Abstract

The fluorescence dynamics from excited states of Er3+ in KY(WO4)2 are compared with Judd–Ofelt-theory calculations, and spectroscopic parameters of the promising laser transitions from the 4I13/2, 4I11/2, and 4S3/2 levels are determined. The cw excited-state absorption spectra of Er3+-doped KY(WO4)2 are measured with a pump-and-probe technique and analyzed in the spectral range from 500 nm to 1800 nm. Energy transfer between Yb3+ and Er3+ ions in codoped KY(WO4)2 is investigated. Laser action near 1.54 μm under Ti:sapphire and diode-laser pumping is obtained in Er,Yb:KY(WO4)2.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).
  2. A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, T. I. Butaeva, L. I. Bobovich, and V. V. Lyubrenko, Neorg. Mater. 15, 541 (1979).
  3. B. Z. Malkin, A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, L. A. Bumagina, and T. I. Butaeva, Phys. Status Solidi B 110, 417 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Li, R. Moncorge, J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, and Ch. Wyon, Opt. Commun. 107, 61 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Opt. Commun. 188, 557 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Simondi-Tiesseire, B. Viana, A. M. Lejus, D. Vivien, C. Borel, R. Templier, and C. Wyon, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 301–305.
  7. A. Y. Silversmith, W. Lenth, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 128 (1986).
  8. R. Brede, E. Heumann, J. Koetke, T. Danger, G. Huber, and B. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2030 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Danger, J. Koetke, R. Brede, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1413 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. V. Klevtzov and L. D. Kozeeva, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 571 (1968).
  11. J. Rubin, A. Brenier, R. Moncorge, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3797 (1965).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. Spector, R. Reisfeld, and L. Boehm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 49, 49 (1977).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 61, 151 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. J. Weber, Phys. Rev. 8, 54 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  16. J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, Ch. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, J. Lumin. 59, 349 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1978 (1965).
    [CrossRef]

1995 (2)

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Opt. Commun. 188, 557 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, Ch. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, J. Lumin. 59, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Danger, J. Koetke, R. Brede, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, R. Moncorge, J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, and Ch. Wyon, Opt. Commun. 107, 61 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. Brede, E. Heumann, J. Koetke, T. Danger, G. Huber, and B. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2030 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1986 (2)

J. Rubin, A. Brenier, R. Moncorge, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

A. Y. Silversmith, W. Lenth, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 128 (1986).

1982 (1)

B. Z. Malkin, A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, L. A. Bumagina, and T. I. Butaeva, Phys. Status Solidi B 110, 417 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, T. I. Butaeva, L. I. Bobovich, and V. V. Lyubrenko, Neorg. Mater. 15, 541 (1979).

1978 (1)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).

1977 (1)

N. Spector, R. Reisfeld, and L. Boehm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 49, 49 (1977).
[CrossRef]

1973 (1)

M. J. Weber, Phys. Rev. 8, 54 (1973).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

P. V. Klevtzov and L. D. Kozeeva, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 571 (1968).

1965 (2)

M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1978 (1965).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3797 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Agamalyan, N. R.

B. Z. Malkin, A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, L. A. Bumagina, and T. I. Butaeva, Phys. Status Solidi B 110, 417 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Balashov, I. F.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).

Berenberg, V. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).

Bobovich, L. I.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, T. I. Butaeva, L. I. Bobovich, and V. V. Lyubrenko, Neorg. Mater. 15, 541 (1979).

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).

Boehm, L.

N. Spector, R. Reisfeld, and L. Boehm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 49, 49 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Borel, C.

C. Li, R. Moncorge, J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, and Ch. Wyon, Opt. Commun. 107, 61 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, Ch. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, J. Lumin. 59, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Brede, R.

T. Danger, J. Koetke, R. Brede, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Brede, E. Heumann, J. Koetke, T. Danger, G. Huber, and B. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2030 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

J. Rubin, A. Brenier, R. Moncorge, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Bumagina, L. A.

B. Z. Malkin, A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, L. A. Bumagina, and T. I. Butaeva, Phys. Status Solidi B 110, 417 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Butaeva, T. I.

B. Z. Malkin, A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, L. A. Bumagina, and T. I. Butaeva, Phys. Status Solidi B 110, 417 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, T. I. Butaeva, L. I. Bobovich, and V. V. Lyubrenko, Neorg. Mater. 15, 541 (1979).

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).

Carnall, W. T.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3797 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B.

R. Brede, E. Heumann, J. Koetke, T. Danger, G. Huber, and B. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2030 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chai, B. H. T.

T. Danger, J. Koetke, R. Brede, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Danger, T.

T. Danger, J. Koetke, R. Brede, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Brede, E. Heumann, J. Koetke, T. Danger, G. Huber, and B. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2030 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fedorov, V. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).

Fields, P. R.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3797 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Opt. Commun. 188, 557 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Danger, J. Koetke, R. Brede, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Brede, E. Heumann, J. Koetke, T. Danger, G. Huber, and B. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2030 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Hirayama, F.

M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1978 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Opt. Commun. 188, 557 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Danger, J. Koetke, R. Brede, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Brede, E. Heumann, J. Koetke, T. Danger, G. Huber, and B. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2030 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Inokuti, M.

M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1978 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Opt. Commun. 188, 557 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

B. Z. Malkin, A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, L. A. Bumagina, and T. I. Butaeva, Phys. Status Solidi B 110, 417 (1982).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, T. I. Butaeva, L. I. Bobovich, and V. V. Lyubrenko, Neorg. Mater. 15, 541 (1979).

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).

Klevtzov, P. V.

P. V. Klevtzov and L. D. Kozeeva, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 571 (1968).

Koetke, J.

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

T. Danger, J. Koetke, R. Brede, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Brede, E. Heumann, J. Koetke, T. Danger, G. Huber, and B. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2030 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kozeeva, L. D.

P. V. Klevtzov and L. D. Kozeeva, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 571 (1968).

Lenth, W.

A. Y. Silversmith, W. Lenth, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 128 (1986).

Li, C.

C. Li, R. Moncorge, J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, and Ch. Wyon, Opt. Commun. 107, 61 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, Ch. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, J. Lumin. 59, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lyubrenko, V. V.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, T. I. Butaeva, L. I. Bobovich, and V. V. Lyubrenko, Neorg. Mater. 15, 541 (1979).

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).

Macfarlane, R. M.

A. Y. Silversmith, W. Lenth, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 128 (1986).

Malkin, B. Z.

B. Z. Malkin, A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, L. A. Bumagina, and T. I. Butaeva, Phys. Status Solidi B 110, 417 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Moncorge, R.

J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, Ch. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, J. Lumin. 59, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, R. Moncorge, J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, and Ch. Wyon, Opt. Commun. 107, 61 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Rubin, A. Brenier, R. Moncorge, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Pavlyuk, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, T. I. Butaeva, L. I. Bobovich, and V. V. Lyubrenko, Neorg. Mater. 15, 541 (1979).

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).

Pedrini, C.

J. Rubin, A. Brenier, R. Moncorge, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

N. Spector, R. Reisfeld, and L. Boehm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 49, 49 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Rubin, J.

J. Rubin, A. Brenier, R. Moncorge, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Schweizer, T.

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Opt. Commun. 188, 557 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Silversmith, A. Y.

A. Y. Silversmith, W. Lenth, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 128 (1986).

Souriau, J. C.

C. Li, R. Moncorge, J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, and Ch. Wyon, Opt. Commun. 107, 61 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, Ch. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, J. Lumin. 59, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Spector, N.

N. Spector, R. Reisfeld, and L. Boehm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 49, 49 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Weber, M. J.

M. J. Weber, Phys. Rev. 8, 54 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Wybourne, B. G.

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3797 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Wyon, Ch.

J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, Ch. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, J. Lumin. 59, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Li, R. Moncorge, J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, and Ch. Wyon, Opt. Commun. 107, 61 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

J. Koetke and G. Huber, Appl. Phys. B 61, 151 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

R. Brede, E. Heumann, J. Koetke, T. Danger, G. Huber, and B. Chai, Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 2030 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Spector, R. Reisfeld, and L. Boehm, Chem. Phys. Lett. 49, 49 (1977).
[CrossRef]

Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR (1)

P. V. Klevtzov and L. D. Kozeeva, Dokl. Akad. Nauk SSSR 185, 571 (1968).

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Danger, J. Koetke, R. Brede, E. Heumann, G. Huber, and B. H. T. Chai, J. Appl. Phys. 76, 1413 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (2)

M. Inokuti and F. Hirayama, J. Chem. Phys. 43, 1978 (1965).
[CrossRef]

W. T. Carnall, P. R. Fields, and B. G. Wybourne, J. Chem. Phys. 42, 3797 (1965).
[CrossRef]

J. Lumin. (2)

J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, Ch. Wyon, C. Li, and R. Moncorge, J. Lumin. 59, 349 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Rubin, A. Brenier, R. Moncorge, and C. Pedrini, J. Lumin. 36, 39 (1986).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

A. Y. Silversmith, W. Lenth, and R. M. Macfarlane, J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 3, 128 (1986).

Neorg. Mater. (2)

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, I. F. Balashov, V. A. Berenberg, V. V. Lyubrenko, V. A. Fedorov, T. I. Butaeva, and L. I. Bobovich, Neorg. Mater. 14, 2256 (1978).

A. A. Kaminskii, A. A. Pavlyuk, T. I. Butaeva, L. I. Bobovich, and V. V. Lyubrenko, Neorg. Mater. 15, 541 (1979).

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. Li, R. Moncorge, J. C. Souriau, C. Borel, and Ch. Wyon, Opt. Commun. 107, 61 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Schweizer, T. Jensen, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, Opt. Commun. 188, 557 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

M. J. Weber, Phys. Rev. 8, 54 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

B. Z. Malkin, A. A. Kaminskii, N. R. Agamalyan, L. A. Bumagina, and T. I. Butaeva, Phys. Status Solidi B 110, 417 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

B. Simondi-Tiesseire, B. Viana, A. M. Lejus, D. Vivien, C. Borel, R. Templier, and C. Wyon, in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 301–305.

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Figures (17)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Polarized absorption spectra of Er(0.5%):KYW at 295 K.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Energy-level diagram of Er3+ in KYW. Potential laser transitions (solid lines) and ESA transitions (dashed lines) around 1.7 μm, 805 nm, and 550 nm are indicated.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Polarized 4I15/24I13/2 absorption spectra of Er3+ in KYW at room temperature.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Polarized emission spectra of Er(0.5%):KYW around 1.5 μm at room temperature.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Room-temperature emission spectrum of Er(0.5%):KYW in the spectral region from 600 nm to 1100 nm for Ea polarization.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Unpolarized fluorescence spectrum of the 4I11/24I13/2 transition in Er(2%):KYW at 295 K.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Fluorescence decay from the 4S3/2 level of Er3+ in Er(0.5%):KYW at 295 K.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Dynamics of the emission from the 4F9/2 and 4I9/2 manifolds after excitation of the 4S3/2 level (532 nm).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Temporal behavior of the emission from the 4I11/2 and 4I13/2 levels after excitation of the 4S3/2 level.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Semilogarithmic plot of the multiphonon rate WNR versus ΔE for the Er3+ ion in KYW.

Fig. 11
Fig. 11

Measured spectra of ΔT/T for the Er(0.5%):KYW in the spectral region between 500 nm and 900 nm.

Fig. 12
Fig. 12

Polarized ESA spectra (negative values) and ground-state absorption spectra (positive values) in the wavelength region around 800 nm.

Fig. 13
Fig. 13

ESA and stimulated emission cross-section spectra of Er(0.5%):KYW around 550 nm.

Fig. 14
Fig. 14

Stimulated emission and ESA spectra of Er(0.5%):KYW around 1.5 μm.

Fig. 15
Fig. 15

Polarized absorption spectrum of Er(0.5%), Yb(5%):KYW.

Fig. 16
Fig. 16

Dynamics of the 1.5-μm emission of Er3+ in Er(0.5%), Yb(5%):KYW after pulsed 981-nm excitation (30 ns).

Fig. 17
Fig. 17

Input–output diagram for cw 1.54-μm lasing of Er(0.5%), Yb(5%):KYW under Ti:sapphire laser pumping.

Tables (3)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Fluorescence Decay (τD) and Rise (τr) Time Constants (1/e) in Er3+:KY(WO4)2

Tables Icon

Table 2 Measured and Calculated Absorption Oscillator Strengths of Er3+ in KY(WO4)2

Tables Icon

Table 3 Calculated Values of the Total Radiative Lifetimes (τR) and Branching Ratios (βjj) in Er3+:KY(WO4)2

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

AJJ=8π2e2n2v2mc3 fJJ,τRJ=1JAJJ,
βJJ=AJJJAJJ,
WNR=1τem-1τR,η=1/τR1/τem.
WNR=C exp(-αΔE),
ΔTT=neLAσgsa+i nine (σse,i-σesa,i),
ηT=1-τ/τ0,

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