Abstract

Large photorefractive two-wave mixing gain in CdZnTe:V at a 1.5-μm wavelength is demonstrated with an external dc field and a third incoherent stimulating beam of 1.3-μm wavelength. Resonant gain enhancement depending on the intensity of the incoherent illumination was observed. The maximum gain coefficient of 5.5 cm-1 is comparable with the value obtained with an ac field.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  3. D. Herve, B. Mainguet, S. Pinel, R. Coquille, A. Poudoulec, and F. Delorme, “Narrow-band WDM spectrum analyser without mechanical tuning,” Electron. Lett. 32, 838–839 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. Martel, N. Wolffer, J. Y. Moisan, and P. Gravey, “Double-phase-conjugate mirror in CdTe:V with elimination of conical diffraction at 1.54 μm,” Opt. Lett. 20, 937–939 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. L.-A. de Montmorillon, I. Biaggio, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, “Eye-safe large field of view homodyne detection using a photorefractive CdTe:V crystal,” Opt. Commun. 129, 293–300 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, and J.-P. Monchalin, “Detection of ultrasonic motion of a scattering surface by photorefractive InP:Fe under an applied dc field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723–1734 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  8. G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. T. J. Hall, R. Jaura, L. M. Connors, and P. D. Foote, “The photorefractive effect—a review,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 10, 77–146 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  23. J. G. Murillo, L. F. Magana, M. Carrascosa, and F. Agullo-Lopez, “Effects of light modulation on grating phase shifts in photorefractive recording,” Opt. Commun. 139, 81–84 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, M. Carrascosa, and L. Arizmendi, “Experimental effects of light intensity modulation on the recording and erasure of holographic gratings in BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 103, 22–28 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  25. J. E. Millerd, E. M. Garmire, and M. B. Klein, “Investigation of photorefractive self-pumped phase-conjugate mirrors in the presence of loss and high modulation depth,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1499–1506 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  26. G. A. Brost, “Photorefractive grating formations at large modulation with alternating electric field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1454–1460 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1997 (4)

P. Pogany, Y. Ding, M. Sprenger, S. Diez, H. G. Weber, and H. J. Eichler, “Photorefractive coupling of semiconductor laser amplifiers for 1.3 μm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 33, 721–722 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, and J.-P. Monchalin, “Detection of ultrasonic motion of a scattering surface by photorefractive InP:Fe under an applied dc field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723–1734 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Schwartz, C.-C. Wang, S. Trivedi, G. V. Jagannathan, F. M. Davidson, P. R. Boyd, and U. Lee, “Spectroscopic and photorefractive characterization of cadmium telluride crystals codoped with vanadium and manganese,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 15378–15381 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Murillo, L. F. Magana, M. Carrascosa, and F. Agullo-Lopez, “Effects of light modulation on grating phase shifts in photorefractive recording,” Opt. Commun. 139, 81–84 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (5)

L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, G. Roosen, H. Bou Rjeily, F. Ramaz, B. Briat, J. G. Gies, J. P. Zielinger, M. Tapiero, H. J. von Bardeleben, T. Arnoux, and J. C. Launay, “Correlations between microscopic properties and photorefractive response for vanadium-doped CdTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2341–2351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Christmann, B. K. Meyer, J. Kreissl, R. Schwarz, and K. W. Benz, “Vanadium in CdTe: an electron-paramagnetic-resonance study,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 3634–3637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. J. von Bardeleben, C. Miesner, J. Monge, J. C. Launay, and X. Launay, “An electron paramagnetic resonance and magneto-optical study of vanadium in ZnxCd1−xTe:V,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 11, 58–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Herve, B. Mainguet, S. Pinel, R. Coquille, A. Poudoulec, and F. Delorme, “Narrow-band WDM spectrum analyser without mechanical tuning,” Electron. Lett. 32, 838–839 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. de Montmorillon, I. Biaggio, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, “Eye-safe large field of view homodyne detection using a photorefractive CdTe:V crystal,” Opt. Commun. 129, 293–300 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

G. Martel, N. Wolffer, J. Y. Moisan, and P. Gravey, “Double-phase-conjugate mirror in CdTe:V with elimination of conical diffraction at 1.54 μm,” Opt. Lett. 20, 937–939 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

J.-Y. Moisan, N. Wolffer, O. Moine, P. Gravey, G. Martel, A. Audia, E. Repka, Y. Marfaing, and R. Triboulet, “Characterization of photorefractive CdTe:V: high two-wave mixing gain with an optimum low-frequency periodic external electric field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1655–1667 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Davidson and C. T. Field, “Coherent homodyne optical communication receivers with photorefractive optical beam combiners,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1207–1223 (1994).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Schwartz, M. Ziari, and S. Trivedi, “Electron paramagnetic resonance and an optical investigation of photorefractive vanadium-doped CdTe,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 5274–5282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, M. Carrascosa, and L. Arizmendi, “Experimental effects of light intensity modulation on the recording and erasure of holographic gratings in BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 103, 22–28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (3)

1991 (2)

C. Ozkul, G. Picoli, P. Gravey, and J. Le Rouzic, “Energy transfer in photorefractive InP:Fe crystals using an auxiliary incoherent beam and negative thermal gradient,” Opt. Commun. 30, 397–402 (1991).

A. Bledowski, J. Otten, and K. H. Ringhofer, “Photorefractive hologram writing with modulation 1,” Opt. Lett. 16, 672–674 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, and V. Vieux, “Theory of two-wave mixing gain enhancement in photorefractive InP:Fe: a new mechanism of resonance,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798–3813 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (2)

1985 (1)

T. J. Hall, R. Jaura, L. M. Connors, and P. D. Foote, “The photorefractive effect—a review,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 10, 77–146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive Bi12SiO20 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249–254 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, and R. Magnusson, “Holographic grating formation in photorefractive crystals with arbitrary electron transport lengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5642–5651 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Agullo-Lopez, F.

J. G. Murillo, L. F. Magana, M. Carrascosa, and F. Agullo-Lopez, “Effects of light modulation on grating phase shifts in photorefractive recording,” Opt. Commun. 139, 81–84 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Alvarez-Bravo, J. V.

J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, M. Carrascosa, and L. Arizmendi, “Experimental effects of light intensity modulation on the recording and erasure of holographic gratings in BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 103, 22–28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Arizmendi, L.

J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, M. Carrascosa, and L. Arizmendi, “Experimental effects of light intensity modulation on the recording and erasure of holographic gratings in BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 103, 22–28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Arnoux, T.

Audia, A.

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Moisan, N. Wolffer, O. Moine, P. Gravey, G. Martel, A. Audia, E. Repka, Y. Marfaing, and R. Triboulet, “Characterization of photorefractive CdTe:V: high two-wave mixing gain with an optimum low-frequency periodic external electric field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1655–1667 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Benz, K. W.

P. Christmann, B. K. Meyer, J. Kreissl, R. Schwarz, and K. W. Benz, “Vanadium in CdTe: an electron-paramagnetic-resonance study,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 3634–3637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Biaggio, I.

L.-A. de Montmorillon, I. Biaggio, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, “Eye-safe large field of view homodyne detection using a photorefractive CdTe:V crystal,” Opt. Commun. 129, 293–300 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bledowski, A.

Blouin, A.

Bou Rjeily, H.

Boyd, P. R.

R. N. Schwartz, C.-C. Wang, S. Trivedi, G. V. Jagannathan, F. M. Davidson, P. R. Boyd, and U. Lee, “Spectroscopic and photorefractive characterization of cadmium telluride crystals codoped with vanadium and manganese,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 15378–15381 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bremond, G.

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Briat, B.

Brost, G. A.

Busch, M. C.

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Carrascosa, M.

J. G. Murillo, L. F. Magana, M. Carrascosa, and F. Agullo-Lopez, “Effects of light modulation on grating phase shifts in photorefractive recording,” Opt. Commun. 139, 81–84 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, M. Carrascosa, and L. Arizmendi, “Experimental effects of light intensity modulation on the recording and erasure of holographic gratings in BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 103, 22–28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Christmann, P.

P. Christmann, B. K. Meyer, J. Kreissl, R. Schwarz, and K. W. Benz, “Vanadium in CdTe: an electron-paramagnetic-resonance study,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 3634–3637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Connors, L. M.

T. J. Hall, R. Jaura, L. M. Connors, and P. D. Foote, “The photorefractive effect—a review,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 10, 77–146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Coquille, R.

D. Herve, B. Mainguet, S. Pinel, R. Coquille, A. Poudoulec, and F. Delorme, “Narrow-band WDM spectrum analyser without mechanical tuning,” Electron. Lett. 32, 838–839 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Davidson, F. M.

R. N. Schwartz, C.-C. Wang, S. Trivedi, G. V. Jagannathan, F. M. Davidson, P. R. Boyd, and U. Lee, “Spectroscopic and photorefractive characterization of cadmium telluride crystals codoped with vanadium and manganese,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 15378–15381 (1997).
[CrossRef]

F. M. Davidson and C. T. Field, “Coherent homodyne optical communication receivers with photorefractive optical beam combiners,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1207–1223 (1994).
[CrossRef]

de Montmorillon, L.-A.

Delaye, P.

P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, and J.-P. Monchalin, “Detection of ultrasonic motion of a scattering surface by photorefractive InP:Fe under an applied dc field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723–1734 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. de Montmorillon, I. Biaggio, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, “Eye-safe large field of view homodyne detection using a photorefractive CdTe:V crystal,” Opt. Commun. 129, 293–300 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, G. Roosen, H. Bou Rjeily, F. Ramaz, B. Briat, J. G. Gies, J. P. Zielinger, M. Tapiero, H. J. von Bardeleben, T. Arnoux, and J. C. Launay, “Correlations between microscopic properties and photorefractive response for vanadium-doped CdTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2341–2351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Launay, V. Mazoyer, M. Tapiero, J. P. Zielinger, Z. Guellil, P. Delaye, and G. Roosen, “Growth, spectroscopic and photorefractive investigation of vanadium-doped cadmium telluride,” Appl. Phys. A 55, 33–40 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Delorme, F.

D. Herve, B. Mainguet, S. Pinel, R. Coquille, A. Poudoulec, and F. Delorme, “Narrow-band WDM spectrum analyser without mechanical tuning,” Electron. Lett. 32, 838–839 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Diez, S.

P. Pogany, Y. Ding, M. Sprenger, S. Diez, H. G. Weber, and H. J. Eichler, “Photorefractive coupling of semiconductor laser amplifiers for 1.3 μm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 33, 721–722 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ding, Y.

P. Pogany, Y. Ding, M. Sprenger, S. Diez, H. G. Weber, and H. J. Eichler, “Photorefractive coupling of semiconductor laser amplifiers for 1.3 μm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 33, 721–722 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Drolet, D.

Eichler, H. J.

P. Pogany, Y. Ding, M. Sprenger, S. Diez, H. G. Weber, and H. J. Eichler, “Photorefractive coupling of semiconductor laser amplifiers for 1.3 μm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 33, 721–722 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Field, C. T.

F. M. Davidson and C. T. Field, “Coherent homodyne optical communication receivers with photorefractive optical beam combiners,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1207–1223 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Foote, P. D.

T. J. Hall, R. Jaura, L. M. Connors, and P. D. Foote, “The photorefractive effect—a review,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 10, 77–146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Garmire, E. M.

Gaylord, T. K.

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, and R. Magnusson, “Holographic grating formation in photorefractive crystals with arbitrary electron transport lengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5642–5651 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Gies, J. G.

Gravey, P.

G. Martel, N. Wolffer, J. Y. Moisan, and P. Gravey, “Double-phase-conjugate mirror in CdTe:V with elimination of conical diffraction at 1.54 μm,” Opt. Lett. 20, 937–939 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Moisan, N. Wolffer, O. Moine, P. Gravey, G. Martel, A. Audia, E. Repka, Y. Marfaing, and R. Triboulet, “Characterization of photorefractive CdTe:V: high two-wave mixing gain with an optimum low-frequency periodic external electric field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1655–1667 (1994).
[CrossRef]

C. Ozkul, G. Picoli, P. Gravey, and J. Le Rouzic, “Energy transfer in photorefractive InP:Fe crystals using an auxiliary incoherent beam and negative thermal gradient,” Opt. Commun. 30, 397–402 (1991).

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, and V. Vieux, “Theory of two-wave mixing gain enhancement in photorefractive InP:Fe: a new mechanism of resonance,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798–3813 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Guellil, Z.

J. C. Launay, V. Mazoyer, M. Tapiero, J. P. Zielinger, Z. Guellil, P. Delaye, and G. Roosen, “Growth, spectroscopic and photorefractive investigation of vanadium-doped cadmium telluride,” Appl. Phys. A 55, 33–40 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hage-Ali, M.

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hall, T. J.

T. J. Hall, R. Jaura, L. M. Connors, and P. D. Foote, “The photorefractive effect—a review,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 10, 77–146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Herriau, J. P.

Herve, D.

D. Herve, B. Mainguet, S. Pinel, R. Coquille, A. Poudoulec, and F. Delorme, “Narrow-band WDM spectrum analyser without mechanical tuning,” Electron. Lett. 32, 838–839 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huignard, J. P.

B. Imbert, H. Rajbenbach, S. Mallick, J. P. Herriau, and J. P. Huignard, “High photorefractive gain in two-beam coupling with moving fringes in GaAs:Cr crystals,” Opt. Lett. 13, 327–329 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive Bi12SiO20 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249–254 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Imbert, B.

Jagannathan, G. V.

R. N. Schwartz, C.-C. Wang, S. Trivedi, G. V. Jagannathan, F. M. Davidson, P. R. Boyd, and U. Lee, “Spectroscopic and photorefractive characterization of cadmium telluride crystals codoped with vanadium and manganese,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 15378–15381 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Jaura, R.

T. J. Hall, R. Jaura, L. M. Connors, and P. D. Foote, “The photorefractive effect—a review,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 10, 77–146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Klein, M. B.

Koebel, J. M.

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kreissl, J.

P. Christmann, B. K. Meyer, J. Kreissl, R. Schwarz, and K. W. Benz, “Vanadium in CdTe: an electron-paramagnetic-resonance study,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 3634–3637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Launay, J. C.

H. J. von Bardeleben, C. Miesner, J. Monge, J. C. Launay, and X. Launay, “An electron paramagnetic resonance and magneto-optical study of vanadium in ZnxCd1−xTe:V,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 11, 58–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, G. Roosen, H. Bou Rjeily, F. Ramaz, B. Briat, J. G. Gies, J. P. Zielinger, M. Tapiero, H. J. von Bardeleben, T. Arnoux, and J. C. Launay, “Correlations between microscopic properties and photorefractive response for vanadium-doped CdTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2341–2351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. de Montmorillon, I. Biaggio, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, “Eye-safe large field of view homodyne detection using a photorefractive CdTe:V crystal,” Opt. Commun. 129, 293–300 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Launay, V. Mazoyer, M. Tapiero, J. P. Zielinger, Z. Guellil, P. Delaye, and G. Roosen, “Growth, spectroscopic and photorefractive investigation of vanadium-doped cadmium telluride,” Appl. Phys. A 55, 33–40 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Launay, X.

H. J. von Bardeleben, C. Miesner, J. Monge, J. C. Launay, and X. Launay, “An electron paramagnetic resonance and magneto-optical study of vanadium in ZnxCd1−xTe:V,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 11, 58–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Le Rouzic, J.

C. Ozkul, G. Picoli, P. Gravey, and J. Le Rouzic, “Energy transfer in photorefractive InP:Fe crystals using an auxiliary incoherent beam and negative thermal gradient,” Opt. Commun. 30, 397–402 (1991).

Lee, U.

R. N. Schwartz, C.-C. Wang, S. Trivedi, G. V. Jagannathan, F. M. Davidson, P. R. Boyd, and U. Lee, “Spectroscopic and photorefractive characterization of cadmium telluride crystals codoped with vanadium and manganese,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 15378–15381 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Magana, L. F.

J. G. Murillo, L. F. Magana, M. Carrascosa, and F. Agullo-Lopez, “Effects of light modulation on grating phase shifts in photorefractive recording,” Opt. Commun. 139, 81–84 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Magnusson, R.

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, and R. Magnusson, “Holographic grating formation in photorefractive crystals with arbitrary electron transport lengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5642–5651 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Mainguet, B.

D. Herve, B. Mainguet, S. Pinel, R. Coquille, A. Poudoulec, and F. Delorme, “Narrow-band WDM spectrum analyser without mechanical tuning,” Electron. Lett. 32, 838–839 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mallick, S.

Marfaing, Y.

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Moisan, N. Wolffer, O. Moine, P. Gravey, G. Martel, A. Audia, E. Repka, Y. Marfaing, and R. Triboulet, “Characterization of photorefractive CdTe:V: high two-wave mixing gain with an optimum low-frequency periodic external electric field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1655–1667 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Marrakchi, A.

A. Marrakchi, “Photorefractive spatial light modulation based on enhanced self-diffraction in sillenite crystals,” Opt. Lett. 13, 654–656 (1988).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive Bi12SiO20 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249–254 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Marrakchi, G.

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Martel, G.

Mazoyer, V.

J. C. Launay, V. Mazoyer, M. Tapiero, J. P. Zielinger, Z. Guellil, P. Delaye, and G. Roosen, “Growth, spectroscopic and photorefractive investigation of vanadium-doped cadmium telluride,” Appl. Phys. A 55, 33–40 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Meyer, B. K.

P. Christmann, B. K. Meyer, J. Kreissl, R. Schwarz, and K. W. Benz, “Vanadium in CdTe: an electron-paramagnetic-resonance study,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 3634–3637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Miesner, C.

H. J. von Bardeleben, C. Miesner, J. Monge, J. C. Launay, and X. Launay, “An electron paramagnetic resonance and magneto-optical study of vanadium in ZnxCd1−xTe:V,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 11, 58–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Millerd, J. E.

Moharam, M. G.

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, and R. Magnusson, “Holographic grating formation in photorefractive crystals with arbitrary electron transport lengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5642–5651 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Moine, O.

Moisan, J. Y.

Moisan, J.-Y.

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Moisan, N. Wolffer, O. Moine, P. Gravey, G. Martel, A. Audia, E. Repka, Y. Marfaing, and R. Triboulet, “Characterization of photorefractive CdTe:V: high two-wave mixing gain with an optimum low-frequency periodic external electric field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1655–1667 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Monchalin, J.-P.

Monge, J.

H. J. von Bardeleben, C. Miesner, J. Monge, J. C. Launay, and X. Launay, “An electron paramagnetic resonance and magneto-optical study of vanadium in ZnxCd1−xTe:V,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 11, 58–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Murillo, J. G.

J. G. Murillo, L. F. Magana, M. Carrascosa, and F. Agullo-Lopez, “Effects of light modulation on grating phase shifts in photorefractive recording,” Opt. Commun. 139, 81–84 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Otten, J.

Ozkul, C.

C. Ozkul, G. Picoli, P. Gravey, and J. Le Rouzic, “Energy transfer in photorefractive InP:Fe crystals using an auxiliary incoherent beam and negative thermal gradient,” Opt. Commun. 30, 397–402 (1991).

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, and V. Vieux, “Theory of two-wave mixing gain enhancement in photorefractive InP:Fe: a new mechanism of resonance,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798–3813 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Picoli, G.

C. Ozkul, G. Picoli, P. Gravey, and J. Le Rouzic, “Energy transfer in photorefractive InP:Fe crystals using an auxiliary incoherent beam and negative thermal gradient,” Opt. Commun. 30, 397–402 (1991).

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, and V. Vieux, “Theory of two-wave mixing gain enhancement in photorefractive InP:Fe: a new mechanism of resonance,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798–3813 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Pinel, S.

D. Herve, B. Mainguet, S. Pinel, R. Coquille, A. Poudoulec, and F. Delorme, “Narrow-band WDM spectrum analyser without mechanical tuning,” Electron. Lett. 32, 838–839 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pogany, P.

P. Pogany, Y. Ding, M. Sprenger, S. Diez, H. G. Weber, and H. J. Eichler, “Photorefractive coupling of semiconductor laser amplifiers for 1.3 μm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 33, 721–722 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Poudoulec, A.

D. Herve, B. Mainguet, S. Pinel, R. Coquille, A. Poudoulec, and F. Delorme, “Narrow-band WDM spectrum analyser without mechanical tuning,” Electron. Lett. 32, 838–839 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Rajbenbach, H.

Ramaz, F.

Repka, E.

Ringhofer, K. H.

Roosen, G.

P. Delaye, A. Blouin, D. Drolet, L.-A. de Montmorillon, G. Roosen, and J.-P. Monchalin, “Detection of ultrasonic motion of a scattering surface by photorefractive InP:Fe under an applied dc field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 1723–1734 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. de Montmorillon, I. Biaggio, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, “Eye-safe large field of view homodyne detection using a photorefractive CdTe:V crystal,” Opt. Commun. 129, 293–300 (1996).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. de Montmorillon, P. Delaye, G. Roosen, H. Bou Rjeily, F. Ramaz, B. Briat, J. G. Gies, J. P. Zielinger, M. Tapiero, H. J. von Bardeleben, T. Arnoux, and J. C. Launay, “Correlations between microscopic properties and photorefractive response for vanadium-doped CdTe,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2341–2351 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Launay, V. Mazoyer, M. Tapiero, J. P. Zielinger, Z. Guellil, P. Delaye, and G. Roosen, “Growth, spectroscopic and photorefractive investigation of vanadium-doped cadmium telluride,” Appl. Phys. A 55, 33–40 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schwartz, R. N.

R. N. Schwartz, C.-C. Wang, S. Trivedi, G. V. Jagannathan, F. M. Davidson, P. R. Boyd, and U. Lee, “Spectroscopic and photorefractive characterization of cadmium telluride crystals codoped with vanadium and manganese,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 15378–15381 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Schwartz, M. Ziari, and S. Trivedi, “Electron paramagnetic resonance and an optical investigation of photorefractive vanadium-doped CdTe,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 5274–5282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Schwarz, R.

P. Christmann, B. K. Meyer, J. Kreissl, R. Schwarz, and K. W. Benz, “Vanadium in CdTe: an electron-paramagnetic-resonance study,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 3634–3637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Siffert, P.

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sprenger, M.

P. Pogany, Y. Ding, M. Sprenger, S. Diez, H. G. Weber, and H. J. Eichler, “Photorefractive coupling of semiconductor laser amplifiers for 1.3 μm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 33, 721–722 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tapiero, M.

Triboulet, R.

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Moisan, N. Wolffer, O. Moine, P. Gravey, G. Martel, A. Audia, E. Repka, Y. Marfaing, and R. Triboulet, “Characterization of photorefractive CdTe:V: high two-wave mixing gain with an optimum low-frequency periodic external electric field,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 11, 1655–1667 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Trivedi, S.

R. N. Schwartz, C.-C. Wang, S. Trivedi, G. V. Jagannathan, F. M. Davidson, P. R. Boyd, and U. Lee, “Spectroscopic and photorefractive characterization of cadmium telluride crystals codoped with vanadium and manganese,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 15378–15381 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Schwartz, M. Ziari, and S. Trivedi, “Electron paramagnetic resonance and an optical investigation of photorefractive vanadium-doped CdTe,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 5274–5282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Vieux, V.

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, and V. Vieux, “Theory of two-wave mixing gain enhancement in photorefractive InP:Fe: a new mechanism of resonance,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798–3813 (1989).
[CrossRef]

von Bardeleben, H. J.

Wang, C.-C.

R. N. Schwartz, C.-C. Wang, S. Trivedi, G. V. Jagannathan, F. M. Davidson, P. R. Boyd, and U. Lee, “Spectroscopic and photorefractive characterization of cadmium telluride crystals codoped with vanadium and manganese,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 15378–15381 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. G.

P. Pogany, Y. Ding, M. Sprenger, S. Diez, H. G. Weber, and H. J. Eichler, “Photorefractive coupling of semiconductor laser amplifiers for 1.3 μm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 33, 721–722 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wolffer, N.

Zerrai, A.

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Ziari, M.

R. N. Schwartz, M. Ziari, and S. Trivedi, “Electron paramagnetic resonance and an optical investigation of photorefractive vanadium-doped CdTe,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 5274–5282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zielinger, J. P.

Appl. Phys. A (1)

J. C. Launay, V. Mazoyer, M. Tapiero, J. P. Zielinger, Z. Guellil, P. Delaye, and G. Roosen, “Growth, spectroscopic and photorefractive investigation of vanadium-doped cadmium telluride,” Appl. Phys. A 55, 33–40 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. Pogany, Y. Ding, M. Sprenger, S. Diez, H. G. Weber, and H. J. Eichler, “Photorefractive coupling of semiconductor laser amplifiers for 1.3 μm wavelength,” Electron. Lett. 33, 721–722 (1997).
[CrossRef]

D. Herve, B. Mainguet, S. Pinel, R. Coquille, A. Poudoulec, and F. Delorme, “Narrow-band WDM spectrum analyser without mechanical tuning,” Electron. Lett. 32, 838–839 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

G. Picoli, P. Gravey, C. Ozkul, and V. Vieux, “Theory of two-wave mixing gain enhancement in photorefractive InP:Fe: a new mechanism of resonance,” J. Appl. Phys. 66, 3798–3813 (1989).
[CrossRef]

M. G. Moharam, T. K. Gaylord, and R. Magnusson, “Holographic grating formation in photorefractive crystals with arbitrary electron transport lengths,” J. Appl. Phys. 50, 5642–5651 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

F. M. Davidson and C. T. Field, “Coherent homodyne optical communication receivers with photorefractive optical beam combiners,” J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1207–1223 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (5)

Opt. Commun. (5)

J. G. Murillo, L. F. Magana, M. Carrascosa, and F. Agullo-Lopez, “Effects of light modulation on grating phase shifts in photorefractive recording,” Opt. Commun. 139, 81–84 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. V. Alvarez-Bravo, M. Carrascosa, and L. Arizmendi, “Experimental effects of light intensity modulation on the recording and erasure of holographic gratings in BSO crystals,” Opt. Commun. 103, 22–28 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Ozkul, G. Picoli, P. Gravey, and J. Le Rouzic, “Energy transfer in photorefractive InP:Fe crystals using an auxiliary incoherent beam and negative thermal gradient,” Opt. Commun. 30, 397–402 (1991).

J. P. Huignard and A. Marrakchi, “Coherent signal beam amplification in two-wave mixing experiments with photorefractive Bi12SiO20 crystals,” Opt. Commun. 38, 249–254 (1981).
[CrossRef]

L.-A. de Montmorillon, I. Biaggio, P. Delaye, J. C. Launay, and G. Roosen, “Eye-safe large field of view homodyne detection using a photorefractive CdTe:V crystal,” Opt. Commun. 129, 293–300 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (4)

Opt. Mater. (2)

G. Bremond, A. Zerrai, G. Marrakchi, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, J. M. Koebel, M. Hage-Ali, P. Siffert, and J.-Y. Moisan, “Characterization and identification of the deep levels in V doped CdTe and their relationship with the photorefractive properties,” Opt. Mater. 4, 246–251 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J.-Y. Moisan, P. Gravey, G. Martel, N. Wolffer, A. Audia, Y. Marfaing, R. Triboulet, M. C. Busch, M. Hage-Ali, J. M. Koebel, and P. Siffert, “Behaviour of hole and electron dominated photorefractive CdTe:V crystals under external continuous or periodic electric field,” Opt. Mater. 4, 219–223 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (3)

R. N. Schwartz, C.-C. Wang, S. Trivedi, G. V. Jagannathan, F. M. Davidson, P. R. Boyd, and U. Lee, “Spectroscopic and photorefractive characterization of cadmium telluride crystals codoped with vanadium and manganese,” Phys. Rev. B 55, 15378–15381 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Christmann, B. K. Meyer, J. Kreissl, R. Schwarz, and K. W. Benz, “Vanadium in CdTe: an electron-paramagnetic-resonance study,” Phys. Rev. B 53, 3634–3637 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. N. Schwartz, M. Ziari, and S. Trivedi, “Electron paramagnetic resonance and an optical investigation of photorefractive vanadium-doped CdTe,” Phys. Rev. B 49, 5274–5282 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

T. J. Hall, R. Jaura, L. M. Connors, and P. D. Foote, “The photorefractive effect—a review,” Prog. Quantum Electron. 10, 77–146 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Semicond. Sci. Technol. (1)

H. J. von Bardeleben, C. Miesner, J. Monge, J. C. Launay, and X. Launay, “An electron paramagnetic resonance and magneto-optical study of vanadium in ZnxCd1−xTe:V,” Semicond. Sci. Technol. 11, 58–62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Absorption spectrum of the CdZnTe:V sample.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Experimental setup for photorefractive beam coupling with an additional incoherent beam.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Output signal beam intensities behind the CdZnTe crystal (a) with the incoherent stimulating beam switched on, and (b) with the Pump beam switched on in the presence of the stimulating beam. The pump-to-signal intensity ratio β was unity; the signal beam intensity, 10 mW/cm2; the incoherent intensity, approximately 20 mW/cm2. For this measurement a dc field of Edc=12 kV/cm was used.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Measured two-wave mixing (TWM) gain as a function of the incoherent intensity for two different total pump and signal intensities I0. The pump-to-signal intensity ratio β was approximately unity, and Edc=7kV/cm was used.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Two-wave mixing gain coefficient as a function of the pump-to-signal intensity ratio β. The total pump and signal intensity I0=20 mW/cm2, and the incoherent intensity Iinc=20 mW/cm2 were kept constant.

Equations (2)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

Γ=(1/d)ln[γ β/(β+1-γ)],
Γ=2π n3reffmλ cos θ E1sc

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