Abstract

The application of counterpropagating, short, chirped laser pulses for the deflection and splitting of an atomic beam is investigated. A simple model is proposed to describe the case in which the pulses induce population transfer in the adiabatic-passage regime and in which the effects of spontaneous emission are negligible during the action of a single laser pulse. Spontaneous emission between the pulses is not neglected, however, and it is shown that it has a significant effect on the evolution of the average transversal velocity of the atoms, as well as the dispersion of the transversal velocity.

© 1998 Optical Society of America

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