Abstract

Bound-electronic and free-carrier optical nonlinearities and relaxation of two-photon-excited free carriers in ZnO have been investigated by use of a single-beam Z-scan technique at 532 nm. Under pulsed radiation of 25-ps duration, the two-photon absorption coefficient, the bound-electron nonlinear refractive index, and the change in the refractive index due to the two-photon generation of an electron–hole pair are determined to be 4.2±0.9 cm/GW, -(0.9±0.3)×10-14 cm2/W, and -(1.1±0.3)×10-21 cm3, respectively. With these values in the Z scans conducted with 7-ns laser pulses, the carrier recombination time and the free-carrier absorption cross section are extracted as 2.8±0.6 ns and (6.5±0.9)×10-18 cm2, respectively.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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