Abstract

We demonstrate second-harmonic generation in a mixture of powders of laser [Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4] and frequency-doubling (2-methyl-4-nitroaniline) (MNA) materials. We quantitatively describe short-spike 1.06-μm stimulated emission and its second harmonic with the model accounting for the population inversion and the energy density of 1.06-μm and 0.53-μm radiation in the pumped volume. The experimental results are in a good agreement with the model predictions. The optimum MNA concentration was shown to be dependent on the pumping energy. The determined optimum nonlinear coefficient in (pulverized) nonlinear material was shown to be 102103 times larger than that in MNA.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  2. V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powders lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  4. N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  7. M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and S. B. Mirov, “Color-center powder laser: the effect of pulverization on color-center characteristics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2153–2160 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. A. Noginov, N. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, C. Cochrane, J. C. Wang, M. R. Kokta, and J. Paitz, “Study of the pumping regimes in Ti-sapphire and Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 powders,” Opt. Mater. 10, 297–303 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. S. M. Rao, A. K. Batra, R. R. Lal, R. A. Evans, B. H. Loo, R. M. Metzger, and W. J. Lee, “Mixed methyl-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-aminopropanoate: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline crystal—a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 6674–6678 (1991).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]

1998

M. A. Noginov, N. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, C. Cochrane, J. C. Wang, M. R. Kokta, and J. Paitz, “Study of the pumping regimes in Ti-sapphire and Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 powders,” Opt. Mater. 10, 297–303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, M. Curley, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and J. Paitz, “Diffusion and pseudo-phase-conjugation effects in coherent backscattering from Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 10, 1–7 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

1996

1994

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

1991

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum molybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[CrossRef]

S. M. Rao, A. K. Batra, R. R. Lal, R. A. Evans, B. H. Loo, R. M. Metzger, and W. J. Lee, “Mixed methyl-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-aminopropanoate: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline crystal—a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 6674–6678 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. E. Kravtsov, V. M. Agranovich, and K. I. Grigorovoch, “Theory of second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 4931–4942 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powders lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1986

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

1981

G. F. Lipscomb, A. F. Garito, and R. S. Narang, “An exceptionally large linear electro-optic effect in the organic solid MNA,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1509–1516 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[CrossRef]

1963

N. T. Melamed, “Optical properties of powders. Part I. Optical absorption coefficients and the absolute value of the diffuse reflectance. Part II. Properties of luminescent powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 560–570 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Agranovich, V. M.

V. E. Kravtsov, V. M. Agranovich, and K. I. Grigorovoch, “Theory of second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 4931–4942 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Auzel, F.

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Batra, A. K.

S. M. Rao, A. K. Batra, R. R. Lal, R. A. Evans, B. H. Loo, R. M. Metzger, and W. J. Lee, “Mixed methyl-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-aminopropanoate: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline crystal—a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 6674–6678 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Belan, V. R.

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum molybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powders lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Bernstein, J. L.

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Bethea, C. G.

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Briskina, Ch. M.

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum molybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powders lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Caulfield, H. J.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, M. Curley, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and J. Paitz, “Diffusion and pseudo-phase-conjugation effects in coherent backscattering from Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 10, 1–7 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, N. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, C. Cochrane, J. C. Wang, M. R. Kokta, and J. Paitz, “Study of the pumping regimes in Ti-sapphire and Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 powders,” Opt. Mater. 10, 297–303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and S. B. Mirov, “Color-center powder laser: the effect of pulverization on color-center characteristics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2153–2160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cochrane, C.

M. A. Noginov, N. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, C. Cochrane, J. C. Wang, M. R. Kokta, and J. Paitz, “Study of the pumping regimes in Ti-sapphire and Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 powders,” Opt. Mater. 10, 297–303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Curley, M.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, M. Curley, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and J. Paitz, “Diffusion and pseudo-phase-conjugation effects in coherent backscattering from Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 10, 1–7 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dimitrova, O. V.

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Egarievwe, S. U.

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, M. Curley, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and J. Paitz, “Diffusion and pseudo-phase-conjugation effects in coherent backscattering from Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 10, 1–7 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, N. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, C. Cochrane, J. C. Wang, M. R. Kokta, and J. Paitz, “Study of the pumping regimes in Ti-sapphire and Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 powders,” Opt. Mater. 10, 297–303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and S. B. Mirov, “Color-center powder laser: the effect of pulverization on color-center characteristics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2153–2160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Evans, R. A.

S. M. Rao, A. K. Batra, R. R. Lal, R. A. Evans, B. H. Loo, R. M. Metzger, and W. J. Lee, “Mixed methyl-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-aminopropanoate: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline crystal—a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 6674–6678 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Garito, A. F.

G. F. Lipscomb, A. F. Garito, and R. S. Narang, “An exceptionally large linear electro-optic effect in the organic solid MNA,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1509–1516 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Goudard, C.

Grigorovoch, K. I.

V. E. Kravtsov, V. M. Agranovich, and K. I. Grigorovoch, “Theory of second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 4931–4942 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hudsson, D.

Kokta, M. R.

M. A. Noginov, N. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, C. Cochrane, J. C. Wang, M. R. Kokta, and J. Paitz, “Study of the pumping regimes in Ti-sapphire and Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 powders,” Opt. Mater. 10, 297–303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kravtsov, V. E.

V. E. Kravtsov, V. M. Agranovich, and K. I. Grigorovoch, “Theory of second-harmonic generation in strongly scattering media,” Phys. Rev. B 44, 4931–4942 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lal, R. R.

S. M. Rao, A. K. Batra, R. R. Lal, R. A. Evans, B. H. Loo, R. M. Metzger, and W. J. Lee, “Mixed methyl-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-aminopropanoate: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline crystal—a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 6674–6678 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lavrov, A. V.

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Lee, W. J.

S. M. Rao, A. K. Batra, R. R. Lal, R. A. Evans, B. H. Loo, R. M. Metzger, and W. J. Lee, “Mixed methyl-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-aminopropanoate: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline crystal—a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 6674–6678 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Levine, B. F.

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Lipscomb, G. F.

G. F. Lipscomb, A. F. Garito, and R. S. Narang, “An exceptionally large linear electro-optic effect in the organic solid MNA,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1509–1516 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Loo, B. H.

S. M. Rao, A. K. Batra, R. R. Lal, R. A. Evans, B. H. Loo, R. M. Metzger, and W. J. Lee, “Mixed methyl-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-aminopropanoate: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline crystal—a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 6674–6678 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Lynch, R. T.

B. F. Levine, C. G. Bethea, C. D. Thurmond, R. T. Lynch, and J. L. Bernstein, “An organic crystal with an exceptionally large optical second-harmonic coefficient: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 2523–2527 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mahdi, M.

Markushev, V. M.

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum molybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powders lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Melamed, N. T.

N. T. Melamed, “Optical properties of powders. Part I. Optical absorption coefficients and the absolute value of the diffuse reflectance. Part II. Properties of luminescent powders,” J. Appl. Phys. 34, 560–570 (1963).
[CrossRef]

Metzger, R. M.

S. M. Rao, A. K. Batra, R. R. Lal, R. A. Evans, B. H. Loo, R. M. Metzger, and W. J. Lee, “Mixed methyl-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-aminopropanoate: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline crystal—a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 6674–6678 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Migus, A.

Mirov, S. B.

Narang, R. S.

G. F. Lipscomb, A. F. Garito, and R. S. Narang, “An exceptionally large linear electro-optic effect in the organic solid MNA,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 1509–1516 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, N. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, C. Cochrane, J. C. Wang, M. R. Kokta, and J. Paitz, “Study of the pumping regimes in Ti-sapphire and Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 powders,” Opt. Mater. 10, 297–303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, M. Curley, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and J. Paitz, “Diffusion and pseudo-phase-conjugation effects in coherent backscattering from Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 10, 1–7 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and S. B. Mirov, “Color-center powder laser: the effect of pulverization on color-center characteristics,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2153–2160 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3 laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Noginova, N.

M. A. Noginov, N. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, C. Cochrane, J. C. Wang, M. R. Kokta, and J. Paitz, “Study of the pumping regimes in Ti-sapphire and Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 powders,” Opt. Mater. 10, 297–303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Noginova, N. E.

Ostroumov, V.

Paitz, J.

M. A. Noginov, N. Noginova, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, C. Cochrane, J. C. Wang, M. R. Kokta, and J. Paitz, “Study of the pumping regimes in Ti-sapphire and Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 powders,” Opt. Mater. 10, 297–303 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, M. Curley, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and J. Paitz, “Diffusion and pseudo-phase-conjugation effects in coherent backscattering from Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 10, 1–7 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rao, S. M.

S. M. Rao, A. K. Batra, R. R. Lal, R. A. Evans, B. H. Loo, R. M. Metzger, and W. J. Lee, “Mixed methyl-(2, 4-dinitrophenyl)-aminopropanoate: 2-methyl-4-nitroaniline crystal—a new nonlinear optical material,” J. Appl. Phys. 70, 6674–6678 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Sauteret, C.

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ter-Gabrielyan, N. E.

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[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powders lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
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N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum molybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[CrossRef]

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powders lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

M. A. Noginov, S. U. Egarievwe, H. J. Caulfield, N. E. Noginova, M. Curley, P. Venkateswarlu, A. Williams, and J. Paitz, “Diffusion and pseudo-phase-conjugation effects in coherent backscattering from Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 ceramic,” Opt. Mater. 10, 1–7 (1998).
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[CrossRef]

V. M. Markushev, N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powders lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

N. E. Ter-Gabrielyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Spectrum of (a) 1.06-μm emission and (b) 0.53-μm emission in the mixture of Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 and MNA powders. The linewidth is limited by the spectral resolution of the monochromator.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Dependence of 0.53-μm light intensity versus 1.06-μm light intensity.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Input/output dependences in pure Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 powder and mixtures of Nd0.5La0.5Al3(BO3)4 and MNA powders: 1 (circles), the relative concentration of MNA by weight x=0; 2 (triangles), x=0.04; 3 (diamonds), x=0.16; 4 (squares), x=0.29.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Solid curves indicate calculated dependences ESHG versus x: (1) Ein=5.5 mJ, (2) Ein=4 mJ, and (3) Ein=2.5 mJ. Arrows indicate the optimum MNA concentrations. Circles indicate experimental data obtained at Ein=4 mJ. The effective area of the pumped spot is equal to 0.02 cm2.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Calculated dynamics of (1) 1.06-μm stimulated-emission pulses and (2) 0.53-μm second-harmonic radiation in the mixture of powders of laser and frequency-doubling materials; (3) pumping pulse shape. The stimulated-emission kinetics are calculated for pumping energy equal to 500 mJ/cm2, x=0.1, and (a) A=1011 cm3 s-1 J-1, (b) A=1012 cm3 s-1 J-1, (c) A=1013 cm3 s-1 J-1, (d) A=1014 cm3 s-1 J-1, (e) A=1015 cm3 s-1 J-1, and (f) A=1016 cm3 s-1 J-1.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

(a) Calculated input/output dependences for 1.06-μm stimulated emission. The calculation is done for A=4.5×1011 cm3 s-1 J-1 and (1) x=0, (2) x=0.04, (3) x=0.16, and (4) x=0.29. (b) Calculated input/output dependences for 0.53-μm second-harmonic radiation. The calculation is done for A=4.5×1011 cm3 s-1 J-1 and (1) x=0.04, (2) x=0.16, and (3) x=0.29. The vertical scale in Fig. 6(a) is compatible with that in Fig. 6(b).

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Calculated Ln(I0.53) versus Ln(I1.06) dependence corresponding to the input/output curves shown in Fig. 6. The curves are calculated for A=4.5×1011 cm3 s-1 J-1 and (1) x=0.04, (2) x=0.16, and (3) x=0.29. Trace 4 corresponds to the slope equal to 2. The vertical line corresponds to the threshold [1% of the maximum 1.06-μm emission signal in Fig. 6(a)].

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Calculated input/output dependences (a) for 1.06-μm stimulated emission and (b) for 0.53-μm second-harmonic radiation. The calculation is done for x=0.1 and (1) A=108 cm3 s-1 J-1, (2) A=109 cm3 s-1 J-1, …, (10) A=1017 cm3 s-1 J-1. The vertical scale in (a) is compatible with that in (b).

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Dependence of the peak 1.06-μm emission intensity (closed circles) and 0.53-μm second-harmonic radiation intensity (open squares) on A. The calculation is done for MNA concentration equal to x=0.1 and pumping density equal to 500 mJ/cm2.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Calculated dependences E1.06out versus x: (1) Ein=5.5 mJ, (2) Ein=4 mJ, (3) Ein=2.5 mJ, and (4) Ein=2 mJ. The effective area of the pumped spot is equal to 0.02 cm2.

Equations (7)

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dndt=K(t)Nσabshνpump-nτ1-βnN-Ehνemcσemn,
dEdt=-Eτ2+nτ1hνem+Ecσemn.
dndt=K(t)kabshνpump-nτ1-βnN-E1.06hνemcσemn,
dE1.06dt=-E1.06τ2+nτ1hνem+E1.06cσemn-xAE1.062,
dE0.53dt=xAE1.062-E0.53τ2,
E1.06out=[Ein-Eth(1+χx)]η(1-ξx),
ESHG={[Ein-Eth(1+χx)]η(1-ξx)}2x.

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