Abstract

For periodically poled LiNbO3 with a 3.3-μm domain period we observed backward second-harmonic generation using nanosecond laser pulses. We measured phase-matching spectra at the 16th, 17th, 18th, 19th, and 20th orders of the spatial grating. The peak wavelength of each order is in good agreement with the theoretical prediction. The quadratic dependence of the backward second-harmonic output pulse energy on the pump pulse energy was confirmed in our experiments. The quadratic dependence of the conversion efficiency on the domain length was also confirmed. Using nanosecond pulses, we achieved a maximum conversion efficiency of 0.296% for the 16th-order grating.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).
  2. M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631–2654 (1992).
  3. P. St. J. Russell, “Theoretical study of parametric frequency and wavefront conversion in nonlinear holograms,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 830–835 (1991).
  4. Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, “Second-harmonic generation based on quasi-phase matching: a novel configuration,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1445–1447 (1996).
  5. R. Normandin, R. L. Williams, and F. Chatenoud, “Enhanced surface emitting waveguides for visible, monolithic semiconductor laser sources,” Electron. Lett. 26, 2088–2089 (1990); D. Vakhshoori, R. J. Fischer, M. Hong, D. L. Sivco, G. J. Zydzic, and G. N. S. Chu, “Blue-green surface-emitting second-harmonic generations on (111) GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 896–898 (1991).
  6. J. B. Khurgin, “Second-order nonlinear effects in asymmetric quantum-well structures,” Phys. Rev. B 38, 4056–4066 (1988); S. Li and J. B. Khurgin, “Second-order nonlinear optical susceptibility in the p-doped asymmetric quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1727–1729 (1993); Y. J. Ding, S. J. Lee, and J. B. Khurgin, “Cavity-enhanced and quasi-phase-matched optical frequency doublers in surface-emitting geometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. BJOBPDE 12, 1586–1594 (1996).
  7. S. Janz, F. Chatenoud, and R. Normandin, “Quasi-phase-matched second-harmonic generation for asymmetric coupled quantum wells,” Opt. Lett. 19, 622–624 (1994).
  8. J. U. Kang, Y. J. Ding, W. K. Burns, and J. S. Melinger, “Backward second-harmonic generation in periodically poled bulk LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 22, 862–864 (1997).
  9. Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, “Backward optical parametric oscillators and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1574–1582 (1996).
  10. L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, “Blue light generation in bulk periodically field poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1576–1577 (1995).
  11. V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, New York, 1995), pp. 119–121.
  12. Y. J. Ding, J. U. Kang, and J. B. Khurgin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

1997 (1)

1996 (2)

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, “Second-harmonic generation based on quasi-phase matching: a novel configuration,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1445–1447 (1996).

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, “Backward optical parametric oscillators and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1574–1582 (1996).

1995 (1)

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, “Blue light generation in bulk periodically field poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1576–1577 (1995).

1994 (1)

1992 (1)

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631–2654 (1992).

1991 (1)

P. St. J. Russell, “Theoretical study of parametric frequency and wavefront conversion in nonlinear holograms,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 830–835 (1991).

1962 (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).

Armstrong, J. A.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).

Bloembergen, N.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).

Burns, W. K.

J. U. Kang, Y. J. Ding, W. K. Burns, and J. S. Melinger, “Backward second-harmonic generation in periodically poled bulk LiNbO3,” Opt. Lett. 22, 862–864 (1997).

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, “Blue light generation in bulk periodically field poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1576–1577 (1995).

Byer, R. L.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631–2654 (1992).

Chatenoud, F.

Ding, Y. J.

Ducuing, J.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).

Fejer, M. M.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631–2654 (1992).

Goldberg, L.

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, “Blue light generation in bulk periodically field poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1576–1577 (1995).

Janz, S.

Jundt, D. H.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631–2654 (1992).

Kang, J. U.

Khurgin, J. B.

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, “Second-harmonic generation based on quasi-phase matching: a novel configuration,” Opt. Lett. 21, 1445–1447 (1996).

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, “Backward optical parametric oscillators and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1574–1582 (1996).

Magel, G. A.

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631–2654 (1992).

McElhanon, R. W.

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, “Blue light generation in bulk periodically field poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1576–1577 (1995).

Melinger, J. S.

Normandin, R.

Pershan, P. S.

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, “Theoretical study of parametric frequency and wavefront conversion in nonlinear holograms,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 830–835 (1991).

Electron. Lett. (1)

L. Goldberg, R. W. McElhanon, and W. K. Burns, “Blue light generation in bulk periodically field poled LiNbO3,” Electron. Lett. 31, 1576–1577 (1995).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

Y. J. Ding and J. B. Khurgin, “Backward optical parametric oscillators and amplifiers,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 1574–1582 (1996).

M. M. Fejer, G. A. Magel, D. H. Jundt, and R. L. Byer, “Quasi-phase-matched second harmonic generation: tuning and tolerances,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 2631–2654 (1992).

P. St. J. Russell, “Theoretical study of parametric frequency and wavefront conversion in nonlinear holograms,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 830–835 (1991).

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Armstrong, N. Bloembergen, J. Ducuing, and P. S. Pershan, “Interaction between light waves in a nonlinear dielectric,” Phys. Rev. 127, 1918–1939 (1962).

Other (4)

V. G. Dmitriev, G. G. Gurzadyan, and D. N. Nikogosyan, Handbook of Nonlinear Optical Crystals (Springer, New York, 1995), pp. 119–121.

Y. J. Ding, J. U. Kang, and J. B. Khurgin, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (to be published).

R. Normandin, R. L. Williams, and F. Chatenoud, “Enhanced surface emitting waveguides for visible, monolithic semiconductor laser sources,” Electron. Lett. 26, 2088–2089 (1990); D. Vakhshoori, R. J. Fischer, M. Hong, D. L. Sivco, G. J. Zydzic, and G. N. S. Chu, “Blue-green surface-emitting second-harmonic generations on (111) GaAs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 896–898 (1991).

J. B. Khurgin, “Second-order nonlinear effects in asymmetric quantum-well structures,” Phys. Rev. B 38, 4056–4066 (1988); S. Li and J. B. Khurgin, “Second-order nonlinear optical susceptibility in the p-doped asymmetric quantum wells,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1727–1729 (1993); Y. J. Ding, S. J. Lee, and J. B. Khurgin, “Cavity-enhanced and quasi-phase-matched optical frequency doublers in surface-emitting geometry,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. BJOBPDE 12, 1586–1594 (1996).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics