Abstract

Nd:LuLF, that is, Nd:LuLiF4, was grown with a Czochralski technique and characterized spectroscopically to include absorption and emission data and lifetime. Evaluation of this laser material for operation on the 4F3/24I11/2 and the 4F3/24I13/2 transitions was performed. Normal-mode laser performance was achieved on both the π and the σ polarizations for both transitions by use of a simple polarization-selective resonator. Both normal-mode and Q-switched performance was characterized on the 4F3/24I11/2 transition.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, A. B. Villaverde, J. Lefaucheur, A. Pham, and B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdLiF4: a new laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1197–1199 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  2. N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, E. Ertur, and R. L. Hutcheson, “Compositionally tuned Nd lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 522–525.
  3. H. Vanherzeele, “Optimization of a cw mode-locked frequency-doubled NdLiYF4 laser,” Appl. Opt. 27, 3608–3615 (1988).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. G. F. Albrecht, M. T. Gruneisen, and D. Smith, “An active mode locked Q-switched oscillator using Nd3+ doped glass as the active medium,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1189–1194 (1985).
    [Crossref]
  5. D. A. Jones, B. Cockayne, R. A. Clay, and P. A. Forrester, “Stockbarger crystal growth, optical assessment and laser performance of holmium doped yttrium erbium lithium fluoride,” J. Cryst. Growth 30, 21–26 (1975).
    [Crossref]
  6. I. R. Harris, H. Safi, N. A. Smith, M. Altunbas, B. Cockayne, and J. G. Plant, “The relationship between crystal growth behavior and constitution in the systems LiF-LuF3,LiF-ErF3, and LiF-YF3,” J. Mater. Sci. 18, 1235–1243 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  7. A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, and D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence Of Nd3+ in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, and C. R. Morrison, “Self-quenching of the Nd 4F3/2 manifold,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 526–529.
  9. A. A. DaGama, G. F. DeSa, P. Porcher, and P. Caro, “Energy levels of Nd3+ in LiYF4,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 2583–2587 (1981).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Guyot and R. Moncorge, “Excited state absorption in the infrared emission domain of Nd doped Y3Al5O12,YLiF4 and LaMgAl11O19,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8526–8530 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  11. E. J. Sharp, D. J. Horowitz, and J. E. Miller, “High efficiency Nd:YLF Laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5399–5401 (1973).
    [Crossref]
  12. N. P. Barnes and D. J. Gettemy, “Temperature variation of the refractive indices of yttrium lithium fluoride,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 1244–1247 (1980).
    [Crossref]
  13. T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–163 (1982).
    [Crossref]
  14. G. Cerulla, S. DeSilvestri, and V. Magni, “High efficiency 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  15. J. E. Murray, “Gain and thermal lensing of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 488–490 (1983).
    [Crossref]
  16. T. Y. Fan, G. J. Dixon, and R. L. Byer, “Efficient GaAlAs diode-laser-pumped operation of Nd:YLF at 1.047 μm with intracavity doubling to 523.6 nm,” Opt. Lett. 11, 204–206 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  17. W. A. Clarkson and D. C. Hanna, “Single frequency Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Nd:YLF ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 84, 51–54 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  18. R. Beach, P. Reichert, W. Benett, B. Freitas, S. Mitchell, A. Velsko, J. Davin, and R. Solarz, “Scalable diode-end-pumping technology applied to a 100-mJ Q-switched Nd:YLF laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1326–1328 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  19. C. Bibeau and S. A. Payne, “Picosecond nonradiative processes in neodymium-doped crystals and glasses: mechanism for the energy gap law,” in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 164–166.
  20. T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orloskii, K. K. Pukhov, V. B. Sigachev, M. E. Doroshenko, and I. N. Vorobev, “Multiphonon relaxation in the rare earth ions doped laser crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 575–581.
  21. R. A. Utano, D. A. Hyslop, and T. H. Allik, “Diode array side pumped Nd:YLiF4 laser,” in Solid State Lasers, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1223, 17–25 (1990).
  22. N. Sims, C. M. Chamblee, N. P. Barnes, G. E. Lockard, and P. L. Cross, “Optimization of rod diameter in solid state lasers side-pumped with multiple laser-diode arrays,” in Solid State Lasers III, Proc. SPIE1627, 154–167 (1992).
  23. R. Beach, J. Davin, S. Mitchell, W. Benett, B. Freitas, and R. Solarz, “Passively Q-switched transverse-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 124–126 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, F. L. Naranjo, W. J. Rodriguez, and M. R. Kokta, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Ho:Tm:LuAG,” Opt. Lett. 18, 708–710 (1993).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (4)

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, A. B. Villaverde, J. Lefaucheur, A. Pham, and B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdLiF4: a new laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1197–1199 (1993).
[Crossref]

Y. Guyot and R. Moncorge, “Excited state absorption in the infrared emission domain of Nd doped Y3Al5O12,YLiF4 and LaMgAl11O19,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8526–8530 (1993).
[Crossref]

R. Beach, P. Reichert, W. Benett, B. Freitas, S. Mitchell, A. Velsko, J. Davin, and R. Solarz, “Scalable diode-end-pumping technology applied to a 100-mJ Q-switched Nd:YLF laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 18, 1326–1328 (1993).
[Crossref]

N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, F. L. Naranjo, W. J. Rodriguez, and M. R. Kokta, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Ho:Tm:LuAG,” Opt. Lett. 18, 708–710 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1992 (2)

R. Beach, J. Davin, S. Mitchell, W. Benett, B. Freitas, and R. Solarz, “Passively Q-switched transverse-diode-pumped Nd:YLF laser oscillator,” Opt. Lett. 17, 124–126 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Cerulla, S. DeSilvestri, and V. Magni, “High efficiency 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
[Crossref]

1991 (1)

W. A. Clarkson and D. C. Hanna, “Single frequency Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Nd:YLF ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 84, 51–54 (1991).
[Crossref]

1988 (1)

1986 (1)

1985 (1)

G. F. Albrecht, M. T. Gruneisen, and D. Smith, “An active mode locked Q-switched oscillator using Nd3+ doped glass as the active medium,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1189–1194 (1985).
[Crossref]

1983 (2)

I. R. Harris, H. Safi, N. A. Smith, M. Altunbas, B. Cockayne, and J. G. Plant, “The relationship between crystal growth behavior and constitution in the systems LiF-LuF3,LiF-ErF3, and LiF-YF3,” J. Mater. Sci. 18, 1235–1243 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. E. Murray, “Gain and thermal lensing of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 488–490 (1983).
[Crossref]

1982 (1)

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

1981 (1)

A. A. DaGama, G. F. DeSa, P. Porcher, and P. Caro, “Energy levels of Nd3+ in LiYF4,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 2583–2587 (1981).
[Crossref]

1980 (1)

1975 (1)

D. A. Jones, B. Cockayne, R. A. Clay, and P. A. Forrester, “Stockbarger crystal growth, optical assessment and laser performance of holmium doped yttrium erbium lithium fluoride,” J. Cryst. Growth 30, 21–26 (1975).
[Crossref]

1973 (1)

E. J. Sharp, D. J. Horowitz, and J. E. Miller, “High efficiency Nd:YLF Laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5399–5401 (1973).
[Crossref]

1969 (1)

A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, and D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence Of Nd3+ in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
[Crossref]

Albrecht, G. F.

G. F. Albrecht, M. T. Gruneisen, and D. Smith, “An active mode locked Q-switched oscillator using Nd3+ doped glass as the active medium,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1189–1194 (1985).
[Crossref]

Allik, T. H.

R. A. Utano, D. A. Hyslop, and T. H. Allik, “Diode array side pumped Nd:YLiF4 laser,” in Solid State Lasers, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1223, 17–25 (1990).

Altunbas, M.

I. R. Harris, H. Safi, N. A. Smith, M. Altunbas, B. Cockayne, and J. G. Plant, “The relationship between crystal growth behavior and constitution in the systems LiF-LuF3,LiF-ErF3, and LiF-YF3,” J. Mater. Sci. 18, 1235–1243 (1983).
[Crossref]

Barnes, N. P.

N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, F. L. Naranjo, W. J. Rodriguez, and M. R. Kokta, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Ho:Tm:LuAG,” Opt. Lett. 18, 708–710 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. P. Barnes and D. J. Gettemy, “Temperature variation of the refractive indices of yttrium lithium fluoride,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. 70, 1244–1247 (1980).
[Crossref]

N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, and C. R. Morrison, “Self-quenching of the Nd 4F3/2 manifold,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 526–529.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, E. Ertur, and R. L. Hutcheson, “Compositionally tuned Nd lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 522–525.

N. Sims, C. M. Chamblee, N. P. Barnes, G. E. Lockard, and P. L. Cross, “Optimization of rod diameter in solid state lasers side-pumped with multiple laser-diode arrays,” in Solid State Lasers III, Proc. SPIE1627, 154–167 (1992).

Basiev, T. T.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orloskii, K. K. Pukhov, V. B. Sigachev, M. E. Doroshenko, and I. N. Vorobev, “Multiphonon relaxation in the rare earth ions doped laser crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 575–581.

Bass, M.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, A. B. Villaverde, J. Lefaucheur, A. Pham, and B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdLiF4: a new laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1197–1199 (1993).
[Crossref]

Beach, R.

Benett, W.

Bibeau, C.

C. Bibeau and S. A. Payne, “Picosecond nonradiative processes in neodymium-doped crystals and glasses: mechanism for the energy gap law,” in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 164–166.

Byer, R. L.

Caro, P.

A. A. DaGama, G. F. DeSa, P. Porcher, and P. Caro, “Energy levels of Nd3+ in LiYF4,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 2583–2587 (1981).
[Crossref]

Cerulla, G.

G. Cerulla, S. DeSilvestri, and V. Magni, “High efficiency 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
[Crossref]

Chai, B. H. T.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, A. B. Villaverde, J. Lefaucheur, A. Pham, and B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdLiF4: a new laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1197–1199 (1993).
[Crossref]

Chamblee, C. M.

N. Sims, C. M. Chamblee, N. P. Barnes, G. E. Lockard, and P. L. Cross, “Optimization of rod diameter in solid state lasers side-pumped with multiple laser-diode arrays,” in Solid State Lasers III, Proc. SPIE1627, 154–167 (1992).

Chicklis, E. P.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Clarkson, W. A.

W. A. Clarkson and D. C. Hanna, “Single frequency Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Nd:YLF ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 84, 51–54 (1991).
[Crossref]

Clay, R. A.

D. A. Jones, B. Cockayne, R. A. Clay, and P. A. Forrester, “Stockbarger crystal growth, optical assessment and laser performance of holmium doped yttrium erbium lithium fluoride,” J. Cryst. Growth 30, 21–26 (1975).
[Crossref]

Cockayne, B.

I. R. Harris, H. Safi, N. A. Smith, M. Altunbas, B. Cockayne, and J. G. Plant, “The relationship between crystal growth behavior and constitution in the systems LiF-LuF3,LiF-ErF3, and LiF-YF3,” J. Mater. Sci. 18, 1235–1243 (1983).
[Crossref]

D. A. Jones, B. Cockayne, R. A. Clay, and P. A. Forrester, “Stockbarger crystal growth, optical assessment and laser performance of holmium doped yttrium erbium lithium fluoride,” J. Cryst. Growth 30, 21–26 (1975).
[Crossref]

Cross, P. L.

N. Sims, C. M. Chamblee, N. P. Barnes, G. E. Lockard, and P. L. Cross, “Optimization of rod diameter in solid state lasers side-pumped with multiple laser-diode arrays,” in Solid State Lasers III, Proc. SPIE1627, 154–167 (1992).

DaGama, A. A.

A. A. DaGama, G. F. DeSa, P. Porcher, and P. Caro, “Energy levels of Nd3+ in LiYF4,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 2583–2587 (1981).
[Crossref]

Davin, J.

DeSa, G. F.

A. A. DaGama, G. F. DeSa, P. Porcher, and P. Caro, “Energy levels of Nd3+ in LiYF4,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 2583–2587 (1981).
[Crossref]

DeSilvestri, S.

G. Cerulla, S. DeSilvestri, and V. Magni, “High efficiency 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
[Crossref]

Dixon, G. J.

Doroshenko, M. E.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orloskii, K. K. Pukhov, V. B. Sigachev, M. E. Doroshenko, and I. N. Vorobev, “Multiphonon relaxation in the rare earth ions doped laser crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 575–581.

Ertur, E.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, E. Ertur, and R. L. Hutcheson, “Compositionally tuned Nd lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 522–525.

Fan, T. Y.

Filer, E. D.

N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, F. L. Naranjo, W. J. Rodriguez, and M. R. Kokta, “Spectroscopic and lasing properties of Ho:Tm:LuAG,” Opt. Lett. 18, 708–710 (1993).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, and C. R. Morrison, “Self-quenching of the Nd 4F3/2 manifold,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 526–529.

Forrester, P. A.

D. A. Jones, B. Cockayne, R. A. Clay, and P. A. Forrester, “Stockbarger crystal growth, optical assessment and laser performance of holmium doped yttrium erbium lithium fluoride,” J. Cryst. Growth 30, 21–26 (1975).
[Crossref]

Freitas, B.

Gabbe, D. R.

A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, and D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence Of Nd3+ in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
[Crossref]

Gettemy, D. J.

Grasso, R. J.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Gruneisen, M. T.

G. F. Albrecht, M. T. Gruneisen, and D. Smith, “An active mode locked Q-switched oscillator using Nd3+ doped glass as the active medium,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1189–1194 (1985).
[Crossref]

Guyot, Y.

Y. Guyot and R. Moncorge, “Excited state absorption in the infrared emission domain of Nd doped Y3Al5O12,YLiF4 and LaMgAl11O19,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8526–8530 (1993).
[Crossref]

Hanna, D. C.

W. A. Clarkson and D. C. Hanna, “Single frequency Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Nd:YLF ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 84, 51–54 (1991).
[Crossref]

Harmer, A. L.

A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, and D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence Of Nd3+ in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
[Crossref]

Harris, I. R.

I. R. Harris, H. Safi, N. A. Smith, M. Altunbas, B. Cockayne, and J. G. Plant, “The relationship between crystal growth behavior and constitution in the systems LiF-LuF3,LiF-ErF3, and LiF-YF3,” J. Mater. Sci. 18, 1235–1243 (1983).
[Crossref]

Horowitz, D. J.

E. J. Sharp, D. J. Horowitz, and J. E. Miller, “High efficiency Nd:YLF Laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5399–5401 (1973).
[Crossref]

Hutcheson, R. L.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, E. Ertur, and R. L. Hutcheson, “Compositionally tuned Nd lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 522–525.

Hyslop, D. A.

R. A. Utano, D. A. Hyslop, and T. H. Allik, “Diode array side pumped Nd:YLiF4 laser,” in Solid State Lasers, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1223, 17–25 (1990).

Jenssen, H. P.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Jones, D. A.

D. A. Jones, B. Cockayne, R. A. Clay, and P. A. Forrester, “Stockbarger crystal growth, optical assessment and laser performance of holmium doped yttrium erbium lithium fluoride,” J. Cryst. Growth 30, 21–26 (1975).
[Crossref]

Kokta, M. R.

Lefaucheur, J.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, A. B. Villaverde, J. Lefaucheur, A. Pham, and B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdLiF4: a new laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1197–1199 (1993).
[Crossref]

Linz, A.

A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, and D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence Of Nd3+ in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
[Crossref]

Lockard, G. E.

N. Sims, C. M. Chamblee, N. P. Barnes, G. E. Lockard, and P. L. Cross, “Optimization of rod diameter in solid state lasers side-pumped with multiple laser-diode arrays,” in Solid State Lasers III, Proc. SPIE1627, 154–167 (1992).

Magni, V.

G. Cerulla, S. DeSilvestri, and V. Magni, “High efficiency 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
[Crossref]

Miller, J. E.

E. J. Sharp, D. J. Horowitz, and J. E. Miller, “High efficiency Nd:YLF Laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5399–5401 (1973).
[Crossref]

Mitchell, S.

Moncorge, R.

Y. Guyot and R. Moncorge, “Excited state absorption in the infrared emission domain of Nd doped Y3Al5O12,YLiF4 and LaMgAl11O19,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8526–8530 (1993).
[Crossref]

Morrison, C. R.

N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, and C. R. Morrison, “Self-quenching of the Nd 4F3/2 manifold,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 526–529.

Murray, J. E.

J. E. Murray, “Gain and thermal lensing of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 488–490 (1983).
[Crossref]

Naranjo, F. L.

Orloskii, Yu. V.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orloskii, K. K. Pukhov, V. B. Sigachev, M. E. Doroshenko, and I. N. Vorobev, “Multiphonon relaxation in the rare earth ions doped laser crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 575–581.

Payne, S. A.

C. Bibeau and S. A. Payne, “Picosecond nonradiative processes in neodymium-doped crystals and glasses: mechanism for the energy gap law,” in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 164–166.

Pham, A.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, A. B. Villaverde, J. Lefaucheur, A. Pham, and B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdLiF4: a new laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1197–1199 (1993).
[Crossref]

Plant, J. G.

I. R. Harris, H. Safi, N. A. Smith, M. Altunbas, B. Cockayne, and J. G. Plant, “The relationship between crystal growth behavior and constitution in the systems LiF-LuF3,LiF-ErF3, and LiF-YF3,” J. Mater. Sci. 18, 1235–1243 (1983).
[Crossref]

Pollak, T. M.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Porcher, P.

A. A. DaGama, G. F. DeSa, P. Porcher, and P. Caro, “Energy levels of Nd3+ in LiYF4,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 2583–2587 (1981).
[Crossref]

Pukhov, K. K.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orloskii, K. K. Pukhov, V. B. Sigachev, M. E. Doroshenko, and I. N. Vorobev, “Multiphonon relaxation in the rare earth ions doped laser crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 575–581.

Reichert, P.

Rodriguez, W. J.

Safi, H.

I. R. Harris, H. Safi, N. A. Smith, M. Altunbas, B. Cockayne, and J. G. Plant, “The relationship between crystal growth behavior and constitution in the systems LiF-LuF3,LiF-ErF3, and LiF-YF3,” J. Mater. Sci. 18, 1235–1243 (1983).
[Crossref]

Sharp, E. J.

E. J. Sharp, D. J. Horowitz, and J. E. Miller, “High efficiency Nd:YLF Laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5399–5401 (1973).
[Crossref]

Sigachev, V. B.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orloskii, K. K. Pukhov, V. B. Sigachev, M. E. Doroshenko, and I. N. Vorobev, “Multiphonon relaxation in the rare earth ions doped laser crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 575–581.

Sims, N.

N. Sims, C. M. Chamblee, N. P. Barnes, G. E. Lockard, and P. L. Cross, “Optimization of rod diameter in solid state lasers side-pumped with multiple laser-diode arrays,” in Solid State Lasers III, Proc. SPIE1627, 154–167 (1992).

Smith, D.

G. F. Albrecht, M. T. Gruneisen, and D. Smith, “An active mode locked Q-switched oscillator using Nd3+ doped glass as the active medium,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1189–1194 (1985).
[Crossref]

Smith, N. A.

I. R. Harris, H. Safi, N. A. Smith, M. Altunbas, B. Cockayne, and J. G. Plant, “The relationship between crystal growth behavior and constitution in the systems LiF-LuF3,LiF-ErF3, and LiF-YF3,” J. Mater. Sci. 18, 1235–1243 (1983).
[Crossref]

Solarz, R.

Utano, R. A.

R. A. Utano, D. A. Hyslop, and T. H. Allik, “Diode array side pumped Nd:YLiF4 laser,” in Solid State Lasers, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1223, 17–25 (1990).

Vanherzeele, H.

Velsko, A.

Villaverde, A. B.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, A. B. Villaverde, J. Lefaucheur, A. Pham, and B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdLiF4: a new laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1197–1199 (1993).
[Crossref]

Vorobev, I. N.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orloskii, K. K. Pukhov, V. B. Sigachev, M. E. Doroshenko, and I. N. Vorobev, “Multiphonon relaxation in the rare earth ions doped laser crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 575–581.

Walsh, B. M.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, E. Ertur, and R. L. Hutcheson, “Compositionally tuned Nd lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 522–525.

Wing, W. F.

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

Zhang, X. X.

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, A. B. Villaverde, J. Lefaucheur, A. Pham, and B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdLiF4: a new laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1197–1199 (1993).
[Crossref]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

X. X. Zhang, M. Bass, A. B. Villaverde, J. Lefaucheur, A. Pham, and B. H. T. Chai, “Efficient laser performance of Nd:GdLiF4: a new laser crystal,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 62, 1197–1199 (1993).
[Crossref]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

G. F. Albrecht, M. T. Gruneisen, and D. Smith, “An active mode locked Q-switched oscillator using Nd3+ doped glass as the active medium,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-21, 1189–1194 (1985).
[Crossref]

T. M. Pollak, W. F. Wing, R. J. Grasso, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, “CW laser operation of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-18, 159–163 (1982).
[Crossref]

J. E. Murray, “Gain and thermal lensing of Nd:YLF,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-19, 488–490 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

Y. Guyot and R. Moncorge, “Excited state absorption in the infrared emission domain of Nd doped Y3Al5O12,YLiF4 and LaMgAl11O19,” J. Appl. Phys. 73, 8526–8530 (1993).
[Crossref]

E. J. Sharp, D. J. Horowitz, and J. E. Miller, “High efficiency Nd:YLF Laser,” J. Appl. Phys. 44, 5399–5401 (1973).
[Crossref]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

A. A. DaGama, G. F. DeSa, P. Porcher, and P. Caro, “Energy levels of Nd3+ in LiYF4,” J. Chem. Phys. 75, 2583–2587 (1981).
[Crossref]

J. Cryst. Growth (1)

D. A. Jones, B. Cockayne, R. A. Clay, and P. A. Forrester, “Stockbarger crystal growth, optical assessment and laser performance of holmium doped yttrium erbium lithium fluoride,” J. Cryst. Growth 30, 21–26 (1975).
[Crossref]

J. Mater. Sci. (1)

I. R. Harris, H. Safi, N. A. Smith, M. Altunbas, B. Cockayne, and J. G. Plant, “The relationship between crystal growth behavior and constitution in the systems LiF-LuF3,LiF-ErF3, and LiF-YF3,” J. Mater. Sci. 18, 1235–1243 (1983).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

A. L. Harmer, A. Linz, and D. R. Gabbe, “Fluorescence Of Nd3+ in lithium yttrium fluoride,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 30, 1483–1491 (1969).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (2)

G. Cerulla, S. DeSilvestri, and V. Magni, “High efficiency 40 W cw Nd:YLF laser with large TEM00 mode,” Opt. Commun. 93, 77–81 (1992).
[Crossref]

W. A. Clarkson and D. C. Hanna, “Single frequency Q-switched operation of a diode pumped Nd:YLF ring laser,” Opt. Commun. 84, 51–54 (1991).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (6)

C. Bibeau and S. A. Payne, “Picosecond nonradiative processes in neodymium-doped crystals and glasses: mechanism for the energy gap law,” in Advanced Solid-State LasersOSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1998), pp. 164–166.

T. T. Basiev, Yu. V. Orloskii, K. K. Pukhov, V. B. Sigachev, M. E. Doroshenko, and I. N. Vorobev, “Multiphonon relaxation in the rare earth ions doped laser crystals,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 575–581.

R. A. Utano, D. A. Hyslop, and T. H. Allik, “Diode array side pumped Nd:YLiF4 laser,” in Solid State Lasers, G. Dube, ed., Proc. SPIE1223, 17–25 (1990).

N. Sims, C. M. Chamblee, N. P. Barnes, G. E. Lockard, and P. L. Cross, “Optimization of rod diameter in solid state lasers side-pumped with multiple laser-diode arrays,” in Solid State Lasers III, Proc. SPIE1627, 154–167 (1992).

N. P. Barnes, E. D. Filer, and C. R. Morrison, “Self-quenching of the Nd 4F3/2 manifold,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 526–529.

N. P. Barnes, B. M. Walsh, E. Ertur, and R. L. Hutcheson, “Compositionally tuned Nd lasers,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 522–525.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of Nd:LuLF, σ polarization.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectrum of Nd:LuLF, π polarization.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Emission cross section of Nd:LuLF for the 4F3/24I11/2 transition.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Emission cross section of Nd:LuLF for the 4F3/24I13/2 transition.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Threshold of the 1.047 and 1.053 μm transitions of Nd:LuLF and the 1.064-μm transition of Nd:YAG versus the negative logarithm of the mirror reflectivity. Flash-lamp-pumped 5.0×55-m laser rod.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Slope efficiency of the 1.047 and 1.053-μm transitions of Nd:LuLF and the 1.064-μm transition of Nd:YAG versus negative logarithm of the mirror reflectivity. Flash-lamp-pumped 5.0×50 laser rod.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Normal mode and Q-switched performance of the 1.047-μm transition of Nd:LuLF. 5.0×50-mm laser rod, 0.0064 Nd.

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