Abstract

Luminescence concentration quenching and upconversion have been quantitatively investigated in neodymium-doped LaSc3(BO3)4 (LSB) and GdVO4 (GVO) laser crystals. The microparameter of cross relaxation (self-quenching) was determined in Nd:GVO as 3.6×10-40 cm6/s. It is shown that, in Nd:LSB, upconversion is static, with the upconversion microparameter Cda=(0.51.1)×10-37 cm6/s. In Nd:GVO, upconversion is migration accelerated, with the upconversion macroparameter α1.2×10-15 cm3/s. The influence of upconversion on laser operation is discussed.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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1997

V. G. Ostroumov, F. Heine, S. Kueck, G. Huber, V. A. Mikhailov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Intracavity frequency doubled diode pumped Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 301–305 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Different mechanisms of nonlinear quenching of luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881–8886 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1995

Y. Guiot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

S. A. Payne, G. D. Wilke, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “Auger upconversion losses in Nd-doped laser glasses,” Opt. Commun. 111, 263–268 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. A. Payne, L. K. Smith, R. J. Beach, B. H. T. Chai, J. H. Tassano, L. D. DeLorach, W. L. Kway, R. W. Solarz, and W. F. Krupke, “Properties of Cr:LiSrAlF6 crystals for laser operation,” Appl. Opt. 33, 5526–5536 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-P. Meyn and G. Huber, “Intracavity frequency doubling of a continuous-wave, diode-laser-pumped neodymium lanthanium scandium borate laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1436–1438 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. A. Dotsenko and N. P. Efryushina, “Static energy transfer in YAl3B4O12:Ln3+ (Ln3+=Sm3+, Dy3+),” Phys. Status Solidi A 130, 199–205 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991

N. P. Ivonina, S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, and I. N. Simonova, “Polucheniye I issledovaniye monokristallov redkozemel’nykh scandoboratov” (“Synthesis and characterization of rare earth doped scandium-borate single crystals”), Neorg. Mater. 27, 64–67 (1991).

1990

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

A. M. Tkachuk, “Self-quenching and upconversion processes in LiYF4(YLF):RE+3 crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 68, 775–783 (1990).

1988

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300–1302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1986

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1985

A. M. Tkachuk, S. I. Klokishner, and M. V. Petrov, “Self-quenching of luminescence in concentrated lithium-erbium and lithium-holmium double fluorite crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 59, 485–491 (1985).

1984

I. Burstei⁁n, “Concentration quenching of noncoherent excitation in solutions,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 27, 579–606 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983

S. N. Perepechko, Yu. S. Privis, V. P. Sakun, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “A model-free description of time evolution of the occupation of the excited state of donors in their interactions with acceptors in cubic crystal,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 581–582 (1983).

R. B. Reddy and P. Venkateswarlu, “Energy up-conversion in LaF3:Nd3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 79, 5845–5850 (1983).
[CrossRef]

1982

A. G. Avanesov, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, S. S. Pirumov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 1180–1185 (1982).

1980

V. M. Agranovich, N. A. Efremov, and A. A. Zakhidov, “Exciton luminescence of molecular crystals at high excitation levels,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 44, 63–67 (1980).

1978

S. F. Kilin, M. S. Mikhelashvili, and I. M. Rozman, “Kinetics of nonlinear luminescence quenching,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 42, 155–159 (1978).

1977

Yu. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Nature of nonradiative energy relation in condensed media with high activator concentrations,” Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251–261 (1977).

1976

V. A. Benderskii⁁, V. Kh. Brikenstei⁁n, M. A. Kozhushner, I. A. Kuznetsova, and P. G. Filippov, “Nonlinear quenching of the fluorescence of high-density localized electron excitations in molecular crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 43, 268–273 (1976).

1974

H. Y.-P. Hong and K. Dwight, “Crystal structure and fluorescence lifetime of NdAl3(BO3)4, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1661–1665 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1948

Th. Förster, “Zwischenmolekulare Energiewanderung und Fluoreszenz,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55–75 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Agranovich, V. M.

V. M. Agranovich, N. A. Efremov, and A. A. Zakhidov, “Exciton luminescence of molecular crystals at high excitation levels,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 44, 63–67 (1980).

Avanesov, A. G.

A. G. Avanesov, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, S. S. Pirumov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 1180–1185 (1982).

Beach, R. J.

Belan, V. R.

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Benderskii?, V. A.

V. A. Benderskii⁁, V. Kh. Brikenstei⁁n, M. A. Kozhushner, I. A. Kuznetsova, and P. G. Filippov, “Nonlinear quenching of the fluorescence of high-density localized electron excitations in molecular crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 43, 268–273 (1976).

Bon, M.

Y. Guiot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Brikenstei?n, V. Kh.

V. A. Benderskii⁁, V. Kh. Brikenstei⁁n, M. A. Kozhushner, I. A. Kuznetsova, and P. G. Filippov, “Nonlinear quenching of the fluorescence of high-density localized electron excitations in molecular crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 43, 268–273 (1976).

Briskina, Ch. M.

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Burstei?n, I.

I. Burstei⁁n, “Concentration quenching of noncoherent excitation in solutions,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 27, 579–606 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

Chai, B. H. T.

Chuang, T.

T. Chuang and H. R. Verdun, “Energy transfer upconversion and excited state absorption of laser radiation in Nd:YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 79–91 (1996).
[CrossRef]

DeLorach, L. D.

Denker, B. I.

A. G. Avanesov, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, S. S. Pirumov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 1180–1185 (1982).

Descroix, E.

Y. Guiot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Dotsenko, V. A.

V. A. Dotsenko and N. P. Efryushina, “Static energy transfer in YAl3B4O12:Ln3+ (Ln3+=Sm3+, Dy3+),” Phys. Status Solidi A 130, 199–205 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Dwight, K.

H. Y.-P. Hong and K. Dwight, “Crystal structure and fluorescence lifetime of NdAl3(BO3)4, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1661–1665 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Efremov, N. A.

V. M. Agranovich, N. A. Efremov, and A. A. Zakhidov, “Exciton luminescence of molecular crystals at high excitation levels,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 44, 63–67 (1980).

Efryushina, N. P.

V. A. Dotsenko and N. P. Efryushina, “Static energy transfer in YAl3B4O12:Ln3+ (Ln3+=Sm3+, Dy3+),” Phys. Status Solidi A 130, 199–205 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Filippov, P. G.

V. A. Benderskii⁁, V. Kh. Brikenstei⁁n, M. A. Kozhushner, I. A. Kuznetsova, and P. G. Filippov, “Nonlinear quenching of the fluorescence of high-density localized electron excitations in molecular crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 43, 268–273 (1976).

Förster, Th.

Th. Förster, “Zwischenmolekulare Energiewanderung und Fluoreszenz,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55–75 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Garnier, N.

Y. Guiot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Guiot, Y.

Y. Guiot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Heine, F.

V. G. Ostroumov, F. Heine, S. Kueck, G. Huber, V. A. Mikhailov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Intracavity frequency doubled diode pumped Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 301–305 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Hong, H. Y.-P.

H. Y.-P. Hong and K. Dwight, “Crystal structure and fluorescence lifetime of NdAl3(BO3)4, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1661–1665 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

V. G. Ostroumov, F. Heine, S. Kueck, G. Huber, V. A. Mikhailov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Intracavity frequency doubled diode pumped Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 301–305 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn and G. Huber, “Intracavity frequency doubling of a continuous-wave, diode-laser-pumped neodymium lanthanium scandium borate laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1436–1438 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ivonina, N. P.

N. P. Ivonina, S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, and I. N. Simonova, “Polucheniye I issledovaniye monokristallov redkozemel’nykh scandoboratov” (“Synthesis and characterization of rare earth doped scandium-borate single crystals”), Neorg. Mater. 27, 64–67 (1991).

Jensen, T.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kilin, S. F.

S. F. Kilin, M. S. Mikhelashvili, and I. M. Rozman, “Kinetics of nonlinear luminescence quenching,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 42, 155–159 (1978).

Klokishner, S. I.

A. M. Tkachuk, S. I. Klokishner, and M. V. Petrov, “Self-quenching of luminescence in concentrated lithium-erbium and lithium-holmium double fluorite crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 59, 485–491 (1985).

Kozhushner, M. A.

V. A. Benderskii⁁, V. Kh. Brikenstei⁁n, M. A. Kozhushner, I. A. Kuznetsova, and P. G. Filippov, “Nonlinear quenching of the fluorescence of high-density localized electron excitations in molecular crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 43, 268–273 (1976).

Krupke, W. F.

Kueck, S.

V. G. Ostroumov, F. Heine, S. Kueck, G. Huber, V. A. Mikhailov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Intracavity frequency doubled diode pumped Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 301–305 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kutovoi, S. A.

N. P. Ivonina, S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, and I. N. Simonova, “Polucheniye I issledovaniye monokristallov redkozemel’nykh scandoboratov” (“Synthesis and characterization of rare earth doped scandium-borate single crystals”), Neorg. Mater. 27, 64–67 (1991).

Kuznetsova, I. A.

V. A. Benderskii⁁, V. Kh. Brikenstei⁁n, M. A. Kozhushner, I. A. Kuznetsova, and P. G. Filippov, “Nonlinear quenching of the fluorescence of high-density localized electron excitations in molecular crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 43, 268–273 (1976).

Kway, W. L.

Laporte, P.

Y. Guiot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Laptev, V. V.

N. P. Ivonina, S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, and I. N. Simonova, “Polucheniye I issledovaniye monokristallov redkozemel’nykh scandoboratov” (“Synthesis and characterization of rare earth doped scandium-borate single crystals”), Neorg. Mater. 27, 64–67 (1991).

Lenth, W.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300–1302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Macfarlane, R. M.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300–1302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M.

Mamedov, T. G.

Yu. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Nature of nonradiative energy relation in condensed media with high activator concentrations,” Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251–261 (1977).

Manaa, H.

Y. Guiot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Markushev, V. M.

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Meyn, J.-P.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn and G. Huber, “Intracavity frequency doubling of a continuous-wave, diode-laser-pumped neodymium lanthanium scandium borate laser,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1436–1438 (1994).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mikhailov, V. A.

V. G. Ostroumov, F. Heine, S. Kueck, G. Huber, V. A. Mikhailov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Intracavity frequency doubled diode pumped Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 301–305 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Mikhelashvili, M. S.

S. F. Kilin, M. S. Mikhelashvili, and I. M. Rozman, “Kinetics of nonlinear luminescence quenching,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 42, 155–159 (1978).

Moncorgé, R.

Y. Guiot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

Noginova, N. E.

Osiko, V. V.

A. G. Avanesov, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, S. S. Pirumov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 1180–1185 (1982).

Yu. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Nature of nonradiative energy relation in condensed media with high activator concentrations,” Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251–261 (1977).

Ostroumov, V.

Ostroumov, V. G.

V. G. Ostroumov, F. Heine, S. Kueck, G. Huber, V. A. Mikhailov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Intracavity frequency doubled diode pumped Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 301–305 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

Perepechko, S. N.

S. N. Perepechko, Yu. S. Privis, V. P. Sakun, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “A model-free description of time evolution of the occupation of the excited state of donors in their interactions with acceptors in cubic crystal,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 581–582 (1983).

Petrov, M. V.

A. M. Tkachuk, S. I. Klokishner, and M. V. Petrov, “Self-quenching of luminescence in concentrated lithium-erbium and lithium-holmium double fluorite crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 59, 485–491 (1985).

Pirumov, S. S.

A. G. Avanesov, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, S. S. Pirumov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 1180–1185 (1982).

Privis, Yu. S.

S. N. Perepechko, Yu. S. Privis, V. P. Sakun, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “A model-free description of time evolution of the occupation of the excited state of donors in their interactions with acceptors in cubic crystal,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 581–582 (1983).

Prokhorov, A. M.

Yu. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Nature of nonradiative energy relation in condensed media with high activator concentrations,” Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251–261 (1977).

Reddy, R. B.

R. B. Reddy and P. Venkateswarlu, “Energy up-conversion in LaF3:Nd3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 79, 5845–5850 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Rivoire, J. Y.

Y. Guiot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rozman, I. M.

S. F. Kilin, M. S. Mikhelashvili, and I. M. Rozman, “Kinetics of nonlinear luminescence quenching,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 42, 155–159 (1978).

Sakun, V. P.

S. N. Perepechko, Yu. S. Privis, V. P. Sakun, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “A model-free description of time evolution of the occupation of the excited state of donors in their interactions with acceptors in cubic crystal,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 581–582 (1983).

A. G. Avanesov, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, S. S. Pirumov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 1180–1185 (1982).

Yu. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Nature of nonradiative energy relation in condensed media with high activator concentrations,” Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251–261 (1977).

Shcherbakov, I. A.

V. G. Ostroumov, F. Heine, S. Kueck, G. Huber, V. A. Mikhailov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Intracavity frequency doubled diode pumped Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 301–305 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Different mechanisms of nonlinear quenching of luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881–8886 (1997).
[CrossRef]

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Perepechko, Yu. S. Privis, V. P. Sakun, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “A model-free description of time evolution of the occupation of the excited state of donors in their interactions with acceptors in cubic crystal,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 581–582 (1983).

A. G. Avanesov, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, S. S. Pirumov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 1180–1185 (1982).

Yu. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Nature of nonradiative energy relation in condensed media with high activator concentrations,” Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251–261 (1977).

Silversmith, A. J.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300–1302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Simonova, I. N.

N. P. Ivonina, S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, and I. N. Simonova, “Polucheniye I issledovaniye monokristallov redkozemel’nykh scandoboratov” (“Synthesis and characterization of rare earth doped scandium-borate single crystals”), Neorg. Mater. 27, 64–67 (1991).

Smirnov, V. A.

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Different mechanisms of nonlinear quenching of luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881–8886 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. N. Perepechko, Yu. S. Privis, V. P. Sakun, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “A model-free description of time evolution of the occupation of the excited state of donors in their interactions with acceptors in cubic crystal,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 581–582 (1983).

Smith, L. K.

Solarz, R. W.

Tassano, J. H.

Ter-Gabriélyan, N. É.

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Thompson, T.

Tkachuk, A. M.

A. M. Tkachuk, “Self-quenching and upconversion processes in LiYF4(YLF):RE+3 crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 68, 775–783 (1990).

A. M. Tkachuk, S. I. Klokishner, and M. V. Petrov, “Self-quenching of luminescence in concentrated lithium-erbium and lithium-holmium double fluorite crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 59, 485–491 (1985).

Tong, F.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300–1302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Venkateswarlu, P.

Verdun, H. R.

T. Chuang and H. R. Verdun, “Energy transfer upconversion and excited state absorption of laser radiation in Nd:YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 79–91 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Voron’ko, Yu. K.

Yu. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Nature of nonradiative energy relation in condensed media with high activator concentrations,” Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251–261 (1977).

Wilke, G. D.

S. A. Payne, G. D. Wilke, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “Auger upconversion losses in Nd-doped laser glasses,” Opt. Commun. 111, 263–268 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zagumennyi, A. I.

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Zakhidov, A. A.

V. M. Agranovich, N. A. Efremov, and A. A. Zakhidov, “Exciton luminescence of molecular crystals at high excitation levels,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 44, 63–67 (1980).

Zolin, V. F.

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Zubenko, D. A.

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Different mechanisms of nonlinear quenching of luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881–8886 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ann. Phys. (Leipzig)

Th. Förster, “Zwischenmolekulare Energiewanderung und Fluoreszenz,” Ann. Phys. (Leipzig) 2, 55–75 (1948).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. B

T. Jensen, V. G. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, G. Huber, A. I. Zagumennyi, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diode-laser-pumped Nd:GdVO4,” Appl. Phys. B 58, 373–379 (1994).
[CrossRef]

V. G. Ostroumov, F. Heine, S. Kueck, G. Huber, V. A. Mikhailov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Intracavity frequency doubled diode pumped Nd:LaSc3(BO3)4,” Appl. Phys. B 64, 301–305 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

R. M. Macfarlane, F. Tong, A. J. Silversmith, and W. Lenth, “Violet cw upconversion laser,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 52, 1300–1302 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser.

S. F. Kilin, M. S. Mikhelashvili, and I. M. Rozman, “Kinetics of nonlinear luminescence quenching,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 42, 155–159 (1978).

V. M. Agranovich, N. A. Efremov, and A. A. Zakhidov, “Exciton luminescence of molecular crystals at high excitation levels,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR Phys. Ser. 44, 63–67 (1980).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

T. Chuang and H. R. Verdun, “Energy transfer upconversion and excited state absorption of laser radiation in Nd:YLF laser crystals,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 32, 79–91 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Spectroscopic properties and efficient diode-pumped laser operation of neodymium-doped lanthanum scandium borate,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 913–917 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

R. B. Reddy and P. Venkateswarlu, “Energy up-conversion in LaF3:Nd3+,” J. Chem. Phys. 79, 5845–5850 (1983).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow)

A. G. Avanesov, B. I. Denker, V. V. Osiko, S. S. Pirumov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, Kvantovaya Elektron. (Moscow) 9, 1180–1185 (1982).

Mater. Res. Bull.

H. Y.-P. Hong and K. Dwight, “Crystal structure and fluorescence lifetime of NdAl3(BO3)4, a promising laser material,” Mater. Res. Bull. 9, 1661–1665 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Neorg. Mater.

N. P. Ivonina, S. A. Kutovoi, V. V. Laptev, and I. N. Simonova, “Polucheniye I issledovaniye monokristallov redkozemel’nykh scandoboratov” (“Synthesis and characterization of rare earth doped scandium-borate single crystals”), Neorg. Mater. 27, 64–67 (1991).

Opt. Commun.

S. A. Payne, G. D. Wilke, L. K. Smith, and W. F. Krupke, “Auger upconversion losses in Nd-doped laser glasses,” Opt. Commun. 111, 263–268 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR)

A. M. Tkachuk, S. I. Klokishner, and M. V. Petrov, “Self-quenching of luminescence in concentrated lithium-erbium and lithium-holmium double fluorite crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 59, 485–491 (1985).

A. M. Tkachuk, “Self-quenching and upconversion processes in LiYF4(YLF):RE+3 crystals,” Opt. Spectrosc. (USSR) 68, 775–783 (1990).

Phys. Rev. B

Y. Guiot, H. Manaa, J. Y. Rivoire, R. Moncorgé, N. Garnier, E. Descroix, M. Bon, and P. Laporte, “Excited-state-absorption and upconversion studies of Nd3+-doped single crystals Y3Al5O12, YLiF4, and LaMgAl11O19,” Phys. Rev. B 51, 784–799 (1995).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Different mechanisms of nonlinear quenching of luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 8881–8886 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi A

V. A. Dotsenko and N. P. Efryushina, “Static energy transfer in YAl3B4O12:Ln3+ (Ln3+=Sm3+, Dy3+),” Phys. Status Solidi A 130, 199–205 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron.

A. I. Zagumennyi, V. G. Ostroumov, I. A. Shcherbakov, T. Jensen, J.-P. Meyn, and G. Huber, “The Nd:GdVO4 crystal: a new material for diode-pumped lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 22, 1071–1072 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Sov. Phys. Dokl.

S. N. Perepechko, Yu. S. Privis, V. P. Sakun, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “A model-free description of time evolution of the occupation of the excited state of donors in their interactions with acceptors in cubic crystal,” Sov. Phys. Dokl. 28, 581–582 (1983).

Sov. Phys. JETP

V. A. Benderskii⁁, V. Kh. Brikenstei⁁n, M. A. Kozhushner, I. A. Kuznetsova, and P. G. Filippov, “Nonlinear quenching of the fluorescence of high-density localized electron excitations in molecular crystals,” Sov. Phys. JETP 43, 268–273 (1976).

Yu. K. Voron’ko, T. G. Mamedov, V. V. Osiko, A. M. Prokhorov, V. P. Sakun, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Nature of nonradiative energy relation in condensed media with high activator concentrations,” Sov. Phys. JETP 44, 251–261 (1977).

Sov. Phys. Usp.

I. Burstei⁁n, “Concentration quenching of noncoherent excitation in solutions,” Sov. Phys. Usp. 27, 579–606 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Other

V. Ostroumov, J.-P. Meyn, T. Jensen, and G. Huber, “Nd doped 1.3 μm LSB and GVO and 1.4 μm YAG lasers,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 225–236, paper CWH8.

S. E. Sverchkov and Yu. E. Sverchkov, preprint IOFAN SSSR 283 (General Physics Institute of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Moscow, 1987).

M. A. Noginov, H. P. Jenssen, and A. Cassanho, “Upconversion in Cr:LiSGaF and Cr:LiSAF,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, A. A. Pinto and T. Y. Fan, eds., Vol. 15 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1993), pp. 376–380.

D. A. Zubenko, M. A. Noginov, V. A. Smirnov, and I. A. Shcherbakov, “Upconversion kinetics in hopping and other energy transfer regimes,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, C. R. Pollock and W. R. Bosenberg, eds., Vol. 10 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1997), pp. 482–487.

J. D. Zuegel and W. Seka, “Upconversion and reduced 4F3/2 upper-state lifetimes in intensely pumped Nd:YLF,” in IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society 1995 Annual Meeting, eighth annual meeting conference proceedings (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, Piscataway, N.J., 1995), Vol. 2, pp. 204–205.

G. Huber, “Miniature neodymium lasers,” in Current Topics in Materials Science, E. Kaldis, ed. (North-Holland, Amsterdam, 1980), Vol. 4, pp. 1–45.

J.-P. Meyn and G. Huber, “Efficient intracavity second-harmonic generation in Nd lasers by using short KTP crystals,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Vol. 15 of 1995 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1995), pp. 78–79.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Dependence of (a) the Förster macroparameter γ and (b) the rate of migration-accelerated quenching W¯ on Nd concentration in Nd:GVO.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Short spike of Nd emission in Nd:GVO.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Luminescence kinetics in Nd:LSB and Nd:GVO crystals plotted according to the bases [n(0)exp(-t/τ)/n(t)-1] and [1-exp(-t/τ)] (squares) and [n(0)exp(-t/T)/n(t)-1] and [erf(t/τ)] (circles).

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Normalized luminescence decay curves in Nd:LSB at several pumping powers: 1, weak excitation; 2, 1.7 mJ; 3, 2.4 mJ; 4, 3.8 mJ.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated dependence of the 4F3/2 excited-state concentration n on the pumping rate R in Nd:GVO.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Calculated dependence of the 4F3/2 excited-state concentration n on the pumping rate R in Nd:LSB.  

Tables (6)

Tables Icon

Table 1 3F4 Nd Decay Times in Nd:LSB at Weak Excitation

Tables Icon

Table 2 Absorption Coefficients of Nd-Doped LSB and GVO Crystals at 808 nm

Tables Icon

Table 3 Upconversion Macroparameters α in Nd:GVO

Tables Icon

Table 4 Upconversion Microparameters Cda in Nd:LSB

Tables Icon

Table 5 Upconversion Microparameters Cda Determined in Nd:LSB at Long-Pulse Excitation

Tables Icon

Table 6 Typical Parameters of Nd:LSB and Nd:GVO Lasers

Equations (17)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

n(t)=n(0)exp(-t/τ)1+αn(0)τ[1-exp(-t/τ)]
n(0)exp(-t/τ)n(t)-1 versus [1-exp(-t/τ)].
n(t)=n(0) exp(-t/τ)1+(2/3)n0τCdaπ2 erf(t/τ).
n(0)exp(-t/τ)n(t)-1 versus [erf(t/τ)].
I(t)=I(0)exp[-t/τ-Π(t)-Wt¯],
t1=|ln(1-x)|x R06Cdasq.
Π(t)=γt=43 π3/2nCdasqt;
W¯=π2π35/2n2CdasqCdd,
xx*=Cdasq/Cdd,
Veff=(πωxωy)2[1-exp(-Kabsl)]Kabs[1-exp(-2Kabsl)].
Etr=(Ein-Erefl)exp(-Kabsl).
dn(t)d(t)=R(t)-n(t)τ-F(t, n),
n(t)=Rτ[1-exp(-t/τ)],
nRt.
nss=R[1/τ+F(t, nss)/nss]=Rτeff.
n=-1/τ+(1+τ2+4αR2α.
ntr=Kabs(L+T)2σ[1-exp(-Kabsl)],

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