Abstract

We report a new type of optical parametric oscillator cavity, i.e., a compound cavity with a grazing-incidence prism. The optical parametric oscillator is based on a β-BaB2O4 crystal and is pumped by the third harmonic of a Nd:YAG laser. Compared with the grazing-incidence-prism optical parametric oscillator (narrow-band cavity), the compound cavity has the same linewidth, whereas its threshold is only half as high and its external efficiency is an order of magnitude greater.

© 1997 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. B 28, 235 (1985).
  2. L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Yunping Wang, Zuyan Xu, Daoqun Deng, Wanhua Zheng, Xiang Liu, Baichang Wu, and Chuangtian Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  5. E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Fix, T. Schroder, R. Wallenstein, T. G. Haub, M. T. Johnson, and B. J. Orr, “Tunable β-barium borate optical parametric oscillator: operating characteristics with and without injection seeding,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1744 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode, LiNbO3, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  8. W. R. Bosenberg and D. R. Guyer, “Broadly tunable, single-frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Wu Ling-An, Xu Zu-Yan, Deng Dao Qun, and Guo Dongsheng, “Tuning of a compound cavity with a grazing-incidence grating,” Laser J. 11, 698 (1982) (in Chinese) [Chin. Phys. 3, 241 (1983) (in English)].
  10. J. M. Boon-Engering, L. A. W. Gloster, W. E. van der Veer, I. T. McKinnie, T. A. King, and W. Hogervorst, “Highly efficient single-longitudinal-mode β=BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with a new cavity design,” Opt. Lett. 20, 2087 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. Xu Zu-yan, Pan Shao-hua, Deng Dao-qun, Guo Dong-sheng, and Li Xiu-feng, “Tuning of a pulsed dye laser using a compound cavity,” Acta Phys. Sin. 30, 820 (1981) (in Chinese) [Chin. Phys. 2, 3 (1982) (in English)].

1995 (1)

1993 (2)

1991 (1)

Yunping Wang, Zuyan Xu, Daoqun Deng, Wanhua Zheng, Xiang Liu, Baichang Wu, and Chuangtian Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1989 (2)

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode, LiNbO3, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1979 (1)

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Boon-Engering, J. M.

Bosenberg, W. R.

W. R. Bosenberg and D. R. Guyer, “Broadly tunable, single-frequency optical parametric frequency-conversion system,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 10, 1716 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Cassedy, E. S.

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Chuangtian

Yunping Wang, Zuyan Xu, Daoqun Deng, Wanhua Zheng, Xiang Liu, Baichang Wu, and Chuangtian Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, L. K.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Daoqun

Yunping Wang, Zuyan Xu, Daoqun Deng, Wanhua Zheng, Xiang Liu, Baichang Wu, and Chuangtian Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Fix, A.

Gloster, L. A. W.

Guyer, D. R.

Haub, T. G.

Hogervorst, W.

Jain, M.

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Johnson, M. T.

Kim, H. L.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode, LiNbO3, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

King, T. A.

Liu, Xiang

Yunping Wang, Zuyan Xu, Daoqun Deng, Wanhua Zheng, Xiang Liu, Baichang Wu, and Chuangtian Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

McDonald, J. D.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode, LiNbO3, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

McKinnie, I. T.

Minton, T. K.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode, LiNbO3, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Orr, B. J.

Reid, S. A.

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode, LiNbO3, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schroder, T.

Tang, C. L.

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

van der Veer, W. E.

Wallenstein, R.

Wang, Yunping

Yunping Wang, Zuyan Xu, Daoqun Deng, Wanhua Zheng, Xiang Liu, Baichang Wu, and Chuangtian Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wu, Baichang

Yunping Wang, Zuyan Xu, Daoqun Deng, Wanhua Zheng, Xiang Liu, Baichang Wu, and Chuangtian Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Zuyan

Yunping Wang, Zuyan Xu, Daoqun Deng, Wanhua Zheng, Xiang Liu, Baichang Wu, and Chuangtian Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Zheng, Wanhua

Yunping Wang, Zuyan Xu, Daoqun Deng, Wanhua Zheng, Xiang Liu, Baichang Wu, and Chuangtian Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (3)

L. K. Cheng, W. R. Bosenberg, and C. L. Tang, “Broadly tunable optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 175 (1988).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Bosenberg, L. K. Cheng, and C. L. Tang, “Ultraviolet optical parametric oscillation in β-BaB2O4,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 54, 13 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Yunping Wang, Zuyan Xu, Daoqun Deng, Wanhua Zheng, Xiang Liu, Baichang Wu, and Chuangtian Chen, “Highly efficient visible and infrared β-BaB2O4 optical parametric oscillator with pump reflection,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 58, 1461 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

E. S. Cassedy and M. Jain, “A theoretical study of injection tuning of optical parametric oscillators,” IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-15, 1290 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

T. K. Minton, S. A. Reid, H. L. Kim, and J. D. McDonald, “A scanning, single mode, LiNbO3, optical parametric oscillator,” Opt. Commun. 69, 289 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (3)

C. Chen, B. Wu, A. Jiang, and G. You, “A new-type ultraviolet SHG crystal β-BaB2O4,” Sci. Sin. B 28, 235 (1985).

Wu Ling-An, Xu Zu-Yan, Deng Dao Qun, and Guo Dongsheng, “Tuning of a compound cavity with a grazing-incidence grating,” Laser J. 11, 698 (1982) (in Chinese) [Chin. Phys. 3, 241 (1983) (in English)].

Xu Zu-yan, Pan Shao-hua, Deng Dao-qun, Guo Dong-sheng, and Li Xiu-feng, “Tuning of a pulsed dye laser using a compound cavity,” Acta Phys. Sin. 30, 820 (1981) (in Chinese) [Chin. Phys. 2, 3 (1982) (in English)].

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

Schematic diagram of the OPO (an SRO for the signal wave) and the TOPA. The OPO part of the system is shown pumped with 355 nm light from a Nd:YAG laser. The grazing-incidence angle β is indicated. P, prism with a vertex angle of 41°; G, grating with 1200 lines/mm (self-collimation); M1, 45° 355-nm beam splitter; M2–M11, 45° 355-nm reflectors, C1–C3, BBO crystals; M11, high reflector for the signal wave with high transmissivity for the idler wave; M10, broadband high reflector.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Photograph of interference rings taken by a Fabry–Perot étalon with a fixed spacing of 0.6 mm and a camera with a thin lens of focal length 500 mm. Signal wavelength λs=620 nm, and grazing-incidence angle β at the prism is 84°.

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

Ratio N of the compound-cavity output intensity to that of the narrow-band cavity versus the grazing-incidence angle β. The solid curve is obtained from Eq. (6). The pump energy is 35 mj.

Fig. 4
Fig. 4

Amplification of the TOPA’s versus the injection energy from the OPO for a signal wavelength λs=620 nm and grazing-incidence angle β=84°. The pump energy is 84 mj (35 mj of which is used to pump the OPO).

Fig. 5
Fig. 5

System output energy versus the injection energy from the OPO for a signal wavelength λs=620 nm and grazing-incidence angle β=84°. The pump energy is 84 mj (35 mj of which is used to pump the OPO).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

Total efficiency versus the total input energy of the system for a signal wavelength λs=620 nm and grazing-incidence angle β=84°. The ratio of the OPO’s energy to the total energy is kept constant.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1 Comparison of the Characteristics of the Compound Cavity and the Narrow-Band Cavity

Equations (6)

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Δλ=ΔϕM2(4d2-λ2)1/2+tgα×dndλ.
M=cos α/cos β,
I1=I0e2GLT22T2(1-r)2ηR1,
I2=I0e2GLT22R1R2.
I3=I1+I2.
N=I3I1=I3I1=1+R2(1-R)2(1-r)2η.

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