–R192 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

H. Jones, G. Taubmann, and M. Takami, “The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1997–1999 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

1977 (1)

H. E. Radford, F. R. Petersen, D. A. Jennings, and J. A. Mucha, “Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 92–94 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1974 (1)

S. F. Dyubko, V. A. Svich, and L. D. Fesenko, “Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 20, 545–546 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Bach, B. W.

K. M. Evenson, C. Chou, B. W. Bach, and K. G. Bach, “New cw CO2 laser lines: the 9-μm hot band,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1187–1188 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Bach, K. G.

K. M. Evenson, C. Chou, B. W. Bach, and K. G. Bach, “New cw CO2 laser lines: the 9-μm hot band,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1187–1188 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chou, C.

K. M. Evenson, C. Chou, B. W. Bach, and K. G. Bach, “New cw CO2 laser lines: the 9-μm hot band,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1187–1188 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Douglas, N. G.

N. G. Douglas, Millimeter and Submillimeter Wavelength Lasers (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989), p. 223.

Dyubko, S. F.

S. F. Dyubko, V. A. Svich, and L. D. Fesenko, “Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 20, 545–546 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Evenson, K. M.

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, M. Tachikawa, L. R. Zink, and K. M. Evenson, “Far-infrared hydrazine laser pumped by an N2O laser,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 2295–2299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Zerbetto, L. R. Zink, K. M. Evenson, and E. C. C. Vasconcellos, “New N2H4 far-infrared laser lines and their frequencies,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 17, 1041–1047 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Tachikawa, K. M. Evenson, L. R. Zink, and A. G. Maki, “Frequency measurements of 9- and 10-μm N2O laser transitions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1732–1736 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, S. C. Zerbetto, K. M. Evenson, and L. R. Zink, “New far-infrared hydrazine laser lines and their frequencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1334–1337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, S. C. Zerbetto, J. C. Holecek, and K. M. Evenson, “Short-wavelength far-infrared laser cavity yielding new lines in methanol,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1392–1393 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and K. M. Evenson, “New N2H4 far infrared laser lines and frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2401–2406 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Evenson, C. Chou, B. W. Bach, and K. G. Bach, “New cw CO2 laser lines: the 9-μm hot band,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1187–1188 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Radford, K. M. Evenson, F. Matsushima, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and T. J. Sears, “Far infrared laser frequencies of CH3OD and N2H4,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 12, 1161–1166 (1991).
[CrossRef]

M. Inguscio, G. Moruzzi, K. M. Evenson, and D. A. Jennings, “A review of frequency measurements of optically pumped lasers from 0.1 to 8 THz,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, R161–R192 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Inguscio, F. Strumia, K. M. Evenson, D. A. Jennings, A. Scalabrin, and S. R. Stein, “Far-infrared CH3F laser,” Opt. Lett. 4, 9–11 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Fesenko, L. D.

S. F. Dyubko, V. A. Svich, and L. D. Fesenko, “Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 20, 545–546 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Galvão, G. P.

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and K. M. Evenson, “New N2H4 far infrared laser lines and frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2401–2406 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Radford, K. M. Evenson, F. Matsushima, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and T. J. Sears, “Far infrared laser frequencies of CH3OD and N2H4,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 12, 1161–1166 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Holecek, J. C.

Inguscio, M.

M. Inguscio, G. Moruzzi, K. M. Evenson, and D. A. Jennings, “A review of frequency measurements of optically pumped lasers from 0.1 to 8 THz,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, R161–R192 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Inguscio, F. Strumia, K. M. Evenson, D. A. Jennings, A. Scalabrin, and S. R. Stein, “Far-infrared CH3F laser,” Opt. Lett. 4, 9–11 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Jennings, D. A.

M. Inguscio, G. Moruzzi, K. M. Evenson, and D. A. Jennings, “A review of frequency measurements of optically pumped lasers from 0.1 to 8 THz,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, R161–R192 (1986).
[CrossRef]

M. Inguscio, F. Strumia, K. M. Evenson, D. A. Jennings, A. Scalabrin, and S. R. Stein, “Far-infrared CH3F laser,” Opt. Lett. 4, 9–11 (1979).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Radford, F. R. Petersen, D. A. Jennings, and J. A. Mucha, “Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 92–94 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Jones, H.

H. Jones, G. Taubmann, and M. Takami, “The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1997–1999 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Maki, A. G.

M. Tachikawa, K. M. Evenson, L. R. Zink, and A. G. Maki, “Frequency measurements of 9- and 10-μm N2O laser transitions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1732–1736 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matsushima, F.

H. E. Radford, K. M. Evenson, F. Matsushima, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and T. J. Sears, “Far infrared laser frequencies of CH3OD and N2H4,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 12, 1161–1166 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Moruzzi, G.

M. Inguscio, G. Moruzzi, K. M. Evenson, and D. A. Jennings, “A review of frequency measurements of optically pumped lasers from 0.1 to 8 THz,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, R161–R192 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Mucha, J. A.

H. E. Radford, F. R. Petersen, D. A. Jennings, and J. A. Mucha, “Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 92–94 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Petersen, F. R.

H. E. Radford, F. R. Petersen, D. A. Jennings, and J. A. Mucha, “Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 92–94 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Radford, H. E.

H. E. Radford, K. M. Evenson, F. Matsushima, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and T. J. Sears, “Far infrared laser frequencies of CH3OD and N2H4,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 12, 1161–1166 (1991).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Radford, F. R. Petersen, D. A. Jennings, and J. A. Mucha, “Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 92–94 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Scalabrin, A.

Sears, T. J.

H. E. Radford, K. M. Evenson, F. Matsushima, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and T. J. Sears, “Far infrared laser frequencies of CH3OD and N2H4,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 12, 1161–1166 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Stein, S. R.

Strumia, F.

Svich, V. A.

S. F. Dyubko, V. A. Svich, and L. D. Fesenko, “Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 20, 545–546 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Tachikawa, M.

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, M. Tachikawa, L. R. Zink, and K. M. Evenson, “Far-infrared hydrazine laser pumped by an N2O laser,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 2295–2299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Tachikawa, K. M. Evenson, L. R. Zink, and A. G. Maki, “Frequency measurements of 9- and 10-μm N2O laser transitions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1732–1736 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takami, M.

H. Jones, G. Taubmann, and M. Takami, “The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1997–1999 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Taubmann, G.

H. Jones, G. Taubmann, and M. Takami, “The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1997–1999 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Vasconcellos, E. C. C.

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, M. Tachikawa, L. R. Zink, and K. M. Evenson, “Far-infrared hydrazine laser pumped by an N2O laser,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 2295–2299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Zerbetto, L. R. Zink, K. M. Evenson, and E. C. C. Vasconcellos, “New N2H4 far-infrared laser lines and their frequencies,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 17, 1041–1047 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, S. C. Zerbetto, K. M. Evenson, and L. R. Zink, “New far-infrared hydrazine laser lines and their frequencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1334–1337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, S. C. Zerbetto, J. C. Holecek, and K. M. Evenson, “Short-wavelength far-infrared laser cavity yielding new lines in methanol,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1392–1393 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and K. M. Evenson, “New N2H4 far infrared laser lines and frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2401–2406 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zerbetto, S. C.

Zink, L. R.

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, M. Tachikawa, L. R. Zink, and K. M. Evenson, “Far-infrared hydrazine laser pumped by an N2O laser,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 2295–2299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. C. Zerbetto, L. R. Zink, K. M. Evenson, and E. C. C. Vasconcellos, “New N2H4 far-infrared laser lines and their frequencies,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 17, 1041–1047 (1996).
[CrossRef]

M. Tachikawa, K. M. Evenson, L. R. Zink, and A. G. Maki, “Frequency measurements of 9- and 10-μm N2O laser transitions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1732–1736 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, S. C. Zerbetto, K. M. Evenson, and L. R. Zink, “New far-infrared hydrazine laser lines and their frequencies,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 1334–1337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and K. M. Evenson, “New N2H4 far infrared laser lines and frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2401–2406 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Radford, K. M. Evenson, F. Matsushima, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and T. J. Sears, “Far infrared laser frequencies of CH3OD and N2H4,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 12, 1161–1166 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

H. E. Radford, F. R. Petersen, D. A. Jennings, and J. A. Mucha, “Heterodyne measurements of submillimeter laser spectrometer frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-13, 92–94 (1977).
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and K. M. Evenson, “New N2H4 far infrared laser lines and frequencies,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 2401–2406 (1994).
[CrossRef]

H. Jones, G. Taubmann, and M. Takami, “The optically pumped hydrazine FIR laser: assignments and new laser lines,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 1997–1999 (1982).
[CrossRef]

K. M. Evenson, C. Chou, B. W. Bach, and K. G. Bach, “New cw CO2 laser lines: the 9-μm hot band,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1187–1188 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. Tachikawa, K. M. Evenson, L. R. Zink, and A. G. Maki, “Frequency measurements of 9- and 10-μm N2O laser transitions,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1732–1736 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves (3)

S. C. Zerbetto, L. R. Zink, K. M. Evenson, and E. C. C. Vasconcellos, “New N2H4 far-infrared laser lines and their frequencies,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 17, 1041–1047 (1996).
[CrossRef]

E. C. C. Vasconcellos, M. Tachikawa, L. R. Zink, and K. M. Evenson, “Far-infrared hydrazine laser pumped by an N2O laser,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 18, 2295–2299 (1997).
[CrossRef]

H. E. Radford, K. M. Evenson, F. Matsushima, L. R. Zink, G. P. Galvão, and T. J. Sears, “Far infrared laser frequencies of CH3OD and N2H4,” Int. J. Infrared Millim. Waves 12, 1161–1166 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

M. Inguscio, G. Moruzzi, K. M. Evenson, and D. A. Jennings, “A review of frequency measurements of optically pumped lasers from 0.1 to 8 THz,” J. Appl. Phys. 60, R161–R192 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Spectrosc. (1)

S. F. Dyubko, V. A. Svich, and L. D. Fesenko, “Stimulated emission of submillimeter lines of hydrazine, excited by a CO2 laser,” J. Appl. Spectrosc. 20, 545–546 (1974).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

N. G. Douglas, Millimeter and Submillimeter Wavelength Lasers (Springer-Verlag, New York, 1989), p. 223.

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Figures (1)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Wavelength distribution of N2H4 FIR laser lines pumped by 12C16O2.

Tables (5)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Summary of the Hydrazine FIR Laser Lines Pumped by a 12C16O2 Laser

Tables Icon

Table 2 Summary of the Hydrazine FIR Laser Lines Pumped by Isotopic CO2 Laser

Tables Icon

Table 3 Summary of the Hydrazine FIR Laser Lines Pumped by an 14N216O Laser

Tables Icon

Table 4 Summary of the Hydrazine FIR Laser Lines Pumped by a 12C16O2 Laser, Sorted by Increasing Wavelength

Tables Icon

Table 5 Summary of the Hydrazine FIR Laser Lines Pumped by an 14N216O Laser, Sorted by Increasing Wavelength

Equations (1)

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δν=νFIR-n|ν1-ν2|±mνm,

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