Abstract

High harmonic generation from laser interactions with preformed underdense plasmas was observed with subpicosecond ultraviolet laser pulses focused to intensities up to 1018 W/cm2. The generation of seventh and ninth harmonics from aluminum plasmas was measured as well as harmonics to the nineteenth order from lithium–fluorine plasmas. The harmonic generation efficiency measured in these experiments is less than that from previous experiments that used neutral gases.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. McPherson, G. Gibson, H. Jara, U. Johann, T. S. Luk, I. A. McIntyre, K. Boyer, and C. K. Rhodes, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 4, 595 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176 (1992).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993);A. L’Huillier and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. Sarucura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, S. Watanabe, and M. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 341 (1973).
    [CrossRef]
  7. J. F. Rientjes, Non-linear Optical Parametric Processes in Liquids and Gases (Academic, New York, 1984).
  8. P. L. Shkolnikov, A. E. Kaplan, and A. Lago, Opt. Lett. 18, 1700 (1993);Opt. Commun. 111, 93 (1994);H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee, and T. J. McIlrath, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494 (1995);S. Meyer, H. Eichmann, T. Menzel, S. Nolte, B. Wellegehausen, B. N. Chichkov, and C. Momma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3336 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. S. P. Goldman, Phys. Rev. A 39, 976 (1989);P. L. Shkolnikov and A. E. Kaplan, in X-Ray Lasers 1996, S. Svanberg and C. G. Wahlström, eds., Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser.151 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  11. J. Macklin, Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technology, Murray Hill, N.J. 07974 (personal communication, 1995).
  12. F. Brunel, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 7, 521 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. J. L. Schwob, A. Wouters, and S. Suckewer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1601 (1987).
    [CrossRef]
  15. S. J. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, C. I. Moore, and J. Peatross, in Femtosecond to Nanosecond High-Intensity Lasers and Applications, E. M. Campbell, ed., Proc. SPIE1229, 152 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993);T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 51, 3991 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. P. Monot, T. Auguste, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1579 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. H. Eberly and K. C. Kulander, Science 262, 1229 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995 (1)

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1993 (4)

P. L. Shkolnikov, A. E. Kaplan, and A. Lago, Opt. Lett. 18, 1700 (1993);Opt. Commun. 111, 93 (1994);H. M. Milchberg, C. G. Durfee, and T. J. McIlrath, Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 2494 (1995);S. Meyer, H. Eichmann, T. Menzel, S. Nolte, B. Wellegehausen, B. N. Chichkov, and C. Momma, Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 3336 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993);T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 51, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993);A. L’Huillier and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Eberly and K. C. Kulander, Science 262, 1229 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1992 (3)

P. Monot, T. Auguste, L. A. Lompre, G. Mainfray, and C. Manus, J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 9, 1579 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

N. Sarucura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, S. Watanabe, and M. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1989 (2)

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. P. Goldman, Phys. Rev. A 39, 976 (1989);P. L. Shkolnikov and A. E. Kaplan, in X-Ray Lasers 1996, S. Svanberg and C. G. Wahlström, eds., Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser.151 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1987 (2)

1973 (1)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 341 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Adachi, T.

N. Sarucura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, S. Watanabe, and M. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Akiyama, Y.

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Augst, S.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Augst, S. J.

S. J. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, C. I. Moore, and J. Peatross, in Femtosecond to Nanosecond High-Intensity Lasers and Applications, E. M. Campbell, ed., Proc. SPIE1229, 152 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Auguste, T.

Boyer, K.

Brunel, F.

Chin, S. L.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Corkum, P. B.

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993);T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 51, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ditmire, T.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Eberly, J. H.

J. H. Eberly and K. C. Kulander, Science 262, 1229 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esarey, E.

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Gibson, G.

Goldman, S. P.

S. P. Goldman, Phys. Rev. A 39, 976 (1989);P. L. Shkolnikov and A. E. Kaplan, in X-Ray Lasers 1996, S. Svanberg and C. G. Wahlström, eds., Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser.151 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gordon, C. L.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993);A. L’Huillier and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 341 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Hata, K.

N. Sarucura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, S. Watanabe, and M. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, M. H. R.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Jara, H.

Johann, U.

Kaplan, A. E.

Key, M. H.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kmetec, J. D.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993);A. L’Huillier and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kulander, K. C.

J. H. Eberly and K. C. Kulander, Science 262, 1229 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lago, A.

Lewis, C. L. S.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Lompre, L. A.

Luk, T. S.

Macklin, J.

J. Macklin, Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technology, Murray Hill, N.J. 07974 (personal communication, 1995).

Macklin, J. J.

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993);A. L’Huillier and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

MacPhee, A.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Mainfray, G.

Manus, C.

Matsunawa, Y.

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McIntyre, I. A.

McPherson, A.

Mercer, I.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Meyerhofer, D. D.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, C. I. Moore, and J. Peatross, in Femtosecond to Nanosecond High-Intensity Lasers and Applications, E. M. Campbell, ed., Proc. SPIE1229, 152 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Midorikawa, K.

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Monot, P.

Moore, C. I.

S. J. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, C. I. Moore, and J. Peatross, in Femtosecond to Nanosecond High-Intensity Lasers and Applications, E. M. Campbell, ed., Proc. SPIE1229, 152 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Nagata, Y.

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neely, D.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nodomi, R.

N. Sarucura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, S. Watanabe, and M. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Obara, M.

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peatross, J.

S. J. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, C. I. Moore, and J. Peatross, in Femtosecond to Nanosecond High-Intensity Lasers and Applications, E. M. Campbell, ed., Proc. SPIE1229, 152 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Perry, M. D.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Rhodes, C. K.

Rientjes, J. F.

J. F. Rientjes, Non-linear Optical Parametric Processes in Liquids and Gases (Academic, New York, 1984).

Sarucura, N.

N. Sarucura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, S. Watanabe, and M. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Schwob, J. L.

J. L. Schwob, A. Wouters, and S. Suckewer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1601 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Shkolnikov, P. L.

Smith, R. A.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sprangle, P.

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Strickland, D.

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Suckewer, S.

J. L. Schwob, A. Wouters, and S. Suckewer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1601 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Tashiro, H.

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Toyoda, K.

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wark, J. S.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, M.

N. Sarucura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, S. Watanabe, and M. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

N. Sarucura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, S. Watanabe, and M. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wouters, A.

J. L. Schwob, A. Wouters, and S. Suckewer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1601 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Zepf, M.

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (3)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Fluids B (1)

P. Sprangle and E. Esarey, Phys. Fluids B 4, 2241 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (3)

S. P. Goldman, Phys. Rev. A 39, 976 (1989);P. L. Shkolnikov and A. E. Kaplan, in X-Ray Lasers 1996, S. Svanberg and C. G. Wahlström, eds., Inst. Phys. Conf. Ser.151 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. Ditmire, M. H. R. Hutchinson, M. H. Key, C. L. S. Lewis, A. MacPhee, I. Mercer, D. Neely, M. D. Perry, R. A. Smith, J. S. Wark, and M. Zepf, Phys. Rev. A 51, R4337 (1995).
[CrossRef]

N. Sarucura, K. Hata, T. Adachi, R. Nodomi, S. Watanabe, and M. Watanabe, Phys. Rev. A 43, 1669 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

S. E. Harris, Phys. Rev. Lett. 31, 341 (1973).
[CrossRef]

Y. Akiyama, K. Midorikawa, Y. Matsunawa, Y. Nagata, M. Obara, H. Tashiro, and K. Toyoda, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 2176 (1992).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. J. Macklin, J. D. Kmetec, and C. L. Gordon, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 766 (1993);A. L’Huillier and P. Balcou, Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 774 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Augst, D. Strickland, D. D. Meyerhofer, S. L. Chin, and J. H. Eberly, Phys. Rev. Lett. 63, 2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1994 (1993);T. Zuo, A. D. Bandrauk, M. Ivanov, and P. B. Corkum, Phys. Rev. A 51, 3991 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

J. L. Schwob, A. Wouters, and S. Suckewer, Rev. Sci. Instrum. 58, 1601 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Science (1)

J. H. Eberly and K. C. Kulander, Science 262, 1229 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

J. Macklin, Bell Laboratories, Lucent Technology, Murray Hill, N.J. 07974 (personal communication, 1995).

S. J. Augst, D. D. Meyerhofer, C. I. Moore, and J. Peatross, in Femtosecond to Nanosecond High-Intensity Lasers and Applications, E. M. Campbell, ed., Proc. SPIE1229, 152 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Rientjes, Non-linear Optical Parametric Processes in Liquids and Gases (Academic, New York, 1984).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of harmonic generation experiment in preformed plasmas created by ablation of very thin foils.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Typical harmonic spectra produced from aluminum blade plasma targets (summations of five shots).

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ninth and eleventh harmonics produced by intense subpicosecond pulse during interaction with a preformed lithium–fluorine plasma.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

High harmonics from interaction with lithium–fluorine plasmas.

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

NqN02d(t)qω2Fq2(Δk),

Metrics