T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, “Can two-photon interference be considered the interference of two photons?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917–1920 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Michler, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Interferometric Bell-state analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 53, R1209–R1212 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Experimental tests of Bell’s inequalities based on space-time and spin variables,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3495–3498 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Herzog, P. G. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Complementarity and the quantum eraser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3034–3037 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ‘ghost’ interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. H. S. Ribeiro, S. Pádua, J. C. Machado da Silva, and G. A. Barbosa, “Controlling the degree of visibility of Young’s fringes with photon coincidence measurement,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 4176–4179 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. H. Shih and A. V. Sergienko, “Observation of quantum beating in a simple beam-splitting experiment: two-particle entanglement in spin and space–time,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 2564–2568 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and P. C. M. Owens, “Violation of Bell’s inequality over 4 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1923–1926 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. H. Shapiro and K.-X. Sun, “Semiclassical versus quantum behavior in fourth-order interference,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1130–1141 (1994).

[CrossRef]

Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen state for space–time variables in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 1288–1293 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, G. A. Barbosa, and L. Mandel, “Control of visibility in the interference of signal photons by delays imposed on the idler photons,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 2293–2295 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “High visibility interference in a Bell-inequality experiment for energy and time,” Phys. Rev. A 47, R2472–R2475 (1993).

[CrossRef]

D. M. Greenberger, M. A. Horne, and A. Zeilinger, “Multiparticle interferometry and the superposition principle,” Phys. Today 46(8), 22–29 (1993).

[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Fourth-order interference effects at large distances,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2052–2056 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “Observation of a ‘quantum eraser’: a revival of coherence in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 7729–7739 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Can an ‘empty’ de Broglie pilot wave induce coherence?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3667–3669 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. H. Rubin and Y. H. Shih, “Models of a two-photon Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8138–8147 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Brendel, E. Mohler, and W. Martienssen, “Time-resolved dual-beam two-photon interferences with high visibility,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1142–1145 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Induced coherence and indistinguishability in optical interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 318–321 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. D. Franson, “Two-photon interferometry over large distances,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 4552–4555 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. O. Scully, B.-G. Englert, and H. Walther, “Quantum optical tests of complementarity,” Nature (London) 351, 111–116 (1991).

[CrossRef]

J. D. Franson, “Violation of a simple inequality for classical fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 290–293 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Experiment on nonclassical fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 2957–2965 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two-photon interference in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1348–1351 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Observation of nonlocal interference in separated photon channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321–324 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, L. J. Wang, X. Y. Zou, and L. Mandel, “Evidence for phase memory in two-photon down conversion through entanglement with the vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 566–568 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, W. A. Vareka, C. K. Hong, H. Nathel, and R. Y. Chiao, “Correlated two-photon interference in a dual-beam Michelson interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2910–2913 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Two-color photons and nonlocality in fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 5139–5146 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Experimental violation of Bell’s inequality based on phase and momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2495–2498 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Classical treatment of the Franson two-photon correlation experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2127–2131 (1990).

[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Fourth-order interference in parametric downconversion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1221–1226 (1989).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and H. Walther, “Quantum optical test of observation and complementarity in quantum mechanics,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 5229–5235 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Further evidence of nonclassical behavior in optical interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2941–2944 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, “Two-particle interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2209–2212 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Observation of spatial quantum beating with separated photodetectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 54–57 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen–Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Ghosh and L. Mandel, “Observation of nonclassical effects in the interference of two photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1903–1905 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Ghosh, C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Interference of two photons in parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 3962–3968 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Intensity dependence of the normalized intensity correlation function in parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Commun. 54, 311–316 (1985).

[CrossRef]

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84–87 (1970).

[CrossRef]

J. S. Bell, “On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox,” Physics 1, 195–200 (1964).

R. J. Glauber, “The quantum theory of optical coherence,” Phys. Rev. 130, 2529–2639 (1963);“Coherent and incoherent states of the radiation fields,” Phys. Rev. 131, 2766–2788 (1963).

[CrossRef]

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?” Phys. Rev. 47, 777–780 (1935).

[CrossRef]

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen–Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. H. S. Ribeiro, S. Pádua, J. C. Machado da Silva, and G. A. Barbosa, “Controlling the degree of visibility of Young’s fringes with photon coincidence measurement,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 4176–4179 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, G. A. Barbosa, and L. Mandel, “Control of visibility in the interference of signal photons by delays imposed on the idler photons,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 2293–2295 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. S. Bell, “On the Einstein Podolsky Rosen paradox,” Physics 1, 195–200 (1964).

J. Brendel, E. Mohler, and W. Martienssen, “Time-resolved dual-beam two-photon interferences with high visibility,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1142–1145 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84–87 (1970).

[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two-photon interference in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1348–1351 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “High visibility interference in a Bell-inequality experiment for energy and time,” Phys. Rev. A 47, R2472–R2475 (1993).

[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “Observation of a ‘quantum eraser’: a revival of coherence in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 7729–7739 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, W. A. Vareka, C. K. Hong, H. Nathel, and R. Y. Chiao, “Correlated two-photon interference in a dual-beam Michelson interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2910–2913 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, B. Diu, and F. Laloë, Quantum Mechanics (Wiley, New York, 1977), Vol. I, Chap. 1.

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, B. Diu, and F. Laloë, Quantum Mechanics (Wiley, New York, 1977), Vol. I, Chap. 1.

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?” Phys. Rev. 47, 777–780 (1935).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully, B.-G. Englert, and H. Walther, “Quantum optical tests of complementarity,” Nature (London) 351, 111–116 (1991).

[CrossRef]

R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton, and M. Sands, The Feynman Lectures on Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1965), Vol. III, Chaps. 1–3.

J. D. Franson, “Violation of a simple inequality for classical fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 290–293 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. D. Franson, “Two-photon interferometry over large distances,” Phys. Rev. A 44, 4552–4555 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Intensity dependence of the normalized intensity correlation function in parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Commun. 54, 311–316 (1985).

[CrossRef]

R. Ghosh and L. Mandel, “Observation of nonclassical effects in the interference of two photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1903–1905 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Ghosh, C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Interference of two photons in parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 3962–3968 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. J. Glauber, “The quantum theory of optical coherence,” Phys. Rev. 130, 2529–2639 (1963);“Coherent and incoherent states of the radiation fields,” Phys. Rev. 131, 2766–2788 (1963).

[CrossRef]

X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, G. A. Barbosa, and L. Mandel, “Control of visibility in the interference of signal photons by delays imposed on the idler photons,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 2293–2295 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Can an ‘empty’ de Broglie pilot wave induce coherence?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3667–3669 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. M. Greenberger, M. A. Horne, and A. Zeilinger, “Multiparticle interferometry and the superposition principle,” Phys. Today 46(8), 22–29 (1993).

[CrossRef]

T. J. Herzog, P. G. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Complementarity and the quantum eraser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3034–3037 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, W. A. Vareka, C. K. Hong, H. Nathel, and R. Y. Chiao, “Correlated two-photon interference in a dual-beam Michelson interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2910–2913 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Ghosh, C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Interference of two photons in parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 3962–3968 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Intensity dependence of the normalized intensity correlation function in parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Commun. 54, 311–316 (1985).

[CrossRef]

D. M. Greenberger, M. A. Horne, and A. Zeilinger, “Multiparticle interferometry and the superposition principle,” Phys. Today 46(8), 22–29 (1993).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, “Two-particle interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2209–2212 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two-photon interference in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1348–1351 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ‘ghost’ interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. N. Klyshko, Photons and Nonlinear Optics (Gordon & Breach, New York, 1988), Chap. 6.

T. J. Herzog, P. G. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Complementarity and the quantum eraser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3034–3037 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “High visibility interference in a Bell-inequality experiment for energy and time,” Phys. Rev. A 47, R2472–R2475 (1993).

[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “Observation of a ‘quantum eraser’: a revival of coherence in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 7729–7739 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, W. A. Vareka, C. K. Hong, H. Nathel, and R. Y. Chiao, “Correlated two-photon interference in a dual-beam Michelson interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2910–2913 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. Cohen-Tannoudji, B. Diu, and F. Laloë, Quantum Mechanics (Wiley, New York, 1977), Vol. I, Chap. 1.

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two-photon interference in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1348–1351 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. P. Feynman, R. B. Leighton, and M. Sands, The Feynman Lectures on Physics (Addison-Wesley, Reading, Mass., 1965), Vol. III, Chaps. 1–3.

P. H. S. Ribeiro, S. Pádua, J. C. Machado da Silva, and G. A. Barbosa, “Controlling the degree of visibility of Young’s fringes with photon coincidence measurement,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 4176–4179 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, G. A. Barbosa, and L. Mandel, “Control of visibility in the interference of signal photons by delays imposed on the idler photons,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 2293–2295 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Can an ‘empty’ de Broglie pilot wave induce coherence?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3667–3669 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Induced coherence and indistinguishability in optical interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 318–321 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Experiment on nonclassical fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 2957–2965 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Observation of nonlocal interference in separated photon channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321–324 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, L. J. Wang, X. Y. Zou, and L. Mandel, “Evidence for phase memory in two-photon down conversion through entanglement with the vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 566–568 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Classical treatment of the Franson two-photon correlation experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2127–2131 (1990).

[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Further evidence of nonclassical behavior in optical interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2941–2944 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Observation of spatial quantum beating with separated photodetectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 54–57 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Ghosh and L. Mandel, “Observation of nonclassical effects in the interference of two photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1903–1905 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Ghosh, C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Interference of two photons in parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 3962–3968 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. Friberg, C. K. Hong, and L. Mandel, “Intensity dependence of the normalized intensity correlation function in parametric down-conversion,” Opt. Commun. 54, 311–316 (1985).

[CrossRef]

J. Brendel, E. Mohler, and W. Martienssen, “Time-resolved dual-beam two-photon interferences with high visibility,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1142–1145 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Michler, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Interferometric Bell-state analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 53, R1209–R1212 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Michler, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Interferometric Bell-state analysis,” Phys. Rev. A 53, R1209–R1212 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, “Can two-photon interference be considered the interference of two photons?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917–1920 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. Brendel, E. Mohler, and W. Martienssen, “Time-resolved dual-beam two-photon interferences with high visibility,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 66, 1142–1145 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, W. A. Vareka, C. K. Hong, H. Nathel, and R. Y. Chiao, “Correlated two-photon interference in a dual-beam Michelson interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2910–2913 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Experiment on nonclassical fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 2957–2965 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, L. J. Wang, X. Y. Zou, and L. Mandel, “Evidence for phase memory in two-photon down conversion through entanglement with the vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 566–568 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Observation of nonlocal interference in separated photon channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321–324 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Classical treatment of the Franson two-photon correlation experiment,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 2127–2131 (1990).

[CrossRef]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Further evidence of nonclassical behavior in optical interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2941–2944 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Observation of spatial quantum beating with separated photodetectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 54–57 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Violation of Bell’s inequality and classical probability in a two-photon correlation experiment,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 50–53 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Measurement of subpicosecond time intervals between two photons by interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 2044–2046 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. Ghosh, C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Interference of two photons in parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 3962–3968 (1986).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and P. C. M. Owens, “Violation of Bell’s inequality over 4 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1923–1926 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. H. S. Ribeiro, S. Pádua, J. C. Machado da Silva, and G. A. Barbosa, “Controlling the degree of visibility of Young’s fringes with photon coincidence measurement,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 4176–4179 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, “Can two-photon interference be considered the interference of two photons?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917–1920 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Experimental tests of Bell’s inequalities based on space-time and spin variables,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3495–3498 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?” Phys. Rev. 47, 777–780 (1935).

[CrossRef]

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and P. C. M. Owens, “Violation of Bell’s inequality over 4 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1923–1926 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Fourth-order interference effects at large distances,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2052–2056 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two-photon interference in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1348–1351 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Two-color photons and nonlocality in fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 5139–5146 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Experimental violation of Bell’s inequality based on phase and momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2495–2498 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Fourth-order interference in parametric downconversion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1221–1226 (1989).

[CrossRef]

P. H. S. Ribeiro, S. Pádua, J. C. Machado da Silva, and G. A. Barbosa, “Controlling the degree of visibility of Young’s fringes with photon coincidence measurement,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 4176–4179 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?” Phys. Rev. 47, 777–780 (1935).

[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, “Can two-photon interference be considered the interference of two photons?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917–1920 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Experimental tests of Bell’s inequalities based on space-time and spin variables,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3495–3498 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen state for space–time variables in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 1288–1293 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. H. Rubin and Y. H. Shih, “Models of a two-photon Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8138–8147 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two-photon interference in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1348–1351 (1990).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and H. Walther, “Quantum optical test of observation and complementarity in quantum mechanics,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 5229–5235 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, “Can two-photon interference be considered the interference of two photons?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917–1920 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ‘ghost’ interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Experimental tests of Bell’s inequalities based on space-time and spin variables,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3495–3498 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. H. Shih and A. V. Sergienko, “Observation of quantum beating in a simple beam-splitting experiment: two-particle entanglement in spin and space–time,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 2564–2568 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen state for space–time variables in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 1288–1293 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, “Can two-photon interference be considered the interference of two photons?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917–1920 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ‘ghost’ interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Experimental tests of Bell’s inequalities based on space-time and spin variables,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3495–3498 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. H. Shih and A. V. Sergienko, “Observation of quantum beating in a simple beam-splitting experiment: two-particle entanglement in spin and space–time,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 2564–2568 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen state for space–time variables in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 1288–1293 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. H. Rubin and Y. H. Shih, “Models of a two-photon Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8138–8147 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen–Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988).

[CrossRef]
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M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, “Two-particle interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2209–2212 (1989).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “Observation of a ‘quantum eraser’: a revival of coherence in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 7729–7739 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, “Can two-photon interference be considered the interference of two photons?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917–1920 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ‘ghost’ interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and P. C. M. Owens, “Violation of Bell’s inequality over 4 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1923–1926 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Fourth-order interference effects at large distances,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2052–2056 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Two-color photons and nonlocality in fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 5139–5146 (1990).

[CrossRef]
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J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Experimental violation of Bell’s inequality based on phase and momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2495–2498 (1990).

[CrossRef]
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J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two-photon interference in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1348–1351 (1990).

[CrossRef]
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J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Fourth-order interference in parametric downconversion,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 6, 1221–1226 (1989).

[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two-photon interference in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1348–1351 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, W. A. Vareka, C. K. Hong, H. Nathel, and R. Y. Chiao, “Correlated two-photon interference in a dual-beam Michelson interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2910–2913 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. O. Scully, B.-G. Englert, and H. Walther, “Quantum optical tests of complementarity,” Nature (London) 351, 111–116 (1991).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and H. Walther, “Quantum optical test of observation and complementarity in quantum mechanics,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 5229–5235 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Can an ‘empty’ de Broglie pilot wave induce coherence?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3667–3669 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Induced coherence and indistinguishability in optical interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 318–321 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Observation of nonlocal interference in separated photon channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321–324 (1990).

[CrossRef]
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Z. Y. Ou, L. J. Wang, X. Y. Zou, and L. Mandel, “Evidence for phase memory in two-photon down conversion through entanglement with the vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 566–568 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Experiment on nonclassical fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 2957–2965 (1990).

[CrossRef]
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D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84–87 (1970).

[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]
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T. J. Herzog, P. G. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Complementarity and the quantum eraser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3034–3037 (1995).

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[CrossRef]
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T. J. Herzog, P. G. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Complementarity and the quantum eraser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3034–3037 (1995).

[CrossRef]
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D. M. Greenberger, M. A. Horne, and A. Zeilinger, “Multiparticle interferometry and the superposition principle,” Phys. Today 46(8), 22–29 (1993).

[CrossRef]

M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, “Two-particle interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2209–2212 (1989).

[CrossRef]
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X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, G. A. Barbosa, and L. Mandel, “Control of visibility in the interference of signal photons by delays imposed on the idler photons,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 2293–2295 (1993).

[CrossRef]
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X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Can an ‘empty’ de Broglie pilot wave induce coherence?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3667–3669 (1992).

[CrossRef]
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X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Induced coherence and indistinguishability in optical interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 318–321 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Experiment on nonclassical fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 2957–2965 (1990).

[CrossRef]
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Z. Y. Ou, L. J. Wang, X. Y. Zou, and L. Mandel, “Evidence for phase memory in two-photon down conversion through entanglement with the vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 566–568 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Observation of nonlocal interference in separated photon channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321–324 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. O. Scully, B.-G. Englert, and H. Walther, “Quantum optical tests of complementarity,” Nature (London) 351, 111–116 (1991).

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[CrossRef]

A. Einstein, B. Podolsky, and N. Rosen, “Can quantum-mechanical description of physical reality be considered complete?” Phys. Rev. 47, 777–780 (1935).

[CrossRef]

M. O. Scully and H. Walther, “Quantum optical test of observation and complementarity in quantum mechanics,” Phys. Rev. A 39, 5229–5235 (1989).

[CrossRef]
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R. Ghosh, C. K. Hong, Z. Y. Ou, and L. Mandel, “Interference of two photons in parametric down conversion,” Phys. Rev. A 34, 3962–3968 (1986).

[CrossRef]
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T. B. Pittman, Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Experimental tests of Bell’s inequalities based on space-time and spin variables,” Phys. Rev. A 51, 3495–3498 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
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J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Fourth-order interference effects at large distances,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 2052–2056 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “Observation of a ‘quantum eraser’: a revival of coherence in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 7729–7739 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. H. Shih, A. V. Sergienko, and M. H. Rubin, “Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen state for space–time variables in a two-photon interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 1288–1293 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, G. A. Barbosa, and L. Mandel, “Control of visibility in the interference of signal photons by delays imposed on the idler photons,” Phys. Rev. A 47, 2293–2295 (1993).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, A. M. Steinberg, and R. Y. Chiao, “High visibility interference in a Bell-inequality experiment for energy and time,” Phys. Rev. A 47, R2472–R2475 (1993).

[CrossRef]

Y. H. Shih and A. V. Sergienko, “Observation of quantum beating in a simple beam-splitting experiment: two-particle entanglement in spin and space–time,” Phys. Rev. A 50, 2564–2568 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Experiment on nonclassical fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A 42, 2957–2965 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, L. J. Wang, X. Y. Zou, and L. Mandel, “Evidence for phase memory in two-photon down conversion through entanglement with the vacuum,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 566–568 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, W. A. Vareka, C. K. Hong, H. Nathel, and R. Y. Chiao, “Correlated two-photon interference in a dual-beam Michelson interferometer,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 2910–2913 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Two-color photons and nonlocality in fourth-order interference,” Phys. Rev. A 41, 5139–5146 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. H. Rubin and Y. H. Shih, “Models of a two-photon Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen interference experiment,” Phys. Rev. A 45, 8138–8147 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. D. Franson, “Violation of a simple inequality for classical fields,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 290–293 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, “Experimental violation of Bell’s inequality based on phase and momentum,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 2495–2498 (1990).

[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
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X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Induced coherence and indistinguishability in optical interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 67, 318–321 (1991).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

J. G. Rarity, P. R. Tapster, E. Jakeman, T. Larchuk, R. A. Campos, M. C. Teich, and B. E. A. Saleh, “Two-photon interference in a Mach–Zehnder interferometer,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 1348–1351 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou, X. Y. Zou, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Observation of nonlocal interference in separated photon channels,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 65, 321–324 (1990).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Further evidence of nonclassical behavior in optical interference,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2941–2944 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, “Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 25, 84–87 (1970).

[CrossRef]

R. Ghosh and L. Mandel, “Observation of nonclassical effects in the interference of two photons,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1903–1905 (1987).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

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[CrossRef]
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[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Z. Y. Ou and L. Mandel, “Observation of spatial quantum beating with separated photodetectors,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 54–57 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

Y. H. Shih and C. O. Alley, “New type of Einstein–Podolsky–Rosen–Bohm experiment using pairs of light quanta produced by optical parametric downconversion,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 61, 2921–2924 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

P. R. Tapster, J. G. Rarity, and P. C. M. Owens, “Violation of Bell’s inequality over 4 km of optical fiber,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 73, 1923–1926 (1994).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

X. Y. Zou, T. Grayson, L. J. Wang, and L. Mandel, “Can an ‘empty’ de Broglie pilot wave induce coherence?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 68, 3667–3669 (1992).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. V. Strekalov, A. V. Sergienko, D. N. Klyshko, and Y. H. Shih, “Observation of two-photon ‘ghost’ interference and diffraction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3600–3603 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. J. Herzog, P. G. Kwiat, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, “Complementarity and the quantum eraser,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3034–3037 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. B. Pittman, D. V. Strekalov, A. Migdall, M. H. Rubin, A. V. Sergienko, and Y. H. Shih, “Can two-photon interference be considered the interference of two photons?” Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 1917–1920 (1996).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, “Two-particle interferometry,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 2209–2212 (1989).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. M. Greenberger, M. A. Horne, and A. Zeilinger, “Multiparticle interferometry and the superposition principle,” Phys. Today 46(8), 22–29 (1993).

[CrossRef]

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