Abstract

Stimulated emission is obtained and characterized in a powder of LiF crystal with color centers. Absorption, luminescent, and kinetics properties of color centers are studied in powder samples of LiF. They are found to be rather different from those in a bulk material. The difference is explained by dislocations mechanically created during the pulverization of the material. The characteristics of stimulated emission in LiF powder samples were found very different from those in scattering Nd-doped luminophosphors. This difference can be ascribed to a much higher emission cross section and a much smaller lifetime of emitting centers in LiF.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  2. V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
    [Crossref]
  3. N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  4. N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum tetramolybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
    [Crossref]
  5. C. Gouedard, D. Husson, C. Sautert, F. Auzel, and A. Migus, “Generation of spatially incoherent short pulses in laser-pumped neodymium stoichometric crystals and powders,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 2358–2363 (1993).
    [Crossref]
  6. M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Stimulated emission without cavity in powders and single crystals of Nd doped materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 585–590; M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  7. Ch. M. Briskina, V. M. Markushev, and N. È. Ter-Gabrièlyan, “Use of a model of coupled microcavities in the interpretation of experiments on powder lasers,” Quantum Electron. 26, 923–927 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  8. N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
    [Crossref]
  9. W. L. Sha, C.-H. Liu, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectral and temporal measurements of laser action of Rhodamine 640 dye in strongly scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1922–1924 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, and M. Mahdi, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  11. T. T. Basiev and S. B. Mirov, “Room temperature color center lasers,” in An International Handbook, Vol. 16 of Laser Science and Technology Series (Gordon & Breach, New York, 1995), pp. 1–160.
  12. T. T. Basiev, F. A. Vakhidov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, P. G. Zverev, V. A. Konyushkin, S. B. Mirov, Yu. B. Orlovsky, and V. V. Osiko, “Optical and nonlinear characteristics of color centers in LiF crystals and their practical applications,” in Proceedings of IV All-Union Conference on Tunable Lasers, V. P. Chebotaev, ed. (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Siberian Branch, Institute of Thermophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1984), pp. 77–82.
  13. T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, and V. B. Ter-Mikirtychev, “Two-step photoionization and photophysics of color centers in LiF crystals,” Proc. SPIE 1839, 292 (1992).
  14. J. Nahum, “Optical properties and mechanism of formation of some F- aggregate centers in LiF,” Phys. Rev. 158, 814–825 (1967).
    [Crossref]
  15. L. Bosi, C. Bussolati, and C. G. Spin, “Life-time of the first excited state of the F2+ center in LiF,” Phys. Lett. A 32, 159–160 (1970).
    [Crossref]
  16. I. A. Parfianovich, V. M. Hulugurov, B. D. Lobanov, and N. T. Maximova, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of color centers in LiF,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Phys. Ser. 43, 20–27 (1979).
  17. T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, A. N. Stepanov, and A. M. Shirokov, “N-absorption band increasing in γ-irradiated LiF crystals under plastic deformation and its polarization properties,” Zh. Prikladnoi Spectrosc. 45, 505–509 (1986) (in Russian).

1996 (1)

Ch. M. Briskina, V. M. Markushev, and N. È. Ter-Gabrièlyan, “Use of a model of coupled microcavities in the interpretation of experiments on powder lasers,” Quantum Electron. 26, 923–927 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, and M. Mahdi, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[Crossref]

1994 (2)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

W. L. Sha, C.-H. Liu, and R. R. Alfano, “Spectral and temporal measurements of laser action of Rhodamine 640 dye in strongly scattering media,” Opt. Lett. 19, 1922–1924 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

1992 (1)

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, and V. B. Ter-Mikirtychev, “Two-step photoionization and photophysics of color centers in LiF crystals,” Proc. SPIE 1839, 292 (1992).

1991 (2)

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[Crossref]

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum tetramolybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[Crossref]

1990 (1)

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[Crossref]

1986 (2)

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[Crossref]

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, A. N. Stepanov, and A. M. Shirokov, “N-absorption band increasing in γ-irradiated LiF crystals under plastic deformation and its polarization properties,” Zh. Prikladnoi Spectrosc. 45, 505–509 (1986) (in Russian).

1979 (1)

I. A. Parfianovich, V. M. Hulugurov, B. D. Lobanov, and N. T. Maximova, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of color centers in LiF,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Phys. Ser. 43, 20–27 (1979).

1970 (1)

L. Bosi, C. Bussolati, and C. G. Spin, “Life-time of the first excited state of the F2+ center in LiF,” Phys. Lett. A 32, 159–160 (1970).
[Crossref]

1967 (1)

J. Nahum, “Optical properties and mechanism of formation of some F- aggregate centers in LiF,” Phys. Rev. 158, 814–825 (1967).
[Crossref]

Alfano, R. R.

Auzel, F.

Balachandran, R. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Basiev, T. T.

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, and V. B. Ter-Mikirtychev, “Two-step photoionization and photophysics of color centers in LiF crystals,” Proc. SPIE 1839, 292 (1992).

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, A. N. Stepanov, and A. M. Shirokov, “N-absorption band increasing in γ-irradiated LiF crystals under plastic deformation and its polarization properties,” Zh. Prikladnoi Spectrosc. 45, 505–509 (1986) (in Russian).

T. T. Basiev and S. B. Mirov, “Room temperature color center lasers,” in An International Handbook, Vol. 16 of Laser Science and Technology Series (Gordon & Breach, New York, 1995), pp. 1–160.

T. T. Basiev, F. A. Vakhidov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, P. G. Zverev, V. A. Konyushkin, S. B. Mirov, Yu. B. Orlovsky, and V. V. Osiko, “Optical and nonlinear characteristics of color centers in LiF crystals and their practical applications,” in Proceedings of IV All-Union Conference on Tunable Lasers, V. P. Chebotaev, ed. (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Siberian Branch, Institute of Thermophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1984), pp. 77–82.

Belan, V. R.

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum tetramolybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[Crossref]

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[Crossref]

Bosi, L.

L. Bosi, C. Bussolati, and C. G. Spin, “Life-time of the first excited state of the F2+ center in LiF,” Phys. Lett. A 32, 159–160 (1970).
[Crossref]

Briskina, Ch. M.

Ch. M. Briskina, V. M. Markushev, and N. È. Ter-Gabrièlyan, “Use of a model of coupled microcavities in the interpretation of experiments on powder lasers,” Quantum Electron. 26, 923–927 (1996).
[Crossref]

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum tetramolybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[Crossref]

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[Crossref]

Bussolati, C.

L. Bosi, C. Bussolati, and C. G. Spin, “Life-time of the first excited state of the F2+ center in LiF,” Phys. Lett. A 32, 159–160 (1970).
[Crossref]

Caulfield, H. J.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, and M. Mahdi, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Stimulated emission without cavity in powders and single crystals of Nd doped materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 585–590; M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dimitrova, O. V.

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[Crossref]

Gomes, A. S. L.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Gouedard, C.

Hulugurov, V. M.

I. A. Parfianovich, V. M. Hulugurov, B. D. Lobanov, and N. T. Maximova, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of color centers in LiF,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Phys. Ser. 43, 20–27 (1979).

Husson, D.

Konyushkin, V. A.

T. T. Basiev, F. A. Vakhidov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, P. G. Zverev, V. A. Konyushkin, S. B. Mirov, Yu. B. Orlovsky, and V. V. Osiko, “Optical and nonlinear characteristics of color centers in LiF crystals and their practical applications,” in Proceedings of IV All-Union Conference on Tunable Lasers, V. P. Chebotaev, ed. (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Siberian Branch, Institute of Thermophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1984), pp. 77–82.

Lavrov, A. V.

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[Crossref]

Lawandy, N. M.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Liu, C.-H.

Lobanov, B. D.

I. A. Parfianovich, V. M. Hulugurov, B. D. Lobanov, and N. T. Maximova, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of color centers in LiF,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Phys. Ser. 43, 20–27 (1979).

Mahdi, M.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, and M. Mahdi, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Stimulated emission without cavity in powders and single crystals of Nd doped materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 585–590; M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
[Crossref]

Markushev, V. M.

Ch. M. Briskina, V. M. Markushev, and N. È. Ter-Gabrièlyan, “Use of a model of coupled microcavities in the interpretation of experiments on powder lasers,” Quantum Electron. 26, 923–927 (1996).
[Crossref]

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[Crossref]

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum tetramolybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[Crossref]

Maximova, N. T.

I. A. Parfianovich, V. M. Hulugurov, B. D. Lobanov, and N. T. Maximova, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of color centers in LiF,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Phys. Ser. 43, 20–27 (1979).

Migus, A.

Mirov, S. B.

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, and V. B. Ter-Mikirtychev, “Two-step photoionization and photophysics of color centers in LiF crystals,” Proc. SPIE 1839, 292 (1992).

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, A. N. Stepanov, and A. M. Shirokov, “N-absorption band increasing in γ-irradiated LiF crystals under plastic deformation and its polarization properties,” Zh. Prikladnoi Spectrosc. 45, 505–509 (1986) (in Russian).

T. T. Basiev, F. A. Vakhidov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, P. G. Zverev, V. A. Konyushkin, S. B. Mirov, Yu. B. Orlovsky, and V. V. Osiko, “Optical and nonlinear characteristics of color centers in LiF crystals and their practical applications,” in Proceedings of IV All-Union Conference on Tunable Lasers, V. P. Chebotaev, ed. (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Siberian Branch, Institute of Thermophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1984), pp. 77–82.

T. T. Basiev and S. B. Mirov, “Room temperature color center lasers,” in An International Handbook, Vol. 16 of Laser Science and Technology Series (Gordon & Breach, New York, 1995), pp. 1–160.

Nahum, J.

J. Nahum, “Optical properties and mechanism of formation of some F- aggregate centers in LiF,” Phys. Rev. 158, 814–825 (1967).
[Crossref]

Noginov, M. A.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, and M. Mahdi, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Stimulated emission without cavity in powders and single crystals of Nd doped materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 585–590; M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
[Crossref]

Noginova, N. E.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, and M. Mahdi, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Stimulated emission without cavity in powders and single crystals of Nd doped materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 585–590; M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
[Crossref]

Orlovsky, Yu. B.

T. T. Basiev, F. A. Vakhidov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, P. G. Zverev, V. A. Konyushkin, S. B. Mirov, Yu. B. Orlovsky, and V. V. Osiko, “Optical and nonlinear characteristics of color centers in LiF crystals and their practical applications,” in Proceedings of IV All-Union Conference on Tunable Lasers, V. P. Chebotaev, ed. (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Siberian Branch, Institute of Thermophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1984), pp. 77–82.

Osiko, V. V.

T. T. Basiev, F. A. Vakhidov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, P. G. Zverev, V. A. Konyushkin, S. B. Mirov, Yu. B. Orlovsky, and V. V. Osiko, “Optical and nonlinear characteristics of color centers in LiF crystals and their practical applications,” in Proceedings of IV All-Union Conference on Tunable Lasers, V. P. Chebotaev, ed. (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Siberian Branch, Institute of Thermophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1984), pp. 77–82.

Ostroumov, V.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Stimulated emission without cavity in powders and single crystals of Nd doped materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 585–590; M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
[Crossref]

Parfianovich, I. A.

I. A. Parfianovich, V. M. Hulugurov, B. D. Lobanov, and N. T. Maximova, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of color centers in LiF,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Phys. Ser. 43, 20–27 (1979).

Sautert, C.

Sauvain, E.

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Sha, W. L.

Shirokov, A. M.

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, A. N. Stepanov, and A. M. Shirokov, “N-absorption band increasing in γ-irradiated LiF crystals under plastic deformation and its polarization properties,” Zh. Prikladnoi Spectrosc. 45, 505–509 (1986) (in Russian).

Spin, C. G.

L. Bosi, C. Bussolati, and C. G. Spin, “Life-time of the first excited state of the F2+ center in LiF,” Phys. Lett. A 32, 159–160 (1970).
[Crossref]

Stepanov, A. N.

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, A. N. Stepanov, and A. M. Shirokov, “N-absorption band increasing in γ-irradiated LiF crystals under plastic deformation and its polarization properties,” Zh. Prikladnoi Spectrosc. 45, 505–509 (1986) (in Russian).

Ter-Gabriélyan, N. É.

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[Crossref]

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum tetramolybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[Crossref]

Ter-Gabrièlyan, N. È.

Ch. M. Briskina, V. M. Markushev, and N. È. Ter-Gabrièlyan, “Use of a model of coupled microcavities in the interpretation of experiments on powder lasers,” Quantum Electron. 26, 923–927 (1996).
[Crossref]

Ter-Mikirtychev, V. B.

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, and V. B. Ter-Mikirtychev, “Two-step photoionization and photophysics of color centers in LiF crystals,” Proc. SPIE 1839, 292 (1992).

Thompson, T.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Stimulated emission without cavity in powders and single crystals of Nd doped materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 585–590; M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
[Crossref]

Vakhidov, F. A.

T. T. Basiev, F. A. Vakhidov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, P. G. Zverev, V. A. Konyushkin, S. B. Mirov, Yu. B. Orlovsky, and V. V. Osiko, “Optical and nonlinear characteristics of color centers in LiF crystals and their practical applications,” in Proceedings of IV All-Union Conference on Tunable Lasers, V. P. Chebotaev, ed. (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Siberian Branch, Institute of Thermophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1984), pp. 77–82.

Venkateswarlu, P.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, and M. Mahdi, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Stimulated emission without cavity in powders and single crystals of Nd doped materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 585–590; M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
[Crossref]

Voron’ko, Yu. K.

T. T. Basiev, F. A. Vakhidov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, P. G. Zverev, V. A. Konyushkin, S. B. Mirov, Yu. B. Orlovsky, and V. V. Osiko, “Optical and nonlinear characteristics of color centers in LiF crystals and their practical applications,” in Proceedings of IV All-Union Conference on Tunable Lasers, V. P. Chebotaev, ed. (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Siberian Branch, Institute of Thermophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1984), pp. 77–82.

Zolin, V. F.

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum tetramolybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[Crossref]

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[Crossref]

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[Crossref]

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[Crossref]

Zverev, P. G.

T. T. Basiev, F. A. Vakhidov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, P. G. Zverev, V. A. Konyushkin, S. B. Mirov, Yu. B. Orlovsky, and V. V. Osiko, “Optical and nonlinear characteristics of color centers in LiF crystals and their practical applications,” in Proceedings of IV All-Union Conference on Tunable Lasers, V. P. Chebotaev, ed. (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Siberian Branch, Institute of Thermophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1984), pp. 77–82.

Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Phys. Ser. (1)

I. A. Parfianovich, V. M. Hulugurov, B. D. Lobanov, and N. T. Maximova, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of color centers in LiF,” Bull. Acad. Sci. USSR, Phys. Ser. 43, 20–27 (1979).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (1)

N. M. Lawandy, R. M. Balachandran, A. S. L. Gomes, and E. Sauvain, “Laser action in strongly scattering medium,” Nature 368, 436–438 (1994).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (1)

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, and M. Mahdi, “Line narrowing in the dye solution with scattering centers,” Opt. Commun. 118, 430–437 (1995).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

L. Bosi, C. Bussolati, and C. G. Spin, “Life-time of the first excited state of the F2+ center in LiF,” Phys. Lett. A 32, 159–160 (1970).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. Nahum, “Optical properties and mechanism of formation of some F- aggregate centers in LiF,” Phys. Rev. 158, 814–825 (1967).
[Crossref]

Proc. SPIE (1)

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, and V. B. Ter-Mikirtychev, “Two-step photoionization and photophysics of color centers in LiF crystals,” Proc. SPIE 1839, 292 (1992).

Quantum Electron. (1)

Ch. M. Briskina, V. M. Markushev, and N. È. Ter-Gabrièlyan, “Use of a model of coupled microcavities in the interpretation of experiments on powder lasers,” Quantum Electron. 26, 923–927 (1996).
[Crossref]

Sov. J. Quantum Electron. (4)

V. M. Markushev, V. F. Zolin, and Ch. M. Briskina, “Luminescence and stimulated emission of neodymium in sodium-lanthanum molybdate powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 16, 281–283 (1986).
[Crossref]

V. M. Markushev, N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, Ch. M. Briskina, V. R. Belan, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission kinetics of neodymium powder lasers,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 20, 773–777 (1990).
[Crossref]

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, O. V. Dimitrova, V. F. Zolin, and A. V. Lavrov, “Stimulated radiation emitted by lithium neodymium tetraphosphate LiNd(PO3)4 and neodymium pentaphosphate NdP5O14 powders,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 840–842 (1991).
[Crossref]

N. É. Ter-Gabriélyan, V. M. Markushev, V. R. Belan, Ch. M. Briskina, and V. F. Zolin, “Stimulated emission spectra of powders of double sodium and lanthanum tetramolybdate,” Sov. J. Quantum Electron. 21, 32–33 (1991).
[Crossref]

Zh. Prikladnoi Spectrosc. (1)

T. T. Basiev, S. B. Mirov, A. N. Stepanov, and A. M. Shirokov, “N-absorption band increasing in γ-irradiated LiF crystals under plastic deformation and its polarization properties,” Zh. Prikladnoi Spectrosc. 45, 505–509 (1986) (in Russian).

Other (3)

T. T. Basiev and S. B. Mirov, “Room temperature color center lasers,” in An International Handbook, Vol. 16 of Laser Science and Technology Series (Gordon & Breach, New York, 1995), pp. 1–160.

T. T. Basiev, F. A. Vakhidov, Yu. K. Voron’ko, P. G. Zverev, V. A. Konyushkin, S. B. Mirov, Yu. B. Orlovsky, and V. V. Osiko, “Optical and nonlinear characteristics of color centers in LiF crystals and their practical applications,” in Proceedings of IV All-Union Conference on Tunable Lasers, V. P. Chebotaev, ed. (Academy of Sciences of the USSR, Siberian Branch, Institute of Thermophysics, Novosibirsk, Russia, 1984), pp. 77–82.

M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Stimulated emission without cavity in powders and single crystals of Nd doped materials,” in Advanced Solid-State Lasers, S. A. Payne and C. R. Pollock, eds., Vol. 1 of OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1996), pp. 585–590; M. A. Noginov, N. E. Noginova, H. J. Caulfield, P. Venkateswarlu, T. Thompson, M. Mahdi, and V. Ostroumov, “Short-pulsed stimulated emission in the powders of NdAl3(BO3)4, NdSc3(BO3)4, and Nd:Sr5(PO4)3F laser crystals,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 13, 2024–2033 (1996).
[Crossref]

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Figures (10)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Angular distribution of the stimulated emission in a NdAl3(BO3)4 powder sample under 532-nm pumping. Dots, experimental data; solid curve, cos(Θ) fit; the scale for the angle Θ (0°, ±30°, ±60°, ±90°) is shown.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Absorption spectrum of LiF with CCs (sample 1): a, Bulk sample, l=1.25 mm; trace 1, full spectrum (left scale); trace 2, zoomed infrared bands (right scale); b, Powder samples; trace 1, not exposed; trace 2, preliminary exposed with intense 532-nm laser light. Powder was pressed between two glass slices; the average thickness of the powder layer was equal to 100–200 µm, and the thickness of the sample was very nonuniform.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Emission spectrum of the bulk LiF sample (sample 1): excitation is by 532-nm Q-switched pulses. Trace 1 (hollow circles), weak pumping (<0.1 mJ/cm2); trace 2 (solid circles), strong pumping (50 mJ/cm2); trace 3 (hollow squares), infrared emission peak alone, calculated as the difference between normalized to unity traces 2 and 1.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Kinetics of F2 luminescence registered at 673 nm at weak excitation of the samples with a train of 100-ps 532-nm pulses. The distance between pulses is equal to 12.8 ns. Trace 1 (hollow circles), bulk material; trace 2 (squares), powder sample. The arrow indicates the position of the next pumping pulse.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Emission spectra of the powder sample made. Excitation is by 532-nm Q-switched pulses; trace 1 (solid circles), 0.12 mJ/cm2; trace 2 (hollow circles), 3.7 mJ/cm2; trace 3 (shaded squares), 11 mJ/cm2.

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Infrared emission band, calculated as the difference between the normalized to unity (at 680 nm) experimentally recorded spectrum and the extracted emission spectrum of F2 CCs in the bulk material (Fig. 3). Excitation is by 532-nm Q-switched pulses; trace 1 (open circles), powder sample, 0.12 mJ/cm2; trace 2 (triangles), powder sample, 3.7 mJ/cm2; trace 3 (hollow squares), powder sample, 11 mJ/cm2; trace 4 (diamonds), bulk crystal, 50 mJ/cm2. For more convenient presentation the zero level of trace 2 is set to be equal to 0.5, and the zero level of traces 3 and 4 is set to be equal to 1.

Fig. 7
Fig. 7

Luminescence kinetics registered in fresh (not preliminary exposed) powder at 850 nm (trace 1, squares) and in preliminary strongly exposed, greenish, powder at 900 nm (trace 2, circles). Kinetics are taken at weak excitation of the sample with a train of 100-ps 532-nm pulses. The arrow indicates the position of the next pumping pulse.

Fig. 8
Fig. 8

Evolution of emission spectra and the stimulated emission in the powder sample. Pumping is by Q-switched pulses at 532 nm: a, (curve 1) 4.4 mJ/cm2; (curve 2) 11 mJ/cm2; (curve 3) 23 mJ/cm2; b, 50 mJ/cm2.

Fig. 9
Fig. 9

a, Stimulated-emission pulse in LiF powder close to the threshold (EpumpEth); excitation is by a Q-switched 532-nm pulse; registration is 930–936 nm. b, Trace 1 is a stimulated-emission pulse at 936 nm in the same powder sample at Epump 2.5Eth; trace 2 (dotted line) shows luminescence kinetics registered in the same sample at 900 nm, at excitation with a train of 100-ps 532-ns pulses.

Fig. 10
Fig. 10

Input/output dependence for stimulated emission in the powder sample, registered at 936 nm. Pumping is by Q-switched pulses at 532 nm.

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