Abstract

The photorefractive gain and time response of n-doped and p-doped BaTiO3 were compared in the visible, λ =  514 nm, and in the infrared, λ = 830 nm. Two-beam coupling experiments were conducted for beam ratios between 3600:1, 5000:1, and 8000:1. In both infrared and visible it was observed that the measured gains were higher for the p-BaTiO3 by an order of magnitude or more. When the gain was high, a temporal memory effect was observed, suggesting that the time dependence of the space-charge field is determined by the history of the modulation depth. This effect is shown to be consistent with the Kukhtarev equations for a single carrier. Low-gain behavior was observed at all interaction angles for both crystals in the IR. In the visible the high-gain temporal memory effect is reported for the p-BaTiO3.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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1996

D. Statman and G. C. Gilbreath, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 5, 9 (1996).

1994

1992

1991

J. Joseph, P. K. C. Pillai, and K. Singh, Appl. Opt. 30, 3315 (1991).

G. Charmaine Gilbreath, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 105 (1991).

Y. H. Lee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2488 (1991).

1990

1989

F. P. Strohkendl, P. Tayebati, and R. W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6024 (1989).

1988

D. Erbschloe, L. Solymar, J. Takacs, and T. Wilson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 820 (1988).

1987

F. P. Strohkendl and R. W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2450 (1987).

1986

1984

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 12 (1984).

1983

G. C. Valley and M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 22, 704 (1983).

1979

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soskin, Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).

1978

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 17, 470 (1978).

1976

N. V. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

R. Magnusson and T. K. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 190 (1976).

Aqulló-López, F.

Attard, A. E.

Brown, T. X.

Carrascosa, M.

Chiou, A. E.

Cronin-Golomb, M.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 12 (1984).

Erbschloe, D.

D. Erbschloe, L. Solymar, J. Takacs, and T. Wilson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 820 (1988).

Fischer, B.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 12 (1984).

Gaylord, T. K.

R. Magnusson and T. K. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 190 (1976).

Gilbreath, G. C.

D. Statman and G. C. Gilbreath, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 5, 9 (1996).

Gilbreath, G. Charmaine

G. Charmaine Gilbreath, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 105 (1991).

Glass, A. M.

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 17, 470 (1978).

Hellwarth, R. W.

F. P. Strohkendl, P. Tayebati, and R. W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6024 (1989).

F. P. Strohkendl and R. W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2450 (1987).

Hong, J. H.

Joseph, J.

Klein, M. B.

G. C. Valley and M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 22, 704 (1983).

Kukhtarev, N. V.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soskin, Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).

N. V. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

Lee, Y. H.

Y. H. Lee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2488 (1991).

López, V.

Magnusson, R.

R. Magnusson and T. K. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 190 (1976).

Markov, V. B.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).

McIver, J. K.

Odulov, S. G.

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soskin, Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).

Pillai, P. K. C.

Serrano, E.

Singh, K.

Solymar, L.

D. Erbschloe, L. Solymar, J. Takacs, and T. Wilson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 820 (1988).

Soskin, M. S.

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soskin, Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).

Statman, D.

D. Statman and G. C. Gilbreath, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 5, 9 (1996).

C. Xu, D. Statman, and J. K. McIver, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1825 (1992).

Strohkendl, F. P.

F. P. Strohkendl, P. Tayebati, and R. W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6024 (1989).

F. P. Strohkendl and R. W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2450 (1987).

Takacs, J.

D. Erbschloe, L. Solymar, J. Takacs, and T. Wilson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 820 (1988).

Tayebati, P.

F. P. Strohkendl, P. Tayebati, and R. W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6024 (1989).

Valley, G. C.

G. C. Valley and M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 22, 704 (1983).

Vinetskii, V. L.

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soskin, Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).

White, J. O.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 12 (1984).

Wilson, T.

D. Erbschloe, L. Solymar, J. Takacs, and T. Wilson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 820 (1988).

Xu, C.

Yariv, A.

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 12 (1984).

Yeh, P.

Appl. Opt.

Ferroelectrics

N. V. Kukhtarev, V. B. Markov, S. G. Odulov, M. S. Soskin, and V. L. Vinetskii, Ferroelectrics 22, 949 (1979).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. Erbschloe, L. Solymar, J. Takacs, and T. Wilson, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 820 (1988).

M. Cronin-Golomb, B. Fischer, J. O. White, and A. Yariv, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 12 (1984).

Y. H. Lee, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 27, 2488 (1991).

J. Appl. Phys.

R. Magnusson and T. K. Gaylord, J. Appl. Phys. 47, 190 (1976).

F. P. Strohkendl and R. W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys. 62, 2450 (1987).

F. P. Strohkendl, P. Tayebati, and R. W. Hellwarth, J. Appl. Phys. 66, 6024 (1989).

J. Lightwave Technol.

G. Charmaine Gilbreath, J. Lightwave Technol. 9, 105 (1991).

J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater.

D. Statman and G. C. Gilbreath, J. Nonlin. Opt. Phys. Mater. 5, 9 (1996).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Eng. (Bellingham)

G. C. Valley and M. B. Klein, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 22, 704 (1983).

A. M. Glass, Opt. Eng. (Bellingham) 17, 470 (1978).

Sov. Phys. Usp.

V. L. Vinetskii, N. V. Kukhtarev, S. G. Odulov, and M. S. Soskin, Sov. Phys. Usp. 22, 742 (1979).

Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett.

N. V. Kukhtarev, Sov. Tech. Phys. Lett. 2, 438 (1976).

Other

T. G. Pencheva, M. P. Petrov, and S. I. Stepanov, Opt. Commun. 40, (1982).

R. W. Boyd, Nonlinear Optics (Academic, New York, 1992).

D. Statman and J. C. Lombardi, Laser 96 Conference Proceedings (STS, McLean, Va., 1997).

It should be noted that, in scaled coordinates, the length Ld is equivalent to the diffusion field Ed used by some authors.

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