Abstract

The gain is predicted for a solid molybdenum target illuminated by several joules of combined energy from a nanosecond laser pulse to create a preplasma followed by a picosecond laser pulse to drive the gain. Gains greater than 300 cm-1 are predicted for the Ni-like Mo 4d 1S04p 1P1 transition at 18.9 nm, which is driven by the monopole collisional excitation. High gain is also predicted for a self-photo-pumped 4f 1P14d 1P1 transition at 22.0 nm and several other transitions driven by inner shell collisional ionization.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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  1. J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like X-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4885 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. Y. L. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, “Ne-like ion lasers in the extreme ultraviolet region,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 3433–3435 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. P. B. Holden and B. Rus, “A simple model of refraction in the Ne-like Zn collisionally pumped laser,” Opt. Commun. 119, 424–432 (1995).
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  4. J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  6. G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
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    [CrossRef]
  8. J. C. Moreno, J. Nilsen, and L. B. da Silva, “Traveling wave excitation and amplification of neon-like germanium 3p–3s transitions,” Opt. Commun. 110, 585–589 (1994).
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  9. J. Nilsen and J. C. Moreno, “Nearly monochromatic lasing at 182 Å in neon-like selenium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3376–3379 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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  11. H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  13. S. Maxon, K. G. Estabrook, M. K. Prasad, A. L. Osterheld, R. A. London, and D. C. Eder, “High gain x-ray lasers at the water window,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2285–2288 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photo-pumped neon-like x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. J. Nilsen, “Lasing on the 3d→3p neon-like x-ray laser transitions driven by a self-photo-pumping mechanism,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 4539–4546 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  21. I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, and N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207–231 (1980).
    [CrossRef]
  22. L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
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1996

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Präg, A. Glinz, J. E. Balmer, Y. L. Li, and E. E. Fill, “Prepulse dependence of J=0–1 lasing at 32.6 nm in neon-like titanium,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 113–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Li, G. Pretzler, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of x-ray lasing in nickel-like tin,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 652–654 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photo-pumped neon-like x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, “Lasing on the 3d→3p neon-like x-ray laser transitions driven by a self-photo-pumping mechanism,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 4539–4546 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1995

Y. L. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, “Ne-like ion lasers in the extreme ultraviolet region,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 3433–3435 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Holden and B. Rus, “A simple model of refraction in the Ne-like Zn collisionally pumped laser,” Opt. Commun. 119, 424–432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen and J. C. Moreno, “Nearly monochromatic lasing at 182 Å in neon-like selenium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3376–3379 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen and J. C. Moreno, “Lasing at 7.9 nm in nickel-like neodymium,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1386–1388 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. V. Nickles, M. Schnurer, M. P. Kalashnikov, I. Will, W. Sandner, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “An efficient short pulse XUV-laser on Ne-like titanium,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications, J. J. Rocca and P. L. Hagelstein, eds., Proc. SPIE 2520, 373–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Moreno, J. Nilsen, and L. B. da Silva, “Traveling wave excitation and amplification of neon-like germanium 3p–3s transitions,” Opt. Commun. 110, 585–589 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. G. Whitney, A. Dasgupta, and P. E. Pulsifer, “Transient ultrahigh gains as a diagnostic in short-pulse heated selenium plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 468–473 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like X-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Basu, P. L. Hagelstein, J. G. Goodberlet, M. H. Muendel, S. Kaushik, “Amplification in Ni-like Nb at 204.2 Å pumped by a table-top laser,” Appl. Phys. B 57, 303–307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Maxon, K. G. Estabrook, M. K. Prasad, A. L. Osterheld, R. A. London, and D. C. Eder, “High gain x-ray lasers at the water window,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2285–2288 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988

J. Nilsen, “Radiative-hydro modeling and atomic data bases,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas, A. Hauer and A. L. Merts, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. 168, 51–58 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1980

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, and N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207–231 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Balmer, J. E.

A. R. Präg, A. Glinz, J. E. Balmer, Y. L. Li, and E. E. Fill, “Prepulse dependence of J=0–1 lasing at 32.6 nm in neon-like titanium,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 113–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bartnik, A.

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photo-pumped neon-like x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Basu, S.

S. Basu, P. L. Hagelstein, J. G. Goodberlet, M. H. Muendel, S. Kaushik, “Amplification in Ni-like Nb at 204.2 Å pumped by a table-top laser,” Appl. Phys. B 57, 303–307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Cai, Y. Q.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cairns, G. F.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cauble, B.

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Chunyu, S. T.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

da Silva, L. B.

J. C. Moreno, J. Nilsen, and L. B. da Silva, “Traveling wave excitation and amplification of neon-like germanium 3p–3s transitions,” Opt. Commun. 110, 585–589 (1994).
[CrossRef]

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like X-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Daido, H.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dasgupta, A.

K. G. Whitney, A. Dasgupta, and P. E. Pulsifer, “Transient ultrahigh gains as a diagnostic in short-pulse heated selenium plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 468–473 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Demir, A.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Du, F. Y.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eder, D. C.

S. Maxon, K. G. Estabrook, M. K. Prasad, A. L. Osterheld, R. A. London, and D. C. Eder, “High gain x-ray lasers at the water window,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2285–2288 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Estabrook, K. G.

S. Maxon, K. G. Estabrook, M. K. Prasad, A. L. Osterheld, R. A. London, and D. C. Eder, “High gain x-ray lasers at the water window,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2285–2288 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fiedorowicz, H.

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photo-pumped neon-like x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fill, E. E.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photo-pumped neon-like x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. L. Li, G. Pretzler, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of x-ray lasing in nickel-like tin,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 652–654 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Präg, A. Glinz, J. E. Balmer, Y. L. Li, and E. E. Fill, “Prepulse dependence of J=0–1 lasing at 32.6 nm in neon-like titanium,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 113–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, “Ne-like ion lasers in the extreme ultraviolet region,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 3433–3435 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Frieders, G.

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Glinz, A.

A. R. Präg, A. Glinz, J. E. Balmer, Y. L. Li, and E. E. Fill, “Prepulse dependence of J=0–1 lasing at 32.6 nm in neon-like titanium,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 113–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Goodberlet, J. G.

S. Basu, P. L. Hagelstein, J. G. Goodberlet, M. H. Muendel, S. Kaushik, “Amplification in Ni-like Nb at 204.2 Å pumped by a table-top laser,” Appl. Phys. B 57, 303–307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Grant, I. P.

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, and N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207–231 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Hagelstein, P. L.

S. Basu, P. L. Hagelstein, J. G. Goodberlet, M. H. Muendel, S. Kaushik, “Amplification in Ni-like Nb at 204.2 Å pumped by a table-top laser,” Appl. Phys. B 57, 303–307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Healy, S. B.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Holden, P. B.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Holden and B. Rus, “A simple model of refraction in the Ne-like Zn collisionally pumped laser,” Opt. Commun. 119, 424–432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Huang, W. Z.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kalashnikov, M. P.

P. V. Nickles, M. Schnurer, M. P. Kalashnikov, I. Will, W. Sandner, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “An efficient short pulse XUV-laser on Ne-like titanium,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications, J. J. Rocca and P. L. Hagelstein, eds., Proc. SPIE 2520, 373–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kato, Y.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaushik, S.

S. Basu, P. L. Hagelstein, J. G. Goodberlet, M. H. Muendel, S. Kaushik, “Amplification in Ni-like Nb at 204.2 Å pumped by a table-top laser,” Appl. Phys. B 57, 303–307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Key, M. H.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Koch, J. A.

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kodama, R.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Koibe, F.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lamb, M. J.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lewis, C. L. S.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Li, Y. L.

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photo-pumped neon-like x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. L. Li, G. Pretzler, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of x-ray lasing in nickel-like tin,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 652–654 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Präg, A. Glinz, J. E. Balmer, Y. L. Li, and E. E. Fill, “Prepulse dependence of J=0–1 lasing at 32.6 nm in neon-like titanium,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 113–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, “Ne-like ion lasers in the extreme ultraviolet region,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 3433–3435 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Liu, S. P.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

London, R. A.

S. Maxon, K. G. Estabrook, M. K. Prasad, A. L. Osterheld, R. A. London, and D. C. Eder, “High gain x-ray lasers at the water window,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2285–2288 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, P. X.

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photo-pumped neon-like x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of soft x-ray lasing with neonlike argon and nickel-like xenon ions using a laser-irradiated gas puff target,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 415–418 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Y. L. Li, G. Pretzler, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of x-ray lasing in nickel-like tin,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 652–654 (1996).
[CrossRef]

MacGowan, B. J.

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like X-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

MacPhee, A. G.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Matthews, D. L.

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Maxon, S.

S. Maxon, K. G. Estabrook, M. K. Prasad, A. L. Osterheld, R. A. London, and D. C. Eder, “High gain x-ray lasers at the water window,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2285–2288 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mayers, D. F.

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, and N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207–231 (1980).
[CrossRef]

McKenzie, B. J.

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, and N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207–231 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Moreno, J. C.

J. Nilsen and J. C. Moreno, “Nearly monochromatic lasing at 182 Å in neon-like selenium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3376–3379 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen and J. C. Moreno, “Lasing at 7.9 nm in nickel-like neodymium,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1386–1388 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Moreno, J. Nilsen, and L. B. da Silva, “Traveling wave excitation and amplification of neon-like germanium 3p–3s transitions,” Opt. Commun. 110, 585–589 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like X-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mrowka, S.

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Muendel, M. H.

S. Basu, P. L. Hagelstein, J. G. Goodberlet, M. H. Muendel, S. Kaushik, “Amplification in Ni-like Nb at 204.2 Å pumped by a table-top laser,” Appl. Phys. B 57, 303–307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Murai, K.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Neely, D.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nickles, P. V.

P. V. Nickles, M. Schnurer, M. P. Kalashnikov, I. Will, W. Sandner, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “An efficient short pulse XUV-laser on Ne-like titanium,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications, J. J. Rocca and P. L. Hagelstein, eds., Proc. SPIE 2520, 373–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nilsen, J.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, H. Fiedorowicz, A. Bartnik, Y. L. Li, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Self-photo-pumped neon-like x-ray laser,” Opt. Lett. 21, 408–410 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, “Lasing on the 3d→3p neon-like x-ray laser transitions driven by a self-photo-pumping mechanism,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 4539–4546 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen and J. C. Moreno, “Lasing at 7.9 nm in nickel-like neodymium,” Opt. Lett. 20, 1386–1388 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen and J. C. Moreno, “Nearly monochromatic lasing at 182 Å in neon-like selenium,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3376–3379 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. C. Moreno, J. Nilsen, and L. B. da Silva, “Traveling wave excitation and amplification of neon-like germanium 3p–3s transitions,” Opt. Commun. 110, 585–589 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Nilsen, B. J. MacGowan, L. B. Da Silva, and J. C. Moreno, “Prepulse technique for producing low-Z Ne-like X-ray lasers,” Phys. Rev. A 48, 4682–4885 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Nilsen, “Radiative-hydro modeling and atomic data bases,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas, A. Hauer and A. L. Merts, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. 168, 51–58 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ninomiya, S.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Norreys, P.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Norrington, P. H.

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, and N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207–231 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Oshikane, Y.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Osterheld, A. L.

S. Maxon, K. G. Estabrook, M. K. Prasad, A. L. Osterheld, R. A. London, and D. C. Eder, “High gain x-ray lasers at the water window,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2285–2288 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Peng, H. S.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pert, G. J.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Plowes, J. A.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Präg, A. R.

A. R. Präg, A. Glinz, J. E. Balmer, Y. L. Li, and E. E. Fill, “Prepulse dependence of J=0–1 lasing at 32.6 nm in neon-like titanium,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 113–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, M. K.

S. Maxon, K. G. Estabrook, M. K. Prasad, A. L. Osterheld, R. A. London, and D. C. Eder, “High gain x-ray lasers at the water window,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 70, 2285–2288 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pretzler, G.

Y. L. Li, G. Pretzler, P. X. Lu, and E. E. Fill, “Demonstration of x-ray lasing in nickel-like tin,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 652–654 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y. L. Li, G. Pretzler, and E. E. Fill, “Ne-like ion lasers in the extreme ultraviolet region,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 3433–3435 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Pulsifer, P. E.

K. G. Whitney, A. Dasgupta, and P. E. Pulsifer, “Transient ultrahigh gains as a diagnostic in short-pulse heated selenium plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 468–473 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pyper, N. C.

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, and N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207–231 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Ress, D.

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rus, B.

P. B. Holden and B. Rus, “A simple model of refraction in the Ne-like Zn collisionally pumped laser,” Opt. Commun. 119, 424–432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Sandner, W.

P. V. Nickles, M. Schnurer, M. P. Kalashnikov, I. Will, W. Sandner, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “An efficient short pulse XUV-laser on Ne-like titanium,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications, J. J. Rocca and P. L. Hagelstein, eds., Proc. SPIE 2520, 373–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Schnurer, M.

P. V. Nickles, M. Schnurer, M. P. Kalashnikov, I. Will, W. Sandner, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “An efficient short pulse XUV-laser on Ne-like titanium,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications, J. J. Rocca and P. L. Hagelstein, eds., Proc. SPIE 2520, 373–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shlyaptsev, V. N.

P. V. Nickles, M. Schnurer, M. P. Kalashnikov, I. Will, W. Sandner, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “An efficient short pulse XUV-laser on Ne-like titanium,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications, J. J. Rocca and P. L. Hagelstein, eds., Proc. SPIE 2520, 373–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Takabe, H.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Takagi, M.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tallents, G. J.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Trebes, J. E.

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X. F.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weiland, T. L.

L. B. Da Silva, B. Cauble, G. Frieders, J. A. Koch, B. J. MacGowan, D. L. Matthews, S. Mrowka, D. Ress, J. E. Trebes, and T. L. Weiland, “Imaging with x-ray lasers,” in Ultrashort Wavelength Lasers II, S. Suckewer, ed., Proc. SPIE 2012, 158–164 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Whitney, K. G.

K. G. Whitney, A. Dasgupta, and P. E. Pulsifer, “Transient ultrahigh gains as a diagnostic in short-pulse heated selenium plasmas,” Phys. Rev. E 50, 468–473 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Will, I.

P. V. Nickles, M. Schnurer, M. P. Kalashnikov, I. Will, W. Sandner, and V. N. Shlyaptsev, “An efficient short pulse XUV-laser on Ne-like titanium,” in Soft X-Ray Lasers and Applications, J. J. Rocca and P. L. Hagelstein, eds., Proc. SPIE 2520, 373–378 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wu, D. Y.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, S. J.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

You, Y. L.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, G.

H. Daido, Y. Kato, K. Murai, S. Ninomiya, R. Kodama, G. Yuan, Y. Oshikane, M. Takagi, H. Takabe, and F. Koibe, “Efficient soft x-ray lasing at 6 to 8 nm with nickel-like lanthanide ions,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 1074–1077 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yuan, X. D.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, J.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhang, Q. R.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhao, Y. K.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhuang, X. Q.

J. Zhang, S. T. Chunyu, Y. L. You, Q. R. Zhang, S. J. Yang, W. Z. Huang, D. Y. Wu, X. Q. Zhuang, S. P. Liu, Y. Q. Cai, F. Y. Du, X. D. Yuan, X. F. Wei, Y. K. Zhao, H. S. Peng, and J. Nilsen, “Soft x-ray lasing at 32.6 nm in Ne-like Ti ions driven by 40 J of energy from two 650 ps laser pulses,” Phys. Rev. A 53, 3640–3646 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

AIP Conf. Proc.

J. Nilsen, “Radiative-hydro modeling and atomic data bases,” in Atomic Processes in Plasmas, A. Hauer and A. L. Merts, eds., AIP Conf. Proc. 168, 51–58 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

S. Basu, P. L. Hagelstein, J. G. Goodberlet, M. H. Muendel, S. Kaushik, “Amplification in Ni-like Nb at 204.2 Å pumped by a table-top laser,” Appl. Phys. B 57, 303–307 (1993).
[CrossRef]

A. R. Präg, A. Glinz, J. E. Balmer, Y. L. Li, and E. E. Fill, “Prepulse dependence of J=0–1 lasing at 32.6 nm in neon-like titanium,” Appl. Phys. B 63, 113–116 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Comput. Phys. Commun.

I. P. Grant, B. J. McKenzie, P. H. Norrington, D. F. Mayers, and N. C. Pyper, “An atomic multiconfiguration Dirac–Fock package,” Comput. Phys. Commun. 21, 207–231 (1980).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

G. F. Cairns, C. L. S. Lewis, M. J. Lamb, A. G. MacPhee, D. Neely, P. Norreys, M. H. Key, S. B. Healy, P. B. Holden, G. J. Pert, J. A. Plowes, G. J. Tallents, and A. Demir, “Using low and high prepulses to enhance the J=0–1 transition at 19.6 nm in the Ne-like germanium XUV laser,” Opt. Commun. 123, 777–789 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. C. Moreno, J. Nilsen, and L. B. da Silva, “Traveling wave excitation and amplification of neon-like germanium 3p–3s transitions,” Opt. Commun. 110, 585–589 (1994).
[CrossRef]

P. B. Holden and B. Rus, “A simple model of refraction in the Ne-like Zn collisionally pumped laser,” Opt. Commun. 119, 424–432 (1995).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Energy-level diagram showing the monopole collisional excitation driving the 18.9-nm Ni-like Mo laser transition and self-photo pumping by the strong 4f3d resonance line at 3.54 nm driving the 22.0-nm gain line.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Contours of electron temperature versus space and time as calculated by the lasnex code. The darkest region represents temperatures greater than 1300 eV, and the other contours represent 25% reductions from this, giving contours at 975, 650, and 325 eV. The drive pulse peaks at 1 ps.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Electron density versus distance from the target surface in the direction of the hydrodynamic expansion at 1.4 ps.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Contours of gain versus space and time for the 18.9-nm (top) and the 22.0-nm (bottom) laser lines as calculated by the xraser code with the hydrodynamic simulations from lasnex as input. The darkest region represents gain greater than 300 cm-1, and the other contours represent 25% reductions from this, giving contours at 225, 150, and 75 cm-1. The drive pulse peaks at 1 ps.

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

Spatially integrated laser output intensity versus plasma length for the 18.9-nm Ni-like Mo laser line at the time of peak gain for a plasma illuminated by the traveling-wave geometry. Gain saturation is not included in the calculation.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Gains of the Ni-like Mo Laser Transitionsa

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