Abstract

We demonstrate highly efficient performance (quantum efficiency as great as 80%) of a degenerate three-beam-pumped optical parametric amplifier (OPA). Such an OPA exhibits a parametric combining effect, as the signal gains its energy from all three pump pulses. The efficiency of the parametric amplification process is defined only by a triple phase-matching geometry and is insensitive to the phase relationship of the pump pulses. We also show that OPA operation is not affected by the number of pump pulses in terms of the energy conversion and the temporal characteristics of the amplified pulse.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. I. M. Bayanov, R. Danielius, P. Heinz, and A. Seilmeier, “Intense subpicosecond pulses tunable between 4 μm and 20 μm generated by an all-solid-state laser system,” Opt. Commun. 113, 99 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  2. P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, D. Podėnas, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Ultrashort pulses of high power and spectral quality tunable between 1.6 and 4.8 μm,” Opt. Commun. 118, 338 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, “Visible pulses of 100 fs and 100 μJ from an upconverted parametric generator,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5336 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. L. Vodopyanov and V. Chazapis, “Extra-wide tuning range optical parametric generator,” Opt. Commun. 135, 98 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  5. V. Petrov, F. Noack, and R. Stolzenberger, “Seeded femtosecond optical parametric amplification in the mid-infrared spectral region above 3 μm,” Appl. Opt. 36, 1164 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. A. Galvanauskas, A. Harihan, D. Harter, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, “High-energy chirped pulse amplification us- ing a quasi-phase-matched parametric amplifier,” in Quan-tum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Vol. 12 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), postdeadline paper CPD7.
  8. V. Smilgevičius and A. Stabinis, “Two-beam pumped travelling-wave optical parametric generator,” Opt. Commun. 106, 69 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Baltuška, A. Beržanskis, R. Gadonas, A. Pugžlys, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Angular structure formation in single-pass optical parametric generators pumped by intersecting beams,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2174 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podėnas, and G. P. Banfi, “Self-diffraction through cascaded second-order frequency-mixing effects in β-barium borate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. J. Shaw, J. P. Partanen, Y. Owadano, I. N. Ross, E. Hodgson, C. B. Edwards, and F. O’Neill, “High-power forward Raman amplifiers employing low-pressure gasses in light guides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1466 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. S. Yao and J. Feinberg, “Temporal shaping of optical pulses using beam coupling in a photorefractive crystal,” Opt. Lett. 18, 622 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (2)

1996 (1)

1995 (2)

A. Baltuška, A. Beržanskis, R. Gadonas, A. Pugžlys, V. Smilgevičius, and A. Stabinis, “Angular structure formation in single-pass optical parametric generators pumped by intersecting beams,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2174 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, D. Podėnas, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Ultrashort pulses of high power and spectral quality tunable between 1.6 and 4.8 μm,” Opt. Commun. 118, 338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

I. M. Bayanov, R. Danielius, P. Heinz, and A. Seilmeier, “Intense subpicosecond pulses tunable between 4 μm and 20 μm generated by an all-solid-state laser system,” Opt. Commun. 113, 99 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. Smilgevičius and A. Stabinis, “Two-beam pumped travelling-wave optical parametric generator,” Opt. Commun. 106, 69 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

1992 (1)

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

Andreoni, A.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, “Visible pulses of 100 fs and 100 μJ from an upconverted parametric generator,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5336 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, D. Podėnas, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Ultrashort pulses of high power and spectral quality tunable between 1.6 and 4.8 μm,” Opt. Commun. 118, 338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Andrew, J. E.

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

Banfi, G. P.

Bayanov, I. M.

I. M. Bayanov, R. Danielius, P. Heinz, and A. Seilmeier, “Intense subpicosecond pulses tunable between 4 μm and 20 μm generated by an all-solid-state laser system,” Opt. Commun. 113, 99 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Beržanskis, A.

Chazapis, V.

K. L. Vodopyanov and V. Chazapis, “Extra-wide tuning range optical parametric generator,” Opt. Commun. 135, 98 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Danielius, R.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, “Visible pulses of 100 fs and 100 μJ from an upconverted parametric generator,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5336 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, D. Podėnas, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Ultrashort pulses of high power and spectral quality tunable between 1.6 and 4.8 μm,” Opt. Commun. 118, 338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

I. M. Bayanov, R. Danielius, P. Heinz, and A. Seilmeier, “Intense subpicosecond pulses tunable between 4 μm and 20 μm generated by an all-solid-state laser system,” Opt. Commun. 113, 99 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podėnas, and G. P. Banfi, “Self-diffraction through cascaded second-order frequency-mixing effects in β-barium borate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Di Trapani, P.

Dubietis, A.

R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podėnas, and G. P. Banfi, “Self-diffraction through cascaded second-order frequency-mixing effects in β-barium borate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Edwards, C. B.

Feinberg, J.

Foggi, P.

Gadonas, R.

Harvey, E. C.

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Heinz, P.

I. M. Bayanov, R. Danielius, P. Heinz, and A. Seilmeier, “Intense subpicosecond pulses tunable between 4 μm and 20 μm generated by an all-solid-state laser system,” Opt. Commun. 113, 99 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Hirst, G. J.

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Hodgson, E.

Hooker, C. J.

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Jonušauskas, G.

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Key, M. H.

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Lister, J. M. D.

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

O’Neill, F.

Owadano, Y.

Partanen, J. P.

Petrov, V.

Piskarskas, A.

R. Danielius, A. Piskarskas, P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, C. Solcia, and P. Foggi, “Visible pulses of 100 fs and 100 μJ from an upconverted parametric generator,” Appl. Opt. 35, 5336 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, D. Podėnas, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Ultrashort pulses of high power and spectral quality tunable between 1.6 and 4.8 μm,” Opt. Commun. 118, 338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podėnas, and G. P. Banfi, “Self-diffraction through cascaded second-order frequency-mixing effects in β-barium borate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Podenas, D.

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, D. Podėnas, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Ultrashort pulses of high power and spectral quality tunable between 1.6 and 4.8 μm,” Opt. Commun. 118, 338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

R. Danielius, P. Di Trapani, A. Dubietis, A. Piskarskas, D. Podėnas, and G. P. Banfi, “Self-diffraction through cascaded second-order frequency-mixing effects in β-barium borate,” Opt. Lett. 18, 574 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Pugžlys, A.

Rodgers, P. A.

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ross, I. N.

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Shaw, J. P. Partanen, Y. Owadano, I. N. Ross, E. Hodgson, C. B. Edwards, and F. O’Neill, “High-power forward Raman amplifiers employing low-pressure gasses in light guides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1466 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Seilmeier, A.

I. M. Bayanov, R. Danielius, P. Heinz, and A. Seilmeier, “Intense subpicosecond pulses tunable between 4 μm and 20 μm generated by an all-solid-state laser system,” Opt. Commun. 113, 99 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, M. J.

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Shaw, J. P. Partanen, Y. Owadano, I. N. Ross, E. Hodgson, C. B. Edwards, and F. O’Neill, “High-power forward Raman amplifiers employing low-pressure gasses in light guides,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 3, 1466 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Smilgevicius, V.

Solcia, C.

Stabinis, A.

Stolzenberger, R.

Vodopyanov, K. L.

K. L. Vodopyanov and V. Chazapis, “Extra-wide tuning range optical parametric generator,” Opt. Commun. 135, 98 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Yao, X. S.

Appl. Opt. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (6)

I. M. Bayanov, R. Danielius, P. Heinz, and A. Seilmeier, “Intense subpicosecond pulses tunable between 4 μm and 20 μm generated by an all-solid-state laser system,” Opt. Commun. 113, 99 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. Di Trapani, A. Andreoni, D. Podėnas, R. Danielius, and A. Piskarskas, “Ultrashort pulses of high power and spectral quality tunable between 1.6 and 4.8 μm,” Opt. Commun. 118, 338 (1995).
[CrossRef]

K. L. Vodopyanov and V. Chazapis, “Extra-wide tuning range optical parametric generator,” Opt. Commun. 135, 98 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Dubietis, G. Jonušauskas, and A. Piskarskas, “Powerful femtosecond pulse generation by chirped and stretched pulse parametric amplification in BBO crystal,” Opt. Commun. 88, 437 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. Smilgevičius and A. Stabinis, “Two-beam pumped travelling-wave optical parametric generator,” Opt. Commun. 106, 69 (1994).
[CrossRef]

I. N. Ross, M. J. Shaw, C. J. Hooker, M. H. Key, E. C. Harvey, J. M. D. Lister, J. E. Andrew, G. J. Hirst, and P. A. Rodgers, “A high performance excimer pumped Raman laser,” Opt. Commun. 78, 263 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Other (1)

A. Galvanauskas, A. Harihan, D. Harter, M. A. Arbore, and M. M. Fejer, “High-energy chirped pulse amplification us- ing a quasi-phase-matched parametric amplifier,” in Quan-tum Electronics and Laser Science Conference, Vol. 12 of 1997 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), postdeadline paper CPD7.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for the three-beam-pumped OPA: GP, antireflection-coated glass plate; HP, half-wave plate for the fundamental wavelength (1055 nm); SHG, second-harmonic-generating crystal; F, filter that cuts 1055-nm radiation; BS1, BS2, are beam splitters; M1, Al-coated mirror; M2–M6, highly reflective mirrors for the 527.5-nm wavelength. Note that Pump 1 and the signal beams are noncollinear in the horizontal plane.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Schematic of the far-field view at the OPA output. P1–P3, pump beams. Dashed lines denote the principal planes of the nonlinear crystal orientation. Phase matching is adjusted in the θ plane.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Angular gain profiles of the OPA. Note that overall gain profile is broadened owing to increased intensity in the three-beam-pumping case.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

OPA energy conversion efficiency η=(Es+Ei1+Ei2 +Ei3)/EP versus pump intensity in the 8-mm-long BBO crystal. The seed signal intensity is 32 MW/cm2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Three-beam-pumped OPA energy conversion efficiency versus pump intensity in the 4-mm-long BBO crystal. The seed signal intensity is (a) 32 MW/cm2, (b) 3 MW/cm2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Single-shot measurements of the signal pulses: (a) seed signal, (b) amplified signal.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Φ=φp-φs-φi=π/2,
kpj=ks+kij,
A1z+1u1 A1t-i2g12A1t2=-σ1A2*A3,
A2z+1u2 A2t-i2g22A2t2=-σ2A1*A3,
A3z+1u3 A3t-i2g32A3t2=σ3A1A2,
A1(t, z=0)=A10(t+Δt),
A2(t, z=0)=0,
A3(t, z=0)=A30(t),
A1=a1 exp(iφ1),
A3=a31 exp(iφ31)+a32 exp(iφ32)+a33exp(iφ33),

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