Abstract

The optical properties of silicate glasses under high-power, 850-nm femtosecond laser irradiation have been studied. Photoinduced processes occurred at irradiances well below the threshold for laser-induce damage. Laser spectral line broadening leading to supercontinuum generation in the visible and UV spectral regions was observed in all the glasses studied. Color-center generation and intrinsic luminescence were found in boro-silicate and alkali silicate glasses. It is believed that these processes result from linear and two-photon absorption of the short-wavelength component of the supercontinuum, causing ionization of the glass matrix. No color-center absorption in the visible region was observed in fused silica at irradiances up to the laser-damage threshold.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  29. L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absence of below-threshold ionization and the cumulating effect under conditions of repeated exposure of glasses to laser radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1245–1247 (1986).
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1996 (1)

D. Du, X. Liu, and G. Mourou, “Reduction of multi-photon ionization in dielectrics due to collisions,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 617–621 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (2)

O. M. Efimov and A. M. Mekryukov, “Investigation of energy structure of lead silicate glasses by nonlinear absorption spectroscopy technique,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 191, 94–100 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov and A. M. Mekryukov, “Laser induced changes of refractive index of lead-silicate glasses,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials,” H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 220–224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (3)

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071–3073 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, S. Herman, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. I. Experimental,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 568–578 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Fiet, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, B. C. Stuart, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. II. Theory,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 469–478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1988 (1)

R. R. Alfano and P. P. Ho, “Self-, cross-, and induced-phase modulations of ultrashort laser pulse propagation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 351–364 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

P. L. Baldeck, P. P. Ho, and R. R. Alfano, “Effects of self, induced and cross phase modulations on the generation of picosecond and femtosecond white light supercontinua,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 22, 1677–1694 (1987).
[CrossRef]

1986 (3)

P. Corkum, P. Ho, R. Alfano, and J. Manassah, “Generation of an infrared supercontinuum covering 3–14 μm in dielectrics and semiconductors,” Opt. Lett. 11, 624–626 (1986).

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absence of below-threshold ionization and the cumulating effect under conditions of repeated exposure of glasses to laser radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1245–1247 (1986).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano, Q. X. Li, T. Jimbo, J. T. Manassah, and P. P. Ho, “Induced spectral broadening of a weak picosecond pulse in glass produced by an intense picosecond pulse,” Opt. Lett. 11, 626–628 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1985 (3)

L. B. Glebov, V. G. Dokuchaev, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absorption spectra of high-purity glasses with different concentrations of Fe3+ colored by gamma radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 11, 61–67 (1985).

J. T. Manassah, M. A. Mustafa, R. R. Alfano, and P. P. Ho, “Induced supercontinuum and steepening of an ultrafast laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 113A, 242–247 (1985).
[CrossRef]

W. Knox, R. Fork, M. Downer, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, “Optical pulse compression to 8 fs at a 5-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1120–1121 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, G. T. Petrovskii, and P. N. Rogovtsev, “Effect of photodecoloration on the two-photon coloring of sodium silicate glasses,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 10, 55–58 (1984).

1983 (1)

C. V. Shank, “Measurement of ultrafast phenomena in the femtosecond time domain,” Science 219, 1027–1031 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1980 (1)

A. N. Trukhin, M. N. Tolstoi, L. B. Glebov, and V. L. Savel’ev, “Elementary electronic excitations in pure sodium silicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi B 99, 155–162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

A. P. Gagarin, L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and O. S. Efimova, “Formation of color centers in sodium calcium silicate glasses with the linear absorption of powerful UV radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 5, 337–340 (1979).

1978 (1)

R. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

L. B. Glebov, L. B. Popova, V. V. Rusan, and M. N. Tolstoi, “The production of very-high-purity silicate glass,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 2, 547–549 (1976).

1975 (2)

W. Yu, R. R. Alfano, C. L. Sam, and R. J. Seymour, “Spectral broadening of picosecond 1.06 μ pulse in KBr,” Opt. Commun. 14, 344–347 (1975).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Glebov, A. A. Grubin, and M. N. Tolstoi, “On the nature of the spectrum of the formation of color centers in silicate glass,” Fiz. Khim. Stekla 1, 313–318 (1975).

1970 (2)

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Emission in the region 4000 to 7000 Å via four-photon coupling in glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584–587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592–594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

J. H. Mackey, H. L. Smith, and A. Halperin, “Optical studies in x-irradiated high purity sodium silicate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1759–1772 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Alfano, R.

P. Corkum, P. Ho, R. Alfano, and J. Manassah, “Generation of an infrared supercontinuum covering 3–14 μm in dielectrics and semiconductors,” Opt. Lett. 11, 624–626 (1986).

Alfano, R. R.

R. R. Alfano and P. P. Ho, “Self-, cross-, and induced-phase modulations of ultrashort laser pulse propagation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 351–364 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Baldeck, P. P. Ho, and R. R. Alfano, “Effects of self, induced and cross phase modulations on the generation of picosecond and femtosecond white light supercontinua,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 22, 1677–1694 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano, Q. X. Li, T. Jimbo, J. T. Manassah, and P. P. Ho, “Induced spectral broadening of a weak picosecond pulse in glass produced by an intense picosecond pulse,” Opt. Lett. 11, 626–628 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Manassah, M. A. Mustafa, R. R. Alfano, and P. P. Ho, “Induced supercontinuum and steepening of an ultrafast laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 113A, 242–247 (1985).
[CrossRef]

W. Yu, R. R. Alfano, C. L. Sam, and R. J. Seymour, “Spectral broadening of picosecond 1.06 μ pulse in KBr,” Opt. Commun. 14, 344–347 (1975).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Emission in the region 4000 to 7000 Å via four-photon coupling in glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584–587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592–594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Baldeck, P. L.

P. L. Baldeck, P. P. Ho, and R. R. Alfano, “Effects of self, induced and cross phase modulations on the generation of picosecond and femtosecond white light supercontinua,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 22, 1677–1694 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Beaud, P.

Chai, B. H. T.

Corkum, P.

P. Corkum, P. Ho, R. Alfano, and J. Manassah, “Generation of an infrared supercontinuum covering 3–14 μm in dielectrics and semiconductors,” Opt. Lett. 11, 624–626 (1986).

Dokuchaev, V. G.

L. B. Glebov, V. G. Dokuchaev, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absorption spectra of high-purity glasses with different concentrations of Fe3+ colored by gamma radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 11, 61–67 (1985).

Downer, M.

W. Knox, R. Fork, M. Downer, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, “Optical pulse compression to 8 fs at a 5-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1120–1121 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Du, D.

D. Du, X. Liu, and G. Mourou, “Reduction of multi-photon ionization in dielectrics due to collisions,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 617–621 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071–3073 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Efimov, O. M.

O. M. Efimov and A. M. Mekryukov, “Laser induced changes of refractive index of lead-silicate glasses,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials,” H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 220–224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov and A. M. Mekryukov, “Investigation of energy structure of lead silicate glasses by nonlinear absorption spectroscopy technique,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 191, 94–100 (1995).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absence of below-threshold ionization and the cumulating effect under conditions of repeated exposure of glasses to laser radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1245–1247 (1986).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, G. T. Petrovskii, and P. N. Rogovtsev, “Effect of photodecoloration on the two-photon coloring of sodium silicate glasses,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 10, 55–58 (1984).

A. P. Gagarin, L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and O. S. Efimova, “Formation of color centers in sodium calcium silicate glasses with the linear absorption of powerful UV radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 5, 337–340 (1979).

Efimova, O. S.

A. P. Gagarin, L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and O. S. Efimova, “Formation of color centers in sodium calcium silicate glasses with the linear absorption of powerful UV radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 5, 337–340 (1979).

Fiet, M. D.

M. D. Fiet, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, B. C. Stuart, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. II. Theory,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 469–478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fork, R.

W. Knox, R. Fork, M. Downer, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, “Optical pulse compression to 8 fs at a 5-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1120–1121 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Gagarin, A. P.

A. P. Gagarin, L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and O. S. Efimova, “Formation of color centers in sodium calcium silicate glasses with the linear absorption of powerful UV radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 5, 337–340 (1979).

Glebov, L. B.

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absence of below-threshold ionization and the cumulating effect under conditions of repeated exposure of glasses to laser radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1245–1247 (1986).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Glebov, V. G. Dokuchaev, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absorption spectra of high-purity glasses with different concentrations of Fe3+ colored by gamma radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 11, 61–67 (1985).

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, G. T. Petrovskii, and P. N. Rogovtsev, “Effect of photodecoloration on the two-photon coloring of sodium silicate glasses,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 10, 55–58 (1984).

A. N. Trukhin, M. N. Tolstoi, L. B. Glebov, and V. L. Savel’ev, “Elementary electronic excitations in pure sodium silicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi B 99, 155–162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

A. P. Gagarin, L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and O. S. Efimova, “Formation of color centers in sodium calcium silicate glasses with the linear absorption of powerful UV radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 5, 337–340 (1979).

L. B. Glebov, L. B. Popova, V. V. Rusan, and M. N. Tolstoi, “The production of very-high-purity silicate glass,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 2, 547–549 (1976).

L. B. Glebov, A. A. Grubin, and M. N. Tolstoi, “On the nature of the spectrum of the formation of color centers in silicate glass,” Fiz. Khim. Stekla 1, 313–318 (1975).

Grubin, A. A.

L. B. Glebov, A. A. Grubin, and M. N. Tolstoi, “On the nature of the spectrum of the formation of color centers in silicate glass,” Fiz. Khim. Stekla 1, 313–318 (1975).

Halperin, A.

J. H. Mackey, H. L. Smith, and A. Halperin, “Optical studies in x-irradiated high purity sodium silicate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1759–1772 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Herman, S.

B. C. Stuart, S. Herman, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. I. Experimental,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 568–578 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Ho, P.

P. Corkum, P. Ho, R. Alfano, and J. Manassah, “Generation of an infrared supercontinuum covering 3–14 μm in dielectrics and semiconductors,” Opt. Lett. 11, 624–626 (1986).

Ho, P. P.

R. R. Alfano and P. P. Ho, “Self-, cross-, and induced-phase modulations of ultrashort laser pulse propagation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 351–364 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. L. Baldeck, P. P. Ho, and R. R. Alfano, “Effects of self, induced and cross phase modulations on the generation of picosecond and femtosecond white light supercontinua,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 22, 1677–1694 (1987).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano, Q. X. Li, T. Jimbo, J. T. Manassah, and P. P. Ho, “Induced spectral broadening of a weak picosecond pulse in glass produced by an intense picosecond pulse,” Opt. Lett. 11, 626–628 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Manassah, M. A. Mustafa, R. R. Alfano, and P. P. Ho, “Induced supercontinuum and steepening of an ultrafast laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 113A, 242–247 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Jimbo, T.

Knox, W.

W. Knox, R. Fork, M. Downer, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, “Optical pulse compression to 8 fs at a 5-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1120–1121 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Korn, G.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071–3073 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Li, Q. X.

Lin, C.

R. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

D. Du, X. Liu, and G. Mourou, “Reduction of multi-photon ionization in dielectrics due to collisions,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 617–621 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071–3073 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mackey, J. H.

J. H. Mackey, H. L. Smith, and A. Halperin, “Optical studies in x-irradiated high purity sodium silicate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1759–1772 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Manassah, J.

P. Corkum, P. Ho, R. Alfano, and J. Manassah, “Generation of an infrared supercontinuum covering 3–14 μm in dielectrics and semiconductors,” Opt. Lett. 11, 624–626 (1986).

Manassah, J. T.

R. R. Alfano, Q. X. Li, T. Jimbo, J. T. Manassah, and P. P. Ho, “Induced spectral broadening of a weak picosecond pulse in glass produced by an intense picosecond pulse,” Opt. Lett. 11, 626–628 (1986).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. T. Manassah, M. A. Mustafa, R. R. Alfano, and P. P. Ho, “Induced supercontinuum and steepening of an ultrafast laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 113A, 242–247 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Mekryukov, A. M.

O. M. Efimov and A. M. Mekryukov, “Investigation of energy structure of lead silicate glasses by nonlinear absorption spectroscopy technique,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 191, 94–100 (1995).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov and A. M. Mekryukov, “Laser induced changes of refractive index of lead-silicate glasses,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials,” H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 220–224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Miesak, E. J.

Mourou, G.

D. Du, X. Liu, and G. Mourou, “Reduction of multi-photon ionization in dielectrics due to collisions,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 617–621 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071–3073 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mustafa, M. A.

J. T. Manassah, M. A. Mustafa, R. R. Alfano, and P. P. Ho, “Induced supercontinuum and steepening of an ultrafast laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 113A, 242–247 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

B. C. Stuart, S. Herman, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. I. Experimental,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 568–578 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Fiet, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, B. C. Stuart, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. II. Theory,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 469–478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Petrovskii, G. T.

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absence of below-threshold ionization and the cumulating effect under conditions of repeated exposure of glasses to laser radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1245–1247 (1986).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Glebov, V. G. Dokuchaev, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absorption spectra of high-purity glasses with different concentrations of Fe3+ colored by gamma radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 11, 61–67 (1985).

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, G. T. Petrovskii, and P. N. Rogovtsev, “Effect of photodecoloration on the two-photon coloring of sodium silicate glasses,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 10, 55–58 (1984).

Popova, L. B.

L. B. Glebov, L. B. Popova, V. V. Rusan, and M. N. Tolstoi, “The production of very-high-purity silicate glass,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 2, 547–549 (1976).

Richardson, M.

Rogovtsev, P. N.

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, G. T. Petrovskii, and P. N. Rogovtsev, “Effect of photodecoloration on the two-photon coloring of sodium silicate glasses,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 10, 55–58 (1984).

Rubenchik, A. M.

M. D. Fiet, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, B. C. Stuart, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. II. Theory,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 469–478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rusan, V. V.

L. B. Glebov, L. B. Popova, V. V. Rusan, and M. N. Tolstoi, “The production of very-high-purity silicate glass,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 2, 547–549 (1976).

Sam, C. L.

W. Yu, R. R. Alfano, C. L. Sam, and R. J. Seymour, “Spectral broadening of picosecond 1.06 μ pulse in KBr,” Opt. Commun. 14, 344–347 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Savel’ev, V. L.

A. N. Trukhin, M. N. Tolstoi, L. B. Glebov, and V. L. Savel’ev, “Elementary electronic excitations in pure sodium silicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi B 99, 155–162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Seymour, R. J.

W. Yu, R. R. Alfano, C. L. Sam, and R. J. Seymour, “Spectral broadening of picosecond 1.06 μ pulse in KBr,” Opt. Commun. 14, 344–347 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C.

W. Knox, R. Fork, M. Downer, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, “Optical pulse compression to 8 fs at a 5-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1120–1121 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Shank, C. V.

C. V. Shank, “Measurement of ultrafast phenomena in the femtosecond time domain,” Science 219, 1027–1031 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shapiro, S. L.

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Emission in the region 4000 to 7000 Å via four-photon coupling in glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584–587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592–594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shore, B. W.

M. D. Fiet, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, B. C. Stuart, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. II. Theory,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 469–478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Smith, H. L.

J. H. Mackey, H. L. Smith, and A. Halperin, “Optical studies in x-irradiated high purity sodium silicate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1759–1772 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Squier, J.

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071–3073 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stolen, R.

W. Knox, R. Fork, M. Downer, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, “Optical pulse compression to 8 fs at a 5-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1120–1121 (1985).
[CrossRef]

R. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Stuart, B. C.

M. D. Fiet, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, B. C. Stuart, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. II. Theory,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 469–478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

B. C. Stuart, S. Herman, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. I. Experimental,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 568–578 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Tolstoi, M. N.

A. N. Trukhin, M. N. Tolstoi, L. B. Glebov, and V. L. Savel’ev, “Elementary electronic excitations in pure sodium silicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi B 99, 155–162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Glebov, L. B. Popova, V. V. Rusan, and M. N. Tolstoi, “The production of very-high-purity silicate glass,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 2, 547–549 (1976).

L. B. Glebov, A. A. Grubin, and M. N. Tolstoi, “On the nature of the spectrum of the formation of color centers in silicate glass,” Fiz. Khim. Stekla 1, 313–318 (1975).

Trukhin, A. N.

A. N. Trukhin, M. N. Tolstoi, L. B. Glebov, and V. L. Savel’ev, “Elementary electronic excitations in pure sodium silicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi B 99, 155–162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Yu, W.

W. Yu, R. R. Alfano, C. L. Sam, and R. J. Seymour, “Spectral broadening of picosecond 1.06 μ pulse in KBr,” Opt. Commun. 14, 344–347 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Du, X. Liu, and G. Mourou, “Reduction of multi-photon ionization in dielectrics due to collisions,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 617–621 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

D. Du, X. Liu, G. Korn, J. Squier, and G. Mourou, “Laser-induced breakdown by impact ionization in SiO2 with pulse widths from 7 ns to 150 fs,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 3071–3073 (1994).
[CrossRef]

W. Knox, R. Fork, M. Downer, R. Stolen, and C. Shank, “Optical pulse compression to 8 fs at a 5-kHz repetition rate,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 46, 1120–1121 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Fiz. Khim. Stekla (1)

L. B. Glebov, A. A. Grubin, and M. N. Tolstoi, “On the nature of the spectrum of the formation of color centers in silicate glass,” Fiz. Khim. Stekla 1, 313–318 (1975).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

R. R. Alfano and P. P. Ho, “Self-, cross-, and induced-phase modulations of ultrashort laser pulse propagation,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 351–364 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

O. M. Efimov and A. M. Mekryukov, “Investigation of energy structure of lead silicate glasses by nonlinear absorption spectroscopy technique,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 191, 94–100 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

J. H. Mackey, H. L. Smith, and A. Halperin, “Optical studies in x-irradiated high purity sodium silicate glass,” J. Phys. Chem. Solids 27, 1759–1772 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. Yu, R. R. Alfano, C. L. Sam, and R. J. Seymour, “Spectral broadening of picosecond 1.06 μ pulse in KBr,” Opt. Commun. 14, 344–347 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Lett. (1)

J. T. Manassah, M. A. Mustafa, R. R. Alfano, and P. P. Ho, “Induced supercontinuum and steepening of an ultrafast laser pulse,” Phys. Lett. 113A, 242–247 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

R. Stolen and C. Lin, “Self-phase modulation in silica optical fibers,” Phys. Rev. A 17, 1448–1453 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Emission in the region 4000 to 7000 Å via four-photon coupling in glass,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 584–587 (1970).
[CrossRef]

R. R. Alfano and S. L. Shapiro, “Observation of self-phase modulation and small-scale filaments in crystals and glasses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 24, 592–594 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Status Solidi B (1)

A. N. Trukhin, M. N. Tolstoi, L. B. Glebov, and V. L. Savel’ev, “Elementary electronic excitations in pure sodium silicate glasses,” Phys. Status Solidi B 99, 155–162 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE (3)

B. C. Stuart, S. Herman, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. I. Experimental,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 568–578 (1994).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Fiet, A. M. Rubenchik, B. W. Shore, B. C. Stuart, and M. D. Perry, “Laser-induced damage in dielectrics with nanosecond to subpicosecond pulses. II. Theory,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials, H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 469–478 (1994).
[CrossRef]

O. M. Efimov and A. M. Mekryukov, “Laser induced changes of refractive index of lead-silicate glasses,” in Laser-Induced Damage in Optical Materials,” H. E. Bennett, A. H. Guenther, M. R. Kozlowski, B. E. Newnam, and M. J. Soileau, eds., Proc. SPIE 2428, 220–224 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rev. Phys. Appl. (1)

P. L. Baldeck, P. P. Ho, and R. R. Alfano, “Effects of self, induced and cross phase modulations on the generation of picosecond and femtosecond white light supercontinua,” Rev. Phys. Appl. 22, 1677–1694 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

C. V. Shank, “Measurement of ultrafast phenomena in the femtosecond time domain,” Science 219, 1027–1031 (1983).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. (4)

A. P. Gagarin, L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and O. S. Efimova, “Formation of color centers in sodium calcium silicate glasses with the linear absorption of powerful UV radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 5, 337–340 (1979).

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, G. T. Petrovskii, and P. N. Rogovtsev, “Effect of photodecoloration on the two-photon coloring of sodium silicate glasses,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 10, 55–58 (1984).

L. B. Glebov, L. B. Popova, V. V. Rusan, and M. N. Tolstoi, “The production of very-high-purity silicate glass,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 2, 547–549 (1976).

L. B. Glebov, V. G. Dokuchaev, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absorption spectra of high-purity glasses with different concentrations of Fe3+ colored by gamma radiation,” Sov. J. Glass Phys. Chem. 11, 61–67 (1985).

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. B. Glebov, O. M. Efimov, and G. T. Petrovskii, “Absence of below-threshold ionization and the cumulating effect under conditions of repeated exposure of glasses to laser radiation,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 1245–1247 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

A. R. Silin and A. N. Trukhin, Point Defects and Elementary Excitations in Crystalline and Vitreous SiO2 (Zinatne, Riga, Latvia, 1985).

C. P. J. Barty, “Ten-femtosecond amplifier creates multiterawatt pulses,” Laser Focus (June 1996), pp. 93–103.

O. M. Efimov, L. B. Glebov, S. V. Garnov, M. J. Soileau, M. Richardson, K. Gabel, and S. Grantham, “Nonlinear coloration and damage of wide gap glasses by femtosecond laser at 0.85 μm,” presented at the 15th International Conference on Coherent and Nonlinear Optics, St. Petersburg, Russia, June 1995.

W. A. Weyl, Colored Glasses (Society of Glass Technology, Sheffield, UK, 1951), Part 5.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Experimental setup for exposure of glass samples to IR femtosecond laser pulses, measurement of spectra and spatial distribution of photoinduced absorption, and measurement of spectra of emitted radiation.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Spectra of additional absorption of a, high-purity alkali silicate glass and b, K8 borosilicate glass exposed to 1, γ radiation or 2, femtosecond laser radiation at 850 nm. The thickness of both samples was 6 mm.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Dependence of the additional absorption coefficient on the distance from the front surface of K8 glass (depth, axis Z in Fig. 1) irradiated by femtosecond laser radiation at 850 nm. The lens focal length was 100 cm; the sample thickness was 2 cm.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Dependence of the distance between the front surface of the sample and the colored region (depth, marked A in Figs. 1 and 3) on the irradiance of the incident laser radiation. The solid line is a hyperbolic curve: yx-0.93.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Photoinduced processes in a dielectric material exposured to femtosecond IR pulses.

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