Abstract

We couple noise into the driving current of a laser diode to produce correlated light. We characterize the intensity correlations of the laser with two different techniques: two-detector photon coincidence and analysis of the photocurrent from a single detector. The light exhibits bunching with a magnitude and characteristic time set by the bandwidth and the amplitude of the noise modulating the laser driving current. A simple model based on amplitude modulation of the laser intensity agrees with the measured correlation functions. The bunched light can be used to probe systems that are sensitive to intensity correlations.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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  1. F. T. Arrechi, E. Gatti, and A. Sona, Phys. Lett. 20, 27 (1966).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. A. Abate, H. J. Kimble, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 14, 788 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Kaminishi, R. Roy, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 24, 370 (1981).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Lett, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 341 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  5. P. Lett and E. C. Gage, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1193 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. R. Graham, M. Höhnerbach, and A. Schenzle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1396 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  7. R. Fox and R. Roy, Phys. Rev. A 35, 1838 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. P. Jung, Th. Leiber, and H. Risken, Z. Phys. B 66, 397 (1987); Th. Leiber, P. Jung, and H. Risken, Z. Phys. B 68, 123 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. M. Noriega, L. Pesquera, M. A. Rodríguez, J. Casademunt, and A. Hernández-Machado, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2094 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. J. J. Phillips, M. R. Young, and S. Singh, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3239 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. R. G. W. Brown and R. S. Grant, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 928 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Ohtsu and T. Tako, Prog. Opt. 25, 191 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  13. B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. 175, 1555 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  14. D. S. Elliot, M. W. Hamilton, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 439 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. W. Hamilton, D. S. Elliot, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 33, 778 (1986).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. K. Arnett, S. J. Smith, R. E. Ryan, T. Bergeman, H. Metcalf, M. W. Hamilton, and J. R. Brandenberger, Phys. Rev. A 41, 2580 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. D. S. Elliot and S. J. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1927 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. Ryan, Ph.D. dissertation (State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York, 1993).
  19. J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1603 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. J. Javanainen and P. L. Gould, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5088 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. N. Ph. Georgiades, E. S. Polzik, K. Edamatsu, H. J. Kimble, and A. S. Parkins, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3426 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2273 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. C. W. Gardiner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2269 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. J. Gripp, S. L. Mielke, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4974 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. P. R. Rice and H. J. Carmichael, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1351 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  26. L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1995).
  27. A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).
  28. S. L. Mielke, G. T. Foster, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3948 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  29. H. J. Carmichael, S. Singh, R. Vyas, and P. Rice, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1200 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  30. A. L. Lacaita, F. Zappa, S. Bigliardi, and M. Manfredi, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 40, 577 (1993).
    [CrossRef]

1998 (1)

S. L. Mielke, G. T. Foster, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3948 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

N. Ph. Georgiades, E. S. Polzik, K. Edamatsu, H. J. Kimble, and A. S. Parkins, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3426 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gripp, S. L. Mielke, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4974 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (3)

H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2273 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Gardiner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2269 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. L. Lacaita, F. Zappa, S. Bigliardi, and M. Manfredi, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 40, 577 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (2)

J. M. Noriega, L. Pesquera, M. A. Rodríguez, J. Casademunt, and A. Hernández-Machado, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2094 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Phillips, M. R. Young, and S. Singh, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3239 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (2)

K. Arnett, S. J. Smith, R. E. Ryan, T. Bergeman, H. Metcalf, M. W. Hamilton, and J. R. Brandenberger, Phys. Rev. A 41, 2580 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Javanainen and P. L. Gould, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5088 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (3)

H. J. Carmichael, S. Singh, R. Vyas, and P. Rice, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1200 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1603 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lett and E. C. Gage, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1193 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (3)

D. S. Elliot and S. J. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1927 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. Ohtsu and T. Tako, Prog. Opt. 25, 191 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. R. Rice and H. J. Carmichael, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1351 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (2)

R. Fox and R. Roy, Phys. Rev. A 35, 1838 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. G. W. Brown and R. S. Grant, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 928 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

M. W. Hamilton, D. S. Elliot, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 33, 778 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1984 (2)

D. S. Elliot, M. W. Hamilton, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 439 (1984).
[CrossRef]

P. Lett, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 341 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1982 (1)

R. Graham, M. Höhnerbach, and A. Schenzle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1396 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1981 (1)

K. Kaminishi, R. Roy, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 24, 370 (1981).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

J. A. Abate, H. J. Kimble, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 14, 788 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. 175, 1555 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

F. T. Arrechi, E. Gatti, and A. Sona, Phys. Lett. 20, 27 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Abate, J. A.

J. A. Abate, H. J. Kimble, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 14, 788 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Arnett, K.

K. Arnett, S. J. Smith, R. E. Ryan, T. Bergeman, H. Metcalf, M. W. Hamilton, and J. R. Brandenberger, Phys. Rev. A 41, 2580 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Hamilton, D. S. Elliot, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 33, 778 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Elliot, M. W. Hamilton, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 439 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Arrechi, F. T.

F. T. Arrechi, E. Gatti, and A. Sona, Phys. Lett. 20, 27 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Bergeman, T.

K. Arnett, S. J. Smith, R. E. Ryan, T. Bergeman, H. Metcalf, M. W. Hamilton, and J. R. Brandenberger, Phys. Rev. A 41, 2580 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bigliardi, S.

A. L. Lacaita, F. Zappa, S. Bigliardi, and M. Manfredi, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 40, 577 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Brandenberger, J. R.

K. Arnett, S. J. Smith, R. E. Ryan, T. Bergeman, H. Metcalf, M. W. Hamilton, and J. R. Brandenberger, Phys. Rev. A 41, 2580 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Brown, R. G. W.

R. G. W. Brown and R. S. Grant, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 928 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Carmichael, H. J.

H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2273 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Carmichael, S. Singh, R. Vyas, and P. Rice, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1200 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. R. Rice and H. J. Carmichael, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1351 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Casademunt, J.

J. M. Noriega, L. Pesquera, M. A. Rodríguez, J. Casademunt, and A. Hernández-Machado, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2094 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Edamatsu, K.

N. Ph. Georgiades, E. S. Polzik, K. Edamatsu, H. J. Kimble, and A. S. Parkins, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3426 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Elliot, D. S.

D. S. Elliot and S. J. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1927 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Hamilton, D. S. Elliot, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 33, 778 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Elliot, M. W. Hamilton, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 439 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Foster, G. T.

S. L. Mielke, G. T. Foster, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3948 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fox, R.

R. Fox and R. Roy, Phys. Rev. A 35, 1838 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gage, E. C.

P. Lett and E. C. Gage, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1193 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gardiner, C. W.

C. W. Gardiner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2269 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gatti, E.

F. T. Arrechi, E. Gatti, and A. Sona, Phys. Lett. 20, 27 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Gea-Banacloche, J.

J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1603 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Georgiades, N. Ph.

N. Ph. Georgiades, E. S. Polzik, K. Edamatsu, H. J. Kimble, and A. S. Parkins, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3426 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gould, P. L.

J. Javanainen and P. L. Gould, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5088 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Graham, R.

R. Graham, M. Höhnerbach, and A. Schenzle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1396 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Grant, R. S.

R. G. W. Brown and R. S. Grant, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 928 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Gripp, J.

J. Gripp, S. L. Mielke, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4974 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hamilton, M. W.

K. Arnett, S. J. Smith, R. E. Ryan, T. Bergeman, H. Metcalf, M. W. Hamilton, and J. R. Brandenberger, Phys. Rev. A 41, 2580 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Hamilton, D. S. Elliot, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 33, 778 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Elliot, M. W. Hamilton, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 439 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Hernández-Machado, A.

J. M. Noriega, L. Pesquera, M. A. Rodríguez, J. Casademunt, and A. Hernández-Machado, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2094 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Höhnerbach, M.

R. Graham, M. Höhnerbach, and A. Schenzle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1396 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Javanainen, J.

J. Javanainen and P. L. Gould, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5088 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaminishi, K.

K. Kaminishi, R. Roy, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 24, 370 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Kimble, H. J.

N. Ph. Georgiades, E. S. Polzik, K. Edamatsu, H. J. Kimble, and A. S. Parkins, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3426 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Abate, H. J. Kimble, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 14, 788 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Lacaita, A. L.

A. L. Lacaita, F. Zappa, S. Bigliardi, and M. Manfredi, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 40, 577 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lett, P.

P. Lett and E. C. Gage, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1193 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Lett, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 341 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Mandel, L.

P. Lett, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 341 (1984).
[CrossRef]

K. Kaminishi, R. Roy, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 24, 370 (1981).
[CrossRef]

J. A. Abate, H. J. Kimble, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 14, 788 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Manfredi, M.

A. L. Lacaita, F. Zappa, S. Bigliardi, and M. Manfredi, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 40, 577 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Metcalf, H.

K. Arnett, S. J. Smith, R. E. Ryan, T. Bergeman, H. Metcalf, M. W. Hamilton, and J. R. Brandenberger, Phys. Rev. A 41, 2580 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mielke, S. L.

S. L. Mielke, G. T. Foster, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3948 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, S. L. Mielke, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4974 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mollow, B. R.

B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. 175, 1555 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Noriega, J. M.

J. M. Noriega, L. Pesquera, M. A. Rodríguez, J. Casademunt, and A. Hernández-Machado, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2094 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ohtsu, M.

M. Ohtsu and T. Tako, Prog. Opt. 25, 191 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Orozco, L. A.

S. L. Mielke, G. T. Foster, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3948 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Gripp, S. L. Mielke, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4974 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Parkins, A. S.

N. Ph. Georgiades, E. S. Polzik, K. Edamatsu, H. J. Kimble, and A. S. Parkins, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3426 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pesquera, L.

J. M. Noriega, L. Pesquera, M. A. Rodríguez, J. Casademunt, and A. Hernández-Machado, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2094 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phillips, J. J.

J. J. Phillips, M. R. Young, and S. Singh, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3239 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Polzik, E. S.

N. Ph. Georgiades, E. S. Polzik, K. Edamatsu, H. J. Kimble, and A. S. Parkins, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3426 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rice, P.

H. J. Carmichael, S. Singh, R. Vyas, and P. Rice, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1200 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rice, P. R.

P. R. Rice and H. J. Carmichael, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1351 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rodríguez, M. A.

J. M. Noriega, L. Pesquera, M. A. Rodríguez, J. Casademunt, and A. Hernández-Machado, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2094 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roy, R.

R. Fox and R. Roy, Phys. Rev. A 35, 1838 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Kaminishi, R. Roy, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 24, 370 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Ryan, R. E.

K. Arnett, S. J. Smith, R. E. Ryan, T. Bergeman, H. Metcalf, M. W. Hamilton, and J. R. Brandenberger, Phys. Rev. A 41, 2580 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schenzle, A.

R. Graham, M. Höhnerbach, and A. Schenzle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1396 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Short, R.

P. Lett, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 341 (1984).
[CrossRef]

K. Kaminishi, R. Roy, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 24, 370 (1981).
[CrossRef]

Singh, S.

J. J. Phillips, M. R. Young, and S. Singh, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3239 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Carmichael, S. Singh, R. Vyas, and P. Rice, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1200 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, S. J.

K. Arnett, S. J. Smith, R. E. Ryan, T. Bergeman, H. Metcalf, M. W. Hamilton, and J. R. Brandenberger, Phys. Rev. A 41, 2580 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Elliot and S. J. Smith, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 5, 1927 (1988).
[CrossRef]

M. W. Hamilton, D. S. Elliot, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 33, 778 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. S. Elliot, M. W. Hamilton, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 439 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Sona, A.

F. T. Arrechi, E. Gatti, and A. Sona, Phys. Lett. 20, 27 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Tako, T.

M. Ohtsu and T. Tako, Prog. Opt. 25, 191 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Vyas, R.

H. J. Carmichael, S. Singh, R. Vyas, and P. Rice, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1200 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Young, M. R.

J. J. Phillips, M. R. Young, and S. Singh, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3239 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zappa, F.

A. L. Lacaita, F. Zappa, S. Bigliardi, and M. Manfredi, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 40, 577 (1993).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

P. R. Rice and H. J. Carmichael, IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-24, 1351 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Electron Devices (1)

A. L. Lacaita, F. Zappa, S. Bigliardi, and M. Manfredi, IEEE Trans. Electron Devices 40, 577 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Phys. Lett. (1)

F. T. Arrechi, E. Gatti, and A. Sona, Phys. Lett. 20, 27 (1966).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

B. R. Mollow, Phys. Rev. 175, 1555 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (11)

J. M. Noriega, L. Pesquera, M. A. Rodríguez, J. Casademunt, and A. Hernández-Machado, Phys. Rev. A 44, 2094 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Phillips, M. R. Young, and S. Singh, Phys. Rev. A 44, 3239 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. W. Hamilton, D. S. Elliot, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. A 33, 778 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Arnett, S. J. Smith, R. E. Ryan, T. Bergeman, H. Metcalf, M. W. Hamilton, and J. R. Brandenberger, Phys. Rev. A 41, 2580 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. A. Abate, H. J. Kimble, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 14, 788 (1976).
[CrossRef]

K. Kaminishi, R. Roy, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. A 24, 370 (1981).
[CrossRef]

P. Lett and E. C. Gage, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1193 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Fox and R. Roy, Phys. Rev. A 35, 1838 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Carmichael, S. Singh, R. Vyas, and P. Rice, Phys. Rev. A 39, 1200 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gripp, S. L. Mielke, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. A 51, 4974 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Javanainen and P. L. Gould, Phys. Rev. A 41, 5088 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

N. Ph. Georgiades, E. S. Polzik, K. Edamatsu, H. J. Kimble, and A. S. Parkins, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 3426 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. J. Carmichael, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2273 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. W. Gardiner, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2269 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Gea-Banacloche, Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 1603 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. L. Mielke, G. T. Foster, and L. A. Orozco, Phys. Rev. Lett. 80, 3948 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Graham, M. Höhnerbach, and A. Schenzle, Phys. Rev. Lett. 48, 1396 (1982).
[CrossRef]

P. Lett, R. Short, and L. Mandel, Phys. Rev. Lett. 52, 341 (1984).
[CrossRef]

D. S. Elliot, M. W. Hamilton, K. Arnett, and S. J. Smith, Phys. Rev. Lett. 53, 439 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Opt. (1)

M. Ohtsu and T. Tako, Prog. Opt. 25, 191 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

R. G. W. Brown and R. S. Grant, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 928 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

R. Ryan, Ph.D. dissertation (State University of New York, Stony Brook, New York, 1993).

P. Jung, Th. Leiber, and H. Risken, Z. Phys. B 66, 397 (1987); Th. Leiber, P. Jung, and H. Risken, Z. Phys. B 68, 123 (1987).
[CrossRef]

L. Mandel and E. Wolf, Optical Coherence and Quantum Optics (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, UK, 1995).

A. Siegman, Lasers (University Science Books, Mill Valley, Calif., 1986).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Model spectral density of the noise source with five parameters a, b, c, d, and λ to specify the spectrum and its Fourier transform.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Simplified diagram of the experimental setup.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Measured power spectrum of the 10-MHz-wide noise source at the current supply output. Δf=20 kHz.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Experimental plots of the correlation function for different bandwidths of the noise source and the laser operating below threshold, i=56 mA: (a) 1.2-MHz low-pass filter, (b) 2.6-MHz low-pass filter, (c) no filter, and (d) 6-MHz high-pass filter. Note the different vertical scales.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Plots of the model correlation functions [Eq. (8)] corresponding to the data of Fig. 4. Note the different vertical scales (see Table 1 for parameters).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Bunching for inoise=1 mA filtered with the 2.6-MHz low pass. The continuous curve is a theoretical calculation based on the nonlinear model. The dashed curve is the prediction of the linear model with a=b=0, c=2.25 MHz, d=2.75 MHz, and inoise=1 mA.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Bunching as a function of applied noise current. The circles (squares) are the measured values of g(2)(0) for the noise modulation passing through a 2.6-MHz (1.2-MHz) low-pass filter. The solid curves are predictions based upon the linear model outlined above with no adjustable parameters. The dotted curve is a calculation with the nonlinear model (β=1.0×10-4,ithr=59 mA).

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Comparison of g(2)(τ) from (a) photon counting and (b) from a time series of intensities measured with a single PMT.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

Intensity correlation for noise modulation below threshold: (a) experiment and (b) simulation with i0=37.3 mA, ithr=59 mA, and β=0.91×10-4. The inset shows the sensitivity of the peak to changes in ithr and β. The dashed curves are the curves with ithr±2%. The dotted curves show the effect of varying β by ±10%.

Tables (1)

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Table 1 Model Parameters

Equations (14)

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g(2)(τ)=I(t)I(t+τ)I(t)2,
g(2)(0)=I2I2=(ΔI)2I2+1.
I(t)=αi(t),
i(t)=i0+inoise(t).
i(t)=i0.
g(2)(τ)=1+inoise(t)inoise(t+τ)i02.
G(τ)=1π 0F(ω)×exp(-iωτ)dw=inoise(t)inoise(t+τ).
g(2)(τ)=1+Aπ (cos dτ-cos cτ)(c-d)τ2+(cos bτ-cos aτ)(b-a)τ2,
g(2)(τ)=1+Aπ (cos dτ-cos cτ)(c-d)τ2.
g(2)(0)=1+1π inoise2 /Δfi02 B,
g(2)(τ)=1+Acπ sinc(cτ).
dndt=C(n+1)N-γc n,
dNdt=R+σ(t)-CnN-γrad N,
nss=12β RRth-1+RRth-12+4 RRth β,

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